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Difference From v0.11.0 To trunk

2024-07-11
17:10
Remove "rename" operation (both webui and api; plus internal zettel etc) ... (Leaf check-in: b61264a18b user: stern tags: trunk)
15:34
Increase version to 0.19.0-dev to begin next development cycle ... (check-in: 1d1cd5e637 user: stern tags: trunk)
2023-03-28
16:28
Version 0.11.1 ... (check-in: fede87bf67 user: stern tags: trunk, release, v0.11.1)
2023-03-27
14:53
Version 0.11.0 ... (check-in: 30ca5d039f user: stern tags: trunk, release, v0.11.0)
10:58
Add search term ''PICK n'' to replace ''RANDOM'' in most use cases ... (check-in: b131f5e588 user: stern tags: trunk)

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bin/*
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parser/pikchr/*.out

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## Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
##
## This file is part of Zettelstore.
##
## Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
## Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
## under this license.

.PHONY:  check relcheck api build release clean
.PHONY:  check relcheck api version build release clean

check:
	go run tools/build.go check
	go run tools/check/check.go

relcheck:
	go run tools/build.go relcheck
	go run tools/check/check.go -r

api:
	go run tools/build.go testapi
	go run tools/testapi/testapi.go

version:
	@echo $(shell go run tools/build.go version)
	@echo $(shell go run tools/build/build.go version)

build:
	go run tools/build.go build
	go run tools/build/build.go build

release:
	go run tools/build.go release
	go run tools/build/build.go release

clean:
	go run tools/build.go clean
	go run tools/clean/clean.go

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gradually, one major focus is a long-term store of these notes, hence the name
“Zettelstore”.

To get an initial impression, take a look at the
[manual](https://zettelstore.de/manual/). It is a live example of the
zettelstore software, running in read-only mode.

[Zettelstore Client](https://zettelstore.de/client) provides client
software to access Zettelstore via its API more easily, [Zettelstore
[Zettelstore Client](https://t73f.de/r/zsc) provides client software to access
Zettelstore via its API more easily, [Zettelstore
Contrib](https://zettelstore.de/contrib) contains contributed software, which
often connects to Zettelstore via its API. Some of the software packages may be
experimental.

The software, including the manual, is licensed
under the [European Union Public License 1.2 (or
later)](https://zettelstore.de/home/file?name=LICENSE.txt&ci=trunk).

[Stay](https://twitter.com/zettelstore)
<a rel="me" href="https://nerdculture.de/@zettelstore">tuned</a>&nbsp;&hellip;
[Stay tuned](https://mastodon.social/tags/Zettelstore)&nbsp;&hellip;

Changes to VERSION.

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0.11.0
0.19.0-dev

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package ast provides the abstract syntax tree for parsed zettel content.
package ast

import (
	"net/url"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// ZettelNode is the root node of the abstract syntax tree.
// It is *not* part of the visitor pattern.
type ZettelNode struct {
	Meta    *meta.Meta     // Original metadata
	Content domain.Content // Original content
	Content zettel.Content // Original content
	Zid     id.Zid         // Zettel identification.
	InhMeta *meta.Meta     // Metadata of the zettel, with inherited values.
	Ast     BlockSlice     // Zettel abstract syntax tree is a sequence of block nodes.
	Syntax  string         // Syntax / parser that produced the Ast
}

// Node is the interface, all nodes must implement.

Changes to ast/block.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast

import "zettelstore.de/c/attrs"
import "t73f.de/r/zsc/attrs"

// Definition of Block nodes.

// BlockSlice is a slice of BlockNodes.
type BlockSlice []BlockNode

func (*BlockSlice) blockNode() { /* Just a marker */ }

Changes to ast/inline.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast

import (
	"unicode/utf8"

	"zettelstore.de/c/attrs"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/attrs"
)

// Definitions of inline nodes.

// InlineSlice is a list of BlockNodes.
type InlineSlice []InlineNode

func (*InlineSlice) inlineNode() { /* Just a marker */ }

// CreateInlineSliceFromWords makes a new inline list from words,
// that will be space-separated.
func CreateInlineSliceFromWords(words ...string) InlineSlice {
	inl := make(InlineSlice, 0, 2*len(words)-1)
	for i, word := range words {
		if i > 0 {
			inl = append(inl, &SpaceNode{Lexeme: " "})
		}
		inl = append(inl, &TextNode{Text: word})
	}
	return inl
}

// WalkChildren walks down to the list.
func (is *InlineSlice) WalkChildren(v Visitor) {
	for _, in := range *is {
		Walk(v, in)
	}
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------

// TextNode just contains some text.
type TextNode struct {
	Text string // The text itself.
}

func (*TextNode) inlineNode() { /* Just a marker */ }

// WalkChildren does nothing.
func (*TextNode) WalkChildren(Visitor) { /* No children*/ }

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------

// SpaceNode tracks inter-word space characters.
type SpaceNode struct {
	Lexeme string
}

func (*SpaceNode) inlineNode() { /* Just a marker */ }

// WalkChildren does nothing.
func (*SpaceNode) WalkChildren(Visitor) { /* No children*/ }

// Count returns the number of space runes.
func (sn *SpaceNode) Count() int {
	return utf8.RuneCountInString(sn.Lexeme)
}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------

// BreakNode signals a new line that must / should be interpreted as a new line break.
type BreakNode struct {
	Hard bool // Hard line break?
}

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// FormatKind specifies the format that is applied to the inline nodes.
type FormatKind int

// Constants for FormatCode
const (
	_            FormatKind = iota
	FormatEmph              // Emphasized text.
	FormatStrong            // Strongly emphasized text.
	FormatInsert            // Inserted text.
	FormatDelete            // Deleted text.
	FormatSuper             // Superscripted text.
	FormatSub               // SubscriptedText.
	FormatQuote             // Quoted text.
	FormatSpan              // Generic inline container.
	FormatEmph              // Emphasized text
	FormatStrong            // Strongly emphasized text
	FormatInsert            // Inserted text
	FormatDelete            // Deleted text
	FormatSuper             // Superscripted text
	FormatSub               // SubscriptedText
	FormatQuote             // Quoted text
	FormatMark              // Marked text
	FormatSpan              // Generic inline container
)

func (*FormatNode) inlineNode() { /* Just a marker */ }

// WalkChildren walks to the formatted text.
func (fn *FormatNode) WalkChildren(v Visitor) { Walk(v, &fn.Inlines) }

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast

import (
	"net/url"
	"strings"

	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

// QueryPrefix is the prefix that denotes a query expression.
const QueryPrefix = "query:"
const QueryPrefix = api.QueryPrefix

// ParseReference parses a string and returns a reference.
func ParseReference(s string) *Reference {
	if invalidReference(s) {
		return &Reference{URL: nil, Value: s, State: RefStateInvalid}
	}
	if strings.HasPrefix(s, QueryPrefix) {

Changes to ast/ref_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast_test

import (
	"testing"

Changes to ast/walk.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast

// Visitor is a visitor for walking the AST.
type Visitor interface {
	Visit(node Node) Visitor

Changes to ast/walk_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package ast_test

import (
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/c/attrs"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/attrs"
	"zettelstore.de/z/ast"
)

func BenchmarkWalk(b *testing.B) {
	root := ast.BlockSlice{
		&ast.HeadingNode{
			Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("A", "Simple", "Heading"),
			Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "A Simple Heading"}},
		},
		&ast.ParaNode{
			Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("This", "is", "the", "introduction."),
			Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "This is the introduction."}},
		},
		&ast.NestedListNode{
			Kind: ast.NestedListUnordered,
			Items: []ast.ItemSlice{
				[]ast.ItemNode{
					&ast.ParaNode{
						Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("Item", "1"),
						Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "Item 1"}},
					},
				},
				[]ast.ItemNode{
					&ast.ParaNode{
						Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("Item", "2"),
						Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "Item 2"}},
					},
				},
			},
		},
		&ast.ParaNode{
			Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("This", "is", "some", "intermediate", "text."),
			Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "This is some intermediate text."}},
		},
		ast.CreateParaNode(
			&ast.FormatNode{
				Kind: ast.FormatEmph,
				Attrs: attrs.Attributes(map[string]string{
					"":      "class",
					"color": "green",
				}),
				Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("This", "is", "some", "emphasized", "text."),
				Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "This is some emphasized text."}},
			},
			&ast.SpaceNode{Lexeme: " "},
			&ast.TextNode{Text: " "},
			&ast.LinkNode{
				Ref:     &ast.Reference{Value: "http://zettelstore.de"},
				Inlines: ast.CreateInlineSliceFromWords("URL", "text."),
				Inlines: ast.InlineSlice{&ast.TextNode{Text: "URL text."}},
			},
		),
	}
	v := benchVisitor{}
	b.ResetTimer()
	for n := 0; n < b.N; n++ {
	for range b.N {
		ast.Walk(&v, &root)
	}
}

type benchVisitor struct{}

func (bv *benchVisitor) Visit(ast.Node) ast.Visitor { return bv }

Changes to auth/auth.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package auth provides services for authentification / authorization.
package auth

import (
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// BaseManager allows to check some base auth modes.
type BaseManager interface {
	// IsReadonly returns true, if the systems is configured to run in read-only-mode.
	IsReadonly() bool
}
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// TokenKind specifies for which application / usage a token is/was requested.
type TokenKind int

// Allowed values of token kind
const (
	_ TokenKind = iota
	KindJSON
	KindHTML
	KindAPI
	KindwebUI
)

// TokenData contains some important elements from a token.
type TokenData struct {
	Token   []byte
	Now     time.Time
	Issued  time.Time
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	// User is allowed to read zettel
	CanRead(user, m *meta.Meta) bool

	// User is allowed to write zettel.
	CanWrite(user, oldMeta, newMeta *meta.Meta) bool

	// User is allowed to rename zettel
	CanRename(user, m *meta.Meta) bool

	// User is allowed to delete zettel.
	CanDelete(user, m *meta.Meta) bool

	// User is allowed to refresh box data.
	CanRefresh(user *meta.Meta) bool
}

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package cred provides some function for handling credentials.
package cred

import (
	"bytes"

	"golang.org/x/crypto/bcrypt"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

// HashCredential returns a hashed vesion of the given credential
func HashCredential(zid id.Zid, ident, credential string) (string, error) {
	fullCredential := createFullCredential(zid, ident, credential)
	res, err := bcrypt.GenerateFromPassword(fullCredential, bcrypt.DefaultCost)
	if err != nil {
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		return false, nil
	}
	return false, err
}

func createFullCredential(zid id.Zid, ident, credential string) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString(zid.String())
	buf.Write(zid.Bytes())
	buf.WriteByte(' ')
	buf.WriteString(ident)
	buf.WriteByte(' ')
	buf.WriteString(credential)
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Added auth/impl/digest.go.


























































































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package impl

import (
	"bytes"
	"crypto"
	"crypto/hmac"
	"encoding/base64"

	"t73f.de/r/sx"
	"t73f.de/r/sx/sxreader"
)

var encoding = base64.RawURLEncoding

const digestAlg = crypto.SHA384

func sign(claim sx.Object, secret []byte) ([]byte, error) {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	_, err := sx.Print(&buf, claim)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	token := make([]byte, encoding.EncodedLen(buf.Len()))
	encoding.Encode(token, buf.Bytes())

	digest := hmac.New(digestAlg.New, secret)
	_, err = digest.Write(buf.Bytes())
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	dig := digest.Sum(nil)
	encDig := make([]byte, encoding.EncodedLen(len(dig)))
	encoding.Encode(encDig, dig)

	token = append(token, '.')
	token = append(token, encDig...)
	return token, nil
}

func check(token []byte, secret []byte) (sx.Object, error) {
	i := bytes.IndexByte(token, '.')
	if i <= 0 || 1024 < i {
		return nil, ErrMalformedToken
	}
	buf := make([]byte, len(token))
	n, err := encoding.Decode(buf, token[:i])
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	rdr := sxreader.MakeReader(bytes.NewReader(buf[:n]))
	obj, err := rdr.Read()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	var objBuf bytes.Buffer
	_, err = sx.Print(&objBuf, obj)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	digest := hmac.New(digestAlg.New, secret)
	_, err = digest.Write(objBuf.Bytes())
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	n, err = encoding.Decode(buf, token[i+1:])
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	if !hmac.Equal(buf[:n], digest.Sum(nil)) {
		return nil, ErrMalformedToken
	}
	return obj, nil
}

Changes to auth/impl/impl.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package impl provides services for authentification / authorization.
package impl

import (
	"errors"
	"hash/fnv"
	"io"
	"time"

	"github.com/pascaldekloe/jwt"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/sx"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/sexp"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth/policy"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

type myAuth struct {
	readonly bool
	owner    id.Zid
	secret   []byte
}
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	}
	return h.Sum(nil)
}

// IsReadonly returns true, if the systems is configured to run in read-only-mode.
func (a *myAuth) IsReadonly() bool { return a.readonly }

const reqHash = jwt.HS512
// ErrMalformedToken signals a broken token.
var ErrMalformedToken = errors.New("auth: malformed token")

// ErrNoIdent signals that the 'ident' key is missing.
var ErrNoIdent = errors.New("auth: missing ident")

// ErrOtherKind signals that the token was defined for another token kind.
var ErrOtherKind = errors.New("auth: wrong token kind")

// ErrNoZid signals that the 'zid' key is missing.
var ErrNoZid = errors.New("auth: missing zettel id")

// GetToken returns a token to be used for authentification.
func (a *myAuth) GetToken(ident *meta.Meta, d time.Duration, kind auth.TokenKind) ([]byte, error) {
	subject, ok := ident.Get(api.KeyUserID)
	if !ok || subject == "" {
		return nil, ErrNoIdent
	}

	now := time.Now().Round(time.Second)
	claims := jwt.Claims{
		Registered: jwt.Registered{
			Subject: subject,
			Expires: jwt.NewNumericTime(now.Add(d)),
	sClaim := sx.MakeList(
		sx.Int64(kind),
		sx.MakeString(subject),
		sx.Int64(now.Unix()),
		sx.Int64(now.Add(d).Unix()),
			Issued:  jwt.NewNumericTime(now),
		},
		Set: map[string]interface{}{
			"zid": ident.Zid.String(),
		sx.Int64(ident.Zid),
			"_tk": int(kind),
		},
	}
	token, err := claims.HMACSign(reqHash, a.secret)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	)
	return sign(sClaim, a.secret)
	}
	return token, nil
}

// ErrTokenExpired signals an exired token
var ErrTokenExpired = errors.New("auth: token expired")

// CheckToken checks the validity of the token and returns relevant data.
func (a *myAuth) CheckToken(token []byte, k auth.TokenKind) (auth.TokenData, error) {
	h, err := jwt.NewHMAC(reqHash, a.secret)
func (a *myAuth) CheckToken(tok []byte, k auth.TokenKind) (auth.TokenData, error) {
	var tokenData auth.TokenData

	obj, err := check(tok, a.secret)
	if err != nil {
		return auth.TokenData{}, err
		return tokenData, err
	}
	claims, err := h.Check(token)

	tokenData.Token = tok
	err = setupTokenData(obj, k, &tokenData)
	return tokenData, err
}

func setupTokenData(obj sx.Object, k auth.TokenKind, tokenData *auth.TokenData) error {
	vals, err := sexp.ParseList(obj, "isiii")
	if err != nil {
		return auth.TokenData{}, err
		return ErrMalformedToken
	}
	now := time.Now().Round(time.Second)
	expires := claims.Expires.Time()
	if expires.Before(now) {
		return auth.TokenData{}, ErrTokenExpired
	if auth.TokenKind(vals[0].(sx.Int64)) != k {
		return ErrOtherKind
	}
	ident := claims.Subject
	ident := vals[1].(sx.String).GetValue()
	if ident == "" {
		return auth.TokenData{}, ErrNoIdent
		return ErrNoIdent
	}
	if zidS, ok := claims.Set["zid"].(string); ok {
		if zid, err2 := id.Parse(zidS); err2 == nil {
	issued := time.Unix(int64(vals[2].(sx.Int64)), 0)
	expires := time.Unix(int64(vals[3].(sx.Int64)), 0)
			if kind, ok2 := claims.Set["_tk"].(float64); ok2 {
				if auth.TokenKind(kind) == k {
					return auth.TokenData{
						Token:   token,
						Now:     now,
	now := time.Now().Round(time.Second)
						Issued:  claims.Issued.Time(),
						Expires: expires,
						Ident:   ident,
	if expires.Before(now) {
		return ErrTokenExpired
						Zid:     zid,
					}, nil
				}
	}
			}
			return auth.TokenData{}, ErrOtherKind
		}
	}
	return auth.TokenData{}, ErrNoZid
	zid := id.Zid(vals[4].(sx.Int64))
	if !zid.IsValid() {
		return ErrNoZid
	}

	tokenData.Ident = string(ident)
	tokenData.Issued = issued
	tokenData.Now = now
	tokenData.Expires = expires
	tokenData.Zid = zid
	return nil
}

func (a *myAuth) Owner() id.Zid { return a.owner }

func (a *myAuth) IsOwner(zid id.Zid) bool {
	return zid.IsValid() && zid == a.owner
}

Changes to auth/policy/anon.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import (
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

type anonPolicy struct {
	authConfig config.AuthConfig
	pre        auth.Policy
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanCreate(user, newMeta *meta.Meta) bool {
	return ap.pre.CanCreate(user, newMeta)
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanRead(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	return ap.pre.CanRead(user, m) && ap.checkVisibility(m)
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanWrite(user, oldMeta, newMeta *meta.Meta) bool {
	return ap.pre.CanWrite(user, oldMeta, newMeta) && ap.checkVisibility(oldMeta)
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanRename(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	return ap.pre.CanRename(user, m) && ap.checkVisibility(m)
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanDelete(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	return ap.pre.CanDelete(user, m) && ap.checkVisibility(m)
}

func (ap *anonPolicy) CanRefresh(user *meta.Meta) bool {
	if ap.authConfig.GetExpertMode() || ap.authConfig.GetSimpleMode() {
		return true

Changes to auth/policy/box.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import (
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/server"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/server"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// BoxWithPolicy wraps the given box inside a policy box.
func BoxWithPolicy(
func BoxWithPolicy(manager auth.AuthzManager, box box.Box, authConfig config.AuthConfig) (box.Box, auth.Policy) {
	manager auth.AuthzManager,
	box box.Box,
	authConfig config.AuthConfig,
) (box.Box, auth.Policy) {
	pol := newPolicy(manager, authConfig)
	return newBox(box, pol), pol
}

// polBox implements a policy box.
type polBox struct {
	box    box.Box
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	return pp.box.Location()
}

func (pp *polBox) CanCreateZettel(ctx context.Context) bool {
	return pp.box.CanCreateZettel(ctx)
}

func (pp *polBox) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
func (pp *polBox) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanCreate(user, zettel.Meta) {
		return pp.box.CreateZettel(ctx, zettel)
	}
	return id.Invalid, box.NewErrNotAllowed("Create", user, id.Invalid)
}

func (pp *polBox) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
	zettel, err := pp.box.GetZettel(ctx, zid)
func (pp *polBox) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	z, err := pp.box.GetZettel(ctx, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return domain.Zettel{}, err
		return zettel.Zettel{}, err
	}
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanRead(user, zettel.Meta) {
		return zettel, nil
	if pp.policy.CanRead(user, z.Meta) {
		return z, nil
	}
	return domain.Zettel{}, box.NewErrNotAllowed("GetZettel", user, zid)
	return zettel.Zettel{}, box.NewErrNotAllowed("GetZettel", user, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]domain.Zettel, error) {
func (pp *polBox) GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]zettel.Zettel, error) {
	return pp.box.GetAllZettel(ctx, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (*id.Set, error) {
	return nil, box.NewErrNotAllowed("fetch-zids", server.GetUser(ctx), id.Invalid)
}

func (pp *polBox) GetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	m, err := pp.box.GetMeta(ctx, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanRead(user, m) {
		return m, nil
	}
	return nil, box.NewErrNotAllowed("GetMeta", user, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) GetAllMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
	return pp.box.GetAllMeta(ctx, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (id.Set, error) {
	return nil, box.NewErrNotAllowed("fetch-zids", server.GetUser(ctx), id.Invalid)
}

func (pp *polBox) SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
func (pp *polBox) SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, metaSeq []*meta.Meta, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	canRead := pp.policy.CanRead
	q = q.SetPreMatch(func(m *meta.Meta) bool { return canRead(user, m) })
	return pp.box.SelectMeta(ctx, q)
	return pp.box.SelectMeta(ctx, metaSeq, q)
}

func (pp *polBox) CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) bool {
func (pp *polBox) CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) bool {
	return pp.box.CanUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
}

func (pp *polBox) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) error {
func (pp *polBox) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) error {
	zid := zettel.Meta.Zid
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if !zid.IsValid() {
		return &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: zid}
		return box.ErrInvalidZid{Zid: zid.String()}
	}
	// Write existing zettel
	oldMeta, err := pp.box.GetMeta(ctx, zid)
	oldZettel, err := pp.box.GetZettel(ctx, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if pp.policy.CanWrite(user, oldMeta, zettel.Meta) {
	if pp.policy.CanWrite(user, oldZettel.Meta, zettel.Meta) {
		return pp.box.UpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
	}
	return box.NewErrNotAllowed("Write", user, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) AllowRenameZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	return pp.box.AllowRenameZettel(ctx, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) RenameZettel(ctx context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error {
	meta, err := pp.box.GetMeta(ctx, curZid)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanRename(user, meta) {
		return pp.box.RenameZettel(ctx, curZid, newZid)
	}
	return box.NewErrNotAllowed("Rename", user, curZid)
}

func (pp *polBox) CanDeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	return pp.box.CanDeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) DeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	meta, err := pp.box.GetMeta(ctx, zid)
	z, err := pp.box.GetZettel(ctx, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanDelete(user, meta) {
	if pp.policy.CanDelete(user, z.Meta) {
		return pp.box.DeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
	}
	return box.NewErrNotAllowed("Delete", user, zid)
}

func (pp *polBox) Refresh(ctx context.Context) error {
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanRefresh(user) {
		return pp.box.Refresh(ctx)
	}
	return box.NewErrNotAllowed("Refresh", user, id.Invalid)
}
func (pp *polBox) ReIndex(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	user := server.GetUser(ctx)
	if pp.policy.CanRefresh(user) {
		// If a user is allowed to refresh all data, it it also allowed to re-index a zettel.
		return pp.box.ReIndex(ctx, zid)
	}
	return box.NewErrNotAllowed("ReIndex", user, zid)
}

Changes to auth/policy/default.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import (
	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

type defaultPolicy struct {
	manager auth.AuthzManager
}

func (*defaultPolicy) CanCreate(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool { return true }
func (*defaultPolicy) CanRead(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool   { return true }
func (d *defaultPolicy) CanWrite(user, oldMeta, _ *meta.Meta) bool {
	return d.canChange(user, oldMeta)
}
func (d *defaultPolicy) CanRename(user, m *meta.Meta) bool { return d.canChange(user, m) }
func (d *defaultPolicy) CanDelete(user, m *meta.Meta) bool { return d.canChange(user, m) }

func (*defaultPolicy) CanRefresh(user *meta.Meta) bool { return user != nil }

func (d *defaultPolicy) canChange(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	metaRo, ok := m.Get(api.KeyReadOnly)
	if !ok {

Changes to auth/policy/owner.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import (
	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

type ownerPolicy struct {
	manager    auth.AuthzManager
	authConfig config.AuthConfig
	pre        auth.Policy
}
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	switch userRole := o.manager.GetUserRole(user); userRole {
	case meta.UserRoleReader, meta.UserRoleCreator:
		return false
	}
	return o.userCanCreate(user, newMeta)
}

func (o *ownerPolicy) CanRename(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	if user == nil || !o.pre.CanRename(user, m) {
		return false
	}
	if res, ok := o.checkVisibility(user, o.authConfig.GetVisibility(m)); ok {
		return res
	}
	return o.userIsOwner(user)
}

func (o *ownerPolicy) CanDelete(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	if user == nil || !o.pre.CanDelete(user, m) {
		return false
	}
	if res, ok := o.checkVisibility(user, o.authConfig.GetVisibility(m)); ok {
		return res
	}

Changes to auth/policy/policy.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package policy provides some interfaces and implementation for authorizsation policies.
package policy

import (
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// newPolicy creates a policy based on given constraints.
func newPolicy(manager auth.AuthzManager, authConfig config.AuthConfig) auth.Policy {
	var pol auth.Policy
	if manager.IsReadonly() {
		pol = &roPolicy{}
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}

func (p *prePolicy) CanWrite(user, oldMeta, newMeta *meta.Meta) bool {
	return oldMeta != nil && newMeta != nil && oldMeta.Zid == newMeta.Zid &&
		p.post.CanWrite(user, oldMeta, newMeta)
}

func (p *prePolicy) CanRename(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	return m != nil && p.post.CanRename(user, m)
}

func (p *prePolicy) CanDelete(user, m *meta.Meta) bool {
	return m != nil && p.post.CanDelete(user, m)
}

func (p *prePolicy) CanRefresh(user *meta.Meta) bool {
	return p.post.CanRefresh(user)
}

Changes to auth/policy/policy_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import (
	"fmt"
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func TestPolicies(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	testScene := []struct {
		readonly bool
		withAuth bool
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		)
		name := fmt.Sprintf("readonly=%v/withauth=%v/expert=%v/simple=%v",
			ts.readonly, ts.withAuth, ts.expert, ts.simple)
		t.Run(name, func(tt *testing.T) {
			testCreate(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.readonly)
			testRead(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.expert)
			testWrite(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.readonly, ts.expert)
			testRename(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.readonly, ts.expert)
			testDelete(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.readonly, ts.expert)
			testRefresh(tt, pol, ts.withAuth, ts.expert, ts.simple)
		})
	}
}

type testAuthzManager struct {
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		{owner, roTrue, roTrue, false},
		{owner2, roTrue, roTrue, false},
	}
	for _, tc := range testCases {
		t.Run("Write", func(tt *testing.T) {
			got := pol.CanWrite(tc.user, tc.old, tc.new)
			if tc.exp != got {
				tt.Errorf("exp=%v, but got=%v", tc.exp, got)
			}
		})
	}
}

func testRename(t *testing.T, pol auth.Policy, withAuth, readonly, expert bool) {
	t.Helper()
	anonUser := newAnon()
	creator := newCreator()
	reader := newReader()
	writer := newWriter()
	owner := newOwner()
	owner2 := newOwner2()
	zettel := newZettel()
	expertZettel := newExpertZettel()
	roFalse := newRoFalseZettel()
	roTrue := newRoTrueZettel()
	roReader := newRoReaderZettel()
	roWriter := newRoWriterZettel()
	roOwner := newRoOwnerZettel()
	notAuthNotReadonly := !withAuth && !readonly
	testCases := []struct {
		user *meta.Meta
		meta *meta.Meta
		exp  bool
	}{
		// No meta
		{anonUser, nil, false},
		{creator, nil, false},
		{reader, nil, false},
		{writer, nil, false},
		{owner, nil, false},
		{owner2, nil, false},
		// Any zettel
		{anonUser, zettel, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{creator, zettel, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{reader, zettel, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{writer, zettel, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{owner, zettel, !readonly},
		{owner2, zettel, !readonly},
		// Expert zettel
		{anonUser, expertZettel, notAuthNotReadonly && expert},
		{creator, expertZettel, notAuthNotReadonly && expert},
		{reader, expertZettel, notAuthNotReadonly && expert},
		{writer, expertZettel, notAuthNotReadonly && expert},
		{owner, expertZettel, !readonly && expert},
		{owner2, expertZettel, !readonly && expert},
		// No r/o zettel
		{anonUser, roFalse, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{creator, roFalse, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{reader, roFalse, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{writer, roFalse, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{owner, roFalse, !readonly},
		{owner2, roFalse, !readonly},
		// Reader r/o zettel
		{anonUser, roReader, false},
		{creator, roReader, false},
		{reader, roReader, false},
		{writer, roReader, notAuthNotReadonly},
		{owner, roReader, !readonly},
		{owner2, roReader, !readonly},
		// Writer r/o zettel
		{anonUser, roWriter, false},
		{creator, roWriter, false},
		{reader, roWriter, false},
		{writer, roWriter, false},
		{owner, roWriter, !readonly},
		{owner2, roWriter, !readonly},
		// Owner r/o zettel
		{anonUser, roOwner, false},
		{creator, roOwner, false},
		{reader, roOwner, false},
		{writer, roOwner, false},
		{owner, roOwner, false},
		{owner2, roOwner, false},
		// r/o = true zettel
		{anonUser, roTrue, false},
		{creator, roTrue, false},
		{reader, roTrue, false},
		{writer, roTrue, false},
		{owner, roTrue, false},
		{owner2, roTrue, false},
	}
	for _, tc := range testCases {
		t.Run("Rename", func(tt *testing.T) {
			got := pol.CanRename(tc.user, tc.meta)
			if tc.exp != got {
				tt.Errorf("exp=%v, but got=%v", tc.exp, got)
			}
		})
	}
}

func testDelete(t *testing.T, pol auth.Policy, withAuth, readonly, expert bool) {

Changes to auth/policy/readonly.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package policy

import "zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
import "zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"

type roPolicy struct{}

func (*roPolicy) CanCreate(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool   { return false }
func (*roPolicy) CanRead(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool     { return true }
func (*roPolicy) CanWrite(_, _, _ *meta.Meta) bool { return false }
func (*roPolicy) CanRename(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool   { return false }
func (*roPolicy) CanDelete(_, _ *meta.Meta) bool   { return false }
func (*roPolicy) CanRefresh(user *meta.Meta) bool  { return user != nil }

Changes to box/box.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package box provides a generic interface to zettel boxes.
package box

import (
	"context"
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// BaseBox is implemented by all Zettel boxes.
type BaseBox interface {
	// Location returns some information where the box is located.
	// Format is dependent of the box.
	Location() string

	// CanCreateZettel returns true, if box could possibly create a new zettel.
	CanCreateZettel(ctx context.Context) bool

	// CreateZettel creates a new zettel.
	// Returns the new zettel id (and an error indication).
	CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error)

	// GetZettel retrieves a specific zettel.
	GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error)
	GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error)

	// GetMeta retrieves just the meta data of a specific zettel.
	GetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error)

	// CanUpdateZettel returns true, if box could possibly update the given zettel.
	CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) bool

	// UpdateZettel updates an existing zettel.
	UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) error

	// AllowRenameZettel returns true, if box will not disallow renaming the zettel.
	AllowRenameZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool

	// RenameZettel changes the current Zid to a new Zid.
	RenameZettel(ctx context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error

	// CanDeleteZettel returns true, if box could possibly delete the given zettel.
	CanDeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool

	// DeleteZettel removes the zettel from the box.
	DeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error
}

// WriteBox is a box that can create / update zettel content.
type WriteBox interface {
	// CanCreateZettel returns true, if box could possibly create a new zettel.
	CanCreateZettel(ctx context.Context) bool

	// CreateZettel creates a new zettel.
	// Returns the new zettel id (and an error indication).
	CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) (id.Zid, error)

	// CanUpdateZettel returns true, if box could possibly update the given zettel.
	CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) bool

	// UpdateZettel updates an existing zettel.
	UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) error
}

// ZidFunc is a function that processes identifier of a zettel.
type ZidFunc func(id.Zid)

// MetaFunc is a function that processes metadata of a zettel.
type MetaFunc func(*meta.Meta)

// ManagedBox is the interface of managed boxes.
type ManagedBox interface {
	BaseBox

	// HasZettel returns true, if box conains zettel with given identifier.
	HasZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool

	// Apply identifier of every zettel to the given function, if predicate returns true.
	ApplyZid(context.Context, ZidFunc, query.RetrievePredicate) error

	// Apply metadata of every zettel to the given function, if predicate returns true.
	ApplyMeta(context.Context, MetaFunc, query.RetrievePredicate) error

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	// Refresh the box data.
	Refresh(context.Context)
}

// Box is to be used outside the box package and its descendants.
type Box interface {
	BaseBox
	WriteBox

	// FetchZids returns the set of all zettel identifer managed by the box.
	FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (id.Set, error)
	FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (*id.Set, error)

	// GetMeta returns the metadata of the zettel with the given identifier.
	GetMeta(context.Context, id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error)

	// SelectMeta returns a list of metadata that comply to the given selection criteria.
	// If `metaSeq` is `nil`, the box assumes metadata of all available zettel.
	SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error)
	SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, metaSeq []*meta.Meta, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error)

	// GetAllZettel retrieves a specific zettel from all managed boxes.
	GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]domain.Zettel, error)
	GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]zettel.Zettel, error)

	// GetAllMeta retrieves the meta data of a specific zettel from all managed boxes.
	GetAllMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]*meta.Meta, error)

	// Refresh the data from the box and from its managed sub-boxes.
	Refresh(context.Context) error

	// ReIndex one zettel to update its index data.
	ReIndex(context.Context, id.Zid) error
}

// Stats record stattistics about a box.
type Stats struct {
	// ReadOnly indicates that boxes cannot be modified.
	ReadOnly bool

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	return context.WithValue(ctx, ctxNoEnrichKey, &ctxNoEnrichKey)
}

type ctxNoEnrichType struct{}

var ctxNoEnrichKey ctxNoEnrichType

// DoNotEnrich determines if the context is marked to not enrich metadata.
func DoNotEnrich(ctx context.Context) bool {
// DoEnrich determines if the context is not marked to not enrich metadata.
func DoEnrich(ctx context.Context) bool {
	_, ok := ctx.Value(ctxNoEnrichKey).(*ctxNoEnrichType)
	return ok
	return !ok
}

// NoEnrichQuery provides a context that signals not to enrich, if the query does not need this.
func NoEnrichQuery(ctx context.Context, q *query.Query) context.Context {
	if q.EnrichNeeded() {
		return ctx
	}
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// ErrStopped is returned if calling methods on a box that was not started.
var ErrStopped = errors.New("box is stopped")

// ErrReadOnly is returned if there is an attepmt to write to a read-only box.
var ErrReadOnly = errors.New("read-only box")

// ErrNotFound is returned if a zettel was not found in the box.
var ErrNotFound = errors.New("zettel not found")
// ErrZettelNotFound is returned if a zettel was not found in the box.
type ErrZettelNotFound struct{ Zid id.Zid }

func (eznf ErrZettelNotFound) Error() string { return "zettel not found: " + eznf.Zid.String() }

// ErrConflict is returned if a box operation detected a conflict..
// One example: if calculating a new zettel identifier takes too long.
var ErrConflict = errors.New("conflict")

// ErrCapacity is returned if a box has reached its capacity.
var ErrCapacity = errors.New("capacity exceeded")

// ErrInvalidID is returned if the zettel id is not appropriate for the box operation.
type ErrInvalidID struct{ Zid id.Zid }
// ErrInvalidZid is returned if the zettel id is not appropriate for the box operation.
type ErrInvalidZid struct{ Zid string }

func (err *ErrInvalidID) Error() string { return "invalid Zettel id: " + err.Zid.String() }
func (err ErrInvalidZid) Error() string { return "invalid Zettel id: " + err.Zid }

Changes to box/compbox/compbox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package compbox provides zettel that have computed content.
package compbox

import (
	"context"
	"net/url"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func init() {
	manager.Register(
		" comp",
		func(u *url.URL, cdata *manager.ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
			return getCompBox(cdata.Number, cdata.Enricher), nil
			return getCompBox(cdata.Number, cdata.Enricher, cdata.Mapper), nil
		})
}

type compBox struct {
	log      *logger.Logger
	number   int
	enricher box.Enricher
	mapper   manager.Mapper
}

var myConfig *meta.Meta
var myZettel = map[id.Zid]struct {
	meta    func(id.Zid) *meta.Meta
	content func(*meta.Meta) []byte
	content func(context.Context, *compBox) []byte
}{
	id.MustParse(api.ZidVersion):              {genVersionBuildM, genVersionBuildC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidHost):                 {genVersionHostM, genVersionHostC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidOperatingSystem):      {genVersionOSM, genVersionOSC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidLog):                  {genLogM, genLogC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidBoxManager):           {genManagerM, genManagerC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidVersion):         {genVersionBuildM, genVersionBuildC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidHost):            {genVersionHostM, genVersionHostC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidOperatingSystem): {genVersionOSM, genVersionOSC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidLog):             {genLogM, genLogC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidMemory):          {genMemoryM, genMemoryC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidSx):              {genSxM, genSxC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidHTTP):                 {genHttpM, genHttpC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidAPI):                  {genApiM, genApiC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidWebUI):                {genWebUiM, genWebUiC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidConsole):              {genConsoleM, genConsoleC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidBoxManager): {genManagerM, genManagerC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidIndex):                {genIndexM, genIndexC},
	// id.MustParse(api.ZidQuery):                {genQueryM, genQueryC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidMetadataKey):          {genKeysM, genKeysC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidParser):               {genParserM, genParserC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidStartupConfiguration): {genConfigZettelM, genConfigZettelC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidWarnings):             {genWarningsM, genWarningsC},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidMapping):              {genMappingM, genMappingC},
}

// Get returns the one program box.
func getCompBox(boxNumber int, mf box.Enricher) box.ManagedBox {
func getCompBox(boxNumber int, mf box.Enricher, mapper manager.Mapper) *compBox {
	return &compBox{
		log: kernel.Main.GetLogger(kernel.BoxService).Clone().
			Str("box", "comp").Int("boxnum", int64(boxNumber)).Child(),
		number:   boxNumber,
		enricher: mf,
		mapper:   mapper,
	}
}

// Setup remembers important values.
func Setup(cfg *meta.Meta) { myConfig = cfg.Clone() }

func (*compBox) Location() string { return "" }

func (*compBox) CanCreateZettel(context.Context) bool { return false }

func (cb *compBox) CreateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrReadOnly).Msg("CreateZettel")
	return id.Invalid, box.ErrReadOnly
}

func (cb *compBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (cb *compBox) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	if gen, ok := myZettel[zid]; ok && gen.meta != nil {
		if m := gen.meta(zid); m != nil {
			updateMeta(m)
			if genContent := gen.content; genContent != nil {
				cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetMeta/Content")
				return domain.Zettel{
				cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetZettel/Content")
				return zettel.Zettel{
					Meta:    m,
					Content: domain.NewContent(genContent(m)),
					Content: zettel.NewContent(genContent(ctx, cb)),
				}, nil
			}
			cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetMeta/NoContent")
			return domain.Zettel{Meta: m}, nil
			cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetZettel/NoContent")
			return zettel.Zettel{Meta: m}, nil
		}
	}
	err := box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrNotFound).Msg("GetZettel/Err")
	return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("GetZettel/Err")
	return zettel.Zettel{}, err
}

func (cb *compBox) GetMeta(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	if gen, ok := myZettel[zid]; ok {
func (*compBox) HasZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	_, found := myZettel[zid]
		if genMeta := gen.meta; genMeta != nil {
			if m := genMeta(zid); m != nil {
				updateMeta(m)
				cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetMeta")
				return m, nil
			}
		}
	return found
}

	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrNotFound).Msg("GetMeta/Err")
	return nil, box.ErrNotFound
}

func (cb *compBox) ApplyZid(_ context.Context, handle box.ZidFunc, constraint query.RetrievePredicate) error {
	cb.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(myZettel))).Msg("ApplyMeta")
	cb.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(myZettel))).Msg("ApplyZid")
	for zid, gen := range myZettel {
		if !constraint(zid) {
			continue
		}
		if genMeta := gen.meta; genMeta != nil {
			if genMeta(zid) != nil {
				handle(zid)
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				handle(m)
			}
		}
	}
	return nil
}

func (*compBox) CanUpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) bool { return false }

func (cb *compBox) UpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) error {
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrReadOnly).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	return box.ErrReadOnly
}

func (*compBox) AllowRenameZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	_, ok := myZettel[zid]
	return !ok
}

func (cb *compBox) RenameZettel(_ context.Context, curZid, _ id.Zid) error {
	err := box.ErrNotFound
	if _, ok := myZettel[curZid]; ok {
		err = box.ErrReadOnly
	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("RenameZettel")
	return err
}

func (*compBox) CanDeleteZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool { return false }

func (cb *compBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
func (cb *compBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (err error) {
	err := box.ErrNotFound
	if _, ok := myZettel[zid]; ok {
		err = box.ErrReadOnly
	} else {
		err = box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("DeleteZettel")
	return err
}

func (cb *compBox) ReadStats(st *box.ManagedBoxStats) {
	st.ReadOnly = true
	st.Zettel = len(myZettel)
	cb.log.Trace().Int("zettel", int64(st.Zettel)).Msg("ReadStats")
}

func getTitledMeta(zid id.Zid, title string) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, title)
	return m
}

func updateMeta(m *meta.Meta) {
	if _, ok := m.Get(api.KeySyntax); !ok {
		m.Set(api.KeySyntax, meta.SyntaxZmk)
	}
	m.Set(api.KeyRole, api.ValueRoleConfiguration)
	if _, ok := m.Get(api.KeyCreated); !ok {
		m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	}
	m.Set(api.KeyLang, api.ValueLangEN)
	m.Set(api.KeyReadOnly, api.ValueTrue)
	if _, ok := m.Get(api.KeyVisibility); !ok {
		m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityExpert)
	}
}

Changes to box/compbox/config.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
)

func genConfigZettelM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	if myConfig == nil {
		return nil
	}
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, "Zettelstore Startup Configuration")
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Startup Configuration")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityExpert)
	return m
}

func genConfigZettelC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genConfigZettelC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	for i, p := range myConfig.Pairs() {
		if i > 0 {
			buf.WriteByte('\n')
		}
		buf.WriteString("; ''")
		buf.WriteString(p.Key)

Changes to box/compbox/keys.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genKeysM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, "Zettelstore Supported Metadata Keys")
	m := getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Supported Metadata Keys")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreVTime).(string))
	m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityLogin)
	return m
}

func genKeysC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genKeysC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	keys := meta.GetSortedKeyDescriptions()
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("|=Name<|=Type<|=Computed?:|=Property?:\n")
	for _, kd := range keys {
		fmt.Fprintf(&buf,
			"|%v|%v|%v|%v\n", kd.Name, kd.Type.Name, kd.IsComputed(), kd.IsProperty())
			"|[[%v|query:%v?]]|%v|%v|%v\n", kd.Name, kd.Name, kd.Type.Name, kd.IsComputed(), kd.IsProperty())
	}
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Changes to box/compbox/log.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genLogM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, "Zettelstore Log")
	m := getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Log")
	m.Set(api.KeySyntax, meta.SyntaxText)
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	m.Set(api.KeyModified, kernel.Main.GetLastLogTime().Local().Format(id.ZidLayout))
	m.Set(api.KeyModified, kernel.Main.GetLastLogTime().Local().Format(id.TimestampLayout))
	return m
}

func genLogC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genLogC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	const tsFormat = "2006-01-02 15:04:05.999999"
	entries := kernel.Main.RetrieveLogEntries()
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	for _, entry := range entries {
		ts := entry.TS.Format(tsFormat)
		buf.WriteString(ts)
		for j := len(ts); j < len(tsFormat); j++ {

Changes to box/compbox/manager.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genManagerM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, "Zettelstore Box Manager")
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Box Manager")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	return m
}

func genManagerC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genManagerC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	kvl := kernel.Main.GetServiceStatistics(kernel.BoxService)
	if len(kvl) == 0 {
		return nil
	}
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("|=Name|=Value>\n")
	for _, kv := range kvl {

Added box/compbox/mapping.go.


































































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2024-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2024-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// Zettelstore Identifier Mapping.
//
// In the first stage of migration process, it is a computed zettel showing a
// hypothetical mapping. In later stages, it will be stored as a normal zettel
// that is updated when a new zettel is created or an old zettel is deleted.

func genMappingM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Identifier Mapping")
}

func genMappingC(ctx context.Context, cb *compBox) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	toNew, err := cb.mapper.OldToNewMapping(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		buf.WriteString("**Error while fetching: ")
		buf.WriteString(err.Error())
		buf.WriteString("**\n")
		return buf.Bytes()
	}
	oldZids := id.NewSetCap(len(toNew))
	for zidO := range toNew {
		oldZids.Add(zidO)
	}
	first := true
	oldZids.ForEach(func(zidO id.Zid) {
		if first {
			buf.WriteString("**Note**: this mapping is preliminary.\n")
			buf.WriteString("It only shows you how it could look if the migration is done.\n")
			buf.WriteString("Use this page to update your zettel if something strange is shown.\n")
			buf.WriteString("```\n")
			first = false
		}
		buf.WriteString(zidO.String())
		buf.WriteByte(' ')
		buf.WriteString(toNew[zidO].String())
		buf.WriteByte('\n')
	})
	if !first {
		buf.WriteString("```")
	}
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Added box/compbox/memory.go.






















































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2024-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2024-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"os"
	"runtime"

	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genMemoryM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Memory")
}

func genMemoryC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	pageSize := os.Getpagesize()
	var m runtime.MemStats
	runtime.GC()
	runtime.ReadMemStats(&m)

	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("|=Name|=Value>\n")
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Page Size|%d\n", pageSize)
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Pages|%d\n", m.HeapSys/uint64(pageSize))
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Heap Objects|%d\n", m.HeapObjects)
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Heap Sys (KiB)|%d\n", m.HeapSys/1024)
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Heap Inuse (KiB)|%d\n", m.HeapInuse/1024)
	debug := kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreDebug).(bool)
	if debug {
		for i, bysize := range m.BySize {
			fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Size %2d: %d|%d - %d &rarr; %d\n",
				i, bysize.Size, bysize.Mallocs, bysize.Frees, bysize.Mallocs-bysize.Frees)
		}
	}
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Changes to box/compbox/parser.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"sort"
	"slices"
	"strings"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genParserM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, "Zettelstore Supported Parser")
	m := getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Supported Parser")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreVTime).(string))
	m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityLogin)
	return m
}

func genParserC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genParserC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("|=Syntax<|=Alt. Value(s):|=Text Parser?:|=Text Format?:|=Image Format?:\n")
	syntaxes := parser.GetSyntaxes()
	sort.Strings(syntaxes)
	slices.Sort(syntaxes)
	for _, syntax := range syntaxes {
		info := parser.Get(syntax)
		if info.Name != syntax {
			continue
		}
		altNames := info.AltNames
		sort.Strings(altNames)
		slices.Sort(altNames)
		fmt.Fprintf(
			&buf, "|%v|%v|%v|%v|%v\n",
			syntax, strings.Join(altNames, ", "), info.IsASTParser, info.IsTextFormat, info.IsImageFormat)
	}
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Added box/compbox/sx.go.




































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2024-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2024-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"t73f.de/r/sx"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genSxM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Sx Engine")
}

func genSxC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("|=Name|=Value>\n")
	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "|Symbols|%d\n", sx.MakeSymbol("NIL").Factory().Size())
	return buf.Bytes()
}

Changes to box/compbox/version.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"context"
	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"

	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func getVersionMeta(zid id.Zid, title string) *meta.Meta {
	m := meta.New(zid)
	m.Set(api.KeyTitle, title)
	m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityExpert)
	return m
}

func genVersionBuildM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := getVersionMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Version")
	m := getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Version")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreVTime).(string))
	m.Set(api.KeyVisibility, api.ValueVisibilityLogin)
	return m
}
func genVersionBuildC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genVersionBuildC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	return []byte(kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreVersion).(string))
}

func genVersionHostM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := getVersionMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Host")
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Host")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	return m
}
func genVersionHostC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genVersionHostC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	return []byte(kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreHostname).(string))
}

func genVersionOSM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	m := getVersionMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Operating System")
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Operating System")
	m.Set(api.KeyCreated, kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreStarted).(string))
	return m
}
func genVersionOSC(*meta.Meta) []byte {
func genVersionOSC(context.Context, *compBox) []byte {
	goOS := kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreGoOS).(string)
	goArch := kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreGoArch).(string)
	result := make([]byte, 0, len(goOS)+len(goArch)+1)
	result = append(result, goOS...)
	result = append(result, '/')
	return append(result, goArch...)
}

Added box/compbox/warnings.go.





















































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2024-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2024-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package compbox

import (
	"bytes"
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func genWarningsM(zid id.Zid) *meta.Meta {
	return getTitledMeta(zid, "Zettelstore Warnings")
}

func genWarningsC(ctx context.Context, cb *compBox) []byte {
	var buf bytes.Buffer
	buf.WriteString("* [[Zettel without stored creation date|query:created-missing:true]]\n")
	buf.WriteString("* [[Zettel with strange creation date|query:created<19700101000000]]\n")

	ws, err := cb.mapper.Warnings(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		buf.WriteString("**Error while fetching: ")
		buf.WriteString(err.Error())
		buf.WriteString("**\n")
		return buf.Bytes()
	}
	first := true
	ws.ForEach(func(zid id.Zid) {
		if first {
			first = false
			buf.WriteString("=== Mapper Warnings\n")
		}
		buf.WriteString("* [[")
		buf.WriteString(zid.String())
		buf.WriteString("]]\n")
	})

	return buf.Bytes()
}

Changes to box/constbox/base.css.















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/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
 *
 * This file is part of Zettelstore.
 *
 * Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
 * Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
 * under this license.
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
 * SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
 *-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

*,*::before,*::after {
    box-sizing: border-box;
  }
  html {
    font-size: 1rem;
    font-family: serif;
    scroll-behavior: smooth;
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  h1 { font-size:1.5rem;  margin:.65rem 0 }
  h2 { font-size:1.25rem; margin:.70rem 0 }
  h3 { font-size:1.15rem; margin:.75rem 0 }
  h4 { font-size:1.05rem; margin:.8rem 0; font-weight: bold }
  h5 { font-size:1.05rem; margin:.8rem 0 }
  h6 { font-size:1.05rem; margin:.8rem 0; font-weight: lighter }
  p { margin: .5rem 0 0 0 }
  p.zs-meta-zettel { margin-top: .5rem; margin-left: 0.5rem }
  li,figure,figcaption,dl { margin: 0 }
  dt { margin: .5rem 0 0 0 }
  dt+dd { margin-top: 0 }
  dd { margin: .5rem 0 0 2rem }
  dd > p:first-child { margin: 0 0 0 0 }
  blockquote {
    border-left: 0.5rem solid lightgray;

Deleted box/constbox/base.mustache.

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html{{#Lang}} lang="{{Lang}}"{{/Lang}}>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<meta name="generator" content="Zettelstore">
<meta name="format-detection" content="telephone=no">
{{{MetaHeader}}}
<link rel="stylesheet" href="{{{CSSBaseURL}}}">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="{{{CSSUserURL}}}">
{{#CSSRoleURL}}<link rel="stylesheet" href="{{{CSSRoleURL}}}">{{/CSSRoleURL}}
<title>{{Title}}</title>
</head>
<body>
<nav class="zs-menu">
<a href="{{{HomeURL}}}">Home</a>
{{#WithUser}}
<div class="zs-dropdown">
<button>User</button>
<nav class="zs-dropdown-content">
{{#WithAuth}}
{{#UserIsValid}}
<a href="{{{UserZettelURL}}}">{{UserIdent}}</a>
{{/UserIsValid}}
{{^UserIsValid}}
<a href="{{{LoginURL}}}">Login</a>
{{/UserIsValid}}
{{#UserIsValid}}
<a href="{{{LogoutURL}}}">Logout</a>
{{/UserIsValid}}
{{/WithAuth}}
</nav>
</div>
{{/WithUser}}
<div class="zs-dropdown">
<button>Lists</button>
<nav class="zs-dropdown-content">
<a href="{{{ListZettelURL}}}">List Zettel</a>
<a href="{{{ListRolesURL}}}">List Roles</a>
<a href="{{{ListTagsURL}}}">List Tags</a>
{{#CanRefresh}}
<a href="{{{RefreshURL}}}">Refresh</a>
{{/CanRefresh}}
</nav>
</div>
{{#NewZettelLinks.Has}}
<div class="zs-dropdown">
<button>New</button>
<nav class="zs-dropdown-content">
{{#NewZettelLinks.Links}}
<a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a>
{{/NewZettelLinks.Links}}
</nav>
</div>
{{/NewZettelLinks.Has}}
<form action="{{{SearchURL}}}">
<input type="text" placeholder="Search.." name="{{QueryKeyQuery}}">
</form>
</nav>
<main class="content">
{{{Content}}}
</main>
{{#FooterHTML}}<footer><hr>{{{FooterHTML}}}</footer>{{/FooterHTML}}
{{#DebugMode}}<div><b>WARNING: Debug mode is enabled. DO NOT USE IN PRODUCTION!</b></div>{{/DebugMode}}
</body>
</html>

Added box/constbox/base.sxn.
































































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(@@@@
(html ,@(if lang `((@ (lang ,lang))))
(head
  (meta (@ (charset "utf-8")))
  (meta (@ (name "viewport") (content "width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0")))
  (meta (@ (name "generator") (content "Zettelstore")))
  (meta (@ (name "format-detection") (content "telephone=no")))
  ,@META-HEADER
  (link (@ (rel "stylesheet") (href ,css-base-url)))
  (link (@ (rel "stylesheet") (href ,css-user-url)))
  ,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-meta (current-binding))
  (title ,title))
(body
  (nav (@ (class "zs-menu"))
    (a (@ (href ,home-url)) "Home")
    ,@(if with-auth
      `((div (@ (class "zs-dropdown"))
        (button "User")
        (nav (@ (class "zs-dropdown-content"))
          ,@(if user-is-valid
            `((a (@ (href ,user-zettel-url)) ,user-ident)
              (a (@ (href ,logout-url)) "Logout"))
            `((a (@ (href ,login-url)) "Login"))
          )
      )))
    )
    (div (@ (class "zs-dropdown"))
      (button "Lists")
      (nav (@ (class "zs-dropdown-content"))
        (a (@ (href ,list-zettel-url)) "List Zettel")
        (a (@ (href ,list-roles-url)) "List Roles")
        (a (@ (href ,list-tags-url)) "List Tags")
        ,@(if (bound? 'refresh-url) `((a (@ (href ,refresh-url)) "Refresh")))
    ))
    ,@(if new-zettel-links
      `((div (@ (class "zs-dropdown"))
        (button "New")
        (nav (@ (class "zs-dropdown-content"))
          ,@(map wui-link new-zettel-links)
       )))
    )
    (search (form (@ (action ,search-url))
      (input (@ (type "search") (inputmode "search") (name ,query-key-query)
                (title "General search field, with same behaviour as search field in search result list")
                (placeholder "Search..") (dir "auto")))))
  )
  (main (@ (class "content")) ,DETAIL)
  ,@(if FOOTER `((footer (hr) ,@FOOTER)))
  ,@(if debug-mode '((div (b "WARNING: Debug mode is enabled. DO NOT USE IN PRODUCTION!"))))
)))

Changes to box/constbox/constbox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package constbox puts zettel inside the executable.
package constbox

import (
	"context"
	_ "embed" // Allow to embed file content
	"net/url"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func init() {
	manager.Register(
		" const",
		func(u *url.URL, cdata *manager.ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
			return &constBox{
				log: kernel.Main.GetLogger(kernel.BoxService).Clone().
					Str("box", "const").Int("boxnum", int64(cdata.Number)).Child(),
				number:   cdata.Number,
				zettel:   constZettelMap,
				enricher: cdata.Enricher,
			}, nil
		})
}

type constHeader map[string]string

type constZettel struct {
	header  constHeader
	content domain.Content
	content zettel.Content
}

type constBox struct {
	log      *logger.Logger
	number   int
	zettel   map[id.Zid]constZettel
	enricher box.Enricher
}

func (*constBox) Location() string { return "const:" }

func (*constBox) CanCreateZettel(context.Context) bool { return false }

func (cb *constBox) CreateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrReadOnly).Msg("CreateZettel")
	return id.Invalid, box.ErrReadOnly
}

func (cb *constBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (cb *constBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	if z, ok := cb.zettel[zid]; ok {
		cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetZettel")
		return domain.Zettel{Meta: meta.NewWithData(zid, z.header), Content: z.content}, nil
		return zettel.Zettel{Meta: meta.NewWithData(zid, z.header), Content: z.content}, nil
	}
	err := box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrNotFound).Msg("GetZettel")
	return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("GetZettel/Err")
	return zettel.Zettel{}, err
}

func (cb *constBox) GetMeta(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	if z, ok := cb.zettel[zid]; ok {
func (cb *constBox) HasZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	_, found := cb.zettel[zid]
		cb.log.Trace().Msg("GetMeta")
		return meta.NewWithData(zid, z.header), nil
	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrNotFound).Msg("GetMeta")
	return nil, box.ErrNotFound
	return found
}

func (cb *constBox) ApplyZid(_ context.Context, handle box.ZidFunc, constraint query.RetrievePredicate) error {
	cb.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(cb.zettel))).Msg("ApplyZid")
	for zid := range cb.zettel {
		if constraint(zid) {
			handle(zid)
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			cb.enricher.Enrich(ctx, m, cb.number)
			handle(m)
		}
	}
	return nil
}

func (*constBox) CanUpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) bool { return false }

func (cb *constBox) UpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) error {
	cb.log.Trace().Err(box.ErrReadOnly).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	return box.ErrReadOnly
}

func (cb *constBox) AllowRenameZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	_, ok := cb.zettel[zid]
	return !ok
}

func (cb *constBox) RenameZettel(_ context.Context, curZid, _ id.Zid) error {
	err := box.ErrNotFound
	if _, ok := cb.zettel[curZid]; ok {
		err = box.ErrReadOnly
	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("RenameZettel")
	return err
}

func (*constBox) CanDeleteZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool { return false }

func (cb *constBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
func (cb *constBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (err error) {
	err := box.ErrNotFound
	if _, ok := cb.zettel[zid]; ok {
		err = box.ErrReadOnly
	} else {
		err = box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	cb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("DeleteZettel")
	return err
}

func (cb *constBox) ReadStats(st *box.ManagedBoxStats) {
	st.ReadOnly = true
	st.Zettel = len(cb.zettel)
	cb.log.Trace().Int("zettel", int64(st.Zettel)).Msg("ReadStats")
}

var constZettelMap = map[id.Zid]constZettel{
	id.ConfigurationZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Runtime Configuration",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxNone,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityOwner,
		},
		domain.NewContent(nil)},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidLicense): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore License",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxText,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210504135842",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyModified:   "20220131153422",
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityPublic,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentLicense)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentLicense)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidAuthors): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Contributors",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210504135842",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentContributors)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentContributors)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidDependencies): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Dependencies",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityPublic,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210504135842",
			api.KeyModified:   "20221013105100",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240418095500",
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentDependencies)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentDependencies)},
	id.BaseTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Base HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210504135842",
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20230510155100",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145300",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentBaseMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentBaseSxn)},
	id.LoginTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Login Form HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentLoginMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentLoginSxn)},
	id.ZettelTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Zettel HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20230510155300",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145100",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentZettelMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentZettelSxn)},
	id.InfoTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Info HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentInfoMustache)},
	id.ContextTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Context HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210218181140",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240618170000",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentContextMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentInfoSxn)},
	id.FormTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Form HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentFormMustache)},
	id.RenameTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Rename Form HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentRenameMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentFormSxn)},
	id.DeleteTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Delete HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentDeleteMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentDeleteSxn)},
	id.ListTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore List Zettel HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20230704122100",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentListZettelMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentListZettelSxn)},
	id.ErrorTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Error HTML Template",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxMustache,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210305133215",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentErrorMustache)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentErrorSxn)},
	id.StartSxnZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Sxn Start Code",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20230824160700",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240219145200",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
			api.KeyPrecursor:  string(api.ZidSxnBase),
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentStartCodeSxn)},
	id.BaseSxnZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Sxn Base Code",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20230619132800",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240618170100",
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
			api.KeyPrecursor:  string(api.ZidSxnPrelude),
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentBaseCodeSxn)},
	id.PreludeSxnZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Sxn Prelude",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxSxn,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20231006181700",
			api.KeyModified:   "20240222121200",
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentPreludeSxn)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidBaseCSS): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Base CSS",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxCSS,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20200804111624",
			api.KeyModified:   "20231129112800",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityPublic,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentBaseCSS)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentBaseCSS)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidUserCSS): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore User CSS",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxCSS,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210622110143",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityPublic,
		},
		domain.NewContent([]byte("/* User-defined CSS */"))},
		zettel.NewContent([]byte("/* User-defined CSS */"))},
	id.RoleCSSMapZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Role to CSS Map",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxNone,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20220321183214",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityExpert,
		},
		domain.NewContent(nil)},
	id.EmojiZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Generic Emoji",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxGif,
			api.KeyReadOnly:   api.ValueTrue,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210504175807",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityPublic,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentEmoji)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentEmoji)},
	id.TOCNewTemplateZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "New Menu",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20210217161829",
			api.KeyModified:   "20231129111800",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityCreator,
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentNewTOCZettel)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentNewTOCZettel)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidTemplateNewZettel): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "New Zettel",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleZettel,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20201028185209",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityCreator,
			api.KeyTitle:                 "New Zettel",
			api.KeyRole:                  api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:                meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:               "20201028185209",
			api.KeyModified:              "20230929132900",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyRole: api.ValueRoleZettel,
			api.KeyVisibility:            api.ValueVisibilityCreator,
		},
		domain.NewContent(nil)},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidTemplateNewRole): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:                  "New Role",
			api.KeyRole:                   api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:                 meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:                "20231129110800",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyRole:  api.ValueRoleRole,
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyTitle: "",
			api.KeyVisibility:             api.ValueVisibilityCreator,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidTemplateNewTag): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:                  "New Tag",
			api.KeyRole:                   api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:                 meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:                "20230929132400",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyRole:  api.ValueRoleTag,
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyTitle: "#",
			api.KeyVisibility:             api.ValueVisibilityCreator,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidTemplateNewUser): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:                       "New User",
			api.KeyRole:                        api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:                      meta.SyntaxNone,
			api.KeyCreated:                     "20201028185209",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyCredential: "",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyUserID:     "",
			meta.NewPrefix + api.KeyUserRole:   api.ValueUserRoleReader,
			api.KeyVisibility:                  api.ValueVisibilityOwner,
		},
		domain.NewContent(nil)},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidRoleZettelZettel): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      api.ValueRoleZettel,
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleRole,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20231129161400",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentRoleZettel)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidRoleConfigurationZettel): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleRole,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20231129162800",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentRoleConfiguration)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidRoleRoleZettel): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      api.ValueRoleRole,
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleRole,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20231129162900",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentRoleRole)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidRoleTagZettel): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      api.ValueRoleTag,
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleRole,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20231129162000",
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(contentRoleTag)},
	id.MustParse(api.ZidAppDirectory): {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:      "Zettelstore Application Directory",
			api.KeyRole:       api.ValueRoleConfiguration,
			api.KeySyntax:     meta.SyntaxNone,
			api.KeyLang:       api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyCreated:    "20240703235900",
			api.KeyVisibility: api.ValueVisibilityLogin,
		},
		zettel.NewContent(nil)},
	id.DefaultHomeZid: {
		constHeader{
			api.KeyTitle:   "Home",
			api.KeyRole:    api.ValueRoleZettel,
			api.KeySyntax:  meta.SyntaxZmk,
			api.KeyLang:    api.ValueLangEN,
			api.KeyCreated: "20210210190757",
		},
		domain.NewContent(contentHomeZettel)},
		zettel.NewContent(contentHomeZettel)},
}

//go:embed license.txt
var contentLicense []byte

//go:embed contributors.zettel
var contentContributors []byte

//go:embed dependencies.zettel
var contentDependencies []byte

//go:embed base.mustache
var contentBaseMustache []byte
//go:embed base.sxn
var contentBaseSxn []byte

//go:embed login.mustache
var contentLoginMustache []byte
//go:embed login.sxn
var contentLoginSxn []byte

//go:embed zettel.mustache
var contentZettelMustache []byte
//go:embed zettel.sxn
var contentZettelSxn []byte

//go:embed info.mustache
var contentInfoMustache []byte
//go:embed info.sxn
var contentInfoSxn []byte

//go:embed context.mustache
var contentContextMustache []byte
//go:embed form.sxn
var contentFormSxn []byte

//go:embed form.mustache
var contentFormMustache []byte
//go:embed delete.sxn
var contentDeleteSxn []byte

//go:embed listzettel.sxn
var contentListZettelSxn []byte

//go:embed rename.mustache
var contentRenameMustache []byte
//go:embed error.sxn
var contentErrorSxn []byte

//go:embed delete.mustache
var contentDeleteMustache []byte
//go:embed start.sxn
var contentStartCodeSxn []byte

//go:embed listzettel.mustache
var contentListZettelMustache []byte
//go:embed wuicode.sxn
var contentBaseCodeSxn []byte

//go:embed error.mustache
var contentErrorMustache []byte
//go:embed prelude.sxn
var contentPreludeSxn []byte

//go:embed base.css
var contentBaseCSS []byte

//go:embed emoji_spin.gif
var contentEmoji []byte

//go:embed newtoc.zettel
var contentNewTOCZettel []byte

//go:embed rolezettel.zettel
var contentRoleZettel []byte

//go:embed roleconfiguration.zettel
var contentRoleConfiguration []byte

//go:embed rolerole.zettel
var contentRoleRole []byte

//go:embed roletag.zettel
var contentRoleTag []byte

//go:embed home.zettel
var contentHomeZettel []byte

Deleted box/constbox/context.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{Title}}</h1>
<div class="zs-meta">
<a href="{{{InfoURL}}}">Info</a>
&#183; <a href="?dir=backward">Backward</a>
&#183; <a href="?dir=both">Both</a>
&#183; <a href="?dir=forward">Forward</a>
&#183; Cost:{{#Costs}}&#x2000;<a href="{{{URL}}}">{{{Text}}}</a>{{/Costs}}
</div>
</header>
{{{Content}}}
</article>

Deleted box/constbox/delete.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>Delete Zettel {{Zid}}</h1>
</header>
<p>Do you really want to delete this zettel?</p>
{{#HasShadows}}
<div class="zs-info">
<h2>Infomation</h2>
<p>If you delete this zettel, the previoulsy shadowed zettel from overlayed box {{ShadowedBox}} becomes available.</p>
</div>
{{/HasShadows}}
{{#Incoming.Has}}
<div class="zs-warning">
<h2>Warning!</h2>
<p>If you delete this zettel, incoming references from the following zettel will become invalid.</p>
<ul>
{{#Incoming.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/Incoming.Links}}
</ul>
</div>
{{/Incoming.Has}}
{{#HasUselessFiles}}
<div class="zs-warning">
<h2>Warning!</h2>
<p>Deleting this zettel will also delete the following files, so that they will not be interpreted as content for this zettel.</p>
<ul>
{{#UselessFiles}}
<li>{{{.}}}</li>
{{/UselessFiles}}
</ul>
</div>
{{/HasUselessFiles}}
<dl>
{{#MetaPairs}}
<dt>{{Key}}:</dt><dd>{{Value}}</dd>
{{/MetaPairs}}
</dl>
<form method="POST">
<input class="zs-primary" type="submit" value="Delete">
</form>
</article>

Added box/constbox/delete.sxn.








































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 "Delete Zettel " ,zid))
  (p "Do you really want to delete this zettel?")
  ,@(if shadowed-box
    `((div (@ (class "zs-info"))
      (h2 "Information")
      (p "If you delete this zettel, the previously shadowed zettel from overlayed box " ,shadowed-box " becomes available.")
    ))
  )
  ,@(if incoming
    `((div (@ (class "zs-warning"))
      (h2 "Warning!")
      (p "If you delete this zettel, incoming references from the following zettel will become invalid.")
      (ul ,@(map wui-item-link incoming))
    ))
  )
  ,@(if (and (bound? 'useless) useless)
    `((div (@ (class "zs-warning"))
      (h2 "Warning!")
      (p "Deleting this zettel will also delete the following files, so that they will not be interpreted as content for this zettel.")
      (ul ,@(map wui-item useless))
    ))
  )
  ,(wui-meta-desc metapairs)
  (form (@ (method "POST")) (input (@ (class "zs-primary") (type "submit") (value "Delete"))))
)

Changes to box/constbox/dependencies.zettel.

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(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON
ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
```

=== hoisie/mustache / cbroglie/mustache
; URL & Source
: [[https://github.com/hoisie/mustache]] / [[https://github.com/cbroglie/mustache]]
; License
: MIT License
; Remarks
: cbroglie/mustache is a fork from hoisie/mustache (starting with commit [f9b4cbf]).
  cbroglie/mustache does not claim a copyright and includes just the license file from hoisie/mustache.
  cbroglie/mustache obviously continues with the original license.

```
Copyright (c) 2009 Michael Hoisie

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.
```

===  pascaldekloe/jwt
; URL & Source
: [[https://github.com/pascaldekloe/jwt]]
; License
: [[CC0 1.0 Universal|https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode]]
```
To the extent possible under law, Pascal S. de Kloe has waived all
copyright and related or neighboring rights to JWT. This work is
published from The Netherlands.

https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode
```

=== yuin/goldmark
; URL & Source
: [[https://github.com/yuin/goldmark]]
; License
: MIT License
```
MIT License
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IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
```

=== Sx, SxWebs, Webs, Zettelstore-Client
These are companion projects, written by the main developer of Zettelstore.
They are published under the same license, [[EUPL v1.2, or later|00000000000004]].

; URL & Source Sx
: [[https://t73f.de/r/sx]]
; URL & Source SxWebs
: [[https://t73f.de/r/sxwebs]]
; URL & Source Webs
: [[https://t73f.de/r/webs]]
; URL & Source Zettelstore-Client
: [[https://t73f.de/r/zsc]]
; License:
: European Union Public License, version 1.2 (EUPL v1.2), or later.

Deleted box/constbox/error.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{ErrorTitle}}</h1>
</header>
{{ErrorText}}
</article>

Added box/constbox/error.sxn.


















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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 ,heading))
  ,message
)

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{Heading}}</h1>
</header>
<form action="{{FormActionURL}}" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<div>
<label for="zs-title">Title <a title="Main heading of this zettel. You can use inline zettelmarkup.">&#9432;</a></label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="zs-title" name="title" placeholder="Title.." value="{{MetaTitle}}" autofocus>
</div>
<div>
<div>
<label for="zs-role">Role <a title="One word, without spaces, to set the main role of this zettel.">&#9432;</a></label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="zs-role" {{#HasRoleData}}list="zs-role-data"{{/HasRoleData}} name="role" placeholder="role.." value="{{MetaRole}}">
{{#HasRoleData}}
<datalist id="zs-role-data">
{{#RoleData}}
<option value="{{.}}">
{{/RoleData}}
</datalist>
{{/HasRoleData}}
</div>
<label for="zs-tags">Tags <a title="Tags must begin with an '#' sign. They are separated by spaces.">&#9432;</a></label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="zs-tags" name="tags" placeholder="#tag" value="{{MetaTags}}">
</div>
<div>
<label for="zs-meta">Metadata <a title="Other metadata for this zettel. Each line contains a key/value pair, separated by a colon ':'.">&#9432;</a></label>
<textarea class="zs-input" id="zs-meta" name="meta" rows="4" placeholder="metakey: metavalue">
{{#MetaPairsRest}}
{{Key}}: {{Value}}
{{/MetaPairsRest}}
</textarea>
</div>
<div>
<label for="zs-syntax">Syntax <a title="Syntax of zettel content below, one word. Typically 'zmk' (for zettelmarkup).">&#9432;</a></label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="zs-syntax" {{#HasSyntaxData}}list="zs-syntax-data"{{/HasSyntaxData}} name="syntax" placeholder="syntax.." value="{{MetaSyntax}}">
{{#HasSyntaxData}}
<datalist id="zs-syntax-data">
{{#SyntaxData}}
<option value="{{.}}">
{{/SyntaxData}}
</datalist>
{{/HasSyntaxData}}</div>
<div>
{{#IsTextContent}}
<label for="zs-content">Content <a title="Content for this zettel, according to above syntax.">&#9432;</a></label>
<textarea class="zs-input zs-content" id="zs-content" name="content" rows="20" placeholder="Your content..">{{Content}}</textarea>
{{/IsTextContent}}
</div>
<div>
<input class="zs-primary" type="submit" value="Submit">
<input class="zs-secondary" type="submit" value="Save" formaction="?save">
<input class="zs-upload" type="file" id="zs-file" name="file">
</div>
</form>
</article>

Added box/constbox/form.sxn.
































































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 ,heading))
  (form (@ (action ,form-action-url) (method "POST") (enctype "multipart/form-data"))
  (div
    (label (@ (for "zs-title")) "Title " (a (@ (title "Main heading of this zettel.")) (@H "&#9432;")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (id "zs-title") (name "title")
              (title "Title of this zettel")
              (placeholder "Title..") (value ,meta-title) (dir "auto") (autofocus))))
  (div
    (label (@ (for "zs-role")) "Role " (a (@ (title "One word, without spaces, to set the main role of this zettel.")) (@H "&#9432;")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (pattern "\\w*") (id "zs-role") (name "role")
              (title "One word, letters and digits, but no spaces, to set the main role of the zettel.")
              (placeholder "role..") (value ,meta-role) (dir "auto")
      ,@(if role-data '((list "zs-role-data")))
    ))
    ,@(wui-datalist "zs-role-data" role-data)
  )
  (div
    (label (@ (for "zs-tags")) "Tags " (a (@ (title "Tags must begin with an '#' sign. They are separated by spaces.")) (@H "&#9432;")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (id "zs-tags") (name "tags")
              (title "Tags/keywords to categorize the zettel. Each tags is a word that begins with a '#' character; they are separated by spaces")
              (placeholder "#tag") (value ,meta-tags) (dir "auto"))))
  (div
    (label (@ (for "zs-meta")) "Metadata " (a (@ (title "Other metadata for this zettel. Each line contains a key/value pair, separated by a colon ':'.")) (@H "&#9432;")))
    (textarea (@ (class "zs-input") (id "zs-meta") (name "meta") (rows "4")
                 (title "Additional metadata about the zettel")
                 (placeholder "metakey: metavalue") (dir "auto")) ,meta))
  (div
    (label (@ (for "zs-syntax")) "Syntax " (a (@ (title "Syntax of zettel content below, one word. Typically 'zmk' (for zettelmarkup).")) (@H "&#9432;")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (pattern "\\w*") (id "zs-syntax") (name "syntax")
              (title "Syntax/format of zettel content below, one word, letters and digits, no spaces.")
              (placeholder "syntax..") (value ,meta-syntax) (dir "auto")
      ,@(if syntax-data '((list "zs-syntax-data")))
    ))
    ,@(wui-datalist "zs-syntax-data" syntax-data)
  )
  ,@(if (bound? 'content)
    `((div
      (label (@ (for "zs-content")) "Content " (a (@ (title "Content for this zettel, according to above syntax.")) (@H "&#9432;")))
      (textarea (@ (class "zs-input zs-content") (id "zs-content") (name "content") (rows "20")
                   (title "Zettel content, according to the given syntax")
                   (placeholder "Zettel content..") (dir "auto")) ,content)
    ))
  )
  (div
    (input (@ (class "zs-primary") (type "submit") (value "Submit")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-secondary") (type "submit") (value "Save") (formaction "?save")))
    (input (@ (class "zs-upload") (type "file") (id "zs-file") (name "file")))
  ))
)

Deleted box/constbox/info.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>Information for Zettel {{Zid}}</h1>
<a href="{{{WebURL}}}">Web</a>
&#183; <a href="{{{ContextURL}}}">Context</a>
{{#CanWrite}} &#183; <a href="{{{EditURL}}}">Edit</a>{{/CanWrite}}
{{#CanCopy}} &#183; <a href="{{{CopyURL}}}">Copy</a>{{/CanCopy}}
{{#CanVersion}} &#183; <a href="{{{VersionURL}}}">Version</a>{{/CanVersion}}
{{#CanFolge}} &#183; <a href="{{{FolgeURL}}}">Folge</a>{{/CanFolge}}
{{#CanRename}}&#183; <a href="{{{RenameURL}}}">Rename</a>{{/CanRename}}
{{#CanDelete}}&#183; <a href="{{{DeleteURL}}}">Delete</a>{{/CanDelete}}
</header>
<h2>Interpreted Metadata</h2>
<table>
{{#MetaData}}<tr><td>{{Key}}</td><td>{{{Value}}}</td></tr>
{{/MetaData}}</table>
<h2>References</h2>
{{#HasLocLinks}}
<h3>Local</h3>
<ul>
{{#LocLinks}}
{{#Valid}}<li><a href="{{{Zid}}}">{{Zid}}</a></li>{{/Valid}}
{{^Valid}}<li>{{Zid}}</li>{{/Valid}}
{{/LocLinks}}
</ul>
{{/HasLocLinks}}
{{#QueryLinks.Has}}
<h3>Queries</h3>
<ul>
{{#QueryLinks.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/QueryLinks.Links}}
</ul>
{{/QueryLinks.Has}}
{{#HasExtLinks}}
<h3>External</h3>
<ul>
{{#ExtLinks}}
<li><a href="{{{.}}}"{{{ExtNewWindow}}}>{{.}}</a></li>
{{/ExtLinks}}
</ul>
{{/HasExtLinks}}
<h3>Unlinked</h3>
{{{UnLinksContent}}}
<form>
<label for="phrase">Search Phrase</label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="phrase" name="{{QueryKeyPhrase}}" placeholder="Phrase.." value="{{UnLinksPhrase}}">
</form>
<h2>Parts and encodings</h2>
<table>
{{#EvalMatrix}}
<tr>
<th>{{Header}}</th>
{{#Elements}}<td><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></td>
{{/Elements}}
</tr>
{{/EvalMatrix}}
</table>
<h3>Parsed (not evaluated)</h3>
<table>
{{#ParseMatrix}}
<tr>
<th>{{Header}}</th>
{{#Elements}}<td><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></td>
{{/Elements}}
</tr>
{{/ParseMatrix}}
</table>
{{#HasShadowLinks}}
<h2>Shadowed Boxes</h2>
<ul>{{#ShadowLinks}}<li>{{.}}</li>{{/ShadowLinks}}</ul>
{{/HasShadowLinks}}
{{#Endnotes}}{{{Endnotes}}}{{/Endnotes}}
</article>

Added box/constbox/info.sxn.
















































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 "Information for Zettel " ,zid)
    (p
      (a (@ (href ,web-url)) "Web")
      (@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,context-url)) "Context")
      (@H " / ") (a (@ (href ,context-full-url)) "Full")
      ,@(if (bound? 'edit-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,edit-url)) "Edit")))
      ,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-actions (current-binding))
      ,@(if (bound? 'reindex-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,reindex-url)) "Reindex")))
      ,@(if (bound? 'delete-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,delete-url)) "Delete")))
    )
  )
  (h2 "Interpreted Metadata")
  (table ,@(map wui-info-meta-table-row metadata))
  (h2 "References")
  ,@(if local-links `((h3 "Local")    (ul ,@(map wui-local-link local-links)))) 
  ,@(if query-links `((h3 "Queries")  (ul ,@(map wui-item-link query-links))))
  ,@(if ext-links   `((h3 "External") (ul ,@(map wui-item-popup-link ext-links))))
  (h3 "Unlinked")
  ,@unlinked-content
  (form
    (label (@ (for "phrase")) "Search Phrase")
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (id "phrase") (name ,query-key-phrase) (placeholder "Phrase..") (value ,phrase)))
  )
  (h2 "Parts and encodings")
  ,(wui-enc-matrix enc-eval)
  (h3 "Parsed (not evaluated)")
  ,(wui-enc-matrix enc-parsed)
  ,@(if shadow-links
    `((h2 "Shadowed Boxes")
      (ul ,@(map wui-item shadow-links))
    )
  )
)

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{Title}}</h1>
</header>
<form action="{{{SearchURL}}}">
<input class="zs-input" type="text" placeholder="Search.." name="{{QueryKeyQuery}}" value="{{QueryValue}}">
</form>
{{{Content}}}
{{#CanCreate}}<form action="{{{CreateURL}}}">
<input type="hidden" name="{{QueryKeyQuery}}" value="{{QueryValue}}">
<input type="hidden" name="{{QueryKeySeed}}" value="{{Seed}}">
<input class="zs-primary" type="submit" value="Save As Zettel">
</form>{{/CanCreate}}
</article>

Added box/constbox/listzettel.sxn.



















































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 ,heading))
  (search (form (@ (action ,search-url))
    (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "search") (inputmode "search") (name ,query-key-query)
              (title "Contains the search that leads to the list below. You're allowed to modify it")
              (placeholder "Search..") (value ,query-value) (dir "auto")))))
  ,@(if (bound? 'tag-zettel)
     `((p (@ (class "zs-meta-zettel")) "Tag zettel: " ,@tag-zettel))
    )
  ,@(if (bound? 'create-tag-zettel)
     `((p (@ (class "zs-meta-zettel")) "Create tag zettel: " ,@create-tag-zettel))
    )
  ,@(if (bound? 'role-zettel)
     `((p (@ (class "zs-meta-zettel")) "Role zettel: " ,@role-zettel))
    )
  ,@(if (bound? 'create-role-zettel)
     `((p (@ (class "zs-meta-zettel")) "Create role zettel: " ,@create-role-zettel))
    )
  ,@content
  ,@endnotes
  (form (@ (action ,(if (bound? 'create-url) create-url)))
      ,(if (bound? 'data-url)
          `(@L "Other encodings"
               ,(if (> num-entries 3) `(@L " of these " ,num-entries " entries: ") ": ")
               (a (@ (href ,data-url)) "data")
               ", "
               (a (@ (href ,plain-url)) "plain")
           )
      )
      ,@(if (bound? 'create-url)
        `((input (@ (type "hidden") (name ,query-key-query) (value ,query-value)))
          (input (@ (type "hidden") (name ,query-key-seed) (value ,seed)))
          (input (@ (class "zs-primary") (type "submit") (value "Save As Zettel")))
        )
      )
  )
)

Deleted box/constbox/login.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{Title}}</h1>
</header>
{{#Retry}}
<div class="zs-indication zs-error">Wrong user name / password. Try again.</div>
{{/Retry}}
<form method="POST" action="">
<div>
<label for="username">User name:</label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="username" name="username" placeholder="Your user name.." autofocus>
</div>
<div>
<label for="password">Password:</label>
<input class="zs-input" type="password" id="password" name="password" placeholder="Your password..">
</div>
<div><input class="zs-primary" type="submit" value="Login"></div>
</form>
</article>

Added box/constbox/login.sxn.




























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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header (h1 "Login"))
  ,@(if retry '((div (@ (class "zs-indication zs-error")) "Wrong user name / password. Try again.")))
  (form (@ (method "POST") (action ""))
    (div
      (label (@ (for "username")) "User name:")
      (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "text") (id "username") (name "username") (placeholder "Your user name..") (autofocus))))
    (div
      (label (@ (for "password")) "Password:")
      (input (@ (class "zs-input") (type "password") (id "password") (name "password") (placeholder "Your password.."))))
    (div
      (input (@ (class "zs-primary") (type "submit") (value "Login"))))
  )
)

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This zettel lists all zettel that should act as a template for new zettel.
These zettel will be included in the ""New"" menu of the WebUI.
* [[New Zettel|00000000090001]]
* [[New Role|00000000090004]]
* [[New Tag|00000000090003]]
* [[New User|00000000090002]]

Added box/constbox/prelude.sxn.































































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

;;; This zettel contains sxn definitions that are independent of specific
;;; subsystems, such as WebUI, API, or other. It just contains generic code to
;;; be used in all places. It asumes that the symbols NIL and T are defined.

;; not macro
(defmacro not (x) `(if ,x NIL T))

;; not= macro, to negate an equivalence
(defmacro not= args `(not (= ,@args)))

;; let* macro
;;
;; (let* (BINDING ...) EXPR ...), where SYMBOL may occur in later bindings.
(defmacro let* (bindings . body)
    (if (null? bindings)
        `(begin ,@body)
        `(let ((,(caar bindings) ,(cadar bindings)))
               (let* ,(cdr bindings) ,@body))))

;; cond macro
;;
;; (cond ((COND EXPR) ...))
(defmacro cond clauses
    (if (null? clauses)
        ()
        (let* ((clause (car clauses))
               (the-cond (car clause)))
              (if (= the-cond T)
                  `(begin ,@(cdr clause))
                  `(if ,the-cond
                       (begin ,@(cdr clause))
                       (cond ,@(cdr clauses)))))))

;; and macro
;;
;; (and EXPR ...)
(defmacro and args
    (cond ((null? args)       T)
          ((null? (cdr args)) (car args))
          (T                  `(if ,(car args) (and ,@(cdr args))))))


;; or macro
;;
;; (or EXPR ...)
(defmacro or args
    (cond ((null? args)       NIL)
          ((null? (cdr args)) (car args))
          (T                  `(if ,(car args) T (or ,@(cdr args))))))

Deleted box/constbox/rename.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>Rename Zettel {{Zid}}</h1>
</header>
<p>Do you really want to rename this zettel?</p>
{{#Incoming.Has}}
<div class="zs-warning">
<h2>Warning!</h2>
<p>If you rename this zettel, incoming references from the following zettel will become invalid.</p>
<ul>
{{#Incoming.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/Incoming.Links}}
</ul>
</div>
{{/Incoming.Has}}
{{#HasUselessFiles}}
<div class="zs-warning">
<h2>Warning!</h2>
<p>Renaming this zettel will also delete the following files, so that they will not be interpreted as content for a zettel with identifier {{Zid}}.</p>
<ul>
{{#UselessFiles}}
<li>{{{.}}}</li>
{{/UselessFiles}}
</ul>
</div>
{{/HasUselessFiles}}
<form method="POST">
<div>
<label for="newid">New zettel id</label>
<input class="zs-input" type="text" id="newzid" name="newzid" placeholder="ZID.." value="{{Zid}}" autofocus>
</div>
<input type="hidden" id="curzid" name="curzid" value="{{Zid}}">
<div><input class="zs-primary" type="submit" value="Rename"></div>
</form>
<dl>
{{#MetaPairs}}
<dt>{{Key}}:</dt><dd>{{Value}}</dd>
{{/MetaPairs}}
</dl>
</article>

Added box/constbox/roleconfiguration.zettel.





















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Zettel with role ""configuration"" are used within Zettelstore to manage and to show the current configuration of the software.

Typically, there are some public zettel that show the license of this software, its dependencies, some CSS code to make the default web user interface a litte bit nicer, and the defult image to singal a broken image.

Other zettel are only visible if an user has authenticated itself, or if there is no authentication enabled.
In this case, one additional configuration zettel is the zettel containing the version number of this software.
Other zettel are showing the supported metadata keys and supported syntax values.
Zettel that allow to configure the menu of template to create new zettel are also using the role ""configuration"".

Most important is the zettel that contains the runtime configuration.
You may change its metadata value to change the behaviour of the software.

One configuration is the ""expert mode"".
If enabled, and if you are authorized so see them, you will discover some more zettel.
For example, HTML templates to customize the default web user interface, to show the application log, to see statistics about zettel boxes, to show the host name and it operating system, and many more.

You are allowed to add your own configuration zettel, for example if you want to customize the look and feel of zettel by placing relevant data into your own zettel.

By default, user zettel (for authentification) use also the role ""configuration"".
However, you are allowed to change this.

Added box/constbox/rolerole.zettel.











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A zettel with the role ""role"" describes a specific role.
The described role must be the title of such a zettel.

This zettel is such a zettel, as it describes the meaning of the role ""role"".
Therefore it has the title ""role"" too.
If you like, this zettel is a meta-role.

You are free to create your own role-describing zettel.
For example, you want to document the intended meaning of the role.
You might also be interested to describe needed metadata so that some software is enabled to analyse or to process your zettel.

Added box/constbox/roletag.zettel.







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A zettel with role ""tag"" is a zettel that describes specific tag.
The tag name must be the title of such a zettel.

Such zettel are similar to this specific zettel: this zettel describes zettel with a role ""tag"".
These zettel with the role ""tag"" describe specific tags.
These might form a hierarchy of meta-tags (and meta-roles).

Added box/constbox/rolezettel.zettel.








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A zettel with the role ""zettel"" is typically used to document your own thoughts.
Such zettel are the main reason to use the software Zettelstore.

The only predefined zettel with the role ""zettel"" is the [[default home zettel|00010000000000]], which contains some welcome information.

You are free to change this.
In this case you should modify this zettel too, so that it reflects your own use of zettel with the role ""zettel"".

Added box/constbox/start.sxn.


















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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

;;; This zettel is the start of the loading sequence for Sx code used in the
;;; Zettelstore. Via the precursor metadata, dependend zettel are evaluated
;;; before this zettel. You must always depend, directly or indirectly on the
;;; "Zettelstore Sxn Base Code" zettel. It provides the base definitions.

Added box/constbox/wuicode.sxn.











































































































































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

;; Contains WebUI specific code, but not related to a specific template.

;; wui-list-item returns the argument as a HTML list item.
(defun wui-item (s) `(li ,s))

;; wui-info-meta-table-row takes a pair and translates it into a HTML table row
;; with two columns.
(defun wui-info-meta-table-row (p)
    `(tr (td (@ (class zs-info-meta-key)) ,(car p)) (td (@ (class zs-info-meta-value)) ,(cdr p))))

;; wui-local-link translates a local link into HTML.
(defun wui-local-link (l) `(li (a (@ (href ,l )) ,l)))

;; wui-link takes a link (title . url) and returns a HTML reference.
(defun wui-link (q) `(a (@ (href ,(cdr q))) ,(car q)))

;; wui-item-link taks a pair (text . url) and returns a HTML link inside
;; a list item.
(defun wui-item-link (q) `(li ,(wui-link q)))

;; wui-tdata-link taks a pair (text . url) and returns a HTML link inside
;; a table data item.
(defun wui-tdata-link (q) `(td ,(wui-link q)))

;; wui-item-popup-link is like 'wui-item-link, but the HTML link will open
;; a new tab / window.
(defun wui-item-popup-link (e)
    `(li (a (@ (href ,e) (target "_blank") (rel "noopener noreferrer")) ,e)))

;; wui-option-value returns a value for an HTML option element.
(defun wui-option-value (v) `(option (@ (value ,v))))

;; wui-datalist returns a HTML datalist with the given HTML identifier and a
;; list of values.
(defun wui-datalist (id lst)
    (if lst
        `((datalist (@ (id ,id)) ,@(map wui-option-value lst)))))

;; wui-pair-desc-item takes a pair '(term . text) and returns a list with
;; a HTML description term and a HTML description data. 
(defun wui-pair-desc-item (p) `((dt ,(car p)) (dd ,(cdr p))))

;; wui-meta-desc returns a HTML description list made from the list of pairs
;; given.
(defun wui-meta-desc (l)
    `(dl ,@(apply append (map wui-pair-desc-item l))))

;; wui-enc-matrix returns the HTML table of all encodings and parts.
(defun wui-enc-matrix (matrix)
    `(table
      ,@(map
         (lambda (row) `(tr (th ,(car row)) ,@(map wui-tdata-link (cdr row))))
         matrix)))

;; CSS-ROLE-map is a mapping (pair list, assoc list) of role names to zettel
;; identifier. It is used in the base template to update the metadata of the
;; HTML page to include some role specific CSS code.
;; Referenced in function "ROLE-DEFAULT-meta".
(defvar CSS-ROLE-map '())

;; ROLE-DEFAULT-meta returns some metadata for the base template. Any role
;; specific code should include the returned list of this function.
(defun ROLE-DEFAULT-meta (binding)
    `(,@(let* ((meta-role (binding-lookup 'meta-role binding))
               (entry (assoc CSS-ROLE-map meta-role)))
              (if (pair? entry)
                  `((link (@ (rel "stylesheet") (href ,(zid-content-path (cdr entry))))))
              )
        )
    )
)

;; ACTION-SEPARATOR defines a HTML value that separates actions links.
(defvar ACTION-SEPARATOR '(@H " &#183; "))

;; ROLE-DEFAULT-actions returns the default text for actions.
(defun ROLE-DEFAULT-actions (binding)
    `(,@(let ((copy-url (binding-lookup 'copy-url binding)))
             (if (defined? copy-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,copy-url)) "Copy"))))
      ,@(let ((version-url (binding-lookup 'version-url binding)))
             (if (defined? version-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,version-url)) "Version"))))
      ,@(let ((child-url (binding-lookup 'child-url binding)))
             (if (defined? child-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,child-url)) "Child"))))
      ,@(let ((folge-url (binding-lookup 'folge-url binding)))
             (if (defined? folge-url) `((@H " &#183; ") (a (@ (href ,folge-url)) "Folge"))))
    )
)

;; ROLE-tag-actions returns an additional action "Zettel" for zettel with role "tag".
(defun ROLE-tag-actions (binding)
    `(,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-actions binding)
      ,@(let ((title (binding-lookup 'title binding)))
             (if (and (defined? title) title)
                 `(,ACTION-SEPARATOR (a (@ (href ,(query->url (concat "tags:" title)))) "Zettel"))
             )
        )
    )
)

;; ROLE-role-actions returns an additional action "Zettel" for zettel with role "role".
(defun ROLE-role-actions (binding)
    `(,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-actions binding)
      ,@(let ((title (binding-lookup 'title binding)))
             (if (and (defined? title) title)
                 `(,ACTION-SEPARATOR (a (@ (href ,(query->url (concat "role:" title)))) "Zettel"))
             )
        )
    )
)

;; ROLE-DEFAULT-heading returns the default text for headings, below the
;; references of a zettel. In most cases it should be called from an
;; overwriting function.
(defun ROLE-DEFAULT-heading (binding)
    `(,@(let ((meta-url (binding-lookup 'meta-url binding)))
           (if (defined? meta-url) `((br) "URL: " ,(url-to-html meta-url))))
      ,@(let ((urls (binding-lookup 'urls binding)))
           (if (defined? urls)
               (map (lambda (u) `(@L (br) ,(car u) ": " ,(url-to-html (cdr u)))) urls)
           )
        )
      ,@(let ((meta-author (binding-lookup 'meta-author binding)))
           (if (and (defined? meta-author) meta-author) `((br) "By " ,meta-author)))
    )
)

Deleted box/constbox/zettel.mustache.

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<article>
<header>
<h1>{{Heading}}</h1>
<div class="zs-meta">
{{#CanWrite}}<a href="{{{EditURL}}}">Edit</a> &#183;{{/CanWrite}}
{{Zid}} &#183;
<a href="{{{InfoURL}}}">Info</a> &#183;
(<a href="{{{RoleURL}}}">{{RoleText}}</a>)
{{#Tags.Has}}&#183; {{#Tags.Links}} <a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a>{{/Tags.Links}}{{/Tags.Has}}
{{#CanCopy}}&#183; <a href="{{{CopyURL}}}">Copy</a>{{/CanCopy}}
{{#CanVersion}}&#183; <a href="{{{VersionURL}}}">Version</a>{{/CanVersion}}
{{#CanFolge}}&#183; <a href="{{{FolgeURL}}}">Folge</a>{{/CanFolge}}
{{#PredecessorRefs}}<br>Predecessor: {{{PredecessorRefs}}}{{/PredecessorRefs}}
{{#PrecursorRefs}}<br>Precursor: {{{PrecursorRefs}}}{{/PrecursorRefs}}
{{#HasExtURL}}<br>URL: {{{ExtURL}}}{{/HasExtURL}}
{{#Author}}<br>By {{Author}}{{/Author}}
</div>
</header>
{{{Content}}}
</article>
{{#NeedBottomNav}}<nav>{{/NeedBottomNav}}
{{#FolgeLinks.Has}}
<details open>
<summary>Folgezettel</summary>
<ul>
{{#FolgeLinks.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/FolgeLinks.Links}}
</ul>
</details>
{{/FolgeLinks.Has}}
{{#BackLinks.Has}}
<details open>
<summary>Incoming</summary>
<ul>
{{#BackLinks.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/BackLinks.Links}}
</ul>
</details>
{{/BackLinks.Has}}
{{#SuccessorLinks.Has}}
<details open>
<summary>Successors</summary>
<ul>
{{#SuccessorLinks.Links}}
<li><a href="{{{URL}}}">{{Text}}</a></li>
{{/SuccessorLinks.Links}}
</ul>
</details>
{{/SuccessorLinks.Has}}
{{#NeedBottomNav}}</nav>{{/NeedBottomNav}}

Added box/constbox/zettel.sxn.












































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;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------
;;; Copyright (c) 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;
;;; This file is part of Zettelstore.
;;;
;;; Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European
;;; Union Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and
;;; obligations under this license.
;;;
;;; SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
;;; SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2023-present Detlef Stern
;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------------

`(article
  (header
    (h1 ,heading)
    (div (@ (class "zs-meta"))
      ,@(if (bound? 'edit-url) `((a (@ (href ,edit-url)) "Edit") (@H " &#183; ")))
      ,zid (@H " &#183; ")
      (a (@ (href ,info-url)) "Info") (@H " &#183; ")
      "(" ,@(if (bound? 'role-url) `((a (@ (href ,role-url)) ,meta-role)))
          ,@(if (and (bound? 'folge-role-url) (bound? 'meta-folge-role))
                `((@H " &rarr; ") (a (@ (href ,folge-role-url)) ,meta-folge-role)))
      ")"
      ,@(if tag-refs `((@H " &#183; ") ,@tag-refs))
      ,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-actions (current-binding))
      ,@(if predecessor-refs `((br) "Predecessor: " ,predecessor-refs))
      ,@(if precursor-refs `((br) "Precursor: " ,precursor-refs))
      ,@(if superior-refs `((br) "Superior: " ,superior-refs))
      ,@(ROLE-DEFAULT-heading (current-binding))
    )
  )
  ,@content
  ,endnotes
  ,@(if (or folge-links subordinate-links back-links successor-links)
    `((nav
      ,@(if folge-links `((details (@ (,folge-open)) (summary "Folgezettel") (ul ,@(map wui-item-link folge-links)))))
      ,@(if subordinate-links `((details (@ (,subordinate-open)) (summary "Subordinates") (ul ,@(map wui-item-link subordinate-links)))))
      ,@(if back-links `((details (@ (,back-open)) (summary "Incoming") (ul ,@(map wui-item-link back-links)))))
      ,@(if successor-links `((details (@ (,successor-open)) (summary "Successors") (ul ,@(map wui-item-link successor-links)))))
     ))
  )
)

Changes to box/dirbox/dirbox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package dirbox provides a directory-based zettel box.
package dirbox

import (
	"context"
	"errors"
	"net/url"
	"os"
	"path/filepath"
	"sync"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/notify"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func init() {
	manager.Register("dir", func(u *url.URL, cdata *manager.ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
		var log *logger.Logger
		if krnl := kernel.Main; krnl != nil {
			log = krnl.GetLogger(kernel.BoxService).Clone().Str("box", "dir").Int("boxnum", int64(cdata.Number)).Child()
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	_ notifyTypeSpec = iota
	dirNotifyAny
	dirNotifySimple
	dirNotifyFS
)

func getDirSrvInfo(log *logger.Logger, notifyType string) notifyTypeSpec {
	for count := 0; count < 2; count++ {
	for range 2 {
		switch notifyType {
		case kernel.BoxDirTypeNotify:
			return dirNotifyFS
		case kernel.BoxDirTypeSimple:
			return dirNotifySimple
		default:
			notifyType = kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.BoxService, kernel.BoxDefaultDirType).(string)
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	return box.StartStateStopped
}

func (dp *dirBox) Start(context.Context) error {
	dp.mxCmds.Lock()
	defer dp.mxCmds.Unlock()
	dp.fCmds = make([]chan fileCmd, 0, dp.fSrvs)
	for i := uint32(0); i < dp.fSrvs; i++ {
	for i := range dp.fSrvs {
		cc := make(chan fileCmd)
		go fileService(i, dp.log.Clone().Str("sub", "file").Uint("fn", uint64(i)).Child(), dp.dir, cc)
		dp.fCmds = append(dp.fCmds, cc)
	}

	var notifier notify.Notifier
	var err error
	switch dp.notifySpec {
	case dirNotifySimple:
		notifier, err = notify.NewSimpleDirNotifier(dp.log.Clone().Str("notify", "simple").Child(), dp.dir)
	default:
		notifier, err = notify.NewFSDirNotifier(dp.log.Clone().Str("notify", "fs").Child(), dp.dir)
	}
	if err != nil {
		dp.log.Fatal().Err(err).Msg("Unable to create directory supervisor")
		dp.log.Error().Err(err).Msg("Unable to create directory supervisor")
		dp.stopFileServices()
		return err
	}
	dp.dirSrv = notify.NewDirService(
		dp,
		dp.log.Clone().Str("sub", "dirsrv").Child(),
		notifier,
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	return dp.fCmds[sum%dp.fSrvs]
}

func (dp *dirBox) CanCreateZettel(_ context.Context) bool {
	return !dp.readonly
}

func (dp *dirBox) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
func (dp *dirBox) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	if dp.readonly {
		return id.Invalid, box.ErrReadOnly
	}

	newZid, err := dp.dirSrv.SetNewDirEntry()
	if err != nil {
		return id.Invalid, err
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		err = dp.dirSrv.UpdateDirEntry(&entry)
	}
	dp.notifyChanged(meta.Zid)
	dp.log.Trace().Err(err).Zid(meta.Zid).Msg("CreateZettel")
	return meta.Zid, err
}

func (dp *dirBox) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (dp *dirBox) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	entry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
		return zettel.Zettel{}, box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	m, c, err := dp.srvGetMetaContent(ctx, entry, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return domain.Zettel{}, err
		return zettel.Zettel{}, err
	}
	zettel := domain.Zettel{Meta: m, Content: domain.NewContent(c)}
	zettel := zettel.Zettel{Meta: m, Content: zettel.NewContent(c)}
	dp.log.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("GetZettel")
	return zettel, nil
}

func (dp *dirBox) GetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
func (dp *dirBox) HasZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	m, err := dp.doGetMeta(ctx, zid)
	dp.log.Trace().Zid(zid).Err(err).Msg("GetMeta")
	return m, err
}
func (dp *dirBox) doGetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	entry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	return dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid).IsValid()
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		return nil, box.ErrNotFound
	}
	m, err := dp.srvGetMeta(ctx, entry, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	return m, nil
}

func (dp *dirBox) ApplyZid(_ context.Context, handle box.ZidFunc, constraint query.RetrievePredicate) error {
	entries := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntries(constraint)
	dp.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(entries))).Msg("ApplyZid")
	for _, entry := range entries {
		handle(entry.Zid)
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		}
		dp.cdata.Enricher.Enrich(ctx, m, dp.number)
		handle(m)
	}
	return nil
}

func (dp *dirBox) CanUpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) bool {
func (dp *dirBox) CanUpdateZettel(context.Context, zettel.Zettel) bool {
	return !dp.readonly
}

func (dp *dirBox) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) error {
func (dp *dirBox) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) error {
	if dp.readonly {
		return box.ErrReadOnly
	}

	meta := zettel.Meta
	zid := meta.Zid
	if !zid.IsValid() {
		return &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: zid}
		return box.ErrInvalidZid{Zid: zid.String()}
	}
	entry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		// Existing zettel, but new in this box.
		entry = &notify.DirEntry{Zid: zid}
	}
	dp.updateEntryFromMetaContent(entry, meta, zettel.Content)
	dp.dirSrv.UpdateDirEntry(entry)
	err := dp.srvSetZettel(ctx, entry, zettel)
	if err == nil {
		dp.notifyChanged(zid)
	}
	dp.log.Trace().Zid(zid).Err(err).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	return err
}

func (dp *dirBox) updateEntryFromMetaContent(entry *notify.DirEntry, m *meta.Meta, content domain.Content) {
func (dp *dirBox) updateEntryFromMetaContent(entry *notify.DirEntry, m *meta.Meta, content zettel.Content) {
	entry.SetupFromMetaContent(m, content, dp.cdata.Config.GetZettelFileSyntax)
}

func (dp *dirBox) AllowRenameZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool {
	return !dp.readonly
}

func (dp *dirBox) RenameZettel(ctx context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error {
	if curZid == newZid {
		return nil
	}
	curEntry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(curZid)
	if !curEntry.IsValid() {
		return box.ErrNotFound
	}
	if dp.readonly {
		return box.ErrReadOnly
	}

	// Check whether zettel with new ID already exists in this box.
	if _, err := dp.doGetMeta(ctx, newZid); err == nil {
		return &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: newZid}
	}

	oldMeta, oldContent, err := dp.srvGetMetaContent(ctx, curEntry, curZid)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	newEntry, err := dp.dirSrv.RenameDirEntry(curEntry, newZid)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	oldMeta.Zid = newZid
	newZettel := domain.Zettel{Meta: oldMeta, Content: domain.NewContent(oldContent)}
	if err = dp.srvSetZettel(ctx, &newEntry, newZettel); err != nil {
		// "Rollback" rename. No error checking...
		dp.dirSrv.RenameDirEntry(&newEntry, curZid)
		return err
	}
	err = dp.srvDeleteZettel(ctx, curEntry, curZid)
	if err == nil {
		dp.notifyChanged(curZid)
		dp.notifyChanged(newZid)
	}
	dp.log.Trace().Zid(curZid).Zid(newZid).Err(err).Msg("RenameZettel")
	return err
}

func (dp *dirBox) CanDeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	if dp.readonly {
		return false
	}
	entry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	return entry.IsValid()
}

func (dp *dirBox) DeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	if dp.readonly {
		return box.ErrReadOnly
	}

	entry := dp.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		return box.ErrNotFound
		return box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	err := dp.dirSrv.DeleteDirEntry(zid)
	if err != nil {
		return nil
	}
	err = dp.srvDeleteZettel(ctx, entry, zid)
	if err == nil {

Changes to box/dirbox/dirbox_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package dirbox

import "testing"

func TestIsPrime(t *testing.T) {
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		if got != tc.exp {
			t.Errorf("isPrime(%d)=%v, but got %v", tc.n, tc.exp, got)
		}
	}
}

func TestMakePrime(t *testing.T) {
	for i := uint32(0); i < 1500; i++ {
	for i := range uint32(1500) {
		np := makePrime(i)
		if np < i {
			t.Errorf("makePrime(%d) < %d", i, np)
			continue
		}
		if !isPrime(np) {
			t.Errorf("makePrime(%d) == %d is not prime", i, np)

Changes to box/dirbox/service.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package dirbox

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"os"
	"path/filepath"
	"time"

	"t73f.de/r/zsc/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/filebox"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/notify"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
)

func fileService(i uint32, log *logger.Logger, dirPath string, cmds <-chan fileCmd) {
	// Something may panic. Ensure a running service.
	defer func() {
		if r := recover(); r != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("FileService", r)
		if ri := recover(); ri != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("FileService", ri)
			go fileService(i, log, dirPath, cmds)
		}
	}()

	log.Trace().Uint("i", uint64(i)).Str("dirpath", dirPath).Msg("File service started")
	log.Debug().Uint("i", uint64(i)).Str("dirpath", dirPath).Msg("File service started")
	for cmd := range cmds {
		cmd.run(log, dirPath)
		cmd.run(dirPath)
	}
	log.Trace().Uint("i", uint64(i)).Str("dirpath", dirPath).Msg("File service stopped")
	log.Debug().Uint("i", uint64(i)).Str("dirpath", dirPath).Msg("File service stopped")
}

type fileCmd interface {
	run(*logger.Logger, string)
	run(string)
}

const serviceTimeout = 5 * time.Second // must be shorter than the web servers timeout values for reading+writing.

// COMMAND: srvGetMeta ----------------------------------------
//
// Retrieves the meta data from a zettel.
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	rc    chan<- resGetMeta
}
type resGetMeta struct {
	meta *meta.Meta
	err  error
}

func (cmd *fileGetMeta) run(log *logger.Logger, dirPath string) {
func (cmd *fileGetMeta) run(dirPath string) {
	var m *meta.Meta
	var err error

	entry := cmd.entry
	zid := entry.Zid
	if metaName := entry.MetaName; metaName == "" {
		contentName := entry.ContentName
		contentExt := entry.ContentExt
		if contentName == "" || contentExt == "" {
			log.Panic().Zid(zid).Msg("No meta, no content in getMeta")
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in getMeta, zid=%v", zid)
		}
		if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
		} else if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
			m, _, err = parseMetaContentFile(zid, filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName))
		} else {
			m = filebox.CalcDefaultMeta(zid, contentExt)
		}
	} else {
		m, err = parseMetaFile(zid, filepath.Join(dirPath, metaName))
	}
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}
type resGetMetaContent struct {
	meta    *meta.Meta
	content []byte
	err     error
}

func (cmd *fileGetMetaContent) run(log *logger.Logger, dirPath string) {
func (cmd *fileGetMetaContent) run(dirPath string) {
	var m *meta.Meta
	var content []byte
	var err error

	entry := cmd.entry
	zid := entry.Zid
	contentName := entry.ContentName
	contentExt := entry.ContentExt
	contentPath := filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName)
	if metaName := entry.MetaName; metaName == "" {
		if contentName == "" || contentExt == "" {
			log.Panic().Zid(zid).Msg("No meta, no content in getMetaContent")
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in getMetaContent, zid=%v", zid)
		}
		if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
		} else if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
			m, content, err = parseMetaContentFile(zid, contentPath)
		} else {
			m = filebox.CalcDefaultMeta(zid, contentExt)
			content, err = os.ReadFile(contentPath)
		}
	} else {
		m, err = parseMetaFile(zid, filepath.Join(dirPath, metaName))
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	cmd.rc <- resGetMetaContent{m, content, err}
}

// COMMAND: srvSetZettel ----------------------------------------
//
// Writes a new or exsting zettel.

func (dp *dirBox) srvSetZettel(ctx context.Context, entry *notify.DirEntry, zettel domain.Zettel) error {
func (dp *dirBox) srvSetZettel(ctx context.Context, entry *notify.DirEntry, zettel zettel.Zettel) error {
	rc := make(chan resSetZettel, 1)
	dp.getFileChan(zettel.Meta.Zid) <- &fileSetZettel{entry, zettel, rc}
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, serviceTimeout)
	defer cancel()
	select {
	case err := <-rc:
		return err
	case <-ctx.Done():
		return ctx.Err()
	}
}

type fileSetZettel struct {
	entry  *notify.DirEntry
	zettel domain.Zettel
	zettel zettel.Zettel
	rc     chan<- resSetZettel
}
type resSetZettel = error

func (cmd *fileSetZettel) run(log *logger.Logger, dirPath string) {
func (cmd *fileSetZettel) run(dirPath string) {
	var err error
	entry := cmd.entry
	zid := entry.Zid
	contentName := entry.ContentName
	m := cmd.zettel.Meta
	content := cmd.zettel.Content.AsBytes()
	metaName := entry.MetaName
	if metaName == "" {
		if contentName == "" {
			log.Panic().Zid(zid).Msg("No meta, no content in setZettel")
		}
		contentPath := filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName)
		if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
			err := writeZettelFile(contentPath, m, content)
			cmd.rc <- err
			return
		}
		err := writeFileContent(contentPath, content)
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in setZettel, zid=%v", zid)
		} else {
			contentPath := filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName)
			if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
				err = writeZettelFile(contentPath, m, content)
				cmd.rc <- err
				return
			}
			err = writeFileContent(contentPath, content)
		}
		cmd.rc <- err
		return
	}

	err := writeMetaFile(filepath.Join(dirPath, metaName), m)
	err = writeMetaFile(filepath.Join(dirPath, metaName), m)
	if err == nil && contentName != "" {
		err = writeFileContent(filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName), content)
	}
	cmd.rc <- err
}

func writeMetaFile(metaPath string, m *meta.Meta) error {
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}

func writeZettelFile(contentPath string, m *meta.Meta, content []byte) error {
	zettelFile, err := openFileWrite(contentPath)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if err == nil {
		err = writeMetaHeader(zettelFile, m)
	err = writeMetaHeader(zettelFile, m)
	}
	if err == nil {
		_, err = zettelFile.Write(content)
	}
	if err1 := zettelFile.Close(); err == nil {
		err = err1
	}
	return err
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type fileDeleteZettel struct {
	entry *notify.DirEntry
	rc    chan<- resDeleteZettel
}
type resDeleteZettel = error

func (cmd *fileDeleteZettel) run(log *logger.Logger, dirPath string) {
func (cmd *fileDeleteZettel) run(dirPath string) {
	var err error

	entry := cmd.entry
	contentName := entry.ContentName
	contentPath := filepath.Join(dirPath, contentName)
	if metaName := entry.MetaName; metaName == "" {
		if contentName == "" {
			log.Panic().Zid(entry.Zid).Msg("No meta, no content in getMetaContent")
		}
		err = os.Remove(contentPath)
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in deleteZettel, zid=%v", entry.Zid)
		} else {
			err = os.Remove(contentPath)
		}
	} else {
		if contentName != "" {
			err = os.Remove(contentPath)
		}
		err1 := os.Remove(filepath.Join(dirPath, metaName))
		if err == nil {
			err = err1
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		m,
		entry.Zid,
		entry.ContentExt,
		entry.MetaName != "",
		entry.UselessFiles,
	)
}

// fileMode to create a new file: user, group, and all are allowed to read and write.
//
// If you want to forbid others or the group to read or to write, you must set
// umask(1) accordingly.
const fileMode os.FileMode = 0666 //

func openFileWrite(path string) (*os.File, error) {
	return os.OpenFile(path, os.O_WRONLY|os.O_CREATE|os.O_TRUNC, 0600)
	return os.OpenFile(path, os.O_WRONLY|os.O_CREATE|os.O_TRUNC, fileMode)
}

func writeFileZid(w io.Writer, zid id.Zid) error {
	_, err := io.WriteString(w, "id: ")
	if err == nil {
		_, err = w.Write(zid.Bytes())
		if err == nil {

Changes to box/filebox/filebox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package filebox provides boxes that are stored in a file.
package filebox

import (
	"errors"
	"net/url"
	"path/filepath"
	"strings"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func init() {
	manager.Register("file", func(u *url.URL, cdata *manager.ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
		path := getFilepathFromURL(u)
		ext := strings.ToLower(filepath.Ext(path))
		if ext != ".zip" {

Changes to box/filebox/zipbox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package filebox

import (
	"archive/zip"
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"strings"

	"t73f.de/r/zsc/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/notify"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
)

type zipBox struct {
	log      *logger.Logger
	number   int
	name     string
	enricher box.Enricher
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}

func (zb *zipBox) Stop(context.Context) {
	zb.dirSrv.Stop()
	zb.dirSrv = nil
}

func (*zipBox) CanCreateZettel(context.Context) bool { return false }

func (zb *zipBox) CreateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	err := box.ErrReadOnly
	zb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("CreateZettel")
	return id.Invalid, err
}

func (zb *zipBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (zb *zipBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	entry := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
		return zettel.Zettel{}, box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	reader, err := zip.OpenReader(zb.name)
	if err != nil {
		return domain.Zettel{}, err
		return zettel.Zettel{}, err
	}
	defer reader.Close()

	var m *meta.Meta
	var src []byte
	var inMeta bool

	contentName := entry.ContentName
	if metaName := entry.MetaName; metaName == "" {
		if contentName == "" {
			zb.log.Panic().Zid(zid).Msg("No meta, no content in zipBox.GetZettel")
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in getZettel, zid=%v", zid)
			return zettel.Zettel{}, err
		}
		src, err = readZipFileContent(reader, entry.ContentName)
		if err != nil {
			return domain.Zettel{}, err
			return zettel.Zettel{}, err
		}
		if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
			inp := input.NewInput(src)
			m = meta.NewFromInput(zid, inp)
			src = src[inp.Pos:]
		} else {
			m = CalcDefaultMeta(zid, entry.ContentExt)
		}
	} else {
		m, err = readZipMetaFile(reader, zid, metaName)
		if err != nil {
			return domain.Zettel{}, err
			return zettel.Zettel{}, err
		}
		inMeta = true
		if contentName != "" {
			src, err = readZipFileContent(reader, entry.ContentName)
			if err != nil {
				return domain.Zettel{}, err
				return zettel.Zettel{}, err
			}
		}
	}

	CleanupMeta(m, zid, entry.ContentExt, inMeta, entry.UselessFiles)
	zb.log.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("GetZettel")
	return domain.Zettel{Meta: m, Content: domain.NewContent(src)}, nil
	return zettel.Zettel{Meta: m, Content: zettel.NewContent(src)}, nil
}

func (zb *zipBox) GetMeta(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	entry := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
func (zb *zipBox) HasZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	return zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid).IsValid()
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		return nil, box.ErrNotFound
	}
	reader, err := zip.OpenReader(zb.name)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	defer reader.Close()
	m, err := zb.readZipMeta(reader, zid, entry)
	zb.log.Trace().Err(err).Zid(zid).Msg("GetMeta")
	return m, err
}

func (zb *zipBox) ApplyZid(_ context.Context, handle box.ZidFunc, constraint query.RetrievePredicate) error {
	entries := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntries(constraint)
	zb.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(entries))).Msg("ApplyZid")
	for _, entry := range entries {
		handle(entry.Zid)
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		}
		zb.enricher.Enrich(ctx, m, zb.number)
		handle(m)
	}
	return nil
}

func (*zipBox) CanUpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) bool { return false }

func (zb *zipBox) UpdateZettel(context.Context, domain.Zettel) error {
	err := box.ErrReadOnly
	zb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	return err
}

func (zb *zipBox) AllowRenameZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	entry := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	return !entry.IsValid()
}

func (zb *zipBox) RenameZettel(_ context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error {
	err := box.ErrReadOnly
	if curZid == newZid {
		err = nil
	}
	curEntry := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(curZid)
	if !curEntry.IsValid() {
		err = box.ErrNotFound
	}
	zb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("RenameZettel")
	return err
}

func (*zipBox) CanDeleteZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool { return false }

func (zb *zipBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	err := box.ErrReadOnly
	entry := zb.dirSrv.GetDirEntry(zid)
	if !entry.IsValid() {
		err = box.ErrNotFound
		err = box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	zb.log.Trace().Err(err).Msg("DeleteZettel")
	return err
}

func (zb *zipBox) ReadStats(st *box.ManagedBoxStats) {
	st.ReadOnly = true
	st.Zettel = zb.dirSrv.NumDirEntries()
	zb.log.Trace().Int("zettel", int64(st.Zettel)).Msg("ReadStats")
}

func (zb *zipBox) readZipMeta(reader *zip.ReadCloser, zid id.Zid, entry *notify.DirEntry) (m *meta.Meta, err error) {
	var inMeta bool
	if metaName := entry.MetaName; metaName == "" {
		contentName := entry.ContentName
		contentExt := entry.ContentExt
		if contentName == "" || contentExt == "" {
			zb.log.Panic().Zid(zid).Msg("No meta, no content in getMeta")
			err = fmt.Errorf("no meta, no content in getMeta, zid=%v", zid)
		}
		if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
		} else if entry.HasMetaInContent() {
			m, err = readZipMetaFile(reader, zid, contentName)
		} else {
			m = CalcDefaultMeta(zid, contentExt)
		}
	} else {
		m, err = readZipMetaFile(reader, zid, metaName)
	}

Changes to box/helper.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package box

import (
	"net/url"
	"strconv"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

// GetNewZid calculates a new and unused zettel identifier, based on the current date and time.
func GetNewZid(testZid func(id.Zid) (bool, error)) (id.Zid, error) {
	withSeconds := false
	for i := 0; i < 90; i++ { // Must be completed within 9 seconds (less than web/server.writeTimeout)
	for range 90 { // Must be completed within 9 seconds (less than web/server.writeTimeout)
		zid := id.New(withSeconds)
		found, err := testZid(zid)
		if err != nil {
			return id.Invalid, err
		}
		if found {
			return zid, nil

Changes to box/manager/anteroom.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"sync"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

type arAction int

const (
	arNothing arAction = iota
	arReload
	arZettel
)

type anteroom struct {
	num     uint64
	next    *anteroom
	waiting id.Set
	waiting *id.Set
	curLoad int
	reload  bool
}

type anterooms struct {
type anteroomQueue struct {
	mx      sync.Mutex
	nextNum uint64
	first   *anteroom
	last    *anteroom
	maxLoad int
}

func newAnterooms(maxLoad int) *anterooms { return &anterooms{maxLoad: maxLoad} }
func newAnteroomQueue(maxLoad int) *anteroomQueue { return &anteroomQueue{maxLoad: maxLoad} }

func (ar *anterooms) EnqueueZettel(zid id.Zid) {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) EnqueueZettel(zid id.Zid) {
	if !zid.IsValid() {
		return
	}
	ar.mx.Lock()
	defer ar.mx.Unlock()
	if ar.first == nil {
		ar.first = ar.makeAnteroom(zid)
		ar.last = ar.first
		return
	}
	for room := ar.first; room != nil; room = room.next {
		if room.reload {
			continue // Do not put zettel in reload room
		}
		if _, ok := room.waiting[zid]; ok {
		if room.waiting.Contains(zid) {
			// Zettel is already waiting. Nothing to do.
			return
		}
	}
	if room := ar.last; !room.reload && (ar.maxLoad == 0 || room.curLoad < ar.maxLoad) {
		room.waiting.Zid(zid)
		room.waiting.Add(zid)
		room.curLoad++
		return
	}
	room := ar.makeAnteroom(zid)
	ar.last.next = room
	ar.last = room
}

func (ar *anterooms) makeAnteroom(zid id.Zid) *anteroom {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) makeAnteroom(zid id.Zid) *anteroom {
	ar.nextNum++
	if zid == id.Invalid {
		return &anteroom{num: ar.nextNum, next: nil, waiting: nil, curLoad: 0, reload: true}
	}
	c := ar.maxLoad
	if c == 0 {
		c = 100
		panic(zid)
	}
	waiting := id.NewSetCap(ar.maxLoad, zid)
	return &anteroom{num: ar.nextNum, next: nil, waiting: waiting, curLoad: 1, reload: false}
	waiting := id.NewSetCap(max(ar.maxLoad, 100), zid)
	return &anteroom{next: nil, waiting: waiting, curLoad: 1, reload: false}
}

func (ar *anterooms) Reset() {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) Reset() {
	ar.mx.Lock()
	defer ar.mx.Unlock()
	ar.first = ar.makeAnteroom(id.Invalid)
	ar.first = &anteroom{next: nil, waiting: nil, curLoad: 0, reload: true}
	ar.last = ar.first
}

func (ar *anterooms) Reload(newZids id.Set) uint64 {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) Reload(allZids *id.Set) {
	ar.mx.Lock()
	defer ar.mx.Unlock()
	ar.deleteReloadedRooms()

	if ns := len(newZids); ns > 0 {
	if !allZids.IsEmpty() {
		ar.nextNum++
		ar.first = &anteroom{num: ar.nextNum, next: ar.first, waiting: newZids, curLoad: ns, reload: true}
		ar.first = &anteroom{next: ar.first, waiting: allZids, curLoad: allZids.Length(), reload: true}
		if ar.first.next == nil {
			ar.last = ar.first
		}
		return ar.nextNum
	}

	ar.first = nil
	ar.last = nil
	} else {
		ar.first = nil
		ar.last = nil
	return 0
}

func (ar *anterooms) deleteReloadedRooms() {
	}
}

func (ar *anteroomQueue) deleteReloadedRooms() {
	room := ar.first
	for room != nil && room.reload {
		room = room.next
	}
	ar.first = room
	if room == nil {
		ar.last = nil
	}
}

func (ar *anterooms) Dequeue() (arAction, id.Zid, uint64) {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) Dequeue() (arAction, id.Zid, bool) {
	ar.mx.Lock()
	defer ar.mx.Unlock()
	if ar.first == nil {
	first := ar.first
		return arNothing, id.Invalid, 0
	}
	roomNo := ar.first.num
	if ar.first.waiting == nil {
		ar.removeFirst()
		return arReload, id.Invalid, roomNo
	}
	for zid := range ar.first.waiting {
		delete(ar.first.waiting, zid)
	if first != nil {
		if first.waiting == nil && first.reload {
			ar.removeFirst()
			return arReload, id.Invalid, false
		}
		if zid, found := first.waiting.Pop(); found {
			if first.waiting.IsEmpty() {
		if len(ar.first.waiting) == 0 {
			ar.removeFirst()
		}
		return arZettel, zid, roomNo
	}
	ar.removeFirst()
	return arNothing, id.Invalid, 0
				ar.removeFirst()
			}
			return arZettel, zid, first.reload
		}
		ar.removeFirst()
	}
	return arNothing, id.Invalid, false
}

func (ar *anterooms) removeFirst() {
func (ar *anteroomQueue) removeFirst() {
	ar.first = ar.first.next
	if ar.first == nil {
		ar.last = nil
	}
}

Changes to box/manager/anteroom_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

func TestSimple(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	ar := newAnterooms(2)
	ar := newAnteroomQueue(2)
	ar.EnqueueZettel(id.Zid(1))
	action, zid, rno := ar.Dequeue()
	if zid != id.Zid(1) || action != arZettel || rno != 1 {
		t.Errorf("Expected arZettel/1/1, but got %v/%v/%v", action, zid, rno)
	action, zid, lastReload := ar.Dequeue()
	if zid != id.Zid(1) || action != arZettel || lastReload {
		t.Errorf("Expected arZettel/1/false, but got %v/%v/%v", action, zid, lastReload)
	}
	_, zid, _ = ar.Dequeue()
	if zid != id.Invalid {
		t.Errorf("Expected invalid Zid, but got %v", zid)
	}
	ar.EnqueueZettel(id.Zid(1))
	ar.EnqueueZettel(id.Zid(2))
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	if count != 3 {
		t.Errorf("Expected 3 dequeues, but got %v", count)
	}
}

func TestReset(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	ar := newAnterooms(1)
	ar := newAnteroomQueue(1)
	ar.EnqueueZettel(id.Zid(1))
	ar.Reset()
	action, zid, _ := ar.Dequeue()
	if action != arReload || zid != id.Invalid {
		t.Errorf("Expected reload & invalid Zid, but got %v/%v", action, zid)
	}
	ar.Reload(id.NewSet(3, 4))
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		t.Errorf("Expected 5/arZettel, but got %v/%v", zid, action)
	}
	action, zid, _ = ar.Dequeue()
	if action != arNothing || zid != id.Invalid {
		t.Errorf("Expected nothing & invalid Zid, but got %v/%v", action, zid)
	}

	ar = newAnterooms(1)
	ar = newAnteroomQueue(1)
	ar.Reload(id.NewSet(id.Zid(6)))
	action, zid, _ = ar.Dequeue()
	if zid != id.Zid(6) || action != arZettel {
		t.Errorf("Expected 6/arZettel, but got %v/%v", zid, action)
	}
	action, zid, _ = ar.Dequeue()
	if action != arNothing || zid != id.Invalid {
		t.Errorf("Expected nothing & invalid Zid, but got %v/%v", action, zid)
	}

	ar = newAnterooms(1)
	ar = newAnteroomQueue(1)
	ar.EnqueueZettel(id.Zid(8))
	ar.Reload(nil)
	action, zid, _ = ar.Dequeue()
	if action != arNothing || zid != id.Invalid {
		t.Errorf("Expected nothing & invalid Zid, but got %v/%v", action, zid)
	}
}

Changes to box/manager/box.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"context"
	"errors"
	"strings"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// Conatains all box.Box related functions

// Location returns some information where the box is located.
func (mgr *Manager) Location() string {
	if len(mgr.boxes) <= 2 {
		return "NONE"
	}
	var sb strings.Builder
	for i := 0; i < len(mgr.boxes)-2; i++ {
	for i := range len(mgr.boxes) - 2 {
		if i > 0 {
			sb.WriteString(", ")
		}
		sb.WriteString(mgr.boxes[i].Location())
	}
	return sb.String()
}

// CanCreateZettel returns true, if box could possibly create a new zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) CanCreateZettel(ctx context.Context) bool {
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return false
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	if box, isWriteBox := mgr.boxes[0].(box.WriteBox); isWriteBox {
	return mgr.State() == box.StartStateStarted && mgr.boxes[0].CanCreateZettel(ctx)
		return box.CanCreateZettel(ctx)
	}
	return false
}

// CreateZettel creates a new zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
func (mgr *Manager) CreateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("CreateZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return id.Invalid, box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return id.Invalid, err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	if box, isWriteBox := mgr.boxes[0].(box.WriteBox); isWriteBox {
		zettel.Meta = mgr.cleanMetaProperties(zettel.Meta)
	return mgr.boxes[0].CreateZettel(ctx, zettel)
		zid, err := box.CreateZettel(ctx, zettel)
		if err == nil {
			mgr.idxUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
		}
		return zid, err
	}
	return id.Invalid, box.ErrReadOnly
}

// GetZettel retrieves a specific zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (mgr *Manager) GetZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("GetZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return zettel.Zettel{}, err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for i, p := range mgr.boxes {
		var errZNF box.ErrZettelNotFound
		if z, err := p.GetZettel(ctx, zid); err != box.ErrNotFound {
		if z, err := p.GetZettel(ctx, zid); !errors.As(err, &errZNF) {
			if err == nil {
				mgr.Enrich(ctx, z.Meta, i+1)
			}
			return z, err
		}
	}
	return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
	return zettel.Zettel{}, box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
}

// GetAllZettel retrieves a specific zettel from all managed boxes.
func (mgr *Manager) GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]domain.Zettel, error) {
func (mgr *Manager) GetAllZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]zettel.Zettel, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("GetAllZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return nil, box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	var result []domain.Zettel
	var result []zettel.Zettel
	for i, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if z, err := p.GetZettel(ctx, zid); err == nil {
			mgr.Enrich(ctx, z.Meta, i+1)
			result = append(result, z)
		}
	}
	return result, nil
}

// GetMeta retrieves just the meta data of a specific zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) GetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("GetMeta")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return nil, box.ErrStopped
// FetchZids returns the set of all zettel identifer managed by the box.
func (mgr *Manager) FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (*id.Set, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("FetchZids")
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	return mgr.doGetMeta(ctx, zid)
	return mgr.fetchZids(ctx)
}

func (mgr *Manager) doGetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	for i, p := range mgr.boxes {
func (mgr *Manager) fetchZids(ctx context.Context) (*id.Set, error) {
	numZettel := 0
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if m, err := p.GetMeta(ctx, zid); err != box.ErrNotFound {
			if err == nil {
				mgr.Enrich(ctx, m, i+1)
			}
			return m, err
		}
	}
	return nil, box.ErrNotFound
		var mbstats box.ManagedBoxStats
}

		p.ReadStats(&mbstats)
// GetAllMeta retrieves the meta data of a specific zettel from all managed boxes.
func (mgr *Manager) GetAllMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("GetAllMeta")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return nil, box.ErrStopped
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	var result []*meta.Meta
	for i, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if m, err := p.GetMeta(ctx, zid); err == nil {
			mgr.Enrich(ctx, m, i+1)
			result = append(result, m)
		}
	}
	return result, nil
}

		numZettel += mbstats.Zettel
// FetchZids returns the set of all zettel identifer managed by the box.
func (mgr *Manager) FetchZids(ctx context.Context) (id.Set, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("FetchZids")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return nil, box.ErrStopped
	}
	result := id.Set{}
	result := id.NewSetCap(numZettel)
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		err := p.ApplyZid(ctx, func(zid id.Zid) { result.Zid(zid) }, func(id.Zid) bool { return true })
		err := p.ApplyZid(ctx, func(zid id.Zid) { result.Add(zid) }, query.AlwaysIncluded)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}
	}
	return result, nil
}

func (mgr *Manager) hasZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("HasZettel")
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return false
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for _, bx := range mgr.boxes {
		if bx.HasZettel(ctx, zid) {
			return true
		}
	}
	return false
}
type metaMap map[id.Zid]*meta.Meta


func (mgr *Manager) GetMeta(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("GetMeta")
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	m, err := mgr.idxStore.GetMeta(ctx, zid)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	mgr.Enrich(ctx, m, 0)
	return m, nil
}

// SelectMeta returns all zettel meta data that match the selection
// criteria. The result is ordered by descending zettel id.
func (mgr *Manager) SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
func (mgr *Manager) SelectMeta(ctx context.Context, metaSeq []*meta.Meta, q *query.Query) ([]*meta.Meta, error) {
	if msg := mgr.mgrLog.Debug(); msg.Enabled() {
		msg.Str("query", q.String()).Msg("SelectMeta")
	}
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return nil, box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()

	compSearch := q.RetrieveAndCompile(mgr)
	selected := metaMap{}
	compSearch := q.RetrieveAndCompile(ctx, mgr, metaSeq)
	if result := compSearch.Result(); result != nil {
		mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Int("count", int64(len(result))).Msg("found without ApplyMeta")
		return result, nil
	}
	selected := map[id.Zid]*meta.Meta{}
	for _, term := range compSearch.Terms {
		rejected := id.Set{}
		rejected := id.NewSet()
		handleMeta := func(m *meta.Meta) {
			zid := m.Zid
			if rejected.Contains(zid) {
				mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("SelectMeta/alreadyRejected")
				return
			}
			if _, ok := selected[zid]; ok {
				mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("SelectMeta/alreadySelected")
				return
			}
			if compSearch.PreMatch(m) && term.Match(m) {
				selected[zid] = m
				mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("SelectMeta/match")
			} else {
				rejected.Zid(zid)
				rejected.Add(zid)
				mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("SelectMeta/reject")
			}
		}
		for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
			if err := p.ApplyMeta(ctx, handleMeta, term.Retrieve); err != nil {
				return nil, err
			if err2 := p.ApplyMeta(ctx, handleMeta, term.Retrieve); err2 != nil {
				return nil, err2
			}
		}
	}
	result := make([]*meta.Meta, 0, len(selected))
	for _, m := range selected {
		result = append(result, m)
	}
	return q.AfterSearch(result), nil
	result = compSearch.AfterSearch(result)
	mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Int("count", int64(len(result))).Msg("found with ApplyMeta")
	return result, nil
}

// CanUpdateZettel returns true, if box could possibly update the given zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) bool {
func (mgr *Manager) CanUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) bool {
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	return mgr.State() == box.StartStateStarted && mgr.boxes[0].CanUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
}

	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
// UpdateZettel updates an existing zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zettel.Meta.Zid).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return box.ErrStopped
	}
	// Remove all (computed) properties from metadata before storing the zettel.
	zettel.Meta = zettel.Meta.Clone()
	for _, p := range zettel.Meta.ComputedPairsRest() {
		if mgr.propertyKeys.Has(p.Key) {
			zettel.Meta.Delete(p.Key)
		}
	}
	return mgr.boxes[0].UpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
}

// AllowRenameZettel returns true, if box will not disallow renaming the zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) AllowRenameZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return false
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if !p.AllowRenameZettel(ctx, zid) {
			return false
		}
	}
	if box, isWriteBox := mgr.boxes[0].(box.WriteBox); isWriteBox {
		return box.CanUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
	}
	return false

}
	return true
}


// UpdateZettel updates an existing zettel.
// RenameZettel changes the current zid to a new zid.
func (mgr *Manager) RenameZettel(ctx context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(curZid).Zid(newZid).Msg("RenameZettel")
func (mgr *Manager) UpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zettel.Meta.Zid).Msg("UpdateZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for i, p := range mgr.boxes {
		err := p.RenameZettel(ctx, curZid, newZid)
	if box, isWriteBox := mgr.boxes[0].(box.WriteBox); isWriteBox {
		zettel.Meta = mgr.cleanMetaProperties(zettel.Meta)
		if err != nil && !errors.Is(err, box.ErrNotFound) {
			for j := 0; j < i; j++ {
				mgr.boxes[j].RenameZettel(ctx, newZid, curZid)
		if err := box.UpdateZettel(ctx, zettel); err != nil {
			}
			return err
		}
		mgr.idxUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
		return nil
	}
	return nil
	return box.ErrReadOnly
}

// CanDeleteZettel returns true, if box could possibly delete the given zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) CanDeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return false
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if p.CanDeleteZettel(ctx, zid) {
			return true
		}
	}
	return false
}

// DeleteZettel removes the zettel from the box.
func (mgr *Manager) DeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("DeleteZettel")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		err := p.DeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
		if err == nil {
			mgr.idxDeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
			return nil
		}
		var errZNF box.ErrZettelNotFound
		if !errors.Is(err, box.ErrNotFound) && !errors.Is(err, box.ErrReadOnly) {
		if !errors.As(err, &errZNF) && !errors.Is(err, box.ErrReadOnly) {
			return err
		}
	}
	return box.ErrNotFound
	return box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
}

// Remove all (computed) properties from metadata before storing the zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) cleanMetaProperties(m *meta.Meta) *meta.Meta {
	result := m.Clone()
	for _, p := range result.ComputedPairsRest() {
		if mgr.propertyKeys.Has(p.Key) {
			result.Delete(p.Key)
		}
	}
	return result
}

Changes to box/manager/collect.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"strings"

	"zettelstore.de/z/ast"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

type collectData struct {
	refs  id.Set
	refs  *id.Set
	words store.WordSet
	urls  store.WordSet
}

func (data *collectData) initialize() {
	data.refs = id.NewSet()
	data.words = store.NewWordSet()
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	if ref.IsExternal() {
		data.urls.Add(strings.ToLower(ref.Value))
	}
	if !ref.IsZettel() {
		return
	}
	if zid, err := id.Parse(ref.URL.Path); err == nil {
		data.refs.Zid(zid)
		data.refs.Add(zid)
	}
}

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"context"
	"strconv"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// Enrich computes additional properties and updates the given metadata.
func (mgr *Manager) Enrich(ctx context.Context, m *meta.Meta, boxNumber int) {

	// Calculate computed, but stored values.
	if _, ok := m.Get(api.KeyCreated); !ok {
	_, hasCreated := m.Get(api.KeyCreated)
	if !hasCreated {
		m.Set(api.KeyCreated, computeCreated(m.Zid))
	}

	if box.DoNotEnrich(ctx) {
	if box.DoEnrich(ctx) {
		// Enrich is called indirectly via indexer or enrichment is not requested
		// because of other reasons -> ignore this call, do not update metadata
		return
	}
	computePublished(m)
	m.Set(api.KeyBoxNumber, strconv.Itoa(boxNumber))
	mgr.idxStore.Enrich(ctx, m)
		computePublished(m)
		if boxNumber > 0 {
			m.Set(api.KeyBoxNumber, strconv.Itoa(boxNumber))
		}
		mgr.idxStore.Enrich(ctx, m)
	}

	if !hasCreated {
		m.Set(meta.KeyCreatedMissing, api.ValueTrue)
	}
}

func computeCreated(zid id.Zid) string {
	if zid <= 10101000000 {
		// A year 0000 is not allowed and therefore an artificaial Zid.
		// A year 0000 is not allowed and therefore an artificial Zid.
		// In the year 0001, the month must be > 0.
		// In the month 000101, the day must be > 0.
		return "00010101000000"
	}
	seconds := zid % 100
	if seconds > 59 {
		seconds = 59

Changes to box/manager/indexer.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"net/url"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// SearchEqual returns all zettel that contains the given exact word.
// The word must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (mgr *Manager) SearchEqual(word string) id.Set {
func (mgr *Manager) SearchEqual(word string) *id.Set {
	found := mgr.idxStore.SearchEqual(word)
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("word", word).Int("found", int64(len(found))).Msg("SearchEqual")
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("word", word).Int("found", int64(found.Length())).Msg("SearchEqual")
	if msg := mgr.idxLog.Trace(); msg.Enabled() {
		msg.Str("ids", fmt.Sprint(found)).Msg("IDs")
	}
	return found
}

// SearchPrefix returns all zettel that have a word with the given prefix.
// The prefix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (mgr *Manager) SearchPrefix(prefix string) id.Set {
func (mgr *Manager) SearchPrefix(prefix string) *id.Set {
	found := mgr.idxStore.SearchPrefix(prefix)
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("prefix", prefix).Int("found", int64(len(found))).Msg("SearchPrefix")
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("prefix", prefix).Int("found", int64(found.Length())).Msg("SearchPrefix")
	if msg := mgr.idxLog.Trace(); msg.Enabled() {
		msg.Str("ids", fmt.Sprint(found)).Msg("IDs")
	}
	return found
}

// SearchSuffix returns all zettel that have a word with the given suffix.
// The suffix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (mgr *Manager) SearchSuffix(suffix string) id.Set {
func (mgr *Manager) SearchSuffix(suffix string) *id.Set {
	found := mgr.idxStore.SearchSuffix(suffix)
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("suffix", suffix).Int("found", int64(len(found))).Msg("SearchSuffix")
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("suffix", suffix).Int("found", int64(found.Length())).Msg("SearchSuffix")
	if msg := mgr.idxLog.Trace(); msg.Enabled() {
		msg.Str("ids", fmt.Sprint(found)).Msg("IDs")
	}
	return found
}

// SearchContains returns all zettel that contains the given string.
// The string must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (mgr *Manager) SearchContains(s string) id.Set {
func (mgr *Manager) SearchContains(s string) *id.Set {
	found := mgr.idxStore.SearchContains(s)
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("s", s).Int("found", int64(len(found))).Msg("SearchContains")
	mgr.idxLog.Debug().Str("s", s).Int("found", int64(found.Length())).Msg("SearchContains")
	if msg := mgr.idxLog.Trace(); msg.Enabled() {
		msg.Str("ids", fmt.Sprint(found)).Msg("IDs")
	}
	return found
}

// idxIndexer runs in the background and updates the index data structures.
// This is the main service of the idxIndexer.
func (mgr *Manager) idxIndexer() {
	// Something may panic. Ensure a running indexer.
	defer func() {
		if r := recover(); r != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("Indexer", r)
		if ri := recover(); ri != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("Indexer", ri)
			go mgr.idxIndexer()
		}
	}()

	timerDuration := 15 * time.Second
	timer := time.NewTimer(timerDuration)
	ctx := box.NoEnrichContext(context.Background())
	for {
		mgr.idxWorkService(ctx)
		if !mgr.idxSleepService(timer, timerDuration) {
			return
		}
	}
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxWorkService(ctx context.Context) {
	var roomNum uint64
	var start time.Time
	for {
		switch action, zid, arRoomNum := mgr.idxAr.Dequeue(); action {
		switch action, zid, lastReload := mgr.idxAr.Dequeue(); action {
		case arNothing:
			return
		case arReload:
			mgr.idxLog.Debug().Msg("reload")
			roomNum = 0
			zids, err := mgr.FetchZids(ctx)
			if err == nil {
				start = time.Now()
				if rno := mgr.idxAr.Reload(zids); rno > 0 {
				mgr.idxAr.Reload(zids)
					roomNum = rno
				}
				mgr.idxMx.Lock()
				mgr.idxLastReload = time.Now().Local()
				mgr.idxSinceReload = 0
				mgr.idxMx.Unlock()
			}
		case arZettel:
			mgr.idxLog.Debug().Zid(zid).Msg("zettel")
			zettel, err := mgr.GetZettel(ctx, zid)
			if err != nil {
				// Zettel was deleted or is not accessible b/c of other reasons
				mgr.idxLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("delete")
				mgr.idxMx.Lock()
				mgr.idxSinceReload++
				mgr.idxMx.Unlock()
				mgr.idxDeleteZettel(zid)
				mgr.idxDeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
				continue
			}
			mgr.idxLog.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("update")
			mgr.idxUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
			mgr.idxMx.Lock()
			if arRoomNum == roomNum {
			if lastReload {
				mgr.idxDurReload = time.Since(start)
			}
			mgr.idxSinceReload++
			mgr.idxMx.Unlock()
			mgr.idxUpdateZettel(ctx, zettel)
		}
	}
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxSleepService(timer *time.Timer, timerDuration time.Duration) bool {
	select {
	case _, ok := <-mgr.idxReady:
		if !ok {
			return false
		}
	case _, ok := <-timer.C:
		if !ok {
			return false
		}
		// mgr.idxStore.Optimize() // TODO: make it less often, for example once per 10 minutes
		timer.Reset(timerDuration)
	case <-mgr.done:
		if !timer.Stop() {
			<-timer.C
		}
		return false
	}
	return true
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) {
func (mgr *Manager) idxUpdateZettel(ctx context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) {
	var cData collectData
	cData.initialize()
	collectZettelIndexData(parser.ParseZettel(ctx, zettel, "", mgr.rtConfig), &cData)

	m := zettel.Meta
	zi := store.NewZettelIndex(m.Zid)
	zi := store.NewZettelIndex(m)
	mgr.idxCollectFromMeta(ctx, m, zi, &cData)
	mgr.idxProcessData(ctx, zi, &cData)
	toCheck := mgr.idxStore.UpdateReferences(ctx, zi)
	mgr.idxCheckZettel(toCheck)
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxCollectFromMeta(ctx context.Context, m *meta.Meta, zi *store.ZettelIndex, cData *collectData) {
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			is := parser.ParseMetadata(pair.Value)
			collectInlineIndexData(&is, cData)
		case meta.TypeURL:
			if _, err := url.Parse(pair.Value); err == nil {
				cData.urls.Add(pair.Value)
			}
		default:
			if descr.Type.IsSet {
			for _, word := range strfun.NormalizeWords(pair.Value) {
				cData.words.Add(word)
				for _, val := range meta.ListFromValue(pair.Value) {
					idxCollectMetaValue(cData.words, val)
				}
			} else {
				idxCollectMetaValue(cData.words, pair.Value)
			}
		}
	}
}

func idxCollectMetaValue(stWords store.WordSet, value string) {
	if words := strfun.NormalizeWords(value); len(words) > 0 {
		for _, word := range words {
			stWords.Add(word)
		}
	} else {
		stWords.Add(value)
	}
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxProcessData(ctx context.Context, zi *store.ZettelIndex, cData *collectData) {
	for ref := range cData.refs {
		if _, err := mgr.GetMeta(ctx, ref); err == nil {
	cData.refs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		if mgr.hasZettel(ctx, ref) {
			zi.AddBackRef(ref)
		} else {
			zi.AddDeadRef(ref)
		}
	}
	})
	zi.SetWords(cData.words)
	zi.SetUrls(cData.urls)
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxUpdateValue(ctx context.Context, inverseKey, value string, zi *store.ZettelIndex) {
	zid, err := id.Parse(value)
	if err != nil {
		return
	}
	if _, err = mgr.GetMeta(ctx, zid); err != nil {
	if !mgr.hasZettel(ctx, zid) {
		zi.AddDeadRef(zid)
		return
	}
	if inverseKey == "" {
		zi.AddBackRef(zid)
		return
	}
	zi.AddMetaRef(inverseKey, zid)
	zi.AddInverseRef(inverseKey, zid)
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxDeleteZettel(zid id.Zid) {
	toCheck := mgr.idxStore.DeleteZettel(context.Background(), zid)
func (mgr *Manager) idxDeleteZettel(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) {
	toCheck := mgr.idxStore.DeleteZettel(ctx, zid)
	mgr.idxCheckZettel(toCheck)
}

func (mgr *Manager) idxCheckZettel(s id.Set) {
	for zid := range s {
func (mgr *Manager) idxCheckZettel(s *id.Set) {
	s.ForEach(func(zid id.Zid) {
		mgr.idxAr.EnqueueZettel(zid)
	}
	})
}

Changes to box/manager/manager.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package manager coordinates the various boxes and indexes of a Zettelstore.
package manager

import (
	"context"
	"io"
	"net/url"
	"sync"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/c/maps"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/memstore"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/mapstore"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// ConnectData contains all administration related values.
type ConnectData struct {
	Number   int // number of the box, starting with 1.
	Config   config.Config
	Enricher box.Enricher
	Notify   chan<- box.UpdateInfo
	Mapper   Mapper
}

// Mapper allows to inspect the mapping between old-style and new-style zettel identifier.
type Mapper interface {
	Warnings(context.Context) (*id.Set, error) // Fetch problematic zettel identifier

	OldToNewMapping(ctx context.Context) (map[id.Zid]id.ZidN, error)
}

// Connect returns a handle to the specified box.
func Connect(u *url.URL, authManager auth.BaseManager, cdata *ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
	if authManager.IsReadonly() {
		rawURL := u.String()
		// TODO: the following is wrong under some circumstances:
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func Register(scheme string, create createFunc) {
	if _, ok := registry[scheme]; ok {
		panic(scheme)
	}
	registry[scheme] = create
}

// GetSchemes returns all registered scheme, ordered by scheme string.
func GetSchemes() []string { return maps.Keys(registry) }

// Manager is a coordinating box.
type Manager struct {
	mgrLog       *logger.Logger
	stateMx      sync.RWMutex
	state        box.StartState
	mgrMx        sync.RWMutex
	rtConfig     config.Config
	boxes        []box.ManagedBox
	observers    []box.UpdateFunc
	mxObserver   sync.RWMutex
	done         chan struct{}
	infos        chan box.UpdateInfo
	propertyKeys strfun.Set // Set of property key names
	zidMapper    *zidMapper

	// Indexer data
	idxLog   *logger.Logger
	idxStore store.Store
	idxAr    *anterooms
	idxAr    *anteroomQueue
	idxReady chan struct{} // Signal a non-empty anteroom to background task

	// Indexer stats data
	idxMx          sync.RWMutex
	idxLastReload  time.Time
	idxDurReload   time.Duration
	idxSinceReload uint64
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	mgr := &Manager{
		mgrLog:       boxLog.Clone().Str("box", "manager").Child(),
		rtConfig:     rtConfig,
		infos:        make(chan box.UpdateInfo, len(boxURIs)*10),
		propertyKeys: propertyKeys,

		idxLog:   boxLog.Clone().Str("box", "index").Child(),
		idxStore: memstore.New(),
		idxAr:    newAnterooms(1000),
		idxStore: createIdxStore(rtConfig),
		idxAr:    newAnteroomQueue(1000),
		idxReady: make(chan struct{}, 1),
	}
	mgr.zidMapper = NewZidMapper(mgr)

	cdata := ConnectData{Number: 1, Config: rtConfig, Enricher: mgr, Notify: mgr.infos}
	cdata := ConnectData{Number: 1, Config: rtConfig, Enricher: mgr, Notify: mgr.infos, Mapper: mgr.zidMapper}
	boxes := make([]box.ManagedBox, 0, len(boxURIs)+2)
	for _, uri := range boxURIs {
		p, err := Connect(uri, authManager, &cdata)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}
		if p != nil {
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		return nil, err
	}
	cdata.Number++
	boxes = append(boxes, constbox, compbox)
	mgr.boxes = boxes
	return mgr, nil
}

func createIdxStore(_ config.Config) store.Store {
	return mapstore.New()
}

// RegisterObserver registers an observer that will be notified
// if a zettel was found to be changed.
func (mgr *Manager) RegisterObserver(f box.UpdateFunc) {
	if f != nil {
		mgr.mxObserver.Lock()
		mgr.observers = append(mgr.observers, f)
		mgr.mxObserver.Unlock()
	}
}

func (mgr *Manager) notifier() {
	// The call to notify may panic. Ensure a running notifier.
	defer func() {
		if r := recover(); r != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("Notifier", r)
		if ri := recover(); ri != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("Notifier", ri)
			go mgr.notifier()
		}
	}()

	tsLastEvent := time.Now()
	cache := destutterCache{}
	for {
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	case box.OnReady:
		return
	case box.OnReload:
		mgr.idxAr.Reset()
	case box.OnZettel:
		mgr.idxAr.EnqueueZettel(zid)
	default:
		mgr.mgrLog.Warn().Uint("reason", uint64(reason)).Zid(zid).Msg("Unknown notification reason")
		mgr.mgrLog.Error().Uint("reason", uint64(reason)).Zid(zid).Msg("Unknown notification reason")
		return
	}
	select {
	case mgr.idxReady <- struct{}{}:
	default:
	}
}
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		mgr.setState(box.StartStateStopped)
		return err
	}
	mgr.idxAr.Reset() // Ensure an initial index run
	mgr.done = make(chan struct{})
	go mgr.notifier()

	for !mgr.allBoxesStarted() {
	mgr.waitBoxesAreStarted()
		mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Msg("Wait for boxes to start")
		time.Sleep(time.Second)
	}
	mgr.setState(box.StartStateStarted)
	mgr.notifyObserver(&box.UpdateInfo{Box: mgr, Reason: box.OnReady})

	go mgr.idxIndexer()
	return nil
}

func (mgr *Manager) waitBoxesAreStarted() {
	const waitTime = 10 * time.Millisecond
	const waitLoop = int(1 * time.Second / waitTime)
	for i := 1; !mgr.allBoxesStarted(); i++ {
		if i%waitLoop == 0 {
			if time.Duration(i)*waitTime > time.Minute {
				mgr.mgrLog.Info().Msg("Waiting for more than one minute to start")
			} else {
				mgr.mgrLog.Trace().Msg("Wait for boxes to start")
			}
		}
		time.Sleep(waitTime)
	}
}

func (mgr *Manager) allBoxesStarted() bool {
	for _, bx := range mgr.boxes {
		if b, ok := bx.(box.StartStopper); ok && b.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
			return false
		}
	}
	return true
}

// Stop the started box. Now only the Start() function is allowed.
func (mgr *Manager) Stop(ctx context.Context) {
	mgr.mgrMx.Lock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.Unlock()
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return
	}
	mgr.setState(box.StartStateStopping)
	close(mgr.done)
	for _, p := range mgr.boxes {
		if ss, ok := p.(box.StartStopper); ok {
			ss.Stop(ctx)
		}
	}
	mgr.setState(box.StartStateStopped)
}

// Refresh internal box data.
func (mgr *Manager) Refresh(ctx context.Context) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("Refresh")
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return box.ErrStopped
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	mgr.infos <- box.UpdateInfo{Reason: box.OnReload, Zid: id.Invalid}
	mgr.mgrMx.Lock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.Unlock()
	mgr.infos <- box.UpdateInfo{Reason: box.OnReload, Zid: id.Invalid}
	for _, bx := range mgr.boxes {
		if rb, ok := bx.(box.Refresher); ok {
			rb.Refresh(ctx)
		}
	}
	return nil
}

// ReIndex data of the given zettel.
func (mgr *Manager) ReIndex(ctx context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("ReIndex")
	if err := mgr.checkContinue(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	mgr.infos <- box.UpdateInfo{Reason: box.OnZettel, Zid: zid}
	return nil
}

// ReadStats populates st with box statistics.
func (mgr *Manager) ReadStats(st *box.Stats) {
	mgr.mgrLog.Debug().Msg("ReadStats")
	mgr.mgrMx.RLock()
	defer mgr.mgrMx.RUnlock()
	subStats := make([]box.ManagedBoxStats, len(mgr.boxes))
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	st.IndexedUrls = storeSt.Urls
}

// Dump internal data structures to a Writer.
func (mgr *Manager) Dump(w io.Writer) {
	mgr.idxStore.Dump(w)
}

func (mgr *Manager) checkContinue(ctx context.Context) error {
	if mgr.State() != box.StartStateStarted {
		return box.ErrStopped
	}
	return ctx.Err()
}

Added box/manager/mapstore/mapstore.go.


































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package mapstore stored the index in main memory via a Go map.
package mapstore

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"slices"
	"strings"
	"sync"

	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/maps"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

type zettelData struct {
	meta      *meta.Meta // a local copy of the metadata, without computed keys
	dead      *id.Set    // set of dead references in this zettel
	forward   *id.Set    // set of forward references in this zettel
	backward  *id.Set    // set of zettel that reference with zettel
	otherRefs map[string]bidiRefs
	words     []string // list of words of this zettel
	urls      []string // list of urls of this zettel
}

type bidiRefs struct {
	forward  *id.Set
	backward *id.Set
}

func (zd *zettelData) optimize() {
	zd.dead.Optimize()
	zd.forward.Optimize()
	zd.backward.Optimize()
	for _, bidi := range zd.otherRefs {
		bidi.forward.Optimize()
		bidi.backward.Optimize()
	}
}

type mapStore struct {
	mx     sync.RWMutex
	intern map[string]string // map to intern strings
	idx    map[id.Zid]*zettelData
	dead   map[id.Zid]*id.Set // map dead refs where they occur
	words  stringRefs
	urls   stringRefs

	// Stats
	mxStats sync.Mutex
	updates uint64
}
type stringRefs map[string]*id.Set

// New returns a new memory-based index store.
func New() store.Store {
	return &mapStore{
		intern: make(map[string]string, 1024),
		idx:    make(map[id.Zid]*zettelData),
		dead:   make(map[id.Zid]*id.Set),
		words:  make(stringRefs),
		urls:   make(stringRefs),
	}
}

func (ms *mapStore) GetMeta(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	if zi, found := ms.idx[zid]; found && zi.meta != nil {
		// zi.meta is nil, if zettel was referenced, but is not indexed yet.
		return zi.meta.Clone(), nil
	}
	return nil, box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
}

func (ms *mapStore) Enrich(_ context.Context, m *meta.Meta) {
	if ms.doEnrich(m) {
		ms.mxStats.Lock()
		ms.updates++
		ms.mxStats.Unlock()
	}
}

func (ms *mapStore) doEnrich(m *meta.Meta) bool {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	zi, ok := ms.idx[m.Zid]
	if !ok {
		return false
	}
	var updated bool
	if !zi.dead.IsEmpty() {
		m.Set(api.KeyDead, zi.dead.MetaString())
		updated = true
	}
	back := removeOtherMetaRefs(m, zi.backward.Clone())
	if !zi.backward.IsEmpty() {
		m.Set(api.KeyBackward, zi.backward.MetaString())
		updated = true
	}
	if !zi.forward.IsEmpty() {
		m.Set(api.KeyForward, zi.forward.MetaString())
		back.ISubstract(zi.forward)
		updated = true
	}
	for k, refs := range zi.otherRefs {
		if !refs.backward.IsEmpty() {
			m.Set(k, refs.backward.MetaString())
			back.ISubstract(refs.backward)
			updated = true
		}
	}
	if !back.IsEmpty() {
		m.Set(api.KeyBack, back.MetaString())
		updated = true
	}
	return updated
}

// SearchEqual returns all zettel that contains the given exact word.
// The word must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *mapStore) SearchEqual(word string) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := id.NewSet()
	if refs, ok := ms.words[word]; ok {
		result = result.IUnion(refs)
	}
	if refs, ok := ms.urls[word]; ok {
		result = result.IUnion(refs)
	}
	zid, err := id.Parse(word)
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]
	if !ok {
		return result
	}

	return addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
}

// SearchPrefix returns all zettel that have a word with the given prefix.
// The prefix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *mapStore) SearchPrefix(prefix string) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(prefix, strings.HasPrefix)
	l := len(prefix)
	if l > 14 {
		return result
	}
	maxZid, err := id.Parse(prefix + "99999999999999"[:14-l])
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	var minZid id.Zid
	if l < 14 && prefix == "0000000000000"[:l] {
		minZid = id.Zid(1)
	} else {
		minZid, err = id.Parse(prefix + "00000000000000"[:14-l])
		if err != nil {
			return result
		}
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if minZid <= zid && zid <= maxZid {
			result = addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

// SearchSuffix returns all zettel that have a word with the given suffix.
// The suffix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *mapStore) SearchSuffix(suffix string) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(suffix, strings.HasSuffix)
	l := len(suffix)
	if l > 14 {
		return result
	}
	val, err := id.ParseUint(suffix)
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	modulo := uint64(1)
	for range l {
		modulo *= 10
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if uint64(zid)%modulo == val {
			result = addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

// SearchContains returns all zettel that contains the given string.
// The string must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *mapStore) SearchContains(s string) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(s, strings.Contains)
	if len(s) > 14 {
		return result
	}
	if _, err := id.ParseUint(s); err != nil {
		return result
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if strings.Contains(zid.String(), s) {
			result = addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

func (ms *mapStore) selectWithPred(s string, pred func(string, string) bool) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is read-locked!
	result := id.NewSet()
	for word, refs := range ms.words {
		if !pred(word, s) {
			continue
		}
		result.IUnion(refs)
	}
	for u, refs := range ms.urls {
		if !pred(u, s) {
			continue
		}
		result.IUnion(refs)
	}
	return result
}

func addBackwardZids(result *id.Set, zid id.Zid, zi *zettelData) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is read-locked!
	result = result.Add(zid)
	result = result.IUnion(zi.backward)
	for _, mref := range zi.otherRefs {
		result = result.IUnion(mref.backward)
	}
	return result
}

func removeOtherMetaRefs(m *meta.Meta, back *id.Set) *id.Set {
	for _, p := range m.PairsRest() {
		switch meta.Type(p.Key) {
		case meta.TypeID:
			if zid, err := id.Parse(p.Value); err == nil {
				back = back.Remove(zid)
			}
		case meta.TypeIDSet:
			for _, val := range meta.ListFromValue(p.Value) {
				if zid, err := id.Parse(val); err == nil {
					back = back.Remove(zid)
				}
			}
		}
	}
	return back
}

func (ms *mapStore) UpdateReferences(_ context.Context, zidx *store.ZettelIndex) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.Lock()
	defer ms.mx.Unlock()
	m := ms.makeMeta(zidx)
	zi, ziExist := ms.idx[zidx.Zid]
	if !ziExist || zi == nil {
		zi = &zettelData{}
		ziExist = false
	}

	// Is this zettel an old dead reference mentioned in other zettel?
	var toCheck *id.Set
	if refs, ok := ms.dead[zidx.Zid]; ok {
		// These must be checked later again
		toCheck = refs
		delete(ms.dead, zidx.Zid)
	}

	zi.meta = m
	ms.updateDeadReferences(zidx, zi)
	ids := ms.updateForwardBackwardReferences(zidx, zi)
	toCheck = toCheck.IUnion(ids)
	ids = ms.updateMetadataReferences(zidx, zi)
	toCheck = toCheck.IUnion(ids)
	zi.words = updateStrings(zidx.Zid, ms.words, zi.words, zidx.GetWords())
	zi.urls = updateStrings(zidx.Zid, ms.urls, zi.urls, zidx.GetUrls())

	// Check if zi must be inserted into ms.idx
	if !ziExist {
		ms.idx[zidx.Zid] = zi
	}
	zi.optimize()
	return toCheck
}

var internableKeys = map[string]bool{
	api.KeyRole:      true,
	api.KeySyntax:    true,
	api.KeyFolgeRole: true,
	api.KeyLang:      true,
	api.KeyReadOnly:  true,
}

func isInternableValue(key string) bool {
	if internableKeys[key] {
		return true
	}
	return strings.HasSuffix(key, meta.SuffixKeyRole)
}

func (ms *mapStore) internString(s string) string {
	if is, found := ms.intern[s]; found {
		return is
	}
	ms.intern[s] = s
	return s
}

func (ms *mapStore) makeMeta(zidx *store.ZettelIndex) *meta.Meta {
	origM := zidx.GetMeta()
	copyM := meta.New(origM.Zid)
	for _, p := range origM.Pairs() {
		key := ms.internString(p.Key)
		if isInternableValue(key) {
			copyM.Set(key, ms.internString(p.Value))
		} else if key == api.KeyBoxNumber || !meta.IsComputed(key) {
			copyM.Set(key, p.Value)
		}
	}
	return copyM
}

func (ms *mapStore) updateDeadReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelData) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	drefs := zidx.GetDeadRefs()
	newRefs, remRefs := zi.dead.Diff(drefs)
	zi.dead = drefs
	remRefs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		ms.dead[ref] = ms.dead[ref].Remove(zidx.Zid)
	})
	newRefs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		ms.dead[ref] = ms.dead[ref].Add(zidx.Zid)
	})
}

func (ms *mapStore) updateForwardBackwardReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelData) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	brefs := zidx.GetBackRefs()
	newRefs, remRefs := zi.forward.Diff(brefs)
	zi.forward = brefs

	var toCheck *id.Set
	remRefs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		bzi := ms.getOrCreateEntry(ref)
		bzi.backward = bzi.backward.Remove(zidx.Zid)
		if bzi.meta == nil {
			toCheck = toCheck.Add(ref)
		}
	})
	newRefs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		bzi := ms.getOrCreateEntry(ref)
		bzi.backward = bzi.backward.Add(zidx.Zid)
		if bzi.meta == nil {
			toCheck = toCheck.Add(ref)
		}
	})
	return toCheck
}

func (ms *mapStore) updateMetadataReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelData) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	inverseRefs := zidx.GetInverseRefs()
	for key, mr := range zi.otherRefs {
		if _, ok := inverseRefs[key]; ok {
			continue
		}
		ms.removeInverseMeta(zidx.Zid, key, mr.forward)
	}
	if zi.otherRefs == nil {
		zi.otherRefs = make(map[string]bidiRefs)
	}
	var toCheck *id.Set
	for key, mrefs := range inverseRefs {
		mr := zi.otherRefs[key]
		newRefs, remRefs := mr.forward.Diff(mrefs)
		mr.forward = mrefs
		zi.otherRefs[key] = mr

		newRefs.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
			bzi := ms.getOrCreateEntry(ref)
			if bzi.otherRefs == nil {
				bzi.otherRefs = make(map[string]bidiRefs)
			}
			bmr := bzi.otherRefs[key]
			bmr.backward = bmr.backward.Add(zidx.Zid)
			bzi.otherRefs[key] = bmr
			if bzi.meta == nil {
				toCheck = toCheck.Add(ref)
			}
		})

		ms.removeInverseMeta(zidx.Zid, key, remRefs)
	}
	return toCheck
}

func updateStrings(zid id.Zid, srefs stringRefs, prev []string, next store.WordSet) []string {
	newWords, removeWords := next.Diff(prev)
	for _, word := range newWords {
		srefs[word] = srefs[word].Add(zid)
	}
	for _, word := range removeWords {
		refs, ok := srefs[word]
		if !ok {
			continue
		}
		refs = refs.Remove(zid)
		if refs.IsEmpty() {
			delete(srefs, word)
			continue
		}
		srefs[word] = refs
	}
	return next.Words()
}

func (ms *mapStore) getOrCreateEntry(zid id.Zid) *zettelData {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	if zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]; ok {
		return zi
	}
	zi := &zettelData{}
	ms.idx[zid] = zi
	return zi
}

func (ms *mapStore) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) *id.Set {
	ms.mx.Lock()
	defer ms.mx.Unlock()
	return ms.doDeleteZettel(zid)
}

func (ms *mapStore) doDeleteZettel(zid id.Zid) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]
	if !ok {
		return nil
	}

	ms.deleteDeadSources(zid, zi)
	toCheck := ms.deleteForwardBackward(zid, zi)
	for key, mrefs := range zi.otherRefs {
		ms.removeInverseMeta(zid, key, mrefs.forward)
	}
	deleteStrings(ms.words, zi.words, zid)
	deleteStrings(ms.urls, zi.urls, zid)
	delete(ms.idx, zid)
	return toCheck
}

func (ms *mapStore) deleteDeadSources(zid id.Zid, zi *zettelData) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	zi.dead.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		if drefs, ok := ms.dead[ref]; ok {
			if drefs = drefs.Remove(zid); drefs.IsEmpty() {
				delete(ms.dead, ref)
			} else {
				ms.dead[ref] = drefs
			}
		}
	})
}

func (ms *mapStore) deleteForwardBackward(zid id.Zid, zi *zettelData) *id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	zi.forward.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		if fzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]; ok {
			fzi.backward = fzi.backward.Remove(zid)
		}
	})

	var toCheck *id.Set
	zi.backward.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		if bzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]; ok {
			bzi.forward = bzi.forward.Remove(zid)
			toCheck = toCheck.Add(ref)
		}
	})
	return toCheck
}

func (ms *mapStore) removeInverseMeta(zid id.Zid, key string, forward *id.Set) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	forward.ForEach(func(ref id.Zid) {
		bzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]
		if !ok || bzi.otherRefs == nil {
			return
		}
		bmr, ok := bzi.otherRefs[key]
		if !ok {
			return
		}
		bmr.backward = bmr.backward.Remove(zid)
		if !bmr.backward.IsEmpty() || !bmr.forward.IsEmpty() {
			bzi.otherRefs[key] = bmr
		} else {
			delete(bzi.otherRefs, key)
			if len(bzi.otherRefs) == 0 {
				bzi.otherRefs = nil
			}
		}
	})
}

func deleteStrings(msStringMap stringRefs, curStrings []string, zid id.Zid) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	for _, word := range curStrings {
		refs, ok := msStringMap[word]
		if !ok {
			continue
		}
		refs = refs.Remove(zid)
		if refs.IsEmpty() {
			delete(msStringMap, word)
			continue
		}
		msStringMap[word] = refs
	}
}

func (ms *mapStore) Optimize() {
	ms.mx.Lock()
	defer ms.mx.Unlock()

	// No need to optimize ms.idx: is already done via ms.UpdateReferences
	for _, dead := range ms.dead {
		dead.Optimize()
	}
	for _, s := range ms.words {
		s.Optimize()
	}
	for _, s := range ms.urls {
		s.Optimize()
	}
}

func (ms *mapStore) ReadStats(st *store.Stats) {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	st.Zettel = len(ms.idx)
	st.Words = uint64(len(ms.words))
	st.Urls = uint64(len(ms.urls))
	ms.mx.RUnlock()
	ms.mxStats.Lock()
	st.Updates = ms.updates
	ms.mxStats.Unlock()
}

func (ms *mapStore) Dump(w io.Writer) {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()

	io.WriteString(w, "=== Dump\n")
	ms.dumpIndex(w)
	ms.dumpDead(w)
	dumpStringRefs(w, "Words", "", "", ms.words)
	dumpStringRefs(w, "URLs", "[[", "]]", ms.urls)
}

func (ms *mapStore) dumpIndex(w io.Writer) {
	if len(ms.idx) == 0 {
		return
	}
	io.WriteString(w, "==== Zettel Index\n")
	zids := make(id.Slice, 0, len(ms.idx))
	for id := range ms.idx {
		zids = append(zids, id)
	}
	zids.Sort()
	for _, id := range zids {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "=====", id)
		zi := ms.idx[id]
		if !zi.dead.IsEmpty() {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, "* Dead:", zi.dead)
		}
		dumpSet(w, "* Forward:", zi.forward)
		dumpSet(w, "* Backward:", zi.backward)

		otherRefs := make([]string, 0, len(zi.otherRefs))
		for k := range zi.otherRefs {
			otherRefs = append(otherRefs, k)
		}
		slices.Sort(otherRefs)
		for _, k := range otherRefs {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, "* Meta", k)
			dumpSet(w, "** Forward:", zi.otherRefs[k].forward)
			dumpSet(w, "** Backward:", zi.otherRefs[k].backward)
		}
		dumpStrings(w, "* Words", "", "", zi.words)
		dumpStrings(w, "* URLs", "[[", "]]", zi.urls)
	}
}

func (ms *mapStore) dumpDead(w io.Writer) {
	if len(ms.dead) == 0 {
		return
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "==== Dead References\n")
	zids := make(id.Slice, 0, len(ms.dead))
	for id := range ms.dead {
		zids = append(zids, id)
	}
	zids.Sort()
	for _, id := range zids {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ";", id)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ":", ms.dead[id])
	}
}

func dumpSet(w io.Writer, prefix string, s *id.Set) {
	if !s.IsEmpty() {
		io.WriteString(w, prefix)
		s.ForEach(func(zid id.Zid) {
			io.WriteString(w, " ")
			w.Write(zid.Bytes())
		})
		fmt.Fprintln(w)
	}
}
func dumpStrings(w io.Writer, title, preString, postString string, slice []string) {
	if len(slice) > 0 {
		sl := make([]string, len(slice))
		copy(sl, slice)
		slices.Sort(sl)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, title)
		for _, s := range sl {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "** %s%s%s\n", preString, s, postString)
		}
	}
}

func dumpStringRefs(w io.Writer, title, preString, postString string, srefs stringRefs) {
	if len(srefs) == 0 {
		return
	}
	fmt.Fprintln(w, "====", title)
	for _, s := range maps.Keys(srefs) {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "; %s%s%s\n", preString, s, postString)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ":", srefs[s])
	}
}

Deleted box/manager/memstore/memstore.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package memstore stored the index in main memory.
package memstore

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"sort"
	"strings"
	"sync"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/c/maps"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
)

type metaRefs struct {
	forward  id.Slice
	backward id.Slice
}

type zettelIndex struct {
	dead     id.Slice
	forward  id.Slice
	backward id.Slice
	meta     map[string]metaRefs
	words    []string
	urls     []string
}

func (zi *zettelIndex) isEmpty() bool {
	if len(zi.forward) > 0 || len(zi.backward) > 0 || len(zi.dead) > 0 || len(zi.words) > 0 {
		return false
	}
	return len(zi.meta) == 0
}

type stringRefs map[string]id.Slice

type memStore struct {
	mx    sync.RWMutex
	idx   map[id.Zid]*zettelIndex
	dead  map[id.Zid]id.Slice // map dead refs where they occur
	words stringRefs
	urls  stringRefs

	// Stats
	updates uint64
}

// New returns a new memory-based index store.
func New() store.Store {
	return &memStore{
		idx:   make(map[id.Zid]*zettelIndex),
		dead:  make(map[id.Zid]id.Slice),
		words: make(stringRefs),
		urls:  make(stringRefs),
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) Enrich(_ context.Context, m *meta.Meta) {
	if ms.doEnrich(m) {
		ms.mx.Lock()
		ms.updates++
		ms.mx.Unlock()
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) doEnrich(m *meta.Meta) bool {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	zi, ok := ms.idx[m.Zid]
	if !ok {
		return false
	}
	var updated bool
	if len(zi.dead) > 0 {
		m.Set(api.KeyDead, zi.dead.String())
		updated = true
	}
	back := removeOtherMetaRefs(m, zi.backward.Copy())
	if len(zi.backward) > 0 {
		m.Set(api.KeyBackward, zi.backward.String())
		updated = true
	}
	if len(zi.forward) > 0 {
		m.Set(api.KeyForward, zi.forward.String())
		back = remRefs(back, zi.forward)
		updated = true
	}
	for k, refs := range zi.meta {
		if len(refs.backward) > 0 {
			m.Set(k, refs.backward.String())
			back = remRefs(back, refs.backward)
			updated = true
		}
	}
	if len(back) > 0 {
		m.Set(api.KeyBack, back.String())
		updated = true
	}
	return updated
}

// SearchEqual returns all zettel that contains the given exact word.
// The word must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *memStore) SearchEqual(word string) id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := id.NewSet()
	if refs, ok := ms.words[word]; ok {
		result.AddSlice(refs)
	}
	if refs, ok := ms.urls[word]; ok {
		result.AddSlice(refs)
	}
	zid, err := id.Parse(word)
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]
	if !ok {
		return result
	}

	addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
	return result
}

// SearchPrefix returns all zettel that have a word with the given prefix.
// The prefix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *memStore) SearchPrefix(prefix string) id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(prefix, strings.HasPrefix)
	l := len(prefix)
	if l > 14 {
		return result
	}
	maxZid, err := id.Parse(prefix + "99999999999999"[:14-l])
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	var minZid id.Zid
	if l < 14 && prefix == "0000000000000"[:l] {
		minZid = id.Zid(1)
	} else {
		minZid, err = id.Parse(prefix + "00000000000000"[:14-l])
		if err != nil {
			return result
		}
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if minZid <= zid && zid <= maxZid {
			addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

// SearchSuffix returns all zettel that have a word with the given suffix.
// The suffix must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *memStore) SearchSuffix(suffix string) id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(suffix, strings.HasSuffix)
	l := len(suffix)
	if l > 14 {
		return result
	}
	val, err := id.ParseUint(suffix)
	if err != nil {
		return result
	}
	modulo := uint64(1)
	for i := 0; i < l; i++ {
		modulo *= 10
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if uint64(zid)%modulo == val {
			addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

// SearchContains returns all zettel that contains the given string.
// The string must be normalized through Unicode NKFD, trimmed and not empty.
func (ms *memStore) SearchContains(s string) id.Set {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()
	result := ms.selectWithPred(s, strings.Contains)
	if len(s) > 14 {
		return result
	}
	if _, err := id.ParseUint(s); err != nil {
		return result
	}
	for zid, zi := range ms.idx {
		if strings.Contains(zid.String(), s) {
			addBackwardZids(result, zid, zi)
		}
	}
	return result
}

func (ms *memStore) selectWithPred(s string, pred func(string, string) bool) id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is read-locked!
	result := id.NewSet()
	for word, refs := range ms.words {
		if !pred(word, s) {
			continue
		}
		result.AddSlice(refs)
	}
	for u, refs := range ms.urls {
		if !pred(u, s) {
			continue
		}
		result.AddSlice(refs)
	}
	return result
}

func addBackwardZids(result id.Set, zid id.Zid, zi *zettelIndex) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is read-locked!
	result.Zid(zid)
	result.AddSlice(zi.backward)
	for _, mref := range zi.meta {
		result.AddSlice(mref.backward)
	}
}

func removeOtherMetaRefs(m *meta.Meta, back id.Slice) id.Slice {
	for _, p := range m.PairsRest() {
		switch meta.Type(p.Key) {
		case meta.TypeID:
			if zid, err := id.Parse(p.Value); err == nil {
				back = remRef(back, zid)
			}
		case meta.TypeIDSet:
			for _, val := range meta.ListFromValue(p.Value) {
				if zid, err := id.Parse(val); err == nil {
					back = remRef(back, zid)
				}
			}
		}
	}
	return back
}

func (ms *memStore) UpdateReferences(_ context.Context, zidx *store.ZettelIndex) id.Set {
	ms.mx.Lock()
	defer ms.mx.Unlock()
	zi, ziExist := ms.idx[zidx.Zid]
	if !ziExist || zi == nil {
		zi = &zettelIndex{}
		ziExist = false
	}

	// Is this zettel an old dead reference mentioned in other zettel?
	var toCheck id.Set
	if refs, ok := ms.dead[zidx.Zid]; ok {
		// These must be checked later again
		toCheck = id.NewSet(refs...)
		delete(ms.dead, zidx.Zid)
	}

	ms.updateDeadReferences(zidx, zi)
	ms.updateForwardBackwardReferences(zidx, zi)
	ms.updateMetadataReferences(zidx, zi)
	zi.words = updateWordSet(zidx.Zid, ms.words, zi.words, zidx.GetWords())
	zi.urls = updateWordSet(zidx.Zid, ms.urls, zi.urls, zidx.GetUrls())

	// Check if zi must be inserted into ms.idx
	if !ziExist && !zi.isEmpty() {
		ms.idx[zidx.Zid] = zi
	}

	return toCheck
}

func (ms *memStore) updateDeadReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelIndex) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	drefs := zidx.GetDeadRefs()
	newRefs, remRefs := refsDiff(drefs, zi.dead)
	zi.dead = drefs
	for _, ref := range remRefs {
		ms.dead[ref] = remRef(ms.dead[ref], zidx.Zid)
	}
	for _, ref := range newRefs {
		ms.dead[ref] = addRef(ms.dead[ref], zidx.Zid)
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) updateForwardBackwardReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelIndex) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	brefs := zidx.GetBackRefs()
	newRefs, remRefs := refsDiff(brefs, zi.forward)
	zi.forward = brefs
	for _, ref := range remRefs {
		bzi := ms.getEntry(ref)
		bzi.backward = remRef(bzi.backward, zidx.Zid)
	}
	for _, ref := range newRefs {
		bzi := ms.getEntry(ref)
		bzi.backward = addRef(bzi.backward, zidx.Zid)
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) updateMetadataReferences(zidx *store.ZettelIndex, zi *zettelIndex) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	metarefs := zidx.GetMetaRefs()
	for key, mr := range zi.meta {
		if _, ok := metarefs[key]; ok {
			continue
		}
		ms.removeInverseMeta(zidx.Zid, key, mr.forward)
	}
	if zi.meta == nil {
		zi.meta = make(map[string]metaRefs)
	}
	for key, mrefs := range metarefs {
		mr := zi.meta[key]
		newRefs, remRefs := refsDiff(mrefs, mr.forward)
		mr.forward = mrefs
		zi.meta[key] = mr

		for _, ref := range newRefs {
			bzi := ms.getEntry(ref)
			if bzi.meta == nil {
				bzi.meta = make(map[string]metaRefs)
			}
			bmr := bzi.meta[key]
			bmr.backward = addRef(bmr.backward, zidx.Zid)
			bzi.meta[key] = bmr
		}
		ms.removeInverseMeta(zidx.Zid, key, remRefs)
	}
}

func updateWordSet(zid id.Zid, srefs stringRefs, prev []string, next store.WordSet) []string {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	newWords, removeWords := next.Diff(prev)
	for _, word := range newWords {
		if refs, ok := srefs[word]; ok {
			srefs[word] = addRef(refs, zid)
			continue
		}
		srefs[word] = id.Slice{zid}
	}
	for _, word := range removeWords {
		refs, ok := srefs[word]
		if !ok {
			continue
		}
		refs2 := remRef(refs, zid)
		if len(refs2) == 0 {
			delete(srefs, word)
			continue
		}
		srefs[word] = refs2
	}
	return next.Words()
}

func (ms *memStore) getEntry(zid id.Zid) *zettelIndex {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	if zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]; ok {
		return zi
	}
	zi := &zettelIndex{}
	ms.idx[zid] = zi
	return zi
}

func (ms *memStore) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) id.Set {
	ms.mx.Lock()
	defer ms.mx.Unlock()

	zi, ok := ms.idx[zid]
	if !ok {
		return nil
	}

	ms.deleteDeadSources(zid, zi)
	toCheck := ms.deleteForwardBackward(zid, zi)
	if len(zi.meta) > 0 {
		for key, mrefs := range zi.meta {
			ms.removeInverseMeta(zid, key, mrefs.forward)
		}
	}
	ms.deleteWords(zid, zi.words)
	delete(ms.idx, zid)
	return toCheck
}

func (ms *memStore) deleteDeadSources(zid id.Zid, zi *zettelIndex) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	for _, ref := range zi.dead {
		if drefs, ok := ms.dead[ref]; ok {
			drefs = remRef(drefs, zid)
			if len(drefs) > 0 {
				ms.dead[ref] = drefs
			} else {
				delete(ms.dead, ref)
			}
		}
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) deleteForwardBackward(zid id.Zid, zi *zettelIndex) id.Set {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	var toCheck id.Set
	for _, ref := range zi.forward {
		if fzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]; ok {
			fzi.backward = remRef(fzi.backward, zid)
		}
	}
	for _, ref := range zi.backward {
		if bzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]; ok {
			bzi.forward = remRef(bzi.forward, zid)
			if toCheck == nil {
				toCheck = id.NewSet()
			}
			toCheck.Zid(ref)
		}
	}
	return toCheck
}

func (ms *memStore) removeInverseMeta(zid id.Zid, key string, forward id.Slice) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	for _, ref := range forward {
		bzi, ok := ms.idx[ref]
		if !ok || bzi.meta == nil {
			continue
		}
		bmr, ok := bzi.meta[key]
		if !ok {
			continue
		}
		bmr.backward = remRef(bmr.backward, zid)
		if len(bmr.backward) > 0 || len(bmr.forward) > 0 {
			bzi.meta[key] = bmr
		} else {
			delete(bzi.meta, key)
			if len(bzi.meta) == 0 {
				bzi.meta = nil
			}
		}
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) deleteWords(zid id.Zid, words []string) {
	// Must only be called if ms.mx is write-locked!
	for _, word := range words {
		refs, ok := ms.words[word]
		if !ok {
			continue
		}
		refs2 := remRef(refs, zid)
		if len(refs2) == 0 {
			delete(ms.words, word)
			continue
		}
		ms.words[word] = refs2
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) ReadStats(st *store.Stats) {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	st.Zettel = len(ms.idx)
	st.Updates = ms.updates
	st.Words = uint64(len(ms.words))
	st.Urls = uint64(len(ms.urls))
	ms.mx.RUnlock()
}

func (ms *memStore) Dump(w io.Writer) {
	ms.mx.RLock()
	defer ms.mx.RUnlock()

	io.WriteString(w, "=== Dump\n")
	ms.dumpIndex(w)
	ms.dumpDead(w)
	dumpStringRefs(w, "Words", "", "", ms.words)
	dumpStringRefs(w, "URLs", "[[", "]]", ms.urls)
}

func (ms *memStore) dumpIndex(w io.Writer) {
	if len(ms.idx) == 0 {
		return
	}
	io.WriteString(w, "==== Zettel Index\n")
	zids := make(id.Slice, 0, len(ms.idx))
	for id := range ms.idx {
		zids = append(zids, id)
	}
	zids.Sort()
	for _, id := range zids {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "=====", id)
		zi := ms.idx[id]
		if len(zi.dead) > 0 {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, "* Dead:", zi.dead)
		}
		dumpZids(w, "* Forward:", zi.forward)
		dumpZids(w, "* Backward:", zi.backward)
		for k, fb := range zi.meta {
			fmt.Fprintln(w, "* Meta", k)
			dumpZids(w, "** Forward:", fb.forward)
			dumpZids(w, "** Backward:", fb.backward)
		}
		dumpStrings(w, "* Words", "", "", zi.words)
		dumpStrings(w, "* URLs", "[[", "]]", zi.urls)
	}
}

func (ms *memStore) dumpDead(w io.Writer) {
	if len(ms.dead) == 0 {
		return
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "==== Dead References\n")
	zids := make(id.Slice, 0, len(ms.dead))
	for id := range ms.dead {
		zids = append(zids, id)
	}
	zids.Sort()
	for _, id := range zids {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ";", id)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ":", ms.dead[id])
	}
}

func dumpZids(w io.Writer, prefix string, zids id.Slice) {
	if len(zids) > 0 {
		io.WriteString(w, prefix)
		for _, zid := range zids {
			io.WriteString(w, " ")
			w.Write(zid.Bytes())
		}
		fmt.Fprintln(w)
	}
}

func dumpStrings(w io.Writer, title, preString, postString string, slice []string) {
	if len(slice) > 0 {
		sl := make([]string, len(slice))
		copy(sl, slice)
		sort.Strings(sl)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, title)
		for _, s := range sl {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "** %s%s%s\n", preString, s, postString)
		}
	}

}

func dumpStringRefs(w io.Writer, title, preString, postString string, srefs stringRefs) {
	if len(srefs) == 0 {
		return
	}
	fmt.Fprintln(w, "====", title)
	for _, s := range maps.Keys(srefs) {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "; %s%s%s\n", preString, s, postString)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, ":", srefs[s])
	}
}

Deleted box/manager/memstore/refs.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package memstore

import "zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"

func refsDiff(refsN, refsO id.Slice) (newRefs, remRefs id.Slice) {
	npos, opos := 0, 0
	for npos < len(refsN) && opos < len(refsO) {
		rn, ro := refsN[npos], refsO[opos]
		if rn == ro {
			npos++
			opos++
			continue
		}
		if rn < ro {
			newRefs = append(newRefs, rn)
			npos++
			continue
		}
		remRefs = append(remRefs, ro)
		opos++
	}
	if npos < len(refsN) {
		newRefs = append(newRefs, refsN[npos:]...)
	}
	if opos < len(refsO) {
		remRefs = append(remRefs, refsO[opos:]...)
	}
	return newRefs, remRefs
}

func addRef(refs id.Slice, ref id.Zid) id.Slice {
	hi := len(refs)
	for lo := 0; lo < hi; {
		m := lo + (hi-lo)/2
		if r := refs[m]; r == ref {
			return refs
		} else if r < ref {
			lo = m + 1
		} else {
			hi = m
		}
	}
	refs = append(refs, id.Invalid)
	copy(refs[hi+1:], refs[hi:])
	refs[hi] = ref
	return refs
}

func remRefs(refs, rem id.Slice) id.Slice {
	if len(refs) == 0 || len(rem) == 0 {
		return refs
	}
	result := make(id.Slice, 0, len(refs))
	rpos, dpos := 0, 0
	for rpos < len(refs) && dpos < len(rem) {
		rr, dr := refs[rpos], rem[dpos]
		if rr < dr {
			result = append(result, rr)
			rpos++
			continue
		}
		if dr < rr {
			dpos++
			continue
		}
		rpos++
		dpos++
	}
	if rpos < len(refs) {
		result = append(result, refs[rpos:]...)
	}
	return result
}

func remRef(refs id.Slice, ref id.Zid) id.Slice {
	hi := len(refs)
	for lo := 0; lo < hi; {
		m := lo + (hi-lo)/2
		if r := refs[m]; r == ref {
			copy(refs[m:], refs[m+1:])
			refs = refs[:len(refs)-1]
			return refs
		} else if r < ref {
			lo = m + 1
		} else {
			hi = m
		}
	}
	return refs
}

Deleted box/manager/memstore/refs_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package memstore

import (
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
)

func assertRefs(t *testing.T, i int, got, exp id.Slice) {
	t.Helper()
	if got == nil && exp != nil {
		t.Errorf("%d: got nil, but expected %v", i, exp)
		return
	}
	if got != nil && exp == nil {
		t.Errorf("%d: expected nil, but got %v", i, got)
		return
	}
	if len(got) != len(exp) {
		t.Errorf("%d: expected len(%v)==%d, but got len(%v)==%d", i, exp, len(exp), got, len(got))
		return
	}
	for p, n := range exp {
		if got := got[p]; got != id.Zid(n) {
			t.Errorf("%d: pos %d: expected %d, but got %d", i, p, n, got)
		}
	}
}

func TestRefsDiff(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	testcases := []struct {
		in1, in2   id.Slice
		exp1, exp2 id.Slice
	}{
		{nil, nil, nil, nil},
		{id.Slice{1}, nil, id.Slice{1}, nil},
		{nil, id.Slice{1}, nil, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{1}, id.Slice{1}, nil, nil},
		{id.Slice{1, 2}, id.Slice{1}, id.Slice{2}, nil},
		{id.Slice{1, 2}, id.Slice{1, 3}, id.Slice{2}, id.Slice{3}},
		{id.Slice{1, 4}, id.Slice{1, 3}, id.Slice{4}, id.Slice{3}},
	}
	for i, tc := range testcases {
		got1, got2 := refsDiff(tc.in1, tc.in2)
		assertRefs(t, i, got1, tc.exp1)
		assertRefs(t, i, got2, tc.exp2)
	}
}

func TestAddRef(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	testcases := []struct {
		ref id.Slice
		zid uint
		exp id.Slice
	}{
		{nil, 5, id.Slice{5}},
		{id.Slice{1}, 5, id.Slice{1, 5}},
		{id.Slice{10}, 5, id.Slice{5, 10}},
		{id.Slice{5}, 5, id.Slice{5}},
		{id.Slice{1, 10}, 5, id.Slice{1, 5, 10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5, 10}, 5, id.Slice{1, 5, 10}},
	}
	for i, tc := range testcases {
		got := addRef(tc.ref, id.Zid(tc.zid))
		assertRefs(t, i, got, tc.exp)
	}
}

func TestRemRefs(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	testcases := []struct {
		in1, in2 id.Slice
		exp      id.Slice
	}{
		{nil, nil, nil},
		{nil, id.Slice{}, nil},
		{id.Slice{}, nil, id.Slice{}},
		{id.Slice{}, id.Slice{}, id.Slice{}},
		{id.Slice{1}, id.Slice{5}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{10}, id.Slice{5}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5}, id.Slice{5}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{5, 10}, id.Slice{5}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 10}, id.Slice{5}, id.Slice{1, 10}},
		{id.Slice{1}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{10}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{5, 10}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 2, 5}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{2, 5, 10}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 10}, id.Slice{2, 5}, id.Slice{1, 10}},
		{id.Slice{1}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{10}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{5, 10}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5, 9}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{5, 9, 10}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 10}, id.Slice{5, 9}, id.Slice{1, 10}},
	}
	for i, tc := range testcases {
		got := remRefs(tc.in1, tc.in2)
		assertRefs(t, i, got, tc.exp)
	}
}

func TestRemRef(t *testing.T) {
	t.Parallel()
	testcases := []struct {
		ref id.Slice
		zid uint
		exp id.Slice
	}{
		{nil, 5, nil},
		{id.Slice{}, 5, id.Slice{}},
		{id.Slice{5}, 5, id.Slice{}},
		{id.Slice{1}, 5, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{10}, 5, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5}, 5, id.Slice{1}},
		{id.Slice{5, 10}, 5, id.Slice{10}},
		{id.Slice{1, 5, 10}, 5, id.Slice{1, 10}},
	}
	for i, tc := range testcases {
		got := remRef(tc.ref, id.Zid(tc.zid))
		assertRefs(t, i, got, tc.exp)
	}
}

Changes to box/manager/store/store.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package store contains general index data for storing a zettel index.
package store

import (
	"context"
	"io"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// Stats records statistics about the store.
type Stats struct {
	// Zettel is the number of zettel managed by the indexer.
	Zettel int

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}

// Store all relevant zettel data. There may be multiple implementations, i.e.
// memory-based, file-based, based on SQLite, ...
type Store interface {
	query.Searcher

	// GetMeta returns the metadata of the zettel with the given identifier.
	GetMeta(context.Context, id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error)

	// Entrich metadata with data from store.
	Enrich(ctx context.Context, m *meta.Meta)

	// UpdateReferences for a specific zettel.
	// Returns set of zettel identifier that must also be checked for changes.
	UpdateReferences(context.Context, *ZettelIndex) id.Set
	UpdateReferences(context.Context, *ZettelIndex) *id.Set

	// DeleteZettel removes index data for given zettel.
	// Returns set of zettel identifier that must also be checked for changes.
	DeleteZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) id.Set
	DeleteZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) *id.Set

	// Optimize removes unneeded space.
	Optimize()

	// ReadStats populates st with store statistics.
	ReadStats(st *Stats)

	// Dump the content to a Writer.
	Dump(io.Writer)
}

Changes to box/manager/store/wordset.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package store

// WordSet contains the set of all words, with the count of their occurrences.
type WordSet map[string]int

Changes to box/manager/store/wordset_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package store_test

import (
	"sort"
	"slices"
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager/store"
)

func equalWordList(exp, got []string) bool {
	if len(exp) != len(got) {
		return false
	}
	if len(got) == 0 {
		return len(exp) == 0
	}
	sort.Strings(got)
	slices.Sort(got)
	for i, w := range exp {
		if w != got[i] {
			return false
		}
	}
	return true
}

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package store

import (
import "zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// ZettelIndex contains all index data of a zettel.
type ZettelIndex struct {
	Zid      id.Zid            // zid of the indexed zettel
	backrefs id.Set            // set of back references
	metarefs map[string]id.Set // references to inverse keys
	deadrefs id.Set            // set of dead references
	words    WordSet
	urls     WordSet
	Zid         id.Zid             // zid of the indexed zettel
	meta        *meta.Meta         // full metadata
	backrefs    *id.Set            // set of back references
	inverseRefs map[string]*id.Set // references of inverse keys
	deadrefs    *id.Set            // set of dead references
	words       WordSet
	urls        WordSet
}

// NewZettelIndex creates a new zettel index.
func NewZettelIndex(zid id.Zid) *ZettelIndex {
func NewZettelIndex(m *meta.Meta) *ZettelIndex {
	return &ZettelIndex{
		Zid:      zid,
		backrefs: id.NewSet(),
		metarefs: make(map[string]id.Set),
		deadrefs: id.NewSet(),
		Zid:         m.Zid,
		meta:        m,
		backrefs:    id.NewSet(),
		inverseRefs: make(map[string]*id.Set),
		deadrefs:    id.NewSet(),
	}
}

// AddBackRef adds a reference to a zettel where the current zettel links to
// without any more information.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) AddBackRef(zid id.Zid) {
func (zi *ZettelIndex) AddBackRef(zid id.Zid) { zi.backrefs.Add(zid) }
	zi.backrefs.Zid(zid)
}


// AddMetaRef adds a named reference to a zettel. On that zettel, the given
// AddInverseRef adds a named reference to a zettel. On that zettel, the given
// metadata key should point back to the current zettel.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) AddMetaRef(key string, zid id.Zid) {
	if zids, ok := zi.metarefs[key]; ok {
		zids.Zid(zid)
func (zi *ZettelIndex) AddInverseRef(key string, zid id.Zid) {
	if zids, ok := zi.inverseRefs[key]; ok {
		zids.Add(zid)
		return
	}
	zi.metarefs[key] = id.NewSet(zid)
	zi.inverseRefs[key] = id.NewSet(zid)
}

// AddDeadRef adds a dead reference to a zettel.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) AddDeadRef(zid id.Zid) {
	zi.deadrefs.Zid(zid)
	zi.deadrefs.Add(zid)
}

// SetWords sets the words to the given value.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) SetWords(words WordSet) { zi.words = words }

// SetUrls sets the words to the given value.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) SetUrls(urls WordSet) { zi.urls = urls }

// GetDeadRefs returns all dead references as a sorted list.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetDeadRefs() id.Slice {
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetDeadRefs() *id.Set { return zi.deadrefs }
	return zi.deadrefs.Sorted()
}

// GetMeta return just the raw metadata.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetMeta() *meta.Meta { return zi.meta }

// GetBackRefs returns all back references as a sorted list.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetBackRefs() id.Slice {
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetBackRefs() *id.Set { return zi.backrefs }
	return zi.backrefs.Sorted()
}


// GetMetaRefs returns all meta references as a map of strings to a sorted list of references
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetMetaRefs() map[string]id.Slice {
	if len(zi.metarefs) == 0 {
// GetInverseRefs returns all inverse meta references as a map of strings to a sorted list of references
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetInverseRefs() map[string]*id.Set {
	if len(zi.inverseRefs) == 0 {
		return nil
	}
	result := make(map[string]id.Slice, len(zi.metarefs))
	for key, refs := range zi.metarefs {
		result[key] = refs.Sorted()
	result := make(map[string]*id.Set, len(zi.inverseRefs))
	for key, refs := range zi.inverseRefs {
		result[key] = refs
	}
	return result
}

// GetWords returns a reference to the set of words. It must not be modified.
func (zi *ZettelIndex) GetWords() WordSet { return zi.words }

Added box/manager/zidmapper.go.







































































































































































































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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package manager

import (
	"context"
	"maps"
	"sync"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

// zidMapper transforms old-style zettel identifier (14 digits) into new one (4 alphanums).
//
// Since there are no new-style identifier defined, there is only support for old-style
// identifier by checking, whether they are suported as new-style or not.
//
// This will change in later versions.
type zidMapper struct {
	fetcher   zidfetcher
	defined   map[id.Zid]id.ZidN // predefined mapping, constant after creation
	mx        sync.RWMutex       // protect toNew ... nextZidN
	toNew     map[id.Zid]id.ZidN // working mapping old->new
	toOld     map[id.ZidN]id.Zid // working mapping new->old
	nextZidM  id.ZidN            // next zid for manual
	hadManual bool
	nextZidN  id.ZidN // next zid for normal zettel
}

type zidfetcher interface {
	fetchZids(context.Context) (*id.Set, error)
}

// NewZidMapper creates a new ZipMapper.
func NewZidMapper(fetcher zidfetcher) *zidMapper {
	defined := map[id.Zid]id.ZidN{
		id.Invalid: id.InvalidN,
		1:          id.MustParseN("0001"), // ZidVersion
		2:          id.MustParseN("0002"), // ZidHost
		3:          id.MustParseN("0003"), // ZidOperatingSystem
		4:          id.MustParseN("0004"), // ZidLicense
		5:          id.MustParseN("0005"), // ZidAuthors
		6:          id.MustParseN("0006"), // ZidDependencies
		7:          id.MustParseN("0007"), // ZidLog
		8:          id.MustParseN("0008"), // ZidMemory
		9:          id.MustParseN("0009"), // ZidSx
		10:         id.MustParseN("000a"), // ZidHTTP
		11:         id.MustParseN("000b"), // ZidAPI
		12:         id.MustParseN("000c"), // ZidWebUI
		13:         id.MustParseN("000d"), // ZidConsole
		20:         id.MustParseN("000e"), // ZidBoxManager
		21:         id.MustParseN("000f"), // ZidZettel
		22:         id.MustParseN("000g"), // ZidIndex
		23:         id.MustParseN("000h"), // ZidQuery
		90:         id.MustParseN("000i"), // ZidMetadataKey
		92:         id.MustParseN("000j"), // ZidParser
		96:         id.MustParseN("000k"), // ZidStartupConfiguration
		100:        id.MustParseN("000l"), // ZidRuntimeConfiguration
		101:        id.MustParseN("000m"), // ZidDirectory
		102:        id.MustParseN("000n"), // ZidWarnings
		10100:      id.MustParseN("000s"), // Base HTML Template
		10200:      id.MustParseN("000t"), // Login Form Template
		10300:      id.MustParseN("000u"), // List Zettel Template
		10401:      id.MustParseN("000v"), // Detail Template
		10402:      id.MustParseN("000w"), // Info Template
		10403:      id.MustParseN("000x"), // Form Template
		10405:      id.MustParseN("000y"), // Delete Template
		10700:      id.MustParseN("000z"), // Error Template
		19000:      id.MustParseN("000q"), // Sxn Start Code
		19990:      id.MustParseN("000r"), // Sxn Base Code
		20001:      id.MustParseN("0010"), // Base CSS
		25001:      id.MustParseN("0011"), // User CSS
		40001:      id.MustParseN("000o"), // Generic Emoji
		59900:      id.MustParseN("000p"), // Sxn Prelude
		60010:      id.MustParseN("0012"), // zettel
		60020:      id.MustParseN("0013"), // confguration
		60030:      id.MustParseN("0014"), // role
		60040:      id.MustParseN("0015"), // tag
		90000:      id.MustParseN("0016"), // New Menu
		90001:      id.MustParseN("0017"), // New Zettel
		90002:      id.MustParseN("0018"), // New User
		90003:      id.MustParseN("0019"), // New Tag
		90004:      id.MustParseN("001a"), // New Role
		// 100000000,   // Manual               -> 0020-00yz
		9999999997:  id.MustParseN("00zx"), // ZidSession
		9999999998:  id.MustParseN("00zy"), // ZidAppDirectory
		9999999999:  id.MustParseN("00zz"), // ZidMapping
		10000000000: id.MustParseN("0100"), // ZidDefaultHome
	}
	toNew := maps.Clone(defined)
	toOld := make(map[id.ZidN]id.Zid, len(toNew))
	for o, n := range toNew {
		if _, found := toOld[n]; found {
			panic("duplicate predefined zid")
		}
		toOld[n] = o
	}

	return &zidMapper{
		fetcher:   fetcher,
		defined:   defined,
		toNew:     toNew,
		toOld:     toOld,
		nextZidM:  id.MustParseN("0020"),
		hadManual: false,
		nextZidN:  id.MustParseN("0101"),
	}
}

// isWellDefined returns true, if the given zettel identifier is predefined
// (as stated in the manual), or is part of the manual itself, or is greater than
// 19699999999999.
func (zm *zidMapper) isWellDefined(zid id.Zid) bool {
	if _, found := zm.defined[zid]; found || (1000000000 <= zid && zid <= 1099999999) {
		return true
	}
	if _, err := time.Parse("20060102150405", zid.String()); err != nil {
		return false
	}
	return 19700000000000 <= zid
}

// Warnings returns all zettel identifier with warnings.
func (zm *zidMapper) Warnings(ctx context.Context) (*id.Set, error) {
	allZids, err := zm.fetcher.fetchZids(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	warnings := id.NewSet()
	allZids.ForEach(func(zid id.Zid) {
		if !zm.isWellDefined(zid) {
			warnings = warnings.Add(zid)
		}
	})
	return warnings, nil
}

func (zm *zidMapper) GetZidN(zidO id.Zid) id.ZidN {
	zm.mx.RLock()
	if zidN, found := zm.toNew[zidO]; found {
		zm.mx.RUnlock()
		return zidN
	}
	zm.mx.RUnlock()

	zm.mx.Lock()
	defer zm.mx.Unlock()
	// Double check to avoid races
	if zidN, found := zm.toNew[zidO]; found {
		return zidN
	}

	if 1000000000 <= zidO && zidO <= 1099999999 {
		if zidO == 1000000000 {
			zm.hadManual = true
		}
		if zm.hadManual {
			zidN := zm.nextZidM
			zm.nextZidM++
			zm.toNew[zidO] = zidN
			zm.toOld[zidN] = zidO
			return zidN
		}
	}

	zidN := zm.nextZidN
	zm.nextZidN++
	zm.toNew[zidO] = zidN
	zm.toOld[zidN] = zidO
	return zidN
}

// OldToNewMapping returns the mapping of old format identifier to new format identifier.
func (zm *zidMapper) OldToNewMapping(ctx context.Context) (map[id.Zid]id.ZidN, error) {
	allZids, err := zm.fetcher.fetchZids(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	result := make(map[id.Zid]id.ZidN, allZids.Length())
	allZids.ForEach(func(zidO id.Zid) {
		zidN := zm.GetZidN(zidO)
		result[zidO] = zidN
	})
	return result, nil
}

Changes to box/membox/membox.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package membox stores zettel volatile in main memory.
package membox

import (
	"context"
	"net/url"
	"sync"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

func init() {
	manager.Register(
		"mem",
		func(u *url.URL, cdata *manager.ConnectData) (box.ManagedBox, error) {
			return &memBox{
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type memBox struct {
	log       *logger.Logger
	u         *url.URL
	cdata     manager.ConnectData
	maxZettel int
	maxBytes  int
	mx        sync.RWMutex // Protects the following fields
	zettel    map[id.Zid]domain.Zettel
	zettel    map[id.Zid]zettel.Zettel
	curBytes  int
}

func (mb *memBox) notifyChanged(zid id.Zid) {
	if chci := mb.cdata.Notify; chci != nil {
		chci <- box.UpdateInfo{Box: mb, Reason: box.OnZettel, Zid: zid}
	}
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		return box.StartStateStopped
	}
	return box.StartStateStarted
}

func (mb *memBox) Start(context.Context) error {
	mb.mx.Lock()
	mb.zettel = make(map[id.Zid]domain.Zettel)
	mb.zettel = make(map[id.Zid]zettel.Zettel)
	mb.curBytes = 0
	mb.mx.Unlock()
	mb.log.Trace().Int("max-zettel", int64(mb.maxZettel)).Int("max-bytes", int64(mb.maxBytes)).Msg("Start Box")
	return nil
}

func (mb *memBox) Stop(context.Context) {
	mb.mx.Lock()
	mb.zettel = nil
	mb.mx.Unlock()
}

func (mb *memBox) CanCreateZettel(context.Context) bool {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	defer mb.mx.RUnlock()
	return len(mb.zettel) < mb.maxZettel
}

func (mb *memBox) CreateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
func (mb *memBox) CreateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) (id.Zid, error) {
	mb.mx.Lock()
	newBytes := mb.curBytes + zettel.Length()
	if mb.maxZettel < len(mb.zettel) || mb.maxBytes < newBytes {
		mb.mx.Unlock()
		return id.Invalid, box.ErrCapacity
	}
	zid, err := box.GetNewZid(func(zid id.Zid) (bool, error) {
		_, ok := mb.zettel[zid]
		return !ok, nil
	})
	if err != nil {
		mb.mx.Unlock()
		return id.Invalid, err
	}
	meta := zettel.Meta.Clone()
	meta.Zid = zid
	zettel.Meta = meta
	mb.zettel[zid] = zettel
	mb.curBytes = newBytes
	mb.mx.Unlock()

	mb.notifyChanged(zid)
	mb.log.Trace().Zid(zid).Msg("CreateZettel")
	return zid, nil
}

func (mb *memBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (domain.Zettel, error) {
func (mb *memBox) GetZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (zettel.Zettel, error) {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	zettel, ok := mb.zettel[zid]
	z, ok := mb.zettel[zid]
	mb.mx.RUnlock()
	if !ok {
		return domain.Zettel{}, box.ErrNotFound
		return zettel.Zettel{}, box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	zettel.Meta = zettel.Meta.Clone()
	z.Meta = z.Meta.Clone()
	mb.log.Trace().Msg("GetZettel")
	return zettel, nil
	return z, nil
}

func (mb *memBox) GetMeta(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) (*meta.Meta, error) {
func (mb *memBox) HasZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	zettel, ok := mb.zettel[zid]
	_, found := mb.zettel[zid]
	mb.mx.RUnlock()
	if !ok {
		return nil, box.ErrNotFound
	return found
	}
	mb.log.Trace().Msg("GetMeta")
	return zettel.Meta.Clone(), nil
}

func (mb *memBox) ApplyZid(_ context.Context, handle box.ZidFunc, constraint query.RetrievePredicate) error {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	defer mb.mx.RUnlock()
	mb.log.Trace().Int("entries", int64(len(mb.zettel))).Msg("ApplyZid")
	for zid := range mb.zettel {
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			mb.cdata.Enricher.Enrich(ctx, m, mb.cdata.Number)
			handle(m)
		}
	}
	return nil
}

func (mb *memBox) CanUpdateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) bool {
func (mb *memBox) CanUpdateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) bool {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	defer mb.mx.RUnlock()
	zid := zettel.Meta.Zid
	if !zid.IsValid() {
		return false
	}

	newBytes := mb.curBytes + zettel.Length()
	if prevZettel, found := mb.zettel[zid]; found {
		newBytes -= prevZettel.Length()
	}
	return newBytes < mb.maxBytes
}

func (mb *memBox) UpdateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel domain.Zettel) error {
func (mb *memBox) UpdateZettel(_ context.Context, zettel zettel.Zettel) error {
	m := zettel.Meta.Clone()
	if !m.Zid.IsValid() {
		return &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: m.Zid}
		return box.ErrInvalidZid{Zid: m.Zid.String()}
	}

	mb.mx.Lock()
	newBytes := mb.curBytes + zettel.Length()
	if prevZettel, found := mb.zettel[m.Zid]; found {
		newBytes -= prevZettel.Length()
	}
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	mb.curBytes = newBytes
	mb.mx.Unlock()
	mb.notifyChanged(m.Zid)
	mb.log.Trace().Msg("UpdateZettel")
	return nil
}

func (*memBox) AllowRenameZettel(context.Context, id.Zid) bool { return true }

func (mb *memBox) RenameZettel(_ context.Context, curZid, newZid id.Zid) error {
	mb.mx.Lock()
	zettel, ok := mb.zettel[curZid]
	if !ok {
		mb.mx.Unlock()
		return box.ErrNotFound
	}

	// Check that there is no zettel with newZid
	if _, ok = mb.zettel[newZid]; ok {
		mb.mx.Unlock()
		return &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: newZid}
	}

	meta := zettel.Meta.Clone()
	meta.Zid = newZid
	zettel.Meta = meta
	mb.zettel[newZid] = zettel
	delete(mb.zettel, curZid)
	mb.mx.Unlock()
	mb.notifyChanged(curZid)
	mb.notifyChanged(newZid)
	mb.log.Trace().Msg("RenameZettel")
	return nil
}

func (mb *memBox) CanDeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) bool {
	mb.mx.RLock()
	_, ok := mb.zettel[zid]
	mb.mx.RUnlock()
	return ok
}

func (mb *memBox) DeleteZettel(_ context.Context, zid id.Zid) error {
	mb.mx.Lock()
	oldZettel, found := mb.zettel[zid]
	if !found {
		mb.mx.Unlock()
		return box.ErrNotFound
		return box.ErrZettelNotFound{Zid: zid}
	}
	delete(mb.zettel, zid)
	mb.curBytes -= oldZettel.Length()
	mb.mx.Unlock()
	mb.notifyChanged(zid)
	mb.log.Trace().Msg("DeleteZettel")
	return nil

Changes to box/notify/directory.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"path/filepath"
	"regexp"
	"strings"
	"sync"

	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"zettelstore.de/z/query"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

type entrySet map[id.Zid]*DirEntry

// DirServiceState signal the internal state of the service.
//
// The following state transitions are possible:
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	if ds.entries == nil {
		return ds.logMissingEntry("update")
	}
	ds.entries[entry.Zid] = &entry
	return nil
}

// RenameDirEntry replaces an existing directory entry with a new one.
func (ds *DirService) RenameDirEntry(oldEntry *DirEntry, newZid id.Zid) (DirEntry, error) {
	ds.mx.Lock()
	defer ds.mx.Unlock()
	if ds.entries == nil {
		return DirEntry{}, ds.logMissingEntry("rename")
	}
	if _, found := ds.entries[newZid]; found {
		return DirEntry{}, &box.ErrInvalidID{Zid: newZid}
	}
	oldZid := oldEntry.Zid
	newEntry := DirEntry{
		Zid:         newZid,
		MetaName:    renameFilename(oldEntry.MetaName, oldZid, newZid),
		ContentName: renameFilename(oldEntry.ContentName, oldZid, newZid),
		ContentExt:  oldEntry.ContentExt,
		// Duplicates must not be set, because duplicates will be deleted
	}
	delete(ds.entries, oldZid)
	ds.entries[newZid] = &newEntry
	return newEntry, nil
}

func renameFilename(name string, curID, newID id.Zid) string {
	if cur := curID.String(); strings.HasPrefix(name, cur) {
		name = newID.String() + name[len(cur):]
	}
	return name
}

// DeleteDirEntry removes a entry from the directory.
func (ds *DirService) DeleteDirEntry(zid id.Zid) error {
	ds.mx.Lock()
	defer ds.mx.Unlock()
	if ds.entries == nil {
		return ds.logMissingEntry("delete")
	}
	delete(ds.entries, zid)
	return nil
}

func (ds *DirService) updateEvents(newEntries entrySet) {
	// Something may panic. Ensure a running service.
	defer func() {
		if r := recover(); r != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("DirectoryService", r)
		if ri := recover(); ri != nil {
			kernel.Main.LogRecover("DirectoryService", ri)
			go ds.updateEvents(newEntries)
		}
	}()

	for ev := range ds.notifier.Events() {
		e, ok := ds.handleEvent(ev, newEntries)
		if !ok {
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		return nil, false
	}

	switch ev.Op {
	case Error:
		newEntries = nil
		if state != DsMissing {
			ds.log.Warn().Err(ev.Err).Msg("Notifier confused")
			ds.log.Error().Err(ev.Err).Msg("Notifier confused")
		}
	case Make:
		newEntries = make(entrySet)
	case List:
		if ev.Name == "" {
			zids := getNewZids(newEntries)
			ds.mx.Lock()
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		ds.mx.Lock()
		zid := ds.onDeleteFileEvent(ds.entries, ev.Name)
		ds.mx.Unlock()
		if zid != id.Invalid {
			ds.notifyChange(zid)
		}
	default:
		ds.log.Warn().Str("event", fmt.Sprintf("%v", ev)).Msg("Unknown zettel notification event")
		ds.log.Error().Str("event", fmt.Sprintf("%v", ev)).Msg("Unknown zettel notification event")
	}
	return newEntries, true
}

func getNewZids(entries entrySet) id.Slice {
	zids := make(id.Slice, 0, len(entries))
	for zid := range entries {
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	zid := seekZid(name)
	if zid == id.Invalid {
		return id.Invalid
	}
	entry := fetchdirEntry(entries, zid)
	dupName1, dupName2 := ds.updateEntry(entry, name)
	if dupName1 != "" {
		ds.log.Warn().Str("name", dupName1).Msg("Duplicate content (is ignored)")
		ds.log.Info().Str("name", dupName1).Msg("Duplicate content (is ignored)")
		if dupName2 != "" {
			ds.log.Warn().Str("name", dupName2).Msg("Duplicate content (is ignored)")
			ds.log.Info().Str("name", dupName2).Msg("Duplicate content (is ignored)")
		}
		return id.Invalid
	}
	return zid
}

func (ds *DirService) onDeleteFileEvent(entries entrySet, name string) id.Zid {

Changes to box/notify/directory_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2022-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2022-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"testing"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/blob"       // Allow to use BLOB parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/draw"       // Allow to use draw parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/markdown"   // Allow to use markdown parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/none"       // Allow to use none parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/plain"      // Allow to use plain parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/zettelmark" // Allow to use zettelmark parser.
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

func TestSeekZid(t *testing.T) {
	testcases := []struct {
		name string
		zid  id.Zid
	}{
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}

func TestNewExtIsBetter(t *testing.T) {
	extVals := []string{
		// Main Formats
		meta.SyntaxZmk, meta.SyntaxDraw, meta.SyntaxMarkdown, meta.SyntaxMD,
		// Other supported text formats
		meta.SyntaxCSS, meta.SyntaxTxt, meta.SyntaxHTML,
		meta.SyntaxMustache, meta.SyntaxText, meta.SyntaxPlain,
		meta.SyntaxCSS, meta.SyntaxSxn, meta.SyntaxTxt, meta.SyntaxHTML,
		meta.SyntaxText, meta.SyntaxPlain,
		// Supported text graphics formats
		meta.SyntaxSVG,
		meta.SyntaxNone,
		// Supported binary graphic formats
		meta.SyntaxGif, meta.SyntaxPNG, meta.SyntaxJPEG, meta.SyntaxWebp, meta.SyntaxJPG,

		// Unsupported syntax values

Changes to box/notify/entry.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"path/filepath"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

const (
	extZettel = "zettel" // file contains metadata and content
	extBin    = "bin"    // file contains binary content
	extTxt    = "txt"    // file contains non-binary content
)
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// HasMetaInContent returns true, if metadata will be stored in the content file.
func (e *DirEntry) HasMetaInContent() bool {
	return e.IsValid() && extIsMetaAndContent(e.ContentExt)
}

// SetupFromMetaContent fills entry data based on metadata and zettel content.
func (e *DirEntry) SetupFromMetaContent(m *meta.Meta, content domain.Content, getZettelFileSyntax func() []string) {
func (e *DirEntry) SetupFromMetaContent(m *meta.Meta, content zettel.Content, getZettelFileSyntax func() []string) {
	if e.Zid != m.Zid {
		panic("Zid differ")
	}
	if contentName := e.ContentName; contentName != "" {
		if !extIsMetaAndContent(e.ContentExt) && e.MetaName == "" {
			e.MetaName = e.calcBaseName(contentName)
		}
		return
	}

	syntax := m.GetDefault(api.KeySyntax, "")
	syntax := m.GetDefault(api.KeySyntax, meta.DefaultSyntax)
	ext := calcContentExt(syntax, m.YamlSep, getZettelFileSyntax)
	metaName := e.MetaName
	eimc := extIsMetaAndContent(ext)
	if eimc {
		if metaName != "" {
			ext = contentExtWithMeta(syntax, content)
		}
		e.ContentName = e.calcBaseName(metaName) + "." + ext
		e.ContentExt = ext
	} else {
		if len(content.AsBytes()) > 0 {
			e.ContentName = e.calcBaseName(metaName) + "." + ext
			e.ContentExt = ext
		}
		if metaName == "" {
			e.MetaName = e.calcBaseName(e.ContentName)
		}
	}
}

func contentExtWithMeta(syntax string, content domain.Content) string {
func contentExtWithMeta(syntax string, content zettel.Content) string {
	p := parser.Get(syntax)
	if content.IsBinary() {
		if p.IsImageFormat {
			return syntax
		}
		return extBin
	}

Changes to box/notify/fsdir.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"os"
	"path/filepath"
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			log.Error().
				Str("parentDir", absParentDir).Err(errParent).
				Str("path", absPath).Err(err).
				Msg("Unable to access Zettel directory and its parent directory")
			watcher.Close()
			return nil, err
		}
		log.Warn().
			Str("parentDir", absParentDir).Err(errParent).
		log.Info().Str("parentDir", absParentDir).Err(errParent).
			Msg("Parent of Zettel directory cannot be supervised")
		log.Warn().Str("path", absPath).
		log.Info().Str("path", absPath).
			Msg("Zettelstore might not detect a deletion or movement of the Zettel directory")
	} else if err != nil {
		// Not a problem, if container is not available. It might become available later.
		log.Warn().Err(err).Str("path", absPath).Msg("Zettel directory not available")
		log.Info().Err(err).Str("path", absPath).Msg("Zettel directory currently not available")
	}

	fsdn := &fsdirNotifier{
		log:     log,
		events:  make(chan Event),
		refresh: make(chan struct{}),
		done:    make(chan struct{}),
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		}
		return true
	}

	if ev.Has(fsnotify.Create) {
		err := fsdn.base.Add(fsdn.path)
		if err != nil {
			fsdn.log.IfErr(err).Str("name", fsdn.path).Msg("Unable to add directory")
			fsdn.log.Error().Err(err).Str("name", fsdn.path).Msg("Unable to add directory")
			select {
			case fsdn.events <- Event{Op: Error, Err: err}:
			case <-fsdn.done:
				fsdn.log.Trace().Int("i", 2).Msg("done dir event processing")
				return false
			}
		}

Changes to box/notify/helper.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"archive/zip"
	"os"

	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
)

// MakeMetaFilename builds the name of the file containing metadata.
func MakeMetaFilename(basename string) string {
	return basename //+ ".meta"
}

// EntryFetcher return a list of (file) names of an directory.
type EntryFetcher interface {
	Fetch() ([]string, error)
}

type dirPathFetcher struct {
	dirPath string

Changes to box/notify/notify.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package notify provides some notification services to be used by box services.
package notify

import "fmt"

Changes to box/notify/simpledir.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package notify

import (
	"path/filepath"

Changes to cmd/cmd_file.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package cmd

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"os"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/encoder"
	"zettelstore.de/z/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/encoder"
	"zettelstore.de/z/parser"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// ---------- Subcommand: file -----------------------------------------------

func cmdFile(fs *flag.FlagSet) (int, error) {
	enc := fs.Lookup("t").Value.String()
	m, inp, err := getInput(fs.Args())
	if m == nil {
		return 2, err
	}
	z := parser.ParseZettel(
		context.Background(),
		domain.Zettel{
		zettel.Zettel{
			Meta:    m,
			Content: domain.NewContent(inp.Src[inp.Pos:]),
			Content: zettel.NewContent(inp.Src[inp.Pos:]),
		},
		m.GetDefault(api.KeySyntax, meta.SyntaxZmk),
		m.GetDefault(api.KeySyntax, meta.DefaultSyntax),
		nil,
	)
	encdr := encoder.Create(api.Encoder(enc))
	encdr := encoder.Create(api.Encoder(enc), &encoder.CreateParameter{Lang: m.GetDefault(api.KeyLang, api.ValueLangEN)})
	if encdr == nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Unknown format %q\n", enc)
		return 2, nil
	}
	_, err = encdr.WriteZettel(os.Stdout, z, parser.ParseMetadata)
	if err != nil {
		return 2, err

Changes to cmd/cmd_password.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package cmd

import (
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"os"

	"golang.org/x/term"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth/cred"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
)

// ---------- Subcommand: password -------------------------------------------

func cmdPassword(fs *flag.FlagSet) (int, error) {
	if fs.NArg() == 0 {
		fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "User name and user zettel identification missing")

Changes to cmd/cmd_run.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package cmd

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"net/http"

	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/usecase"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/adapter/api"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/adapter/webui"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/server"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// ---------- Subcommand: run ------------------------------------------------

func flgRun(fs *flag.FlagSet) {
	fs.String("c", "", "configuration file")
	fs.Uint("a", 0, "port number kernel service (0=disable)")
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	protectedBoxManager, authPolicy := authManager.BoxWithPolicy(boxManager, rtConfig)
	kern := kernel.Main
	webLog := kern.GetLogger(kernel.WebService)

	var getUser getUserImpl
	logAuth := kern.GetLogger(kernel.AuthService)
	logUc := kern.GetLogger(kernel.CoreService).WithUser(&getUser)
	ucGetUser := usecase.NewGetUser(authManager, boxManager)
	ucAuthenticate := usecase.NewAuthenticate(logAuth, authManager, authManager, boxManager)
	ucAuthenticate := usecase.NewAuthenticate(logAuth, authManager, &ucGetUser)
	ucIsAuth := usecase.NewIsAuthenticated(logUc, &getUser, authManager)
	ucCreateZettel := usecase.NewCreateZettel(logUc, rtConfig, protectedBoxManager)
	ucGetMeta := usecase.NewGetMeta(protectedBoxManager)
	ucGetAllZettel := usecase.NewGetAllZettel(protectedBoxManager)
	ucGetAllMeta := usecase.NewGetAllMeta(protectedBoxManager)
	ucGetZettel := usecase.NewGetZettel(protectedBoxManager)
	ucParseZettel := usecase.NewParseZettel(rtConfig, ucGetZettel)
	ucListMeta := usecase.NewListMeta(protectedBoxManager)
	ucEvaluate := usecase.NewEvaluate(rtConfig, ucGetZettel, ucGetMeta, ucListMeta)
	ucQuery := usecase.NewQuery(protectedBoxManager)
	ucEvaluate := usecase.NewEvaluate(rtConfig, &ucGetZettel, &ucQuery)
	ucQuery.SetEvaluate(&ucEvaluate)
	ucTagZettel := usecase.NewTagZettel(protectedBoxManager, &ucQuery)
	ucRoleZettel := usecase.NewRoleZettel(protectedBoxManager, &ucQuery)
	ucListSyntax := usecase.NewListSyntax(protectedBoxManager)
	ucListRoles := usecase.NewListRoles(protectedBoxManager)
	ucZettelContext := usecase.NewZettelContext(protectedBoxManager, rtConfig)
	ucDelete := usecase.NewDeleteZettel(logUc, protectedBoxManager)
	ucUpdate := usecase.NewUpdateZettel(logUc, protectedBoxManager)
	ucRename := usecase.NewRenameZettel(logUc, protectedBoxManager)
	ucUnlinkedRefs := usecase.NewUnlinkedReferences(protectedBoxManager, rtConfig)
	ucRefresh := usecase.NewRefresh(logUc, protectedBoxManager)
	ucReIndex := usecase.NewReIndex(logUc, protectedBoxManager)
	ucVersion := usecase.NewVersion(kernel.Main.GetConfig(kernel.CoreService, kernel.CoreVersion).(string))

	a := api.New(
		webLog.Clone().Str("adapter", "api").Child(),
		webSrv, authManager, authManager, rtConfig, authPolicy)
	wui := webui.New(
		webLog.Clone().Str("adapter", "wui").Child(),
		webSrv, authManager, rtConfig, authManager, boxManager, authPolicy, &ucEvaluate)

	webSrv.Handle("/", wui.MakeGetRootHandler(protectedBoxManager))
	if assetDir := kern.GetConfig(kernel.WebService, kernel.WebAssetDir).(string); assetDir != "" {
		const assetPrefix = "/assets/"
		webSrv.Handle(assetPrefix, http.StripPrefix(assetPrefix, http.FileServer(http.Dir(assetDir))))
		webSrv.Handle("/favicon.ico", wui.MakeFaviconHandler(assetDir))
	}

	// Web user interface
	if !authManager.IsReadonly() {
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('b', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetRenameZettelHandler(ucGetMeta))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('b', server.MethodPost, wui.MakePostRenameZettelHandler(&ucRename))
		webSrv.AddListRoute('c', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetZettelFromListHandler(ucListMeta, &ucEvaluate, ucListRoles, ucListSyntax))
		webSrv.AddListRoute('c', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetZettelFromListHandler(&ucQuery, &ucEvaluate, ucListRoles, ucListSyntax))
		webSrv.AddListRoute('c', server.MethodPost, wui.MakePostCreateZettelHandler(&ucCreateZettel))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('c', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetCreateZettelHandler(
			ucGetZettel, &ucCreateZettel, ucListRoles, ucListSyntax))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('c', server.MethodPost, wui.MakePostCreateZettelHandler(&ucCreateZettel))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('d', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetDeleteZettelHandler(ucGetMeta, ucGetAllMeta))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('d', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetDeleteZettelHandler(ucGetZettel, ucGetAllZettel))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('d', server.MethodPost, wui.MakePostDeleteZettelHandler(&ucDelete))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('e', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeEditGetZettelHandler(ucGetZettel, ucListRoles, ucListSyntax))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('e', server.MethodPost, wui.MakeEditSetZettelHandler(&ucUpdate))
	}
	webSrv.AddListRoute('g', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetGoActionHandler(&ucRefresh))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('h', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeListHTMLMetaHandler(ucListMeta, &ucEvaluate))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('h', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetHTMLZettelHandler(&ucEvaluate, ucGetMeta))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('h', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeListHTMLMetaHandler(&ucQuery, &ucTagZettel, &ucRoleZettel, &ucReIndex))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('h', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetHTMLZettelHandler(&ucEvaluate, ucGetZettel))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('i', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetLoginOutHandler())
	webSrv.AddListRoute('i', server.MethodPost, wui.MakePostLoginHandler(&ucAuthenticate))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('i', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeGetInfoHandler(
		ucParseZettel, &ucEvaluate, ucGetMeta, ucGetAllMeta, ucUnlinkedRefs))
		ucParseZettel, &ucEvaluate, ucGetZettel, ucGetAllZettel, &ucQuery))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('k', server.MethodGet, wui.MakeZettelContextHandler(
		ucZettelContext, &ucEvaluate))

	// API
	webSrv.AddListRoute('a', server.MethodPost, a.MakePostLoginHandler(&ucAuthenticate))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('a', server.MethodPut, a.MakeRenewAuthHandler())
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('o', server.MethodGet, a.MakeGetOrderHandler(
		usecase.NewZettelOrder(protectedBoxManager, ucEvaluate)))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('u', server.MethodGet, a.MakeListUnlinkedMetaHandler(ucGetMeta, ucUnlinkedRefs))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('x', server.MethodGet, a.MakeGetDataHandler(ucVersion))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('x', server.MethodPost, a.MakePostCommandHandler(&ucIsAuth, &ucRefresh))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('x', server.MethodGet, a.MakeZettelContextHandler(ucZettelContext))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('z', server.MethodGet, a.MakeQueryHandler(ucListMeta))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('z', server.MethodGet, a.MakeGetZettelHandler(ucGetMeta, ucGetZettel, ucParseZettel, ucEvaluate))
	webSrv.AddListRoute('z', server.MethodGet, a.MakeQueryHandler(&ucQuery, &ucTagZettel, &ucRoleZettel, &ucReIndex))
	webSrv.AddZettelRoute('z', server.MethodGet, a.MakeGetZettelHandler(ucGetZettel, ucParseZettel, ucEvaluate))
	if !authManager.IsReadonly() {
		webSrv.AddListRoute('z', server.MethodPost, a.MakePostCreateZettelHandler(&ucCreateZettel))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('z', server.MethodPut, a.MakeUpdateZettelHandler(&ucUpdate))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('z', server.MethodDelete, a.MakeDeleteZettelHandler(&ucDelete))
		webSrv.AddZettelRoute('z', server.MethodMove, a.MakeRenameZettelHandler(&ucRename))
	}

	if authManager.WithAuth() {
		webSrv.SetUserRetriever(usecase.NewGetUserByZid(boxManager))
	}
}

type getUserImpl struct{}

func (*getUserImpl) GetUser(ctx context.Context) *meta.Meta { return server.GetUser(ctx) }

Changes to cmd/command.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package cmd

import (
	"flag"

	"zettelstore.de/c/maps"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/maps"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
)

// Command stores information about commands / sub-commands.
type Command struct {
	Name       string              // command name as it appears on the command line
	Func       CommandFunc         // function that executes a command

Changes to cmd/main.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

package cmd

import (
	"crypto/sha256"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"net"
	"net/url"
	"os"
	"runtime/debug"
	"strconv"
	"strings"
	"time"

	"zettelstore.de/c/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/api"
	"t73f.de/r/zsc/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth"
	"zettelstore.de/z/auth/impl"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/compbox"
	"zettelstore.de/z/box/manager"
	"zettelstore.de/z/config"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/input"
	"zettelstore.de/z/kernel"
	"zettelstore.de/z/logger"
	"zettelstore.de/z/web/server"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/id"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

const strRunSimple = "run-simple"

func init() {
	RegisterCommand(Command{
		Name: "help",
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	})
	RegisterCommand(Command{
		Name: "password",
		Func: cmdPassword,
	})
}

func fetchStartupConfiguration(fs *flag.FlagSet) (cfg *meta.Meta) {
func fetchStartupConfiguration(fs *flag.FlagSet) (string, *meta.Meta) {
	if configFlag := fs.Lookup("c"); configFlag != nil {
		if filename := configFlag.Value.String(); filename != "" {
			content, err := readConfiguration(filename)
			return createConfiguration(content, err)
			return filename, createConfiguration(content, err)
		}
	}
	content, err := searchAndReadConfiguration()
	return createConfiguration(content, err)
	filename, content, err := searchAndReadConfiguration()
	return filename, createConfiguration(content, err)
}

func createConfiguration(content []byte, err error) *meta.Meta {
	if err != nil {
		return meta.New(id.Invalid)
	}
	return meta.NewFromInput(id.Invalid, input.NewInput(content))
}

func readConfiguration(filename string) ([]byte, error) { return os.ReadFile(filename) }

func searchAndReadConfiguration() ([]byte, error) {
	for _, filename := range []string{"zettelstore.cfg", "zsconfig.txt", "zscfg.txt", "_zscfg"} {
func searchAndReadConfiguration() (string, []byte, error) {
	for _, filename := range []string{"zettelstore.cfg", "zsconfig.txt", "zscfg.txt", "_zscfg", ".zscfg"} {
		if content, err := readConfiguration(filename); err == nil {
			return content, nil
			return filename, content, nil
		}
	}
	return readConfiguration(".zscfg")
	return "", nil, os.ErrNotExist
}

func getConfig(fs *flag.FlagSet) *meta.Meta {
	cfg := fetchStartupConfiguration(fs)
func getConfig(fs *flag.FlagSet) (string, *meta.Meta) {
	filename, cfg := fetchStartupConfiguration(fs)
	fs.Visit(func(flg *flag.Flag) {
		switch flg.Name {
		case "p":
			cfg.Set(keyListenAddr, net.JoinHostPort("127.0.0.1", flg.Value.String()))
		case "a":
			cfg.Set(keyAdminPort, flg.Value.String())
		case "d":
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			cfg.Set(keyDebug, flg.Value.String())
		case "r":
			cfg.Set(keyReadOnly, flg.Value.String())
		case "v":
			cfg.Set(keyVerbose, flg.Value.String())
		}
	})
	return cfg
	return filename, cfg
}

func deleteConfiguredBoxes(cfg *meta.Meta) {
	for _, p := range cfg.PairsRest() {
		if key := p.Key; strings.HasPrefix(key, kernel.BoxURIs) {
			cfg.Delete(key)
		}
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	return err == nil
}

func setConfigValue(err error, subsys kernel.Service, key string, val any) error {
	if err == nil {
		err = kernel.Main.SetConfig(subsys, key, fmt.Sprint(val))
		if err != nil {
			kernel.Main.GetKernelLogger().Fatal().Str("key", key).Str("value", fmt.Sprint(val)).Err(err).Msg("Unable to set configuration")
			kernel.Main.GetKernelLogger().Error().Str("key", key).Str("value", fmt.Sprint(val)).Err(err).Msg("Unable to set configuration")
		}
	}
	return err
}

func executeCommand(name string, args ...string) int {
	command, ok := Get(name)
	if !ok {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Unknown command %q\n", name)
		return 1
	}
	fs := command.GetFlags()
	if err := fs.Parse(args); err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "%s: unable to parse flags: %v %v\n", name, args, err)
		return 1
	}
	cfg := getConfig(fs)
	filename, cfg := getConfig(fs)
	if !setServiceConfig(cfg) {
		fs.Usage()
		return 2
	}

	kern := kernel.Main
	var createManager kernel.CreateBoxManagerFunc
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			return nil
		},
	)

	if command.Simple {
		kern.SetConfig(kernel.ConfigService, kernel.ConfigSimpleMode, "true")
	}
	kern.Start(command.Header, command.LineServer)
	kern.Start(command.Header, command.LineServer, filename)
	exitCode, err := command.Func(fs)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "%s: %v\n", name, err)
	}
	kern.Shutdown(true)
	return exitCode
}

// runSimple is called, when the user just starts the software via a double click
// or via a simple call “./zettelstore“ on the command line.
func runSimple() int {
	if _, err := searchAndReadConfiguration(); err == nil {
	if _, _, err := searchAndReadConfiguration(); err == nil {
		return executeCommand(strRunSimple)
	}
	dir := "./zettel"
	if err := os.MkdirAll(dir, 0750); err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Unable to create zettel directory %q (%s)\n", dir, err)
		return 1
	}

Changes to cmd/register.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package cmd provides command generic functions.
package cmd

// Mention all needed encoders, parsers and stores to have them registered.
import (
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/box/compbox"       // Allow to use computed box.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/box/constbox"      // Allow to use global internal box.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/box/dirbox"        // Allow to use directory box.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/box/filebox"       // Allow to use file box.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/box/membox"        // Allow to use in-memory box.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/htmlenc"   // Allow to use HTML encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/mdenc"     // Allow to use markdown encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/sexprenc"  // Allow to use sexpr encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/shtmlenc"  // Allow to use SHTML encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/szenc"     // Allow to use Sz encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/textenc"   // Allow to use text encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/encoder/zmkenc"    // Allow to use zmk encoder.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/kernel/impl"       // Allow kernel implementation to create itself
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/blob"       // Allow to use BLOB parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/draw"       // Allow to use draw parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/markdown"   // Allow to use markdown parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/none"       // Allow to use none parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/plain"      // Allow to use plain parser.
	_ "zettelstore.de/z/parser/zettelmark" // Allow to use zettelmark parser.
)

Changes to cmd/zettelstore/main.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package main is the starting point for the zettelstore command.
package main

import (
	"os"

Changes to collect/collect.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package collect provides functions to collect items from a syntax tree.
package collect

import "zettelstore.de/z/ast"

Changes to collect/collect_test.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package collect_test provides some unit test for collectors.
package collect_test

import (
	"testing"

Changes to collect/order.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2021-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2021-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package collect provides functions to collect items from a syntax tree.
package collect

import "zettelstore.de/z/ast"

Deleted collect/split.go.

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package collect provides functions to collect items from a syntax tree.
package collect

import (
	"zettelstore.de/z/ast"
	"zettelstore.de/z/strfun"
)

// DivideReferences divides the given list of rederences into zettel, local, and external References.
func DivideReferences(all []*ast.Reference) (zettel, local, external []*ast.Reference) {
	if len(all) == 0 {
		return nil, nil, nil
	}

	mapZettel := make(strfun.Set)
	mapLocal := make(strfun.Set)
	mapExternal := make(strfun.Set)
	for _, ref := range all {
		if ref.State == ast.RefStateSelf {
			continue
		}
		if ref.IsZettel() {
			zettel = appendRefToList(zettel, mapZettel, ref)
		} else if ref.IsExternal() {
			external = appendRefToList(external, mapExternal, ref)
		} else {
			local = appendRefToList(local, mapLocal, ref)
		}
	}
	return zettel, local, external
}

func appendRefToList(reflist []*ast.Reference, refSet strfun.Set, ref *ast.Reference) []*ast.Reference {
	s := ref.String()
	if !refSet.Has(s) {
		reflist = append(reflist, ref)
		refSet.Set(s)
	}
	return reflist
}

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//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2020-present Detlef Stern
//
// This file is part of Zettelstore.
//
// Zettelstore is licensed under the latest version of the EUPL (European Union
// Public License). Please see file LICENSE.txt for your rights and obligations
// under this license.
//
// SPDX-License-Identifier: EUPL-1.2
// SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2020-present Detlef Stern
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Package config provides functions to retrieve runtime configuration data.
package config

import (
	"context"

	"zettelstore.de/z/domain/meta"
	"zettelstore.de/z/zettel/meta"
)

// Key values that are supported by Config.Get
const (
	KeyFooterZettel = "footer-zettel"
	KeyHomeZettel   = "home-zettel"
	KeyFooterZettel         = "footer-zettel"
	KeyHomeZettel           = "home-zettel"
	KeyShowBackLinks        = "show-back-links"
	KeyShowFolgeLinks       = "show-folge-links"
	KeyShowSubordinateLinks = "show-subordinate-links"
	KeyShowSuccessorLinks   = "show-successor-links"
	// api.KeyLang
)

// Config allows to retrieve all defined configuration values that can be changed during runtime.
type Config interface {
	AuthConfig

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id: 00010000000000
title: Developments Notes
role: zettel
syntax: zmk
created: 00010101000000
modified: 20221026184905
modified: 20231218182020

* [[Required Software|20210916193200]]
* [[Fuzzing tests|20221026184300]]
* [[Checklist for Release|20210916194900]]
* [[Development tools|20231218181900]]

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id: 20210916193200
title: Required Software
role: zettel
syntax: zmk
created: 20210916193200
modified: 20230327165135
modified: 20231213194509

The following software must be installed:

* A current, supported [[release of Go|https://go.dev/doc/devel/release]],
* [[shadow|https://pkg.go.dev/golang.org/x/tools/go/analysis/passes/shadow]] via ``go install golang.org/x/tools/go/analysis/passes/shadow/cmd/shadow@latest``,
* [[staticcheck|https://staticcheck.io/]] via ``go install honnef.co/go/tools/cmd/staticcheck@latest``,
* [[unparam|https://mvdan.cc/unparam]][^[[GitHub|https://github.com/mvdan/unparam]]] via ``go install mvdan.cc/unparam@latest``,
* [[govulncheck|https://golang.org/x/vuln/cmd/govulncheck]] via ``go install golang.org/x/vuln/cmd/govulncheck@latest``,
* [[Fossil|https://fossil-scm.org/]],
* [[Git|https://git-scm.org/]] (most dependencies are accessible via Git only).

Make sure that the software is in your path, e.g. via:

```sh
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin
export PATH=$PATH:$(go env GOPATH)/bin
```

The internal build tool need the following software.
It can be installed / updated via the build tool itself: ``go run tools/devtools/devtools.go``.

Otherwise you can install the software by hand:

* [[shadow|https://pkg.go.dev/golang.org/x/tools/go/analysis/passes/shadow]] via ``go install golang.org/x/tools/go/analysis/passes/shadow/cmd/shadow@latest``,
* [[staticcheck|https://staticcheck.io/]] via ``go install honnef.co/go/tools/cmd/staticcheck@latest``,
* [[unparam|https://mvdan.cc/unparam]][^[[GitHub|https://github.com/mvdan/unparam]]] via ``go install mvdan.cc/unparam@latest``,
* [[govulncheck|https://golang.org/x/vuln/cmd/govulncheck]] via ``go install golang.org/x/vuln/cmd/govulncheck@latest``,

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id: 20210916194900
title: Checklist for Release
role: zettel
syntax: zmk
created: 20210916194900
modified: 20220309105459
modified: 20231213194631

# Sync with the official repository
#* ``fossil sync -u``
# Make sure that there is no workspace defined.
#* ``ls ..`` must not have a file ''go.work'', in no parent folder.
# Make sure that all dependencies are up-to-date.
#* ``cat go.mod``
# Clean up your Go workspace:
#* ``go run tools/build.go clean`` (alternatively: ``make clean``).
#* ``go run tools/clean/clean.go`` (alternatively: ``make clean``).
# All internal tests must succeed:
#* ``go run tools/build.go relcheck`` (alternatively: ``make relcheck``).
#* ``go run tools/check/check.go -r`` (alternatively: ``make relcheck``).
# The API tests must succeed on every development platform:
#* ``go run tools/build.go testapi`` (alternatively: ``make api``).
#* ``go run tools/testapi/testapi.go`` (alternatively: ``make api``).
# Run [[linkchecker|https://linkchecker.github.io/linkchecker/]] with the manual:
#* ``go run -race cmd/zettelstore/main.go run -d docs/manual``
#* ``linkchecker http://127.0.0.1:23123 2>&1 | tee lc.txt``
#* Check all ""Error: 404 Not Found""
#* Check all ""Error: 403 Forbidden"": allowed for endpoint ''/p'' with encoding ''html'' for those zettel that are accessible only in ''expert-mode''.
#* Try to resolve other error messages and warnings
#* Warnings about empty content can be ignored
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# Disable Fossil autosync mode:
#* ``fossil setting autosync off``
# Commit the new release version:
#* ``fossil commit --tag release --tag vVERSION -m "Version VERSION"``
#* **Important:** the tag must follow the given pattern, e.g. ''v0.0.15''.
   Otherwise client will not be able to import ''zettelkasten.de/z''.
# Clean up your Go workspace:
#* ``go run tools/build.go clean`` (alternatively: ``make clean``).
#* ``go run tools/clean/clean.go`` (alternatively: ``make clean``).
# Create the release:
#* ``go run tools/build.go release`` (alternatively: ``make release``).
#* ``go run tools/build/build.go release`` (alternatively: ``make release``).
# Remove previous executables:
#* ``fossil uv remove --glob '*-PREVVERSION*'``
# Add executables for release:
#* ``cd release``
#* ``cd releases``
#* ``fossil uv add *.zip``
#* ``cd ..``
#* Synchronize with main repository:
#* ``fossil sync -u``
# Enable autosync:
#* ``fossil setting autosync on``

Added docs/development/20231218181900.zettel.





















































































































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id: 20231218181900
title: Development tools
role: zettel
syntax: zmk
created: 20231218181956
modified: 20231218184500

The source code contains some tools to assist the development of Zettelstore.
These are located in the ''tools'' directory.

Most tool support the generic option ``-v``, which log internal activities.

Some of the tools can be called easier by using ``make``, that reads in a provided ''Makefile''.

=== Check
The ""check"" tool automates some testing activities.
It is called via the command line:
```
# go run tools/check/check.go
```
There is an additional option ``-r`` to check in advance of a release.

The following checks are executed:
* Execution of unit tests, like ``go test ./...``
* Analyze the source code for general problems, as in ``go vet ./...``
* Tries to find shadowed variable, via ``shadow ./...``
* Performs some additional checks on the source code, via ``staticcheck ./...``
* Checks the usage of function parameters and usage of return values, via ``unparam ./...``.
  In case the option ''-r'' is set, the check includes exported functions and internal tests.
* In case option ''-r'' is set, the source code is checked against the vulnerability database, via ``govulncheck ./...``

Please note, that most of the tools above are not automatically installed in a standard Go distribution.
Use the command ""devtools"" to install them.

=== Devtools
The following command installs all needed tools:
```
# go run tooles/devtools/devtools.go
```
It will also automatically update these tools.

=== TestAPI
The following command will perform some high-level tests:
```sh
# go run tools/testapi/testapi.go
```
Basically, a Zettelstore will be started and then API calls will be made to simulate some typical activities with the Zettelstore.

If a Zettelstore is already running on port 23123, this Zettelstore will be used instead.
Even if the API test should clean up later, some zettel might stay created if a test fails.
This feature is used, if you want to have more control on the running Zettelstore.
You should start it with the following command:
```sh
# go run -race cmd/zettelstore/main.go run -c testdata/testbox/19700101000000.zettel
```
This allows you to debug failing API tests.

=== HTMLlint
The following command will check the generated HTML code for validity:
```sh
# go run tools/htmllint/htmllint.go
```
In addition, you might specify the URL od a running Zettelstore.
Otherwise ''http://localhost:23123'' is used.

This command fetches first the list of all zettel.
This list is used to check the generated HTML code (''ZID'' is the paceholder for the zettel identification):

* Check all zettel HTML encodings, via the path ''/z/ZID?enc=html&part=zettel''
* Check all zettel web views, via the path ''/h/ZID''
* The info page of all zettel is checked, via path ''/i/ZID''
* A subset of max. 100 zettel will be checked for the validity of their edit page, via ''/e/ZID''
* 10 random zettel are checked for a valid create form, via ''/c/ZID''
* A maximum of 200 random zettel are checked for a valid delete dialog, via ''/d/ZID''

Depending on the selected Zettelstore, the command might take a long time.

You can shorten the time, if you disable any zettel query in the footer.

=== Build
The ""build"" tool allows to build the software, either for tests or for a release.

The following command will create a Zettelstore executable for the architecture of the current computer:
```sh
# go tools/build/build.go build
```
You will find the executable in the ''bin'' directory.

A full release will be build in the directory ''releases'', containing ZIP files for the computer architectures ""Linux/amd64"", ""Linux/arm"", ""MacOS/arm64"", ""MacOS/amd64"", and ""Windows/amd64"".
In addition, the manual is also build as a ZIP file:
```sh
# go run tools/build/build.go release
```

If you just want the ZIP file with the manual, please use:
```sh
# go run tools/build/build.go manual
```

In case you want to check the version of the Zettelstore to be build, use:
```sh
# go run tools/build/build.go version
```

=== Clean
To remove the directories ''bin'' and ''releases'', as well as all cached Go libraries used by Zettelstore, execute:
```sh
# go run tools/clean/clean.go
```

Internally, the following commands are executed
```sh
# rm -rf bin releases
# go clean ./...
# go clean -cache -modcache -testcache
```

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id: 00000000000100
title: Zettelstore Runtime Configuration
role: configuration
syntax: none
created: 00010101000000
created: 20210126175322
default-copyright: (c) 2020-present by Detlef Stern <ds@zettelstore.de>
default-license: EUPL-1.2-or-later
default-visibility: public
footer-zettel: 00001000000100
home-zettel: 00001000000000
modified: 20221205173642
site-name: Zettelstore Manual

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id: 00001000000000
title: Zettelstore Manual
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220803183647
modified: 20231125185455
show-back-links: false

* [[Introduction|00001001000000]]
* [[Design goals|00001002000000]]
* [[Installation|00001003000000]]
* [[Configuration|00001004000000]]
* [[Structure of Zettelstore|00001005000000]]
* [[Layout of a zettel|00001006000000]]
* [[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]]
* [[Other markup languages|00001008000000]]
* [[Security|00001010000000]]
* [[API|00001012000000]]
* [[Web user interface|00001014000000]]
* [[Tips and Tricks|00001017000000]]
* [[Troubleshooting|00001018000000]]
* Frequently asked questions

Version: {{00001000000001}}.

Licensed under the EUPL-1.2-or-later.

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id: 00001000000001
title: Manual Version
role: configuration
syntax: zmk
created: 20231002142915
modified: 20231002142948

To be set by build tool.

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id: 00001000000002
title: manual
role: role
syntax: zmk
created: 20231128184200

Zettel with the role ""manual"" contain the manual of the zettelstore.

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id: 00001001000000
title: Introduction to the Zettelstore
role: manual
tags: #introduction #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20240710184612

[[Personal knowledge
management|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_knowledge_management]] is
[[Personal knowledge management|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_knowledge_management]] involves collecting, classifying, storing, searching, retrieving, assessing, evaluating, and sharing knowledge as a daily activity.
about collecting, classifying, storing, searching, retrieving, assessing,
evaluating, and sharing knowledge as a daily activity. Personal knowledge
management is done by most people, not necessarily as part of their main
It's done by most individuals, not necessarily as part of their main business.
business. It is essential for knowledge workers, like students, researchers,
lecturers, software developers, scientists, engineers, architects, to name
a few. Many hobbyists build up a significant amount of knowledge, even if the
It's essential for knowledge workers, such as students, researchers, lecturers, software developers, scientists, engineers, architects, etc.
Many hobbyists build up a significant amount of knowledge, even if they do not need to think for a living.
do not need to think for a living. Personal knowledge management can be seen as
a prerequisite for many kinds of collaboration.
Personal knowledge management can be seen as a prerequisite for many kinds of collaboration.

Zettelstore is a software that collects and relates your notes (""zettel"")
Zettelstore is software that collects and relates your notes (""zettel"") to represent and enhance your knowledge, supporting the ""[[Zettelkasten method|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zettelkasten]]"".
to represent and enhance your knowledge. It helps with many tasks of personal
knowledge management by explicitly supporting the ""[[Zettelkasten
method|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zettelkasten]]"". The method is based on
creating many individual notes, each with one idea or information, that are
The method is based on creating many individual notes, each with one idea or piece of information, that is related to each other.
related to each other. Since knowledge is typically build up gradually, one
major focus is a long-term store of these notes, hence the name
Since knowledge is typically built up gradually, one major focus is a long-term store of these notes, hence the name ""Zettelstore"".
""Zettelstore"".

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id: 00001002000000
title: Design goals for the Zettelstore
role: manual
tags: #design #goal #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221018105415
modified: 20230624171152

Zettelstore supports the following design goals:

; Longevity of stored notes / zettel
: Every zettel you create should be readable without the help of any tool, even without Zettelstore.
: It should be not hard to write other software that works with your zettel.
: Normal zettel should be stored in a single file.
  If this is not possible: at most in two files: one for the metadata, one for the content.
  The only exception are [[predefined zettel|00001005090000]] stored in the Zettelstore executable.
: There is no additional database.
; Single user
: All zettel belong to you, only to you.
  Zettelstore provides its services only to one person: you.
  If the computer running Zettelstore is securely configured, there should be no risk that others are able to read or update your zettel.
: If you want, you can customize Zettelstore in a way that some specific or all persons are able to read some of your zettel.
; Ease of installation
: If you want to use the Zettelstore software, all you need is to copy the executable to an appropriate file directory and start working.
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; Simple service
: The purpose of Zettelstore is to safely store your zettel and to provide some initial relations between them.
: External software can be written to deeply analyze your zettel and the structures they form.
; Security by default
: Without any customization, Zettelstore provides its services in a safe and secure manner and does not expose you (or other users) to security risks.
: If you know what use are doing, Zettelstore allows you to relax some security-related preferences.
  However, even in this case, the more secure way is chosen.
: The Zettelstore software uses a minimal design and uses other software dependencies only is essential needed.
: There will be no plugin mechanism, which allows external software to control the inner workings of the Zettelstore software.

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id: 00001003000000
title: Installation of the Zettelstore software
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220119145756

=== The curious user
You just want to check out the Zettelstore software

* Grab the appropriate executable and copy it into any directory
* Start the Zettelstore software, e.g. with a double click[^On Windows and macOS, the operating system tries to protect you from possible malicious software. If you encounter problem, please take a look on the [[Troubleshooting|00001018000000]] page.]

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id: 00001003300000
title: Zettelstore installation for the intermediate user
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211125191727
modified: 20220114175754

You already tried the Zettelstore software and now you want to use it permanently.
Zettelstore should start automatically when you log into your computer.

* Grab the appropriate executable and copy it into the appropriate directory
* If you want to place your zettel into another directory, or if you want more than one [[Zettelstore box|00001004011200]], or if you want to [[enable authentication|00001010040100]], or if you want to tweak your Zettelstore in some other way, create an appropriate [[startup configuration file|00001004010000]].

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id: 00001003305000
title: Enable Zettelstore to start automatically on Windows
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211125191727
modified: 20220218125541

Windows is a complicated beast. There are several ways to automatically start Zettelstore.

=== Startup folder

One way is to use the [[autostart folder|https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/add-an-app-to-run-automatically-at-startup-in-windows-10-150da165-dcd9-7230-517b-cf3c295d89dd]].

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id: 00001003310000
title: Enable Zettelstore to start automatically on macOS
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220114181521
modified: 20220119124635

There are several ways to automatically start Zettelstore.

* [[Login Items|#login-items]]
* [[Launch Agent|#launch-agent]]

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id: 00001003315000
title: Enable Zettelstore to start automatically on Linux
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220114181521
modified: 20220307104944

Since there is no such thing as the one Linux, there are too many different ways to automatically start Zettelstore.

* One way is to interpret your Linux desktop system as a server and use the [[recipe to install Zettelstore on a server|00001003600000]].
** See below for a lighter alternative.
* If you are using the [[Gnome Desktop|https://www.gnome.org/]], you could use the tool [[Tweak|https://wiki.gnome.org/action/show/Apps/Tweaks]] (formerly known as ""GNOME Tweak Tool"" or just ""Tweak Tool"").

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id: 00001003600000
title: Installation of Zettelstore on a server
role: manual
tags: #installation #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211125191727
modified: 20211125185833

You want to provide a shared Zettelstore that can be used from your various devices.
Installing Zettelstore as a Linux service is not that hard.

Grab the appropriate executable and copy it into the appropriate directory:
```sh

Changes to docs/manual/00001004000000.zettel.

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id: 00001004000000
title: Configuration of Zettelstore
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210510153233

There are some levels to change the behavior and/or the appearance of Zettelstore.

# The first level is the way to start Zettelstore services and to manage it via command line (and, in part, via a graphical user interface).
#* [[Command line parameters|00001004050000]]
# As an intermediate user, you usually want to have more control over how Zettelstore is started.

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id: 00001004010000
title: Zettelstore startup configuration
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221128155143
modified: 20240710183532

The configuration file, as specified by the ''-c CONFIGFILE'' [[command line option|00001004051000]], allows you to specify some startup options.
These options cannot be stored in a [[configuration zettel|00001004020000]] because either they are needed before Zettelstore can start or because of security reasons.
For example, Zettelstore need to know in advance, on which network address is must listen or where zettel are stored.
The configuration file, specified by the ''-c CONFIGFILE'' [[command line option|00001004051000]], allows you to specify some startup options.
These cannot be stored in a [[configuration zettel|00001004020000]] because they are needed before Zettelstore can start or because of security reasons.
For example, Zettelstore needs to know in advance on which network address it must listen or where zettel are stored.
An attacker that is able to change the owner can do anything.
Therefore only the owner of the computer on which Zettelstore runs can change this information.
Therefore, only the owner of the computer on which Zettelstore runs can change this information.

The file for startup configuration must be created via a text editor in advance.

The syntax of the configuration file is the same as for any zettel metadata.
The following keys are supported:

; [!admin-port|''admin-port'']
: Specifies the TCP port through which you can reach the [[administrator console|00001004100000]].
  A value of ""0"" (the default) disables the administrator console.
  A value of ""0"" (the default) disables it.
  The administrator console will only be enabled if Zettelstore is started with the [[''run'' sub-command|00001004051000]].

  On most operating systems, the value must be greater than ""1024"" unless you start Zettelstore with the full privileges of a system administrator (which is not recommended).

  Default: ""0""
; [!asset-dir|''asset-dir'']
: Allows to specify a directory whose files are allowed be transferred directly with the help of the web server.
  The URL prefix for these files is ''/assets/''.
  You can use this if you want to transfer files that are too large for a note to users.
  You can use this if you want to transfer files that are too large for a zettel, such as presentation, PDF, music or video files.
  Examples would be presentation files, PDF files, music files or video files.

  Files within the given directory will not be managed by Zettelstore.[^They will be managed by Zettelstore just in the case that the directory is one of the configured [[boxes|#box-uri-x]].]
  Files within the given directory will not be managed by Zettelstore.[^They will be managed by Zettelstore just in the very special case that the directory is one of the configured [[boxes|#box-uri-x]].]

  If you specify only the URL prefix, then the contents of the directory are listed to the user.
  If you specify only the URL prefix in your web client, the contents of the directory are listed.
  To avoid this, create an empty file in the directory named ""index.html"".

  Default: """", no asset directory is set, the URL prefix ''/assets/'' is invalid.
; [!base-url|''base-url'']
: Sets the absolute base URL for the service.

  Note: [[''url-prefix''|#url-prefix]] must be the suffix of ''base-url'', otherwise the web service will not start.
  
  Default: ""http://127.0.0.1:23123/"".
; [!box-uri-x|''box-uri-X''], where __X__ is a number greater or equal to one
: Specifies a [[box|00001004011200]] where zettel are stored.
  During startup __X__ is counted up, starting with one, until no key is found.
  This allows to configure more than one box.
  During startup, __X__ is incremented, starting with one, until no key is found.
  This allows to configuring than one box.

  If no ''box-uri-1'' key is given, the overall effect will be the same as if only ''box-uri-1'' was specified with the value ""dir://.zettel"".
  In this case, even a key ''box-uri-2'' will be ignored.
; [!debug-mode|''debug-mode'']
: Allows to debug the Zettelstore software (mostly used by the developers) if set to [[true|00001006030500]]
: If set to [[true|00001006030500]], allows to debug the Zettelstore software (mostly used by the developers).
  Disables any timeout values of the internal web server and does not send some security-related data.
  Sets [[''log-level''|#log-level]] to ""debug"".

  Do not enable it for a production server.

  Default: ""false""
; [!default-dir-box-type|''default-dir-box-type'']
: Specifies the default value for the (sub-) type of [[directory boxes|00001004011400#type]].
: Specifies the default value for the (sub-)type of [[directory boxes|00001004011400#type]], in which Zettel are typically stored.
  Zettel are typically stored in such boxes.

  Default: ""notify""
; [!insecure-cookie|''insecure-cookie'']
: Must be set to [[true|00001006030500]], if authentication is enabled and Zettelstore is not accessible not via HTTPS (but via HTTP).
  Otherwise web browser are free to ignore the authentication cookie.
: Must be set to [[true|00001006030500]] if authentication is enabled and Zettelstore is not accessible via HTTPS (but via HTTP).
  Otherwise web browsers are free to ignore the authentication cookie.

  Default: ""false""
; [!insecure-html|''insecure-html'']
: Allows to use HTML, e.g. within supported markup languages, even if this might introduce security-related problems.
  However, HTML containing the ``<script>`` or the ``<iframe>`` tag is always ignored.
  But due to ""clever"" ways of combining HTML, CSS, JavaScript, there might be some negative security consequences.
  Please be aware of this!

  Allowed values: ""html"" (allow zettel with [[syntax ""html""|00001008000000#html]]), ""markdown"" (""html"", plus allow inline HTML for Markdown markup only), ""zettelmarkup"" (""markdown"", plus allow inline HTML for Zettelmarkup).
  Any other value is interpreted as ""secure"".

  Default: ""secure"".
; [!listen-addr|''listen-addr'']
: Configures the network address, where the Zettelstore service is listening for requests.
  Syntax is: ''[NETWORKIP]:PORT'', where ''NETWORKIP'' is the IP-address of the networking interface (or something like ""0.0.0.0"" if you want to listen on all network interfaces, and ''PORT'' is the TCP port.
  The syntax is: ''[NETWORKIP]:PORT'', where ''NETWORKIP'' is the IP address of the networking interface (or something like ""0.0.0.0"" if you want to listen on all network interfaces), and ''PORT'' is the TCP port.

  Default value: ""127.0.0.1:23123""
; [!log-level|''log-level'']
: Specify the [[logging level|00001004059700]] for the whole application or for a given (internal) service, overwriting the level ""debug"" set by configuration [[''debug-mode''|#debug-mode]].
  Can be changed at runtime, even for specific internal services, with the ''log-level'' command of the [[administrator console|00001004101000#log-level]].

  Several specifications are separated by the semicolon character (""'';''"", U+003B).
  Each specification consists of an optional service name, together with the colon character (""'':''"", U+003A), followed by the logging level.
  Each consists of an optional service name, together with the colon character (""'':''"", U+003A), followed by the logging level.

  Default: ""info"".

  Examples: ""error"" will produce just error messages (e.g. no ""info"" messages).
  Examples: ""sense"" will produce sensing messages (e.g. a little more than ""info""); ""sense;web:debug"" will emit debugging messages for the web component of Zettelstore while still producing sensing messages for all other components.
  ""error;web:debug"" will emit debugging messages for the web component of Zettelstore while still producing error messages for all other components.

  When you are familiar to operate the Zettelstore, you might set the level to ""warn"" or ""error"" to receive less noisy messages from the Zettelstore.
  When you are familiar with operating the Zettelstore, you might set the level to ""error"" to receive fewer noisy messages from it.
; [!max-request-size|''max-request-size'']
: Limits the maximum byte size of a web request body to prevent clients from accidentally or maliciously sending a large request and wasting server resources.
: It limits the maximum byte size of a web request body to prevent clients from accidentally or maliciously sending a large request and wasting server resources.
  The minimum value is 1024.

  Default: 16777216 (16 MiB). 
; [!owner|''owner'']
: [[Identifier|00001006050000]] of a zettel that contains data about the owner of the Zettelstore.
  The owner has full authorization for the Zettelstore.
  Only if owner is set to some value, user [[authentication|00001010000000]] is enabled.
  Only if set to some value, user [[authentication|00001010000000]] is enabled.

  Ensure that key [[''secret''|#secret]] is set to a value of at least 16 bytes.
  Ensure that the key [[''secret''|#secret]] is set to a value of at least 16 bytes, otherwise the Zettelstore will not start for security reasons.
  Otherwise the Zettelstore will not start for security reasons.
; [!persistent-cookie|''persistent-cookie'']
: A [[boolean value|00001006030500]] to make the access cookie persistent.
  This is helpful if you access the Zettelstore via a mobile device.
  On these devices, the operating system is free to stop the web browser and to remove temporary cookies.
  On these, the operating system is free to stop the web browser and to remove temporary cookies.
  Therefore, an authenticated user will be logged off.

  If ""true"", a persistent cookie is used.
  Its lifetime exceeds the lifetime of the authentication token (see option ''token-lifetime-html'') by 30 seconds.
  Its lifetime exceeds the lifetime of the authentication token by 30 seconds (see option ''token-lifetime-html'').

  Default: ""false""
; [!read-only-mode|''read-only-mode'']
: Puts the Zettelstore service into a read-only mode, if set to a [[true value|00001006030500]].
: If set to a [[true value|00001006030500]] the Zettelstore service puts into a read-only mode.
  No changes are possible.

  Default: ""false"".
; [!secret|''secret'']
: A string value to make the communication with external clients strong enough so that sessions of the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] or [[API access token|00001010040700]] cannot be modified by some external unfriendly party.
: A string value to make the communication with external clients strong enough so that sessions of the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] or [[API access token|00001010040700]] cannot be altered by some external unfriendly party.
  The string must have a length of at least 16 bytes.

  It is only needed to set this value, if [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]] by setting key [[''owner''|#owner]] to some user identification.
  This value is only needed to be set if [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]] by setting the key [[''owner''|#owner]] to some user identification value.
; [!token-lifetime-api|''token-lifetime-api''], [!token-lifetime-html|''token-lifetime-html'']
: Define lifetime of access tokens in minutes.
  Values are only valid if authentication is enabled, i.e. key ''owner'' is set.

  ''token-lifetime-api'' is for accessing Zettelstore via its [[API|00001012000000]].
  Default: ""10"".

  ''token-lifetime-html'' specifies the lifetime for the HTML views.
  It is automatically extended, when a new HTML view is rendered.
  It is automatically extended when a new HTML view is rendered.
  Default: ""60"".
; [!url-prefix|''url-prefix'']
: Add the given string as a prefix to the local part of a Zettelstore local URL/URI when rendering zettel representations.
  Must begin and end with a slash character (""''/''"", U+002F).
  It must begin and end with a slash character (""''/''"", U+002F).

  Note: ''url-prefix'' must be the suffix of [[''base-url''|#base-url]], otherwise the web service will not start.

  Default: ""/"".

  This allows to use a forwarding proxy [[server|00001010090100]] in front of the Zettelstore.
; [!verbose-mode|''verbose-mode'']
: Be more verbose when logging data, if set to a [[true value|00001006030500]].

  Default: ""false""

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id: 00001004011200
title: Zettelstore boxes
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220307121547

A Zettelstore must store its zettel somehow and somewhere.
In most cases you want to store your zettel as files in a directory.
Under certain circumstances you may want to store your zettel elsewhere.

An example are the [[predefined zettel|00001005090000]] that come with a Zettelstore.

Changes to docs/manual/00001004011400.zettel.

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id: 00001004011400
title: Configure file directory boxes
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220724200512
modified: 20240710180215

Under certain circumstances, it is preferable to further configure a file directory box.
This is done by appending query parameters after the base box URI ''dir:\//DIR''.

The following parameters are supported:

|= Parameter:|Description|Default value:|
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=== Readonly
Sometimes you may want to provide zettel from a file directory box, but you want to disallow any changes.
If you provide the query parameter ''readonly'' (with or without a corresponding value), the box will disallow any changes.
```
box-uri-1: dir:///home/zettel?readonly
```
If you put the whole Zettelstore in [[read-only|00001004010000]] [[mode|00001004051000]], all configured file directory boxes will be in read-only mode too, even if not explicitly configured.
If you put the whole Zettelstore in [[read-only|00001004010000#read-only-mode]] [[mode|00001004051000]], all configured file directory boxes will be in read-only mode too, even if not explicitly configured.

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id: 00001004011600
title: Configure memory boxes
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220307112918
modified: 20220307122554

Under most circumstances, it is preferable to further configure a memory box.
This is done by appending query parameters after the base box URI ''mem:''.

The following parameters are supported:

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id: 00001004020000
title: Configure the running Zettelstore
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20230317183435
modified: 20231126180829
show-back-links: false

You can configure a running Zettelstore by modifying the special zettel with the ID [[00000000000100]].
This zettel is called __configuration zettel__.
The following metadata keys change the appearance / behavior of Zettelstore.
Some of them can be overwritten in an [[user zettel|00001010040200]], a subset of those may be overwritten in zettel that is currently used.
See the full list of [[metadata that may be overwritten|00001004020200]].

; [!default-copyright|''default-copyright'']
: Copyright value to be used when rendering content.
  Can be overwritten in a zettel with [[meta key|00001006020000]] ''copyright''.

  Default: (the empty string).
; [!default-license|''default-license'']
: License value to be used when rendering content.
  Can be overwritten in a zettel with [[meta key|00001006020000]] ''license''.

  Default: (the empty string).
; [!default-visibility|''default-visibility'']
: Visibility to be used, if zettel does not specify a value for the [[''visibility''|00001006020000#visibility]] metadata key.

  Default: ""login"".
; [!expert-mode|''expert-mode'']
: If set to a [[boolean true value|00001006030500]], all zettel with [[visibility ""expert""|00001010070200]] will be shown (to the owner, if [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]]; to all, otherwise).
  This affects most computed zettel.

  Default: ""False"".
; [!footer-zettel|''footer-zettel'']
: Identifier of a zettel that is rendered as HTML and will be placed as the footer of every zettel in the [[web user interface|00001014000000]].
  Zettel content, delivered via the [[API|00001012000000]] as JSON, etc. is not affected.
  Zettel content, delivered via the [[API|00001012000000]] as symbolic expressions, etc. is not affected.
  If the zettel identifier is invalid or references a zettel that could not be read (possibly because of a limited [[visibility setting|00001010070200]]), nothing is written as the footer.

  May be [[overwritten|00001004020200]] in a user zettel.

  Default: (an invalid zettel identifier)
; [!home-zettel|''home-zettel'']
: Specifies the identifier of the zettel, that should be presented for the default view / home view.
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  This value is used as a default value, if it is not set in an user's zettel or in a zettel.
  It is also used to specify the language for all non-zettel content, e.g. lists or search results.

  Use values according to the language definition of [[RFC-5646|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5646]].
; [!max-transclusions|''max-transclusions'']
: Maximum number of indirect transclusion.
  This is used to avoid an exploding ""transclusion bomb"", a form of a [[billion laughs attack|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billion_laughs_attack]].

  Default: ""1024"".
; [!show-back-links|''show-back-links''], [!show-folge-links|''show-folge-links''], [!show-subordinate-links|''show-subordinate-links''], [!show-successor-links|''show-successor-links'']
: When displaying a zettel in the web user interface, references to other zettel are normally shown below the content of the zettel.
  This affects the metadata keys [[''back''|00001006020000#back]], [[''folge''|00001006020000#folge]], [[''subordinates''|00001006020000#subordinates]], and  [[''successors''|00001006020000#successors]].

  These configuration keys may be used to show, not to show, or to close the list of referenced zettel.

  Allowed values are: ""false"" (will not show the list), ""close"" (will show the list closed), and ""open"" / """" (will show the list).

  Default: """".

  May be [[overwritten|00001004020200]] in a user zettel, so that setting will only affect the given user.
  Alternatively, it may be overwritten in a zettel, so that that the setting will affect only the given zettel.

  This zettel is an example of a zettel that sets ''show-back-links'' to ""false"".
; [!site-name|''site-name'']
: Name of the Zettelstore instance.
  Will be used when displaying some lists.

  Default: ""Zettelstore"".
; [!yaml-header|''yaml-header'']
: If [[true|00001006030500]], metadata and content will be separated by ''---\\n'' instead of an empty line (''\\n\\n'').

  Default: ""False"".

  You will probably use this key, if you are working with another software processing [[Markdown|https://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/]] that uses a subset of [[YAML|https://yaml.org/]] to specify metadata.
; [!zettel-file-syntax|''zettel-file-syntax'']
: If you create a new zettel with a syntax different to ""zmk"", Zettelstore will store the zettel as two files:
  one for the metadata (file without a filename extension) and another for the content (file extension based on the syntax value).
  If you want to specify alternative syntax values, for which you want new zettel to be stored in one file (file extension ''.zettel''), you can use this key.
  All values are case-insensitive, duplicate values are removed.

  For example, you could use this key if you're working with Markdown syntax and you want to store metadata and content in one ''.zettel'' file.

  If ''yaml-header'' evaluates to true, a zettel is always stored in one ''.zettel'' file.

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id: 00001004020200
title: Runtime configuration data that may be user specific or zettel specific
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20221205155521
modified: 20230317183403
modified: 20231126180752

Some metadata of the [[runtime configuration|00001004020000]] may be overwritten in an [[user zettel|00001010040200]].
A subset of those may be overwritten in zettel that is currently used.
This allows to specify user specific or zettel specific behavior.

The following metadata keys are supported to provide a more specific behavior:

|=Key|User:|Zettel:|Remarks
|[[''footer-zettel''|00001004020000#footer-zettel]]|Y|N|
|[[''home-zettel''|00001004020000#home-zettel]]|Y|N|
|[[''lang''|00001004020000#lang]]|Y|Y|Making it user-specific could make zettel for other user less useful
|[[''show-back-links''|00001004020000#show-back-links]]|Y|Y|
|[[''show-folge-links''|00001004020000#show-folge-links]]|Y|Y|
|[[''show-subordinate-links''|00001004020000#show-subordinate-links]]|Y|Y|
|[[''show-successor-links''|00001004020000#show-successor-links]]|Y|Y|

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id: 00001004050200
title: The ''help'' sub-command
role: manual
tags: #command #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210712233414

Lists all implemented sub-commands.

Example:
```
# zettelstore help

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id: 00001004050400
title: The ''version'' sub-command
role: manual
tags: #command #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211124182041

Emits some information about the Zettelstore's version.
This allows you to check, whether your installed Zettelstore is 

The name of the software (""Zettelstore"") and the build version information is given, as well as the compiler version, and an indication about the operating system and the processor architecture of that computer.

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id: 00001004051000
title: The ''run'' sub-command
role: manual
tags: #command #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220724162050

=== ``zettelstore run``
This starts the web service.

```
zettelstore run [-a PORT] [-c CONFIGFILE] [-d DIR] [-debug] [-p PORT] [-r] [-v]

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```

; ''-t FORMAT''
: Specifies the output format.
  Supported values are:
  [[''html''|00001012920510]] (default),
  [[''md''|00001012920513]],
  [[''sexpr''|00001012920516]],
  [[''shtml''|00001012920525]],
  [[''sz''|00001012920516]],
  [[''text''|00001012920519]],
  and [[''zmk''|00001012920522]].
; ''file-1''
: Specifies the file name, where at least metadata is read.
  If ''file-2'' is not given, the zettel content is also read from here.
; ''file-2''
: File name where the zettel content is stored.

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id: 00001004051400
title: The ''password'' sub-command
role: manual
tags: #command #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210712234305

This sub-command is used to create a hashed password for to be authenticated users.

It reads a password from standard input (two times, both must be equal) and writes the hashed password to standard output.

The general usage is:

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id: 00001004059700
title: List of supported logging levels
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211204182643
modified: 20220113183606
modified: 20240221134619

Zettelstore supports various levels of logging output.
This allows you to see the inner workings of Zettelstore, or to avoid it.

Each level has an associated name and number.
A lower number signals more logging output.

|= Name | Number >| Description
|= Name | Number :| Description
| Trace | 1 | Show most of the inner workings
| Debug | 2 | Show many internal values that might be interesting for a [[Zettelstore developer|00000000000005]].
| Sense | 3 | Display sensing events, which are not essential information.
| Info  | 4 | Display information about an event. In most cases, there is no required action expected from you.
| Info  | 3 | Display information about an event. In most cases, there is no required action expected from you.
| Warn  | 5 | Show a warning, i.e. an event that might become an error or more. Mostly invalid data.
| Error | 6 | Notify about an error, which was handled automatically. Something is broken. User intervention is not required, in most cases. Monitor the application.
| Error | 4 | Notify about an error, which was handled automatically. Something is broken. User intervention may be required, some important functionality may be disabled. Monitor the application.
| Fatal | 7 | Notify about a significant error that cannot be handled automatically. At least some important functionality is disabled.
| Panic | 8 | The application is in an uncertain state and notifies you about its panic. At least some part of the application is possibly restarted.
| Mandatory | 9 | Important message will be shown, e.g. the Zettelstore version at startup time.
| Disabled | 10 | No messages will be shown
| Mandatory | 5 | Important message will be shown, e.g. the Zettelstore version at startup time.
| Disabled | 6 | No messages will be shown

If you set the logging level to a certain value, only messages with the same or higher numerical value will be shown.
E.g. if you set the logging level to ""warn"", no ""trace"", ""debug"", ""sense", and ""info"" messages are shown, but ""warn"", ""error"", ""fatal"", ""panic"", and ""mandatory"" messages.
E.g. if you set the logging level to ""error"", no ""trace"", ""debug"", and ""info"" messages are shown, but ""error"" and ""mandatory"" messages.

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id: 00001004059900
title: Command line flags for profiling the application
role: manual
tags: #command #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211122170506
modified: 20211122174951

If you want to measure potential bottlenecks within the software Zettelstore,
there are two [[command line|00001004050000]] flags for enabling the measurement (also called __profiling__):

; ''-cpuprofile FILE''
: Enables CPU profiling.

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id: 00001004100000
title: Zettelstore Administrator Console
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210510141304
modified: 20211103162926

The administrator console is a service accessible only on the same computer on which Zettelstore is running.
It allows an experienced user to monitor and control some of the inner workings of Zettelstore.

You enable the administrator console by specifying a TCP port number greater than zero (better: greater than 1024) for it, either via the [[command-line parameter ''-a''|00001004051000#a]] or via the ''admin-port'' key of the [[startup configuration file|00001004010000#admin-port]].

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id: 00001004101000
title: List of supported commands of the administrator console
role: manual
tags: #configuration #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210510141304
modified: 20220823194553

; [!bye|''bye'']
: Closes the connection to the administrator console.
; [!config|''config SERVICE'']
: Displays all valid configuration keys for the given service.

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id: 00001005000000
title: Structure of Zettelstore
role: manual
tags: #design #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220104213511
modified: 20240711183257

Zettelstore is a software that manages your zettel.
Since every zettel must be readable without any special tool, most zettel has to be stored as ordinary files within specific directories.
Typically, file names and file content must comply to specific rules so that Zettelstore can manage them.
If you add, delete, or change zettel files with other tools, e.g. a text editor, Zettelstore will monitor these actions.

Zettelstore provides additional services to the user.
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Your zettel are stored typically as files in a specific directory.
If you have not explicitly specified the directory, a default directory will be used.
The directory has to be specified at [[startup time|00001004010000]].
Nested directories are not supported (yet).

Every file in this directory that should be monitored by Zettelstore must have a file name that begins with 14 digits (0-9), the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].
If you create a new zettel via the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] or via the [[API|00001012053200]], the zettel identifier will be the timestamp of the current date and time (format is ''YYYYMMDDhhmmss'').
This allows zettel to be sorted naturally by creation time.
This allows zettel to be sorted naturally by creation time.[^Zettel identifier format will be migrated to a new format after version 0.19, without reference to the creation date. See [[Alphanumeric Zettel Identifier|00001006050200]] for some details.]

Since the only restriction on zettel identifiers are the 14 digits, you are free to use other digit sequences.
Since the only restriction on zettel identifiers are the 14 digits, you are free to use other digit sequences.[^Zettel identifier format will be migrated to a new format after version 0.19, without reference to the creation date.]
The [[configuration zettel|00001004020000]] is one prominent example, as well as these manual zettel.
You can create these special zettel identifiers either with the __rename__ function of Zettelstore or by manually renaming the underlying zettel files.
You can create these special zettel by manually renaming the underlying zettel files.

It is allowed that the file name contains other characters after the 14 digits.
These are ignored by Zettelstore.

Two filename extensions are used by Zettelstore:
# ''.zettel'' is a format that stores metadata and content together in one file,
# the empty file extension is used, when the content must be stored in its own file, e.g. image data;
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To allow changing predefined zettel, both the file store and the internal zettel store are internally chained together.
If you change a zettel, it will be always stored as a file.
If a zettel is requested, Zettelstore will first try to read that zettel from a file.
If such a file was not found, the internal zettel store is searched secondly.

Therefore, the file store ""shadows"" the internal zettel store.
If you want to read the original zettel, you either have to delete the zettel (which removes it from the file directory), or you have to rename it to another zettel identifier.
If you want to read the original zettel, you have to delete the zettel (which removes it from the file directory).
Now we have two places where zettel are stored: in the specific directory and within the Zettelstore software.

* [[List of predefined zettel|00001005090000]]

=== Boxes: alternative ways to store zettel
As described above, a zettel may be stored as a file inside a directory or inside the Zettelstore software itself.
Zettelstore allows other ways to store zettel by providing an abstraction called __box__.[^Formerly, zettel were stored physically in boxes, often made of wood.]

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id: 00001005090000
title: List of predefined zettel
role: manual
tags: #manual #reference #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220909180240
modified: 20240711183318

The following table lists all predefined zettel with their purpose.
The following table lists all predefined zettel with their purpose.[^Zettel identifier format will be migrated to a new format after version 0.19.]

|= Identifier :|= Title | Purpose
| [[00000000000001]] | Zettelstore Version | Contains the version string of the running Zettelstore
| [[00000000000002]] | Zettelstore Host | Contains the name of the computer running the Zettelstore
| [[00000000000003]] | Zettelstore Operating System | Contains the operating system and CPU architecture of the computer running the Zettelstore
| [[00000000000004]] | Zettelstore License | Lists the license of Zettelstore
| [[00000000000005]] | Zettelstore Contributors | Lists all contributors of Zettelstore
| [[00000000000006]] | Zettelstore Dependencies | Lists all licensed content
| [[00000000000007]] | Zettelstore Log | Lists the last 8192 log messages
| [[00000000000008]] | Zettelstore Memory | Some statistics about main memory usage
| [[00000000000009]] | Zettelstore Sx Engine | Statistics about the [[Sx|https://t73f.de/r/sx]] engine, which interprets symbolic expressions
| [[00000000000020]] | Zettelstore Box Manager | Contains some statistics about zettel boxes and the the index process
| [[00000000000090]] | Zettelstore Supported Metadata Keys | Contains all supported metadata keys, their [[types|00001006030000]], and more
| [[00000000000092]] | Zettelstore Supported Parser | Lists all supported values for metadata [[syntax|00001006020000#syntax]] that are recognized by Zettelstore
| [[00000000000096]] | Zettelstore Startup Configuration | Contains the effective values of the [[startup configuration|00001004010000]]
| [[00000000000100]] | Zettelstore Runtime Configuration | Allows to [[configure Zettelstore at runtime|00001004020000]]
| [[00000000000102]] | Zettelstore Warnings | Warnings about potential problematic zettel identifier
| [[00000000010100]] | Zettelstore Base HTML Template | Contains the general layout of the HTML view
| [[00000000010200]] | Zettelstore Login Form HTML Template | Layout of the login form, when authentication is [[enabled|00001010040100]]
| [[00000000010300]] | Zettelstore List Zettel HTML Template | Used when displaying a list of zettel
| [[00000000010401]] | Zettelstore Detail HTML Template | Layout for the HTML detail view of one zettel
| [[00000000010402]] | Zettelstore Info HTML Template | Layout for the information view of a specific zettel
| [[00000000010403]] | Zettelstore Form HTML Template | Form that is used to create a new or to change an existing zettel that contains text
| [[00000000010404]] | Zettelstore Rename Form HTML Template | View that is displayed to change the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]]
| [[00000000010405]] | Zettelstore Delete HTML Template | View to confirm the deletion of a zettel
| [[00000000010700]] | Zettelstore Error HTML Template | View to show an error message
| [[00000000019000]] | Zettelstore Sxn Start Code | Starting point of sxn functions to build the templates
| [[00000000019990]] | Zettelstore Sxn Base Code | Base sxn functions to build the templates
| [[00000000020001]] | Zettelstore Base CSS | System-defined CSS file that is included by the [[Base HTML Template|00000000010100]]
| [[00000000025001]] | Zettelstore User CSS | User-defined CSS file that is included by the [[Base HTML Template|00000000010100]]
| [[00000000029000]] | Zettelstore Role to CSS Map | [[Maps|00001017000000#role-css]] [[role|00001006020000#role]] to a zettel identifier that is included by the [[Base HTML Template|00000000010100]] as an CSS file 
| [[00000000040001]] | Generic Emoji | Image that is shown if [[original image reference|00001007040322]] is invalid
| [[00000000060010]] | zettel | [[Role zettel|00001012051800]] for the role ""[[zettel|00001006020100#zettel]]""
| [[00000000060020]] | confguration | [[Role zettel|00001012051800]] for the role ""[[confguration|00001006020100#confguration]]""
| [[00000000060030]] | role | [[Role zettel|00001012051800]] for the role ""[[role|00001006020100#role]]""
| [[00000000060040]] | tag | [[Role zettel|00001012051800]] for the role ""[[tag|00001006020100#tag]]""
| [[00000000090000]] | New Menu | Contains items that should contain in the zettel template menu
| [[00000000090001]] | New Zettel | Template for a new zettel with role ""[[zettel|00001006020100]]""
| [[00000000090000]] | New Menu | Contains items that should be in the zettel template menu
| [[00000000090001]] | New Zettel | Template for a new zettel with role ""[[zettel|00001006020100#zettel]]""
| [[00000000090002]] | New User | Template for a new [[user zettel|00001010040200]]
| [[00000000090003]] | New Tag | Template for a new [[tag zettel|00001006020100#tag]]
| [[00000000090004]] | New Role | Template for a new [[role zettel|00001006020100#role]]
| [[00009999999998]] | Zettelstore Application Directory | Maps application name to application specific zettel
| [[00010000000000]] | Home | Default home zettel, contains some welcome information

If a zettel is not linked, it is not accessible for the current user.
In most cases, you must at least enable [[''expert-mode''|00001004020000#expert-mode]].

**Important:** All identifier may change until a stable version of the software is released.

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id: 00001006000000
title: Layout of a Zettel
role: manual
tags: #design #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221219162703
modified: 20230403123541

A zettel consists of two parts: the metadata and the zettel content.
Metadata gives some information mostly about the zettel content, how it should be interpreted, how it is sorted within Zettelstore.
The zettel content is, well, the actual content.
In many cases, the content is in plain text form.
Plain text is long-lasting.
However, content in binary format is also possible.
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Other character encodings are not supported and will never be[^This is not a real problem, since every modern software should support UTF-8 as an encoding.].
There is support for a graphical format with a text representation: SVG.
And there is support for some binary image formats, like GIF, PNG, and JPEG.

=== Plain, parsed, and evaluated zettel
Zettelstore may present your zettel in various forms, typically retrieved with the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z/{ID}''.
One way is to present the zettel as it was read by Zettelstore.
This is called ""[[plain zettel|00001003000000]]"".
This is called ""[[plain zettel|00001012053300]]"".

The second way is to present the zettel as it was recognized by Zettelstore.
This is called ""[[parsed zettel|00001012053600]]"", also retrieved with the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z/{ID}'', but with additional query parameter.
This is called ""[[parsed zettel|00001012053600]]"", also retrieved with the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z/{ID}'', but with the additional query parameter ''parseonly''.
Such a zettel was read and analyzed.
It can be presented in various [[encodings|00001012920500]].[^The [[zmk encoding|00001012920522]] allows you to compare the plain, the parsed, and the evaluated form of a zettel.]

However, a zettel such as this one you are currently reading, is a ""[[evaluated zettel|00001012053500]]"", also retrieved with the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z/{ID}'' and specifying an encoding.
The biggest difference to a parsed zettel is the inclusion of [[block transclusions|00001007031100]] or [[inline transclusions|00001007040324]] for an evaluated zettel.
It can also be presented in various encoding, including the ""zmk"" encoding.
Evaluations also applies to metadata of a zettel, if appropriate.

Please note, that searching for content is based on parsed zettel.
Transcluded content will only be found in transcluded zettel, but not in the zettel that transcluded the content.
However, you will easily pick up that zettel by follow the [[backward|00001006020000#backward]] metadata key of the transcluded zettel.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006010000.zettel.

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id: 00001006010000
title: Syntax of Metadata
role: manual
tags: #manual #syntax #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131923
modified: 20240219193158

The metadata of a zettel is a collection of key-value pairs.
The syntax roughly resembles the internal header of an email ([[RFC5322|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5322]]).

The key is a sequence of alphanumeric characters, a hyphen-minus character (""''-''"", U+002D) is also allowed.
It begins at the first position of a new line.
Uppercase letters of a key are translated to their lowercase equivalence.

A key is separated from its value either by
* a colon character (""'':''""),
* a non-empty sequence of space characters,
* a sequence of space characters, followed by a colon, followed by a sequence of space characters.

A Value is a sequence of printable characters.
A value is a sequence of printable characters.
If the value should be continued in the following line, that following line (""continuation line"") must begin with a non-empty sequence of space characters.
The rest of the following line will be interpreted as the next part of the value.
There can be more than one continuation line for a value.

A non-continuation line that contains a possibly empty sequence of characters, followed by the percent sign character (""''%''"") is treated as a comment line.
It will be ignored.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006020000.zettel.

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id: 00001006020000
title: Supported Metadata Keys
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20230320150950
modified: 20240711183409

Although you are free to define your own metadata, by using any key (according to the [[syntax|00001006010000]]), some keys have a special meaning that is enforced by Zettelstore.
See the [[computed list of supported metadata keys|00000000000090]] for details.

Most keys conform to a [[type|00001006030000]].

; [!author|''author'']
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  This is a computed value.
  There is no need to set it via Zettelstore.
  
  If it is not stored within a zettel, it will be computed based on the value of the [[Zettel Identifier|00001006050000]]: if it contains a value >= 19700101000000, it will be coerced to da date/time; otherwise the version time of the running software will be used.

  Please note that the value von ''created'' will be different (in most cases) to the value of [[''id''|#id]] / the zettel identifier, because it is exact up to the second.
  When calculating a zettel identifier, Zettelstore tries to set the second value to zero, if possible.
; [!created-missing|''created-missing'']
: If set to ""true"", the value of [[''created''|#created]] was not stored within a zettel.
  To allow the migration of [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] to a new scheme, you should update the value of ''created'' to a reasonable value.
  Otherwise you might lose that information in future releases.

  This key will be removed when the migration to a new zettel identifier format has been completed.
; [!credential|''credential'']
: Contains the hashed password, as it was emitted by [[``zettelstore password``|00001004051400]].
  It is internally created by hashing the password, the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]], and the value of the ''ident'' key.

  It is only used for zettel with a ''role'' value of ""user"".
; [!dead|''dead'']
: Property that contains all references that does __not__ identify a zettel.
; [!expire|''expire'']
: A user-entered time stamp that document the point in time when the zettel should expire.
  When a zettel is expires, Zettelstore does nothing.
  It is up to you to define required actions.
  ''expire'' is just a documentation.
  You could define a query and execute it regularly, for example [[query:expire? ORDER expire]].
  Alternatively, a Zettelstore client software could define some actions when it detects expired zettel.
; [!folge|''folge'']
: Is a property that contains identifier of all zettel that reference this zettel through the [[''precursor''|#precursor]] value.
; [!folge-role|''folge-role'']
: Specifies a suggested [[''role''|#role]] the zettel should use in the future, if zettel currently has a preliminary role.
; [!forward|''forward'']
: Property that contains all references that identify another zettel within the content of the zettel.
; [!id|''id'']
: Contains the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]], as given by the Zettelstore.
  It cannot be set manually, because it is a computed value.
; [!lang|''lang'']
: Language for the zettel.
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: Marks a zettel as read-only.
  The interpretation of [[supported values|00001006020400]] for this key depends, whether authentication is [[enabled|00001010040100]] or not.
; [!role|''role'']
: Defines the role of the zettel.
  Can be used for selecting zettel.
  See [[supported zettel roles|00001006020100]].
  If not given, it is ignored.
; [!subordinates|''subordinates'']
: Is a property that contains identifier of all zettel that reference this zettel through the [[''superior''|#superior]] value.
; [!successors|''successors'']
: Is a property that contains identifier of all zettel that reference this zettel through the [[''predecessor''|#predecessor]] value.
  Therefore, it references all zettel that contain a new version of the content and/or metadata.
  In contrast to [[''folge''|#folge]], these are references because of technical reasons, not because of content-related reasons.
  In most cases, zettel referencing the current zettel should be updated to reference a successor zettel.
  The [[query reference|00001007040310]] [[query:backward? successors?]] lists all such zettel.
; [!summary|''summary'']
: Summarizes the content of the zettel.
  You may use all [[inline-structued elements|00001007040000]] of Zettelmarkup.
; [!superior|''superior'']
: Specifies a zettel that is conceptually a superior zettel.
  This might be a more abstract zettel, or a zettel that should be higher in a hierarchy.
; [!syntax|''syntax'']
: Specifies the syntax that should be used for interpreting the zettel.
  The zettel about [[other markup languages|00001008000000]] defines supported values.
  If it is not given, it defaults to ''plain''.
; [!tags|''tags'']
: Contains a space separated list of tags to describe the zettel further.
  Each Tag must begin with the number sign character (""''#''"", U+0023).
; [!title|''title'']
: Specifies the title of the zettel.
  If not given, the value of [[''id''|#id]] will be used.
; [!url|''url'']
: Defines an URL / URI for this zettel that possibly references external material.
  One use case is to specify the document that the current zettel comments on.
  The URL will be rendered special in the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] if you use the default template.
; [!useless-files|''useless-files'']
: Contains the file names that are rejected to serve the content of a zettel.
  Is used for [[directory boxes|00001004011400]] and [[file boxes|00001004011200#file]].
  If a zettel is renamed or deleted, these files will be deleted.
  If a zettel is deleted, these files will also be deleted.
; [!user-id|''user-id'']
: Provides some unique user identification for an [[user zettel|00001010040200]].
  It is used as a user name for authentication.

  It is only used for zettel with a ''role'' value of ""user"".
; [!user-role|''user-role'']
: Defines the basic privileges of an authenticated user, e.g. reading / changing zettel.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006020100.zettel.

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id: 00001006020100
title: Supported Zettel Roles
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220623183234
modified: 20231129173620

The [[''role'' key|00001006020000#role]] defines what kind of zettel you are writing.
You are free to define your own roles.
It is allowed to set an empty value or to omit the role.

Some roles are defined for technical reasons:

; [!configuration|''configuration'']
: A zettel that contains some configuration data for the Zettelstore.
: A zettel that contains some configuration data / information for the Zettelstore.
  Most prominent is [[00000000000100]], as described in [[00001004020000]].
; [!manual|''manual'']
: All zettel that document the inner workings of the Zettelstore software.
  This role is only used in this specific Zettelstore.
; [!role|''role'']
: A zettel with the role ""role"" and a title, which names a [[role|00001006020000#role]], is treated as a __role zettel__.
  Basically, role zettel describe the role, and form a hierarchiy of meta-roles.
; [!tag|''tag'']
: A zettel with the role ""tag"" and a title, which names a [[tag|00001006020000#tags]], is treated as a __tag zettel__.
  Basically, tag zettel describe the tag, and form a hierarchiy of meta-tags.
; [!zettel|''zettel'']
: A zettel that contains your own thoughts.
  The real reason to use this software.

If you adhere to the process outlined by Niklas Luhmann, a zettel could have one of the following three roles:

; [!note|''note'']
: A small note, to remember something.
  Notes are not real zettel, they just help to create a real zettel.
  Think of them as Post-it notes.
; [!literature|''literature'']
: Contains some remarks about a book, a paper, a web page, etc.
  You should add a citation key for citing it.
; [!zettel|''zettel'']
: A real zettel that contains your own thoughts.
; ''zettel''
: (as described above)

However, you are free to define additional roles, e.g. ''material'' for literature that is web-based only, ''slide'' for presentation slides, ''paper'' for the text of a scientific paper, ''project'' to define a project, ...

Changes to docs/manual/00001006020400.zettel.

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id: 00001006020400
title: Supported values for metadata key ''read-only''
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211124132040

A zettel can be marked as read-only, if it contains a metadata value for key
[[''read-only''|00001006020000#read-only]].
If user authentication is [[enabled|00001010040100]], it is possible to allow some users to change the zettel,
depending on their [[user role|00001010070300]].
Otherwise, the read-only mark is just a binary value.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006030000.zettel.

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id: 00001006030000
title: Supported Key Types
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220304114106
modified: 20240219161909

All [[supported metadata keys|00001006020000]] conform to a type.

User-defined metadata keys conform also to a type, based on the suffix of the key.

|=Suffix|Type
| ''-date'' | [[Timestamp|00001006034500]]
| ''-number'' | [[Number|00001006033000]]
| ''-role'' | [[Word|00001006035500]]
| ''-set'' | [[WordSet|00001006036000]]
| ''-time'' | [[Timestamp|00001006034500]]
| ''-title'' | [[Zettelmarkup|00001006036500]]
| ''-url'' | [[URL|00001006035000]]
| ''-zettel''  | [[Identifier|00001006032000]]
| ''-zid''  | [[Identifier|00001006032000]]
| ''-zids''  | [[IdentifierSet|00001006032500]]
| any other suffix | [[EString|00001006031500]]

The name of the metadata key is bound to the key type

Every key type has an associated validation rule to check values of the given type.
There is also a rule how values are matched, e.g. against a search term when selecting some zettel.
There is also a rule how values are matched, e.g. against a [[search value|00001007706000]] when selecting some zettel.
And there is a rule how values compare for sorting.

* [[Credential|00001006031000]]
* [[EString|00001006031500]]
* [[Identifier|00001006032000]]
* [[IdentifierSet|00001006032500]]
* [[Number|00001006033000]]
* [[String|00001006033500]]
* [[TagSet|00001006034000]]
* [[Timestamp|00001006034500]]
* [[URL|00001006035000]]
* [[Word|00001006035500]]
* [[WordSet|00001006036000]]
* [[Zettelmarkup|00001006036500]]

Changes to docs/manual/00001006030500.zettel.

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id: 00001006030500
title: Boolean Value
role: manual
tags: #manual #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220304114040

On some places, metadata values are interpreted as a truth value.

Every character sequence that begins with a ""0"", ""F"", ""N"", ""f"", or a ""n"" is interpreted as the boolean ""false"" value.
All values are interpreted as the boolean ""true"" value.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006031000.zettel.

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id: 00001006031000
title: Credential Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130324
modified: 20230419175515

Values of this type denote a credential value, e.g. an encrypted password.

=== Allowed values
All printable characters are allowed.
Since a credential contains some kind of secret, the sequence of characters might have some hidden syntax to be interpreted by other parts of Zettelstore.

=== Query operators
=== Query comparison
A credential never compares to any other value.
A comparison will never match in any way.

=== Sorting
If a list of zettel should be sorted based on a credential value, the identifier of the respective zettel is used instead.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006031500.zettel.

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id: 00001006031500
title: EString Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130448
modified: 20230419175525

Values of this type are just a sequence of character, possibly an empty sequence.

An EString is the most general metadata key type, as it places no restrictions to the character sequence.[^Well, there are some minor restrictions that follow from the [[metadata syntax|00001006010000]].]

=== Allowed values
All printable characters are allowed.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
All comparisons are done case-insensitive, i.e. ""hell"" will be the prefix of ""Hello"".

=== Sorting
To sort two values, the underlying encoding is used to determine which value is less than the other.

Uppercase letters are typically interpreted as less than their corresponding lowercase letters, i.e. ``A < a``.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006032000.zettel.

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id: 00001006032000
title: Identifier Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914134914
modified: 20230612183459

Values of this type denote a [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

=== Allowed values
Must be a sequence of 14 digits (""0""--""9"").

=== Query operator
Comparison is done with the string representation of the identifiers.
=== Query comparison
[[Search values|00001007706000]] with more than 14 characters are truncated to contain exactly 14 characters.

When the [[search operators|00001007705000]] ""less"", ""not less"", ""greater"", and ""not greater"" are given, the length of the search value is checked.
If it contains less than 14 digits, zero digits (""0"") are appended, until it contains exactly 14 digits.

All other comparisons assume that up to 14 characters are given.

Comparison is done through the string representation.

In case of the search operators ""less"", ""not less"", ""greater"", and ""not greater"", this is the same as a numerical comparison.

For example, ""000010"" matches ""[[00001006032000]]"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

If both values are identifiers, this works well because both have the same length.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006032500.zettel.

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id: 00001006032500
title: IdentifierSet Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914131354
modified: 20230419175551

Values of this type denote a (sorted) set of [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

A set is different to a list, as no duplicate values are allowed.

=== Allowed values
Must be at least one sequence of 14 digits (""0""--""9""), separated by space characters.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
A value matches an identifier set value, if the value matches any of the identifier set values.

For example, ""000010060325"" is a prefix ""[[00001006032000]] [[00001006032500]]"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

Changes to docs/manual/00001006033000.zettel.

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id: 00001006033000
title: Number Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914131211
modified: 20230612183900

Values of this type denote a numeric integer value.

=== Allowed values
Must be a sequence of digits (""0""--""9""), optionally prefixed with a ""-"" or a ""+"" character.

=== Query operator
All comparisons are done on the given string representation of the number, ""+12"" will be treated as a different number of ""12"".
=== Query comparison
[[Search operators|00001007705000]] for equality (""equal"" or ""not equal"", ""has"" or ""not has""), for lesser values (""less"" or ""not less""), or for greater values (""greater"" or ""not greater"") are executed by converting both the [[search value|00001007706000]] and the metadata value into integer values and then comparing them numerically.
Integer values must be in the range -9223372036854775808 &hellip; 9223372036854775807.
Comparisons with metadata values outside this range always returns a negative match.
Comparisons with search values outside this range will be executed as a comparison of the string representation values.

All other comparisons (""match"", ""not match"", ""prefix"", ""not prefix"", ""suffix"", and ""not suffix"") are done on the given string representation of the number.
In this case, the number ""+12"" will be treated as different to the number ""12"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the numeric values.

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id: 00001006033500
title: String Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130505
modified: 20230419175633

Values of this type are just a sequence of character, but not an empty sequence.

=== Allowed values
All printable characters are allowed.
There must be at least one such character.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
All comparisons are done case-insensitive, i.e. ""hell"" will be the prefix of ""Hello"".

=== Sorting
To sort two values, the underlying encoding is used to determine which value is less than the other.

Uppercase letters are typically interpreted as less than their corresponding lowercase letters, i.e. ``A < a``.

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id: 00001006034000
title: TagSet Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914131048
modified: 20230419175642

Values of this type denote a (sorted) set of tags.

A set is different to a list, as no duplicate values are allowed.

=== Allowed values
Every tag must must begin with the number sign character (""''#''"", U+0023), followed by at least one printable character.
Tags are separated by space characters.

All characters are mapped to their lower case values.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
All comparisons are done case-sensitive, i.e. ""#hell"" will not be the prefix of ""#Hello"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

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id: 00001006034500
title: Timestamp Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130919
modified: 20231030182858

Values of this type denote a point in time.

=== Allowed values
Must be a sequence of 14 digits (""0""--""9"") (same as an [[Identifier|00001006032000]]), with the restriction that is conforms to the pattern ""YYYYMMDDhhmmss"".
Must be a sequence of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, or 14 digits (""0""--""9"") (similar to an [[Identifier|00001006032000]]), with the restriction that it must conform to the pattern ""YYYYMMDDhhmmss"".

* YYYY is the year,
* MM is the month,
* DD is the day,
* hh is the hour,
* mm is the minute,
* ss is the second.

If the sequence is less than 14 digits, they are expanded with the following rule:

* YYYY is expanded to YYYY0101000000
* YYYYMM is expanded to YYYYMM01000000
* YYYYMMDD is expanded to YYYYMMDD000000
* YYYYMMDDhh is expanded to YYYYMMDDhh0000
* YYYYMMDDhhmm is expanded to YYYYMMDDhhmm00

=== Query operator
All comparisons assume that up to 14 digits are given.
=== Query comparison
[[Search values|00001007706000]] with more than 14 characters are truncated to contain exactly 14 characters.
Then, they are treated as timestamp data, as describe above, if they contain 4, 6, 8, 10, or 12 digits.

Comparison is done through the string representation.
In case of the search operators ""less"", ""not less"", ""greater"", and ""not greater"", this is the same as a numerical comparison.

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.
Sorting is done by comparing the possibly expanded values.

If both values are timestamp values, this works well because both have the same length.

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id: 00001006035000
title: URL Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130809
modified: 20230419175725

Values of this type denote an URL.

=== Allowed values
All characters of an URL / URI are allowed.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
All comparisons are done case-insensitive.
For example, ""hello"" is the suffix of ""http://example.com/Hello"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

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id: 00001006035500
title: Word Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130655
modified: 20230419175735

Values of this type denote a single word.

=== Allowed values
Must be a non-empty sequence of characters, but without the space character.

All characters are mapped to their lower case values.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
All comparisons are done case-insensitive, i.e. ""hell"" will be the prefix of ""Hello"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

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id: 00001006036000
title: WordSet Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914130725

Values of this type denote a (sorted) set of [[words|00001006035500]].

A set is different to a list, as no duplicate values are allowed.

=== Allowed values
Must be a sequence of at least one word, separated by space characters.

=== Query operator
All comparisons are done case-insensitive, i.e. ""hell"" will be the prefix of ""World, Hello"".

=== Sorting
Sorting is done by comparing the [[String|00001006033500]] values.

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id: 00001006036500
title: Zettelmarkup Key Type
role: manual
tags: #manual #meta #reference #zettel #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210212135017
modified: 20220914135405
modified: 20230419175441

Values of this type are [[String|00001006033500]] values, interpreted as [[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]].

=== Allowed values
All printable characters are allowed.
There must be at least one such character.

=== Query operator
=== Query comparison
Comparison is done similar to the full-text search: both the value to compare and the metadata value are normalized according to Unicode NKFD, ignoring everything except letters and numbers.
Letters are mapped to the corresponding lower-case value.

For example, ""Brücke"" will be the prefix of ""(Bruckenpfeiler,"".

=== Sorting
To sort two values, the underlying encoding is used to determine which value is less than the other.

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id: 00001006050000
title: Zettel identifier
role: manual
tags: #design #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210721123222
modified: 20240708154551

Each zettel is given a unique identifier.
To some degree, the zettel identifier is part of the metadata.
Basically, the identifier is given by the [[Zettelstore|00001005000000]] software.

=== Timestamp-based identifier

Every zettel identifier consists of 14 digits.
They resemble a timestamp: the first four digits could represent the year, the
next two represent the month, following by day, hour, minute, and second.
next two represent the month, following by day, hour, minute, and second.[^Zettel identifier format will be migrated to a new format after version 0.19, without reference to the creation date.]

This allows to order zettel chronologically in a canonical way.

In most cases the zettel identifier is the timestamp when the zettel was created.

However, the Zettelstore software just checks for exactly 14 digits.
Anybody is free to assign a ""non-timestamp"" identifier to a zettel, e.g. with
a month part of ""35"" or with ""99"" as the last two digits.

Some zettel identifier are [[reserved|00001006055000]] and should not be used otherwise.
All identifiers of zettel initially provided by an empty Zettelstore begin with ""000000"", except the home zettel ''00010000000000''.
Zettel identifier of this manual have be chosen to begin with ""000010"".

A zettel can have any identifier that contains 14 digits and that is not in use
by another zettel managed by the same Zettelstore.

=== Identifiers with four alphanumeric characters
In the future, above identifier format will change.
The migration to the new format starts with Zettelstore version 0.18 and will last approximately until version 0.22.

Above described format of 14 digits will be changed to four alphanumeric characters, i.e. the digits ''0'' to ''9'', and the letters ''a'' to ''z''.
You might note that using 14 digits you are allowed a little less than 10^^14^^ Zettel, i.e. more than 999 trillion zettel, while the new scheme only allows you to create 36^^4^^-1 zettel (1679615 zettel, to be exact).
Since Zettelstore is a single-user system, more than a million zettel should be enough.
However, there must be a way to replace an identifier with 14 digits by an identifier with four characters.

As a first step, the list of [[reserved zettel identifier|00001006055000]] is updated, as well as ways of client software to use predefined identifier.

Added docs/manual/00001006050200.zettel.


















































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id: 00001006050200
title: Alphanumeric Zettel Identifier
role: manual
tags: #design #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20240705200557
modified: 20240711183512
precursor: 00001006050000

Timestamp-based zettel identifier (14 digits) will be migrated to a new format.
Instead of using the current date and time of zettel creation, the new format is based in incrementing zettel identifier.
When creating a new zettel, its identifier is calculated by adding one to the current maximum zettel identifier.
The external representation if the new format identifier is a sequence of four alphanumeric characters, i.e. the 36
characters ''0'' &hellip; ''9'', and ''a'' &hellip; ''z''.
The external representation is basically a ""base-36"" encoding of the number.

The characters ''A'' &hellip; ''Z'' are mapped to the lower-case ''a'' &hellip; ''z''.

=== Migration process
Please note: the following is just a plan.
Plans tend to be revised if they get in contact with reality.

; Version 0.18 (current)
: Provides some tools to check your own zettelstore for problematic zettel identifier.
  For example, zettel without metadata key ''created'' should be updated by the user, especially if the zettel identifier is below ''19700101000000''.
  Most likely, this is the case for zettel created before version 0.7 (2022-08-17).

  Zettel [[Zettelstore Warnings|00000000000102]] (''00000000000102'') lists these problematic zettel identifier.[^Only visible in [[expert mode|00001004020000#expert-mode]].]
  You should update your zettel to remove these warnings to ensure a smooth migration.

  If you have developed an application, that defines a specific zettel identifier to be used as application configuration, you should must the new zettel [[Zettelstore Application Directory|00009999999998]] (''00009999999998'').

  There is an explicit, but preliminary mapping of the old format to the new one, and vice versa.
  This mapping will be calculated with the order of the identifier in the old format.
  The zettel [[Zettelstore Identifier Mapping|00009999999999]] (''00009999999999'') will show this mapping.[^Only visible in [[expert mode|00001004020000#expert-mode]].]

; Version 0.19
: The new identifier format will be used initially internal.
  Operation to rename a zettel, i.e. assigning a new identifier to a zettel, is removed permanently.

  The old format with 14 digits is still used to create URIs and to link zettel.

  You will have some time to update your zettel data if you detect some issues.
; Version 0.20
: The internal search index is based on the new format identifier.
; Version 0.21
: The new format is used to calculate URIs and to form links.
; Version 0.22
: Old format identifier are full legacy.

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id: 00001006055000
title: Reserved zettel identifier
role: manual
tags: #design #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210721105704
modified: 20220311111751
modified: 20240711183638

[[Zettel identifier|00001006050000]] are typically created by examine the current date and time.
By renaming a zettel, you are able to provide any sequence of 14 digits.
By renaming the name of the underlying zettel file, you are able to provide any sequence of 14 digits[^Zettel identifier format will be migrated to a new format after version 0.19.].
If no other zettel has the same identifier, you are allowed to rename a zettel.

To make things easier, you normally should not use zettel identifier that begin with four zeroes (''0000'').
To make things easier, you must not use zettel identifier that begin with four zeroes (''0000'').

All zettel provided by an empty zettelstore begin with six zeroes[^Exception: the predefined home zettel ''00010000000000''. But you can [[configure|00001004020000#home-zettel]] another zettel with another identifier as the new home zettel.].
Zettel identifier of this manual have be chosen to begin with ''000010''.

However, some external applications may need a range of specific zettel identifier to work properly.
However, some external applications may need at least one defined zettel identifier to work properly.
Identifier that begin with ''00009'' can be used for such purpose.
To request a reservation, please send an email to the maintainer of Zettelstore.
The request must include the following data:
; Title
: Title of you application
Zettel [[Zettelstore Application Directory|00009999999998]] (''00009999999998'') can be used to associate a name to a zettel identifier.
; Description
: A brief description what the application is used for and why you need to reserve some zettel identifier
For example, if your application is named ""app"", you create a metadata key ''app-zid''.
; Number
: Specify the amount of zettel identifier you are planning to use.
Its value is the zettel identifier of the zettel that configures your application.
  Minimum size is 100.
  If you need more than 10.000, your justification will contain more words.

=== Reserved Zettel Identifier

|= From | To | Description
| 00000000000000 | 0000000000000 | This is an invalid zettel identifier
| 00000000000001 | 0000009999999 | [[Predefined zettel|00001005090000]]
| 00000100000000 | 0000019999999 | This [[Zettelstore manual|00001000000000]]
| 00000200000000 | 0000899999999 | Reserved for future use
| 00009000000000 | 0000999999999 | Reserved for applications
| 00000000000001 | 0000099999999 | [[Predefined zettel|00001005090000]]
| 00001000000000 | 0000109999999 | This [[Zettelstore manual|00001000000000]]
| 00001100000000 | 0000899999999 | Reserved, do not use.
| 00009000000000 | 0000999999999 | Reserved for applications (legacy)

This list may change in the future.
Since the format of zettel identifier will change in the near future, no external application is allowed to use the range ''00000000000001'' &hellip; ''0000999999999''.

==== External Applications
==== External Applications (Legacy)
|= From | To | Description
| 00009000001000 | 00009000001999 | [[Zettel Presenter|https://zettelstore.de/contrib]], an application to display zettel as a HTML-based slideshow
| 00009000002000 | 00009000002999 | [[Zettel Blog|https://zettelstore.de/contrib]], an application to collect and transform zettel into a blog

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id: 00001007010000
title: Zettelmarkup: General Principles
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211124175047

Any document can be thought as a sequence of paragraphs and other [[block-structured elements|00001007030000]] (""blocks""), such as [[headings|00001007030300]], [[lists|00001007030200]], quotations, and code blocks.
Some of these blocks can contain other blocks, for example lists may contain other lists or paragraphs.
Other blocks contain [[inline-structured elements|00001007040000]] (""inlines""), such as text, [[links|00001007040310]], emphasized text, and images.

With the exception of lists and tables, the markup for blocks always begins at the first position of a line with three or more identical characters.

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id: 00001007020000
title: Zettelmarkup: Basic Definitions
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218130713

Every Zettelmarkup content consists of a sequence of Unicode code-points.
Unicode code-points are called in the following as **character**s.

Characters are encoded with UTF-8.

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id: 00001007030000
title: Zettelmarkup: Block-Structured Elements
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220311181036

Every markup for blocks-structured elements (""blocks"") begins at the very first position of a line.

There are five kinds of blocks: lists, one-line blocks, line-range blocks, tables, and paragraphs.

=== Lists

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id: 00001007030100
title: Zettelmarkup: Description Lists
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131155

A description list is a sequence of terms to be described together with the descriptions of each term.
Every term can described in multiple ways.

A description term (short: __term__) is specified with one semicolon (""'';''"", U+003B) at the first position, followed by a space character and the described term, specified as a sequence of line elements.
If the following lines should also be part of the term, exactly two spaces must be given at the beginning of each following line.

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id: 00001007030200
title: Zettelmarkup: Nested Lists
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218133902

There are thee kinds of lists that can be nested: ordered lists, unordered lists, and quotation lists.

Ordered lists are specified with the number sign (""''#''"", U+0023), unordered lists use the asterisk (""''*''"", U+002A), and quotation lists are specified with the greater-than sing (""''>''"", U+003E).
Let's call these three characters __list characters__.

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id: 00001007030300
title: Zettelmarkup: Headings
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218133755

To specify a (sub-) section of a zettel, you should use the headings syntax: at
the beginning of a new line type at least three equal signs (""''=''"", U+003D), plus at least one
space and enter the text of the heading as [[inline elements|00001007040000]].

```zmk

Changes to docs/manual/00001007030500.zettel.

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id: 00001007030500
title: Zettelmarkup: Verbatim Blocks
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131500

Verbatim blocks are used to enter text that should not be interpreted.
They begin with at least three grave accent characters (""''`''"", U+0060) at the first position of a line.
Alternatively, a modifier letter grave accent (""''ˋ''"", U+02CB) is also allowed[^On some devices, such as an iPhone / iPad, a grave accent character is harder to enter and is often confused with a modifier letter grave accent.].

You can add some [[attributes|00001007050000]] on the beginning line of a verbatim block, following the initiating characters.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007030600.zettel.

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id: 00001007030600
title: Zettelmarkup: Quotation Blocks
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131806

A simple way to enter a quotation is to use the [[quotation list|00001007030200]].
A quotation list loosely follows the convention of quoting text within emails.
However, if you want to attribute the quotation to someone, a quotation block is more appropriately.

This kind of line-range block begins with at least three less-than characters (""''<''"", U+003C) at the first position of a line.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007030700.zettel.

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id: 00001007030700
title: Zettelmarkup: Verse Blocks
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218132432

Sometimes, you want to enter text with significant space characters at the beginning of each line and with significant line endings.
Poetry is one typical example.
Of course, you could help yourself with hard space characters and hard line breaks, by entering a backslash character before a space character and at the end of each line.
Using a verse block might be easier.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007030800.zettel.

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id: 00001007030800
title: Zettelmarkup: Region Blocks
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220323190829

Region blocks does not directly have a visual representation.
They just group a range of lines.
You can use region blocks to enter [[attributes|00001007050000]] that apply only to this range of lines.
One example is to enter a multi-line warning that should be visible.

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id: 00001007030900
title: Zettelmarkup: Comment Blocks
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218130330
modified: 20230807170858

Comment blocks are quite similar to [[verbatim blocks|00001007030500]]: both are used to enter text that should not be interpreted.
While the text entered inside a verbatim block will be processed somehow, text inside a comment block will be ignored[^Well, not completely ignored: text is read, but it will typically not rendered visible.].
Comment blocks are typically used to give some internal comments, e.g. the license of a text or some internal remarks.

Comment blocks begin with at least three percent sign characters (""''%''"", U+0025) at the first position of a line.
You can add some [[attributes|00001007050000]] on the beginning line of a comment block, following the initiating characters.
The comment block supports the default attribute: when given, the text will be rendered, e.g. as an HTML comment.
When rendered to JSON, the comment block will not be ignored but it will output some JSON text.
When rendered to a symbolic expression, the comment block will not be ignored but it will output some text.
Same for other renderer.

Any other character in this line will be ignored

Text following the beginning line will not be interpreted, until a line begins with at least the same number of the same characters given at the beginning line.
This allows to enter some percent sign characters in the text that should not be interpreted.

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id: 00001007031000
title: Zettelmarkup: Tables
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131107

Tables are used to show some data in a two-dimensional fashion.
In zettelmarkup, table are not specified explicitly, but by entering __table rows__.
Therefore, a table can be seen as a sequence of table rows.
A table row is nothing as a sequence of __table cells__.
The length of a table is the number of table rows, the width of a table is the maximum length of its rows.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007031140.zettel.

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id: 00001007031140
title: Zettelmarkup: Query Transclusion
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220809132350
modified: 20230116183656
modified: 20240219161800

A query transclusion is specified by the following sequence, starting at the first position in a line: ''{{{query:query-expression}}}''.
The line must literally start with the sequence ''{{{query:''.
Everything after this prefix is interpreted as a [[query expression|00001007700000]].

When evaluated, the query expression is evaluated, often resulting in a list of [[links|00001007040310]] to zettel, matching the query expression.
The result replaces the query transclusion element.
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: Transform the zettel list into an [[Atom 1.0|https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4287]]-conformant document / feed.
  The document is embedded into the referencing zettel.
; ''RSS'' (aggregate)
: Transform the zettel list into a [[RSS 2.0|https://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification]]-conformant document / feed.
  The document is embedded into the referencing zettel.
; ''KEYS'' (aggregate)
: Emit a list of all metadata keys, together with the number of zettel having the key.
; ''REDIRECT'', ''REINDEX'' (aggregate)
: Will be ignored.
  These actions may have been copied from an existing [[API query call|00001012051400]] (or from a WebUI query), but are here superfluous (and possibly harmful).
; Any [[metadata key|00001006020000]] of type [[Word|00001006035500]], [[WordSet|00001006036000]], or [[TagSet|00001006034000]] (aggregates)
; Any [[metadata key|00001006020000]] of type [[Word|00001006035500]] or of type [[TagSet|00001006034000]] (aggregates)
: Emit an aggregate of the given metadata key.
  The key can be given in any letter case[^Except if the key name collides with one of the above names. In this case use at least one lower case letter.].

To allow some kind of backward compatibility, an action written in uppercase letters that leads to an empty result list, will be ignored.
In this case the list of selected zettel is returned.

Example:
```zmk
{{{query:tags:#search | tags}}}
```
This is a tag cloud of all tags that are used together with the tag #search:
:::example
{{{query:tags:#search | tags}}}
:::

Changes to docs/manual/00001007031300.zettel.

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They begin with at least three tilde characters (""''~''"", U+007E) at the first position of a line.

You can add some [[attributes|00001007050000]] on the beginning line of a verbatim block, following the initiating characters.
The evaluation block supports the default attribute[^Depending on the syntax value.]: when given, all spaces in the text are rendered in HTML as open box characters (U+2423).
If you want to give only one attribute and this attribute is the generic attribute, you can omit the most of the attribute syntax and just specify the value.
It will be interpreted as a [[syntax|00001008000000]] value to evaluate its content.
Not all syntax values are supported by Zettelstore.[^Currently just ""[[draw|00001008050000]]"".]
The main reason for an evaluation block is to be used with external software via the [[Sexpr encoding|00001012920516]].
The main reason for an evaluation block is to be used with external software via the [[sz encoding|00001012920516]].

Any other character in this line will be ignored

Text following the beginning line will not be interpreted, until a line begins with at least the same number of the same characters given at the beginning line.
This allows to enter some tilde characters in the text that should not be interpreted.

For example:

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You can add some [[attributes|00001007050000]] on the beginning line of a verbatim block, following the initiating characters.
A math-mode block supports the default attribute[^Depending on the syntax value.]: when given, all spaces in the text are rendered in HTML as open box characters (U+2423).
If you want to give only one attribute and this attribute is the generic attribute, you can omit the most of the attribute syntax and just specify the value.
It will be interpreted as a [[syntax|00001008000000]] value to evaluate its content.
Alternatively, you could provide an attribute with the key ""syntax"" and use the value to specify the syntax.
Not all syntax values are supported by Zettelstore.[^Currently: none.]
External software might support several values via the [[Sexpr encoding|00001012920516]].
External software might support several values via the [[sz encoding|00001012920516]].

Any other character in this line will be ignored

Text following the beginning line will not be interpreted, until a line begins with at least the same number of the same characters given at the beginning line.
This allows to enter some dollar-sign characters in the text that should not be interpreted.

For example:

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id: 00001007040100
title: Zettelmarkup: Text Formatting
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218131003
modified: 20231113191353

Text formatting is the way to make your text visually different.
Every text formatting element begins with two same characters.
It ends when these two same characters occur the second time.
It is possible that some [[attributes|00001007050000]] follow immediately, without any separating character.

Text formatting can be nested, up to a reasonable limit.
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* The circumflex accent character (""''^''"", U+005E) allows to enter super-scripted text.
** Example: ``e=mc^^2^^`` is rendered in HTML as: ::e=mc^^2^^::{=example}.
* The comma character (""'',''"", U+002C) produces sub-scripted text.
** Example: ``H,,2,,O`` is rendered in HTML as: ::H,,2,,O::{=example}.
* The quotation mark character (""''"''"", U+0022) marks an inline quotation, according to the [[specified language|00001007050100]].
** Example: ``""To be or not""`` is rendered in HTML as: ::""To be or not""::{=example}.
** Example: ``""Sein oder nicht""{lang=de}`` is rendered in HTML as: ::""Sein oder nicht""{lang=de}::{=example}.
* The number sign (""''#''"", U+0023) marks the text visually, where the mark does not belong to the text itself.
  It is typically used to highlight some text that is important for you, but was not important for the original author.
** Example: ``abc ##def## ghi`` is rendered in HTML as: ::abc ##def## ghi::{=example}.
* The colon character (""'':''"", U+003A) mark some text that should belong together. It fills a similar role as [[region blocks|00001007030800]], but just for inline elements.
** Example: ``abc ::def::{=example} ghi`` is rendered in HTML as: abc ::def::{=example} ghi.

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id: 00001007040200
title: Zettelmarkup: Literal-like formatting
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220311185110

There are some reasons to mark text that should be rendered as uninterpreted:
* Mark text as literal, sometimes as part of a program.
* Mark text as input you give into a computer via a keyboard.
* Mark text as output from some computer, e.g. shown at the command line.

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id: 00001007040300
title: Zettelmarkup: Reference-like text
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210810172531

An important aspect of knowledge work is to interconnect your zettel as well as provide links to (external) material.

There are several kinds of references that are allowed in Zettelmarkup:
* [[Links to other zettel or to (external) material|00001007040310]]
* [[Embedded zettel or (external) material|00001007040320]] (""inline transclusion"")

Changes to docs/manual/00001007040324.zettel.

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id: 00001007040324
title: Zettelmarkup: Inline-mode Transclusion
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210811154251
modified: 20221116165428
modified: 20231222164501

Inline-mode transclusion applies to all zettel that are parsed in a non-trivial way, e.g. as structured textual content.
For example, textual content is assumed if the [[syntax|00001006020000#syntax]] of a zettel is ""zmk"" ([[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]]), or ""markdown"" / ""md"" ([[Markdown|00001008010000]]).

Since this type of transclusion is at the level of [[inline-structured elements|00001007040000]], the transclude specification must be replaced with some inline-structured elements.

First, the referenced zettel is read.
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   Example: ``{{00001007040322#spin}}`` is rendered as ::{{00001007040322#spin}}::{=example}.

** Just specifying the fragment identifier will reference something in the current page.
   This is not allowed, to prevent a possible endless recursion.

* If the reference is a [[hosted or based|00001007040310#link-specifications]] link / URL to an image, that image will be rendered.

  Example: ``{{//z/00000000040001}}`` is rendered as ::{{//z/00000000040001}}::{=example}
  Example: ``{{//z/00000000040001}}{alt=Emoji}`` is rendered as ::{{//z/00000000040001}}{alt=Emoji}::{=example}

If no inline-structured elements are found, the transclude specification is replaced by an error message.

To avoid an exploding ""transclusion bomb"", a form of a [[billion laughs attack|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billion_laughs_attack]] (also known as ""XML bomb""), the total number of transclusions / expansions is limited.
The limit can be controlled by setting the value [[''max-transclusions''|00001004020000#max-transclusions]] of the runtime configuration zettel.

=== See also
[[Full transclusion|00001007031100]] does not work inside some text, but is used for [[block-structured elements|00001007030000]].

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id: 00001007040330
title: Zettelmarkup: Footnotes
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210810155955
modified: 20220218130100

A footnote begins with a left square bracket, followed by a circumflex accent (""''^''"", U+005E), followed by some text, and ends with a right square bracket.

Example:

``Main text[^Footnote text.].`` is rendered in HTML as: ::Main text[^Footnote text.].::{=example}.

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id: 00001007040340
title: Zettelmarkup: Citation Key
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210810155955
modified: 20220218133447

A citation key references some external material that is part of a bibliographical collection.

Currently, Zettelstore implements this only partially, it is ""work in progress"".

However, the syntax is: beginning with a left square bracket and followed by an at sign character (""''@''"", U+0040), a the citation key is given.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007040350.zettel.

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id: 00001007040350
title: Zettelmarkup: Mark
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210810155955
modified: 20220218133206

A mark allows to name a point within a zettel.
This is useful if you want to reference some content in a zettel, either with a [[link|00001007040310]] or with an [[inline-mode transclusion|00001007040324]].

A mark begins with a left square bracket, followed by an exclamation mark character (""''!''"", U+0021).
Now the optional mark name follows.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007050000.zettel.

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id: 00001007050000
title: Zettelmarkup: Attributes
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220630194106

Attributes allows to modify the way how material is presented.
Alternatively, they provide additional information to markup elements.
To some degree, attributes are similar to [[HTML attributes|https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/dom.html#global-attributes]].

Typical use cases for attributes are to specify the (natural) [[language|00001007050100]] for a text region, to specify the [[programming language|00001007050200]] for highlighting program code, or to make white space visible in plain text.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007050200.zettel.

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id: 00001007050200
title: Zettelmarkup: Supported Attribute Values for Programming Languages
tags: #manual #reference #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
role: manual
created: 20210126175322

TBD

Changes to docs/manual/00001007700000.zettel.

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id: 00001007700000
title: Query expression
title: Query Expression
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220805150154
modified: 20220913135434
modified: 20230731161954

A query expression allows you to search for specific zettel and to perform some actions on them.
You may select zettel based on a full-text search, based on specific metadata values, or both.
You may select zettel based on a list of [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]], based on a query directive, based on a full-text search, based on specific metadata values, or some or all of them.

A query expression consists of a __search expression__ and of an optional __action list__.
Both are separated by a vertical bar character (""''|''"", U+007C).
A query expression consists of an optional __[[zettel identifier list|00001007710000]]__, zero or more __[[query directives|00001007720000]]__, an optional __[[search expression|00001007701000]]__, and an optional __[[action list|00001007770000]]__.
The latter two are separated by a vertical bar character (""''|''"", U+007C).

A query expression follows a [[formal syntax|00001007780000]].

=== Search expression

* [[List of zettel identifier|00001007710000]]
In its simplest form, a search expression just contains a string to be search for with the help of a full-text search.
For example, the string ''syntax'' will search for all zettel containing the word ""syntax"".

* [[Query directives|00001007720000]]
If you want to search for all zettel with a title containing the word ""syntax"", you must specify ''title:syntax''.
""title"" names the [[metadata key|00001006010000]], in this case the [[supported metadata key ""title""|00001006020000#title]].
The colon character (""'':''"") is a [[search operator|00001007705000]], in this example to specify a match.
""syntax"" is the [[search value|00001007706000]] that must match to the value of the given metadata key, here ""title"".

** [[Context directive|00001007720300]]
** [[Ident directive|00001007720600]]
** [[Items directive|00001007720900]]
** [[Unlinked directive|00001007721200]]
A search expression may contain more than one search term, such as ''title:syntax''.
Search terms must be separated by one or more space characters, for example ''title:syntax title:search''.
All terms of a select expression must be true so that a zettel is selected.

* [[Search terms|00001007702000]]
* [[Search operator|00001007705000]]
* [[Search value|00001007706000]]
* [[Search expression|00001007701000]]
** [[Search term|00001007702000]]
** [[Search operator|00001007705000]]
** [[Search value|00001007706000]]
* [[Action list|00001007770000]]

Here are [[some examples|00001007790000]] of search expressions, which can be used to manage a Zettelstore:
Here are [[some examples|00001007790000]], which can be used to manage a Zettelstore:
{{{00001007790000}}}

=== Action List

With a search expression, a list of zettel is selected.
Actions allow to modify this list to a certain degree.

Which actions are allowed depends on the context.
However, actions are further separated into __parameter action__ and __aggregate actions__.
A parameter action just sets a parameter for an aggregate action.
An aggregate action transforms the list of selected zettel into a different, aggregate form.
Only the first aggregate form is executed, following aggregate actions are ignored.

In most contexts, valid actions include the name of metadata keys, at least of type [[Word|00001006035500]], [[WordSet|00001006036000]], or [[TagSet|00001006034000]].

Added docs/manual/00001007701000.zettel.



























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id: 00001007701000
title: Query: Search Expression
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230707205043
modified: 20230707210039

In its simplest form, a search expression just contains a string to be search for with the help of a full-text search.
For example, the string ''syntax'' will search for all zettel containing the word ""syntax"".

If you want to search for all zettel with a title containing the word ""syntax"", you must specify ''title:syntax''.
""title"" denotes the [[metadata key|00001006010000]], in this case the [[supported metadata key ""title""|00001006020000#title]].
The colon character (""'':''"") is a [[search operator|00001007705000]], in this example to specify a match.
""syntax"" is the [[search value|00001007706000]] that must match to the value of the given metadata key, here ""title"".

A search expression may contain more than one search term, such as ''title:syntax''.
Search terms must be separated by one or more space characters, for example ''title:syntax title:search''.
All terms of a select expression must be true so that a zettel is selected.

Above sequence of search expressions may be combined by specifying the keyword ''OR''.
At most one of those sequences must be true so that a zettel is selected.

* [[Search term|00001007702000]]
* [[Search operator|00001007705000]]
* [[Search value|00001007706000]]

Changes to docs/manual/00001007702000.zettel.

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id: 00001007702000
title: Search term
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220805150154
modified: 20230327123724
modified: 20230925173539

A search term allows you to specify one search restriction.
The result [[search expression|00001007700000]], which contains more than one search term, will be the applications of all restrictions.

A search term can be one of the following (the first three term are collectively called __search literals__):
* A metadata-based search, by specifying the name of a [[metadata key|00001006010000]], followed by a [[search operator|00001007705000]], followed by an optional [[search value|00001007706000]].

  All zettel containing the given metadata key with a allowed value (depending on the search operator) are selected.

  If no search value is given, then all zettel containing the given metadata key are selected (or ignored, for a negated search operator).
* An optional [[search operator|00001007705000]], followed by a [[search value|00001007706000]].

  This specifies a full-text search for the given search value.

  However, the operators ""less"" and ""greater"" are not supported, they are internally translated into the ""match"" operators.
  Similar, ""not less"" and ""not greater"" are translated into ""not match"".
  It simply does not make sense to search the content of all zettel for words less than a specific word, for example.

  **Note:** the search value will be normalized according to Unicode NKFD, ignoring everything except letters and numbers.
  Therefore, the following search expression are essentially the same: ''"search syntax"'' and ''search syntax''.
  The first is a search expression with one search value, which is normalized to two strings to be searched for.
  The second is a search expression containing two search values, giving two string to be searched for.
* A metadata key followed by ""''?''"" or ""''!?''"".

  Is true, if zettel metadata contains / does not contain the given key.
* The string ''OR'' signals that following search literals may occur alternatively in the result.

  Since search literals may be negated, it is possible to form any boolean search expression.
  Any search expression will be in a [[disjunctive normal form|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disjunctive_normal_form]].

  It has no effect on the following search terms initiated with a special uppercase word.
* The string ''PICK'', followed by a non-empty sequence of spaces and a number greater zero (called ""N"").

  This will pick randomly N elements of the result list.
  This will pick randomly N elements of the result list, preserving the order of that list.
  A zero value of N will produce the same result as if nothing was specified.
  If specified multiple times, the lower value takes precedence.

  Example: ''PICK 5 PICK 3'' will be interpreted as ''PICK 3''.
* The string ''ORDER'', followed by a non-empty sequence of spaces and the name of a metadata key, will specify an ordering of the result list.
  If you include the string ''REVERSE'' after ''ORDER'' but before the metadata key, the ordering will be reversed.

  Example: ''ORDER published'' will order the resulting list based on the publishing data, while ''ORDER REVERSED published'' will return a reversed result order.
  Example: ''ORDER published'' will order the resulting list based on the publishing data, while ''ORDER REVERSE published'' will return a reversed result order.

  An explicit order field will take precedence over the random order described below.

  If no random order is effective, a ``ORDER REVERSE id`` will be added.
  This makes the sort stable.

  Example: ``ORDER created`` will be interpreted as ``ORDER created ORDER REVERSE id``.

  Any ordering by zettel identifier will make following order terms to be ignored.

  Example: ``ORDER id ORDER created`` will be interpreted as ``ORDER id``.
* The string ''RANDOM'' will provide a random order of the resulting list.

  Currently, only the first term specifying the order of the resulting list will be used.
  Other ordering terms will be ignored.

  A random order specification will be ignored, if there is an explicit ordering given or if the specification contains a valid ''PICK''.
  A random order specification will be ignored, if there is an explicit ordering given.

  Example: ''RANDOM ORDER published'' will be interpreted as ''ORDER published'', ''PICK 3 RANDOM'' will be interpreted as ''PICK 3''.
  Example: ''RANDOM ORDER published'' will be interpreted as ''ORDER published''.
* The string ''OFFSET'', followed by a non-empty sequence of spaces and a number greater zero (called ""N"").

  This will ignore the first N elements of the result list, based on the specified sort order.
  A zero value of N will produce the same result as if nothing was specified.
  If specified multiple times, the higher value takes precedence.

  Example: ''OFFSET 4 OFFSET 8'' will be interpreted as ''OFFSET 8''.
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This is resolved by the following rule:
* A search term containing no [[search operator character|00001007705000]] is treated as a full-text search.
* The first search operator character found in a search term divides the term into two pieces.
  If the first piece, from the beginning of the search term to the search operator character, is syntactically a metadata key, the search term is treated as a metadata-based search.
* Otherwise, the search term is treated as a full-text search.

If a term like ''PICK'', ''ORDER'', ''ORDER REVERSE'', ''OFFSET'', or ''LIMIT'' is not followed by an appropriate value, it is interpreted as a search value for a full-text search.
For example, ''ORDER 123'' will search for a zettel conatining the strings ""ORDER"" (case-insensitive) and ""123"".
For example, ''ORDER 123'' will search for a zettel containing the strings ""ORDER"" (case-insensitive) and ""123"".

A specification ''RANDOM LIMIT n'' (with some valid value of ''n'') will be interpreted as ''PICK n''.
Similar, a specification ''PICK n'', where ''n'' is greater or equal to the length of the result list, will be interpreted as ''RANDOM''.
A specification ''LIMIT n'', where ''n'' is greater or equal to the length of the result list, will be ignored effectively.

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id: 00001007705000
title: Search operator
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220805150154
modified: 20220819194709
modified: 20230612180539

A search operator specifies how the comparison of a search value and a zettel should be executed.
Every comparison is done case-insensitive, treating all uppercase letters the same as lowercase letters.

The following are allowed search operator characters:
* The exclamation mark character (""!"", U+0021) negates the meaning
* The tilde character (""''~''"", U+007E) compares on matching (""match operator"")
* The greater-than sign character (""''>''"", U+003E) matches if there is some prefix (""prefix operator"")
* The less-than sign character (""''<''"", U+003C) compares a suffix relationship (""suffix operator"")
* The colon character (""'':''"", U+003A) compares on equal words (""has operator"")
* The question mark (""''?''"", U+003F) checks for an existing metadata key (""exist operator"")
* The exclamation mark character (""''!''"", U+0021) negates the meaning.
* The equal sign character (""''=''"", U+003D) compares on equal content (""equals operator"").
* The tilde character (""''~''"", U+007E) compares on matching (""match operator"").
* The left square bracket character (""''[''"", U+005B) matches if there is some prefix (""prefix operator"").
* The right square bracket character (""'']''"", U+005D) compares a suffix relationship (""suffix operator"").
* The colon character (""'':''"", U+003A) compares depending on the on the actual [[key type|00001006030000]] (""has operator"").
  In most cases, it acts as a equals operator, but for some type it acts as the match operator.
* The less-than sign character (""''<''"", U+003C) matches if the search value is somehow less then the metadata value (""less operator"").
* The greater-than sign character (""''>''"", U+003E) matches if the search value is somehow greater then the metadata value (""greater operator"").
* The question mark (""''?''"", U+003F) checks for an existing metadata key (""exist operator"").
  In this case no [[search value|00001007706000]] must be given.

Since the exclamation mark character can be combined with the other, there are 10 possible combinations:
Since the exclamation mark character can be combined with the other, there are 18 possible combinations:
# ""''!''"": is an abbreviation of the ""''!~''"" operator.
# ""''~''"": is successful if the search value matched the value to be compared.
# ""''!~''"": is successful if the search value does not match the value to be compared.
# ""'':''"": is successful if the search value is equal to one word of the value to be compared.
# ""''!:''"": is successful if the search value is not equal to any word of the value to be compared.
# ""''>''"": is successful if the search value is a prefix of the value to be compared.
# ""''!>''"": is successful if the search value is not a prefix of the value to be compared.
# ""''<''"": is successful if the search value is a suffix of the value to be compared.
# ""''!<''"": is successful if the search value is not a suffix of the value to be compared.
# ""''=''"": is successful if the search value is equal to one word of the value to be compared.
# ""''!=''"": is successful if the search value is not equal to any word of the value to be compared.
# ""''[''"": is successful if the search value is a prefix of the value to be compared.
# ""''![''"": is successful if the search value is not a prefix of the value to be compared.
# ""'']''"": is successful if the search value is a suffix of the value to be compared.
# ""''!]''"": is successful if the search value is not a suffix of the value to be compared.
# ""'':''"": is successful if the search value is has/match one word of the value to be compared.
# ""''!:''"": is successful if the search value is not match/has to any word of the value to be compared.
# ""''<''"": is successful if the search value is less than the value to be compared.
# ""''!<''"": is successful if the search value is not less than, e.g. greater or equal than the value to be compared.
# ""''>''"": is successful if the search value is greater than the value to be compared.
# ""''!>''"": is successful if the search value is not greater than, e.g. less or equal than the value to be compared.
# ""''?''"": is successful if the metadata contains the given key.
# ""''!?''"": is successful if the metadata does not contain the given key.
# ""''''"": a missing search operator can only occur for a full-text search.
  It is equal to the ""''~''"" operator.

Changes to docs/manual/00001007706000.zettel.

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id: 00001007706000
title: Search value
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220805150154
modified: 20220807162031

A search value specifies a value to be searched for, depending on the [[search operator|00001007705000]].

A search value should be lower case, because all comparisons are done in a case-insensitive way and there are some upper case keywords planned.

Added docs/manual/00001007710000.zettel.


















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id: 20230707202600
title: Query: List of Zettel Identifier
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230707202652

A query may start with a list of [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]], where the identifier are separated by one ore more space characters.

If you specify at least one query directive, this list acts as a input for the first query directive.
Otherwise, only the zettel of the given list are used to evaluated the search expression or the action list (if no search expression was given).

Some examples:
* [[query:00001007700000 CONTEXT]] returns the context of this zettel.
* [[query:00001007700000 00001007031140 man]] searches the given two zettel for a string ""man"".
* [[query:00001007700000 00001007031140 | tags]] return a tag cloud with tags from those two zettel.
* [[query:00001007700000 00001007031140]] returns a list with the two zettel.

Added docs/manual/00001007720000.zettel.




















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id: 00001007720000
title: Query Directives
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230707203135
modified: 20230731162002

A query directive transforms a list of zettel identifier into a list of zettel identifiert.
It is only valid if a list of zettel identifier is specified at the beginning of the query expression.
Otherwise the text of the directive is interpreted as a search expression.
For example, ''CONTEXT'' is interpreted as a full-text search for the word ""context"".

Every query directive therefore consumes a list of zettel, and it produces a list of zettel according to the specific directive.

* [[Context directive|00001007720300]]
* [[Ident directive|00001007720600]]
* [[Items directive|00001007720900]]
* [[Unlinked directive|00001007721200]]

Added docs/manual/00001007720300.zettel.










































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id: 00001007720300
title: Query: Context Directive
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230707204706
modified: 20240209191045

A context directive calculates the __context__ of a list of zettel identifier.
It starts with the keyword ''CONTEXT''.

Optionally you may specify some context details, after the keyword ''CONTEXT'', separated by space characters.
These are:
* ''FULL'': additionally search for zettel with the same tags,
* ''BACKWARD'': search for context only though backward links,
* ''FORWARD'': search for context only through forward links,
* ''COST'': one or more space characters, and a positive integer: set the maximum __cost__ (default: 17),
* ''MAX'': one or more space characters, and a positive integer: set the maximum number of context zettel (default: 200).

If no ''BACKWARD'' and ''FORWARD'' is specified, a search for context zettel will be done though backward and forward links.

The cost of a context zettel is calculated iteratively:
* Each of the specified zettel hast a cost of one.
* A zettel found as a single folge zettel or single precursor zettel has the cost of the originating zettel, plus one.
* A zettel found as a single subordinate zettel or single superior zettel has the cost of the originating zettel, plus 1.2.
* A zettel found as a single successor zettel or single predecessor zettel has the cost of the originating zettel, plus seven.
* A zettel found via another link without being part of a [[set of zettel identifier|00001006032500]], has the cost of the originating zettel, plus two.
* A zettel which is part of a set of zettel identifier, has the cost of the originating zettel, plus one of the four choices above and multiplied with roughly a linear-logarithmic value based on the size of the set.
* A zettel with the same tag, has the cost of the originating zettel, plus a linear-logarithmic number based on the number of zettel with this tag.
  If a zettel belongs to more than one tag compared with the current zettel, there is a discount of 90% per additional tag.
  This only applies if the ''FULL'' directive was specified.

The maximum cost is only checked for all zettel that are not directly reachable from the initial, specified list of zettel.
This ensures that initial zettel that have only a highly used tag, will also produce some context zettel.

Despite its possibly complicated structure, this algorithm ensures in practice that the zettel context is a list of zettel, where the first elements are ""near"" to the specified zettel and the last elements are more ""distant"" to the specified zettel.
It also penalties zettel that acts as a ""hub"" to other zettel, to make it more likely that only relevant zettel appear on the context list.

This directive may be specified only once as a query directive.
A second occurence of ''CONTEXT'' is interpreted as a [[search expression|00001007701000]].
In most cases it is easier to adjust the maximum cost than to perform another context search, which is relatively expensive in terms of retrieving effort.

Added docs/manual/00001007720600.zettel.













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id: 00001007720600
title: Query: Ident Directive
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230724153018
modified: 20230724154015

An ident directive is needed if you want to specify just a list of zettel identifier.
It starts with / consists of the keyword ''IDENT''.

When not using the ident directive, zettel identifier are interpreted as a [[search expression|00001007701000]].

Added docs/manual/00001007720900.zettel.








































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id: 00001007720900
title: Query: Items Directive
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230729102142
modified: 20230729120755

The items directive works on zettel that act as a ""table of contents"" for other zettel.
The [[initial zettel|00001000000000]] of this manual is one example, the [[general API description|00001012000000]] is another.
Every zettel with a certain internal structure can act as the ""table of contents"" for others.

What is a ""table of contents""?
Basically, it is just a list of references to other zettel.

To retrieve the items of a zettel, the software looks at first level [[list items|00001007030200]].
If an item contains a valid reference to a zettel, this reference will be interpreted as an item in the items list, in the ""table of contents"".

This applies only to first level list items (ordered or unordered list), but not to deeper levels.
Only the first reference to a valid zettel is collected for the table of contents.
Following references to zettel within such an list item are ignored.


````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=00001000000000+ITEMS'
00001001000000 Introduction to the Zettelstore
00001002000000 Design goals for the Zettelstore
00001003000000 Installation of the Zettelstore software
00001004000000 Configuration of Zettelstore
00001005000000 Structure of Zettelstore
00001006000000 Layout of a Zettel
00001007000000 Zettelmarkup
00001008000000 Other Markup Languages
00001010000000 Security
00001012000000 API
00001014000000 Web user interface
00001017000000 Tips and Tricks
00001018000000 Troubleshooting
````

Added docs/manual/00001007721200.zettel.













































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id: 00001007721200
title: Query: Unlinked Directive
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211119133357
modified: 20230928190540

The value of a personal Zettelstore is determined in part by explicit connections between related zettel.
If the number of zettel grow, some of these connections are missing.
There are various reasons for this.
Maybe, you forgot that a zettel exists.
Or you add a zettel later, but forgot that previous zettel already mention its title.

__Unlinked references__ are phrases in a zettel that mention the title of another, currently unlinked zettel.

To retrieve unlinked references to an existing zettel, use the query ''{ID} UNLINKED''.

````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=00001012000000+UNLINKED'
00001012921200 API: Encoding of Zettel Access Rights
````

This returns all zettel (in this case: only one) that references the title of the given Zettel, but does not references it directly.

In addition you may add __phrases__ if you do not want to scan for the title of the given zettel.

```
# curl 'http://localhost:23123/z?q=00001012054400+UNLINKED+PHRASE+API'
00001012050600 API: Provide an access token
00001012921200 API: Encoding of Zettel Access Rights
00001012080200 API: Check for authentication
00001012080500 API: Refresh internal data
00001012050200 API: Authenticate a client
00001010040700 Access token
```

This finds all zettel that does contain the phrase ""API"" but does not directly reference the given zettel.

The directive searches within all zettel whether the title of the specified zettel occurs there.
The other zettel must not link to the specified zettel.
The title must not occur within a link (e.g. to another zettel), in a [[heading|00001007030300]], in a [[citation|00001007040340]], and must have a uniform formatting.
The match must be exact, but is case-insensitive.
For example ""API"" does not match ""API:"".

Added docs/manual/00001007770000.zettel.






















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id: 00001007770000
title: Query: Action List
role: manual
tags: #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230707205246
modified: 20240219161813

With a [[list of zettel identifier|00001007710000]], a [[query directives|00001007720000]], or a [[search expression|00001007701000]], a list of zettel is selected.
__Actions__ allow to modify this list to a certain degree.

Which actions are allowed depends on the context.
However, actions are further separated into __parameter action__ and __aggregate actions__.
A parameter action just sets a parameter for an aggregate action.
An aggregate action transforms the list of selected zettel into a different, aggregate form.
Only the first aggregate form is executed, following aggregate actions are ignored.

In most contexts, valid actions include the name of metadata keys, at least of type [[Word|00001006035500]] or [[TagSet|00001006034000]].

To allow some kind of backward compatibility, an action written in uppercase letters that leads to an empty result list, will be ignored.
In this case the list of selected zettel is returned.

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id: 00001007780000
title: Formal syntax of query expressions
role: manual
tags: #manual #reference #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220810144539
modified: 20230327122634
modified: 20240219155949

```
QueryExpression  := SearchExpression ActionExpression?
SearchExpression := SearchTerm (SPACE+ SearchTerm)*.
SearchTerm       := SearchOperator? SearchValue
                  | SearchKey SearchOperator SearchValue?
                  | SearchKey ExistOperator
                  | "OR"
                  | "RANDOM"
                  | "PICK" SPACE+ PosInt
                  | "ORDER" SPACE+ ("REVERSE" SPACE+)? SearchKey
                  | "OFFSET" SPACE+ PosInt
                  | "LIMIT" SPACE+ PosInt.
SearchValue      := Word.
SearchKey        := MetadataKey.
SearchOperator   := '!'
                  | ('!')? ('~' | ':' | '<' | '>').
ExistOperator    := '?'
                  | '!' '?'.
PosInt           := '0'
                  | ('1' .. '9') DIGIT*.
ActionExpression := '|' (Word (SPACE+ Word)*)?
Word             := NO-SPACE NO-SPACE*
QueryExpression   := ZettelList? QueryDirective* SearchExpression ActionExpression?
ZettelList        := (ZID (SPACE+ ZID)*).
ZID               := '0'+ ('1' .. '9'') DIGIT*
                   | ('1' .. '9') DIGIT*.
QueryDirective    := ContextDirective
                   | IdentDirective
                   | ItemsDirective
                   | UnlinkedDirective.
ContextDirective  := "CONTEXT" (SPACE+ ContextDetail)*.
ContextDetail     := "FULL"
                   | "BACKWARD"
                   | "FORWARD"
                   | "COST" SPACE+ PosInt
                   | "MAX" SPACE+ PosInt.
IdentDirective    := IDENT.
ItemsDirective    := ITEMS.
UnlinkedDirective := UNLINKED (SPACE+ PHRASE SPACE+ Word)*.
SearchExpression  := SearchTerm (SPACE+ SearchTerm)*.
SearchTerm        := SearchOperator? SearchValue
                   | SearchKey SearchOperator SearchValue?
                   | SearchKey ExistOperator
                   | "OR"
                   | "RANDOM"
                   | "PICK" SPACE+ PosInt
                   | "ORDER" SPACE+ ("REVERSE" SPACE+)? SearchKey
                   | "OFFSET" SPACE+ PosInt
                   | "LIMIT" SPACE+ PosInt.
SearchValue       := Word.
SearchKey         := MetadataKey.
SearchOperator    := '!'
                   | ('!')? ('~' | ':' | '[' | '}').
ExistOperator     := '?'
                   | '!' '?'.
PosInt            := '0'
                   | ('1' .. '9') DIGIT*.
ActionExpression  := '|' (Word (SPACE+ Word)*)?
Action            := Word
                   | 'ATOM'
                   | 'KEYS'
                   | 'N' NO-SPACE*
                   | 'MAX' PosInt
                   | 'MIN' PosInt
                   | 'REDIRECT'
                   | 'REINDEX'
                   | 'RSS'
                   | 'TITLE' (SPACE Word)* .
Word              := NO-SPACE NO-SPACE*
```

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id: 00001007790000
title: Useful query expressions
role: manual
tags: #example #manual #search #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220810144539
modified: 20230327122547
modified: 20240216003702

|= Query Expression |= Meaning
| [[query:role:configuration]] | Zettel that contains some configuration data for the Zettelstore
| [[query:ORDER REVERSE created LIMIT 40]] | 40 recently created zettel
| [[query:ORDER REVERSE published LIMIT 40]] | 40 recently updated zettel
| [[query:PICK 40]] | 40 random zettel
| [[query:PICK 40]] | 40 random zettel, ordered by zettel identifier
| [[query:dead?]] | Zettel with invalid / dead links
| [[query:backward!? precursor!?]] | Zettel that are not referenced by other zettel
| [[query:tags!?]] | Zettel without tags
| [[query:expire? ORDER expire]] | Zettel with an expire date, ordered from the nearest to the latest
| [[query:00001007700000 CONTEXT]] | Zettel within the context of the [[given zettel|00001007700000]]
| [[query:PICK 1 | REDIRECT]] | Redirect to a random zettel

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id: 00001007800000
title: Zettelmarkup: Summary of Formatting Characters
role: manual
tags: #manual #reference #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220810095559
modified: 20231113191330

The following table gives an overview about the use of all characters that begin a markup element.

|= Character :|= [[Blocks|00001007030000]] <|= [[Inlines|00001007040000]] <
| ''!''  | (free) | (free)
| ''"''  | [[Verse block|00001007030700]] | [[Short inline quote|00001007040100]]
| ''#''  | [[Ordered list|00001007030200]] | [[Tag|00001007040000]]
| ''#''  | [[Ordered list|00001007030200]] | [[marked / highlighted text|00001007040100]]
| ''$''  | (reserved) | (reserved)
| ''%''  | [[Comment block|00001007030900]] | [[Comment|00001007040000]]
| ''&''  | (free) | [[Entity|00001007040000]]
| ''\'''  | (free)  | [[Computer input|00001007040200]]
| ''(''  | (free) | (free)
| '')''  | (free) | (free)
| ''*''  | [[Unordered list|00001007030200]] | [[strongly emphasized text|00001007040100]]

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id: 00001007903000
title: Zettelmarkup: First Steps
role: manual
tags: #manual #tutorial #zettelmarkup #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220810182917
modified: 20220926183359
modified: 20231201135849

[[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]] allows you to leave your text as it is, at least in many situations.
Some characters have a special meaning, but you have to enter them is a defined way to see a visible change.
Zettelmarkup is designed to be used for zettel, which are relatively short.
It allows to produce longer texts, but you should probably use a different tool, if you want to produce an scientific paper, to name an example.

=== Paragraphs
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| ''An __emphasized__ word'' | An __emphasized__ word | Put two underscore characters before and after the text you want to emphasize
| ''Someone uses **bold** text'' | Someone uses **bold** text | Put two asterisks before and after the text you want to see bold
| ''He says: ""I love you!""'' | Her says: ""I love you!"" | Put two quotation mark characters before and after the text you want to quote.

You probably see a principle.

One nice thing about the quotation mark characters: they are rendered according to the current language.
Examples: ""english""{lang=en}, ""french""{lang=fr}, ""german""{lang=de}, ""finnish""{lang=fi}.
Examples: ""english""{lang=en}, ""french""{lang=fr}, ""german""{lang=de}.
You will see later, how to change the current language.

=== Lists
Quite often, text consists of lists.
Zettelmarkup supports different types of lists.
The most important lists are:
* Unnumbered lists,

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id: 00001007990000
title: Zettelmarkup: Cheat Sheet
role: manual
tags: #manual #reference #zettelmarkup
syntax: zmk
created: 20221209191905
modified: 20221209193310
modified: 20231201140000

=== Overview
This Zettelmarkup cheat sheet provides a quick overview of many Zettelmarkup elements.
It can not cover any special case.
If you need more information about any of these elements, please refer to the detailed description.

=== Basic Syntax
|[[Text formatting|00001007040100]]|''__italic text__'' &rarr; __italic text__, ''**bold text**'' &rarr; **bold text**, ''""quoted text""'' &rarr; ""quoted text""
|[[Text formatting|00001007040100]]|''__italic text__'' &rarr; __italic text__, ''**bold text**'' &rarr; **bold text**, ''""quoted text""'' &rarr; ""quoted text"", ''##marked text##'' &rarr; ##marked text##
|[[Text editing|00001007040100]]|''>>inserted text>>'' &rarr; >>inserted text>>, ''~~deleted text~~'' &rarr; ~~deleted text~~
|[[Text literal formatting|00001007040200]]|''\'\'entered text\'\''' &rarr; ''entered text'', ''``source code``'' &rarr; ``source code``, ''==text output=='' &rarr; ==text output==
|[[Superscript, subscript|00001007040100]]|''m^^2^^'' &rarr; m^^2^^, ''H,,2,,O'' &rarr; H,,2,,O
|[[Links to other zettel|00001007040310]]|''[[Link text|00001007990000]]'' &rarr; [[Link text|00001007990000]]
|[[Links to external resources|00001007040310]]|''[[Zettelstore|https://zettelstore.de]]'' &rarr; [[Zettelstore|https://zettelstore.de]]
|[[Embed an image|00001007040322]]|''{{Image text|00000000040001}}'' &rarr; {{Image text|00000000040001}}
|[[Embed content of first paragraph|00001007040324]]|''{{00001007990000}}'' &rarr; {{00001007990000}}

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id: 00001008000000
title: Other Markup Languages
role: manual
tags: #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175300
modified: 20221112111148
modified: 20240413160242

[[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]] is not the only markup language you can use to define your content.
Zettelstore is quite agnostic with respect to markup languages.
Of course, Zettelmarkup plays an important role.
However, with the exception of zettel titles, you can use any (markup) language that is supported:

* CSS
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  For security reasons, equivocal elements will not be encoded in the HTML format / web user interface.
  The ``< script ...>`` tag is an example.
  See [[security aspects of Markdown|00001008010000#security-aspects]] for some details.
; [!markdown|''markdown''], [!md|''md'']
: For those who desperately need [[Markdown|https://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/]].
  Since the world of Markdown is so diverse, a [[CommonMark|00001008010500]] parser is used.
  See [[Use Markdown within Zettelstore|00001008010000]].
; [!mustache|''mustache'']
: A [[Mustache template|https://mustache.github.io/]], used when rendering a zettel as HTML for the [[web user interface|00001014000000]].
; [!none|''none'']
: Only the metadata of a zettel is ""parsed"".
  Useful for displaying the full metadata.
  The [[runtime configuration zettel|00000000000100]] uses this syntax.
  The zettel content is ignored.
; [!svg|''svg'']
: [[Scalable Vector Graphics|https://www.w3.org/TR/SVG2/]].
; [!sxn|''sxn'']
: S-Expressions, as implemented by [[Sx|https://t73f.de/r/sx]].
  Often used to specify templates when rendering a zettel as HTML for the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] (with the help of sxhtml]).
; [!text|''text''], [!plain|''plain''], [!txt|''txt'']
: Plain text that must not be interpreted further.
; [!zmk|''zmk'']
: [[Zettelmarkup|00001007000000]].

The actual values are also listed in a zettel named [[Zettelstore Supported Parser|00000000000092]].

If you specify something else, your content will be interpreted as plain text.

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id: 00001008050000
title: The ""draw"" language
title: The "draw" language
role: manual
tags: #graphic #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220131142036
modified: 20220311120439
modified: 20230403123738

Sometimes, ""a picture is worth a thousand words"".
To create some graphical representations, Zettelmarkup provides a simple mechanism.
Characters like ""''|''"" or ""''-''"" already provide some visual feedback.
For example, to create a picture containing two boxes that are connected via an arrow, the following representation is possible:
```
~~~draw

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id: 00001010040100
title: Enable authentication
role: manual
tags: #authentication #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220419192817

To enable authentication, you must create a zettel that stores [[authentication data|00001010040200]] for the owner.
Then you must reference this zettel within the [[startup configuration|00001004010000#owner]] under the key ''owner''.
Once the startup configuration contains a valid [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] under that key, authentication is enabled.

Please note that you must also set key ''secret'' of the [[startup configuration|00001004010000#secret]] to some random string data (minimum length is 16 bytes) to secure the data exchanged with a client system.

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id: 00001010040400
title: Authentication process
role: manual
tags: #authentication #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211127174943

When someone tries to authenticate itself with an user identifier / ""user name"" and a password, the following process is executed:

# If meta key ''owner'' of the configuration zettel does not have a valid [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] as value, authentication fails.
# Retrieve all zettel, where the meta key ''user-id'' has the same value as the given user identification. If the list is empty, authentication fails.
# From above list, the zettel with the numerically smallest identifier is selected.

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id: 00001010040700
title: Access token
role: manual
tags: #authentication #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211202120950

If an user is authenticated, an ""access token"" is created that must be sent with every request to prove the identity of the caller.
Otherwise the user will not be recognized by Zettelstore.

If the user was authenticated via the [[web user interface|00001014000000]], the access token is stored in a [[""session cookie""|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP_cookie#Session_cookie]].
When the web browser is closed, theses cookies are not saved.

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id: 00001010070300
title: User roles
role: manual
tags: #authorization #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220214175212

Every user is associated with some basic privileges.
These are specified in the [[user zettel|00001010040200]] with the key ''user-role''.
The following values are supported:

; [!reader|""reader""]

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id: 00001010070400
title: Authorization and read-only mode
role: manual
tags: #authorization #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211103164251

It is possible to enable both the read-only mode of the Zettelstore __and__ authentication/authorization.
Both modes are independent from each other.
This gives four use cases:

; Not read-only, no authorization

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id: 00001010070600
title: Access rules
role: manual
tags: #authorization #configuration #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20211124142456
modified: 20240711183714

Whether an operation of the Zettelstore is allowed or rejected, depends on various factors.

The following rules are checked first, in this order:

# In read-only mode, every operation except the ""Read"" operation is rejected.
# If there is no owner, authentication is disabled and every operation is allowed for everybody.
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** If the zettel is the [[user zettel|00001010040200]] of the authenticated user, proceed as follows:
*** If some sensitive meta values are changed (e.g. user identifier, zettel role, user role, but not hashed password), reject the access
*** Since the user just updates some uncritical values, grant the access
   In other words: a user is allowed to change its user zettel, even if s/he has no writer privilege and if only uncritical data is changed.
** If the ''user-role'' of the user is ""reader"", reject the access.
** If the user is not allowed to create a new zettel, reject the access.
** Otherwise grant the access.
* Rename a zettel
** Reject the access.
   Only the owner of the Zettelstore is currently allowed to give a new identifier for a zettel.
* Delete a zettel
** Reject the access.
   Only the owner of the Zettelstore is allowed to delete a zettel.
   This may change in the future.

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id: 00001010090100
title: External server to encrypt message transport
role: manual
tags: #configuration #encryption #manual #security #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220217180826

Since Zettelstore does not encrypt the messages it exchanges with its clients, you may need some additional software to enable encryption.

=== Public-key encryption
To enable encryption, you probably use some kind of encryption keys.
In most cases, you need to deploy a ""public-key encryption"" process, where your side publish a public encryption key that only works with a corresponding private decryption key.

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id: 00001012000000
title: API
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221219150243
modified: 20240711183736

The API (short for ""**A**pplication **P**rogramming **I**nterface"") is the primary way to communicate with a running Zettelstore.
Most integration with other systems and services is done through the API.
The [[web user interface|00001014000000]] is just an alternative, secondary way of interacting with a Zettelstore.

=== Background
The API is HTTP-based and uses plain text and JSON as its main encoding format for exchanging messages between a Zettelstore and its client software.
The API is HTTP-based and uses plain text and [[symbolic expressions|00001012930000]] as its main encoding formats for exchanging messages between a Zettelstore and its client software.

There is an [[overview zettel|00001012920000]] that shows the structure of the endpoints used by the API and gives an indication about its use.

=== Authentication
If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], most API calls must include an [[access token|00001010040700]] that proves the identity of the caller.
* [[Authenticate an user|00001012050200]] to obtain an access token
* [[Renew an access token|00001012050400]] without costly re-authentication
* [[Provide an access token|00001012050600]] when doing an API call

=== Zettel lists
* [[List all zettel|00001012051200]]
* [[Query the list of all zettel|00001012051400]]
* [[Determine a tag zettel|00001012051600]]
* [[Determine a role zettel|00001012051800]]

=== Working with zettel
* [[Create a new zettel|00001012053200]]
* [[Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel|00001012053300]]
* [[Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel|00001012053400]]
* [[Retrieve evaluated metadata and content of an existing zettel in various encodings|00001012053500]]
* [[Retrieve parsed metadata and content of an existing zettel in various encodings|00001012053600]]
* [[Retrieve context of an existing zettel|00001012053800]]
* [[Retrieve unlinked references to an existing zettel|00001012053900]]
* [[Retrieve zettel order within an existing zettel|00001012054000]]
* [[Update metadata and content of a zettel|00001012054200]]
* [[Rename a zettel|00001012054400]]
* [[Delete a zettel|00001012054600]]

=== Various helper methods
* [[Retrieve administrative data|00001012070500]]
* [[Execute some commands|00001012080100]]
** [[Check for authentication|00001012080200]]
** [[Refresh internal data|00001012080500]]

Changes to docs/manual/00001012050200.zettel.

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id: 00001012050200
title: API: Authenticate a client
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220107215844
modified: 20230412150544

Authentication for future API calls is done by sending a [[user identification|00001010040200]] and a password to the Zettelstore to obtain an [[access token|00001010040700]].
This token has to be used for other API calls.
It is valid for a relatively short amount of time, as configured with the key ''token-lifetime-api'' of the [[startup configuration|00001004010000#token-lifetime-api]] (typically 10 minutes).

The simplest way is to send user identification (''IDENT'') and password (''PASSWORD'') via [[HTTP Basic Authentication|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7617]] and send them to the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/a'' with a POST request:
```sh
# curl -X POST -u IDENT:PASSWORD http://127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTYwMTczMTI3NSwiaWF0IjoxNjAxNzMwNjc1LCJzdWIiOiJhYmMiLCJ6aWQiOiIyMDIwMTAwMzE1MDEwMCJ9.ekhXkvn146P2bMKFQcU-bNlvgbeO6sS39hs6U5EKfjIqnSInkuHYjYAIfUqf_clYRfr6YBlX5izii8XfxV8jhg","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":600}
("Bearer" "eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTY4MTMwNDA2MiwiaWF0IjoxNjgxMzA0MDAyLCJzdWIiOiJvd25lciIsInppZCI6IjIwMjEwNjI5MTYzMzAwIn0.kdF8PdiL50gIPkRD3ovgR6nUXR0-80EKAXcY2zVYgYvryF09iXnNR3zrvYnGzdrArMcnvAYqVvuXtqhQj2jG9g" 600)
```

Some tools, like [[curl|https://curl.haxx.se/]], also allow to specify user identification and password as part of the URL:
```sh
# curl -X POST http://IDENT:PASSWORD@127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTYwMTczMTI3NSwiaWF0IjoxNjAxNzMwNjc1LCJzdWIiOiJhYmMiLCJ6aWQiOiIyMDIwMTAwMzE1MDEwMCJ9.ekhXkvn146P2bMKFQcU-bNlvgbeO6sS39hs6U5EKfjIqnSInkuHYjYAIfUqf_clYRfr6YBlX5izii8XfxV8jhg","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":600}
("Bearer" "eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTY4MTMwNDA4NiwiaWF0IjoxNjgxMzA0MDI2LCJzdWIiOiJvd25lciIsInppZCI6IjIwMjEwNjI5MTYzMzAwIn0.kZd3prYc79dt9efDsrYVHtKrjWyOWvfByjeeUB3hf_vs43V3SNJqmb8k-zTHVNWOK0-5orVPrg2tIAqbXqmkhg" 600)
```

If you do not want to use Basic Authentication, you can also send user identification and password as HTML form data:
```sh
# curl -X POST -d 'username=IDENT&password=PASSWORD' http://127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTYwMTczMTI3NSwiaWF0IjoxNjAxNzMwNjc1LCJzdWIiOiJhYmMiLCJ6aWQiOiIyMDIwMTAwMzE1MDEwMCJ9.ekhXkvn146P2bMKFQcU-bNlvgbeO6sS39hs6U5EKfjIqnSInkuHYjYAIfUqf_clYRfr6YBlX5izii8XfxV8jhg","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":600}
("Bearer" "eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTY4MTMwNDA4OCwiaWF0IjoxNjgxMzA0MDI4LCJzdWIiOiJvd25lciIsInppZCI6IjIwMjEwNjI5MTYzMzAwIn0.qIEyOMFXykCApWtBaqbSESwTL96stWl2LRICiRNAXUjcY-mwx_SSl9L5Fj2FvmrI1K1RBvWehjoq8KZUNjhJ9Q" 600)
```

In all cases, you will receive an JSON object will all [[relevant data|00001012921000]] to be used for further API calls.
In all cases, you will receive a list with three elements that will contain all [[relevant data|00001012921000]] to be used for further API calls.

**Important:** obtaining a token is a time-intensive process.
Zettelstore will delay every request to obtain a token for a certain amount of time.
Please take into account that this request will take approximately 500 milliseconds, under certain circumstances more.

However, if [[authentication is not enabled|00001010040100]] and you send an authentication request, no user identification/password checking is done and you receive an artificial token immediate, without any delay:

```sh
# curl -X POST -u IDENT:PASSWORD http://127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"token":"freeaccess","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":316224000}
("Bearer" "freeaccess" 316224000)
```

In this case, it is even possible to omit the user identification/password.

=== HTTP Status codes
In all cases of successful authentication, a JSON object is returned, which contains the token under the key ''"token"''.
In all cases of successful authentication, a list is returned, which contains the token as the second element.
A successful authentication is signaled with the HTTP status code 200, as usual.

Other status codes possibly send by the Zettelstore:
; ''400''
: Unable to process the request.
  In most cases the form data was invalid.
; ''401''

Changes to docs/manual/00001012050400.zettel.

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id: 00001012050400
title: API: Renew an access token
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220107215751
modified: 20230412160219

An access token is only valid for a certain duration.
Since the [[authentication process|00001012050200]] will need some processing time, there is a way to renew the token without providing full authentication data.

Send a HTTP PUT request to the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/a'' and include the current access token in the ''Authorization'' header:

```sh
# curl -X PUT -H 'Authorization: Bearer TOKEN' http://127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTYwMTczMTI3NSwiaWF0IjoxNjAxNzMwNjc1LCJzdWIiOiJhYmMiLCJ6aWQiOiIyMDIwMTAwMzE1MDEwMCJ9.ekhXkvn146P2bMKFQcU-bNlvgbeO6sS39hs6U5EKfjIqnSInkuHYjYAIfUqf_clYRfr6YBlX5izii8XfxV8jhg","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":456}
("Bearer" "eyJhbGciOiJIUzUxMiJ9.eyJfdGsiOjEsImV4cCI6MTY4MTMwNDA4NiwiaWF0IjoxNjgxMzA0MDI2LCJzdWIiOiJvd25lciIsInppZCI6IjIwMjEwNjI5MTYzMzAwIn0.kZd3prYc79dt9efDsrYVHtKrjWyOWvfByjeeUB3hf_vs43V3SNJqmb8k-zTHVNWOK0-5orVPrg2tIAqbXqmkhg" 456)
```
You may receive a new access token, or the current one if it was obtained not a long time ago.
However, the lifetime of the returned [[access token|00001012921000]] is accurate.

If [[authentication is not enabled|00001010040100]] and you send a renew request, no checking is done and you receive an artificial token immediate, without any delay:

```sh
# curl -X PUT -H 'Authorization: Bearer freeaccess' http://127.0.0.1:23123/a
{"token":"freeaccess","token_type":"Bearer","expires_in":316224000}
("Bearer" "freeaccess" 316224000)
```

In this case, it is even possible to omit the access token.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Renew process was successful, the body contains an [[appropriate JSON object|00001012921000]].
: Renew process was successful, the body contains a [[list|00001012921000]] with the relevant data.
; ''400''
: The renew process was not successful.
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe access bearer token was not valid.

  Probably you should [[authenticate|00001012050200]] again with user identification and password.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012050600.zettel.

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id: 00001012050600
title: API: Provide an access token
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20220218130020

The [[authentication process|00001012050200]] provides you with an [[access token|00001012921000]].
Most API calls need such an access token, so that they know the identity of the caller.

You send the access token in the ""Authorization"" request header field, as described in [[RFC 6750, section 2.1|https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6750#section-2.1]].
You need to use the ""Bearer"" authentication scheme to transmit the access token.

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id: 00001012051200
title: API: List all zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221219154400
modified: 20230807170810

To list all zettel just send a HTTP GET request to the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z''[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header].
Always use the endpoint ''/z'' to work with a list of zettel.

Without further specifications, a plain text document is returned, with one line per zettel.
Each line contains in the first 14 characters the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].
Separated by a space character, the title of the zettel follows:

```sh
# curl http://127.0.0.1:23123/z
...
00001012051200 API: List all zettel
00001012050600 API: Provide an access token
00001012050400 API: Renew an access token
00001012050200 API: Authenticate a client
...
```

The list is **not** sorted, even in the these examples where it appears to be sorted.
If you want to have it ordered, you must specify it with the help of a [[query expression|00001007700000]] / [[search term|00001007702000]].
See [[Query the list of all zettel|00001012051400]] how to do it.
Alternatively, you may retrieve the list of all zettel as a JSON object by specifying the encoding with the query parameter ''enc=json'':

=== Data output

Alternatively, you may retrieve the zettel list as a parseable object / a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]] by providing the query parameter ''enc=data'':

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?enc=json'
{"query":"","human":"","list":[{"id":"00001012051200","meta":{"back":"00001012000000","backward":"00001012000000 00001012920000","box-number":"1","created":"20210126175322","forward":"00001006020000 00001006050000 00001007700000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012051400 00001012920000 00001012921000 00001014000000","modified":"20221219150626","published":"20221219150626","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: List all zettel"},"rights":62},{"id":"00001012050600","meta":{"back":"00001012000000 00001012080500","backward":"00001012000000 00001012080500","box-number":"1","created":"00010101000000","forward":"00001012050200 00001012921000","modified":"20220218130020","published":"20220218130020","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: Provide an access token"},"rights":62},{"id":"00001012050400","meta":{"back":"00001010040700 00001012000000","backward":"00001010040700 00001012000000 00001012920000 00001012921000","box-number":"1","created":"00010101000000","forward":"00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921000","modified":"20220107215751","published":"20220107215751","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: Renew an access token"},"rights":62},{"id":"00001012050200","meta":{"back":"00001012000000 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053500 00001012053600 00001012080200","backward":"00001010040700 00001012000000 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053500 00001012053600 00001012080200 00001012920000 00001012921000","box-number":"1","created":"00010101000000","forward":"00001004010000 00001010040100 00001010040200 00001010040700 00001012920000 00001012921000","modified":"20220107215844","published":"20220107215844","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: Authenticate a client"},"rights":62}, ...]}
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?enc=data'
(meta-list (query "") (human "") (list (zettel (id "00001012921200") (meta (title "API: Encoding of Zettel Access Rights") (role "manual") (tags "#api #manual #reference #zettelstore") (syntax "zmk") (back "00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053900 00001012054000") (backward "00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053900 00001012054000") (box-number "1") (created "00010101000000") (forward "00001003000000 00001006020400 00001010000000 00001010040100 00001010040200 00001010070200 00001010070300") (modified "20220201171959") (published "20220201171959")) (rights 62)) (zettel (id "00001007030100") ...
```

If you reformat the JSON output, you will see its structure better:
Pretty-printed, this results in:
```
{
  "query": "",
  "human": "",
(meta-list (query "")
           (human "")
  "list": [
    {
      "id": "00001012051200",
      "meta": {
           (list (zettel (id "00001012921200")
                         (meta (title "API: Encoding of Zettel Access Rights")
        "back": "00001012000000",
        "backward": "00001012000000 00001012920000",
        "box-number": "1",
        "created": "20210126175322",
        "forward": "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001007700000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012051400 00001012920000 00001012921000 00001014000000",
        "modified": "20221219151200",
        "published": "20221219151200",
        "role": "manual",
                               (role "manual")
        "syntax": "zmk",
        "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
                               (tags "#api #manual #reference #zettelstore")
        "title": "API: List all zettel"
      },
      "rights": 62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001012050600",
      "meta": {
        "back": "00001012000000 00001012080500",
        "backward": "00001012000000 00001012080500",
        "box-number": "1",
        "created": "00010101000000",
        "forward": "00001012050200 00001012921000",
        "modified": "20220218130020",
        "published": "20220218130020",
                               (syntax "zmk")
                               (back "00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053900 00001012054000")
                               (backward "00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053900 00001012054000")
                               (box-number "1")
                               (created "00010101000000")
                               (forward "00001003000000 00001006020400 00001010000000 00001010040100 00001010040200 00001010070200 00001010070300")
                               (modified "20220201171959")
                               (published "20220201171959"))
        "role": "manual",
        "syntax": "zmk",
        "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
        "title": "API: Provide an access token"
      },
      "rights": 62
                         (rights 62))
    },
    {
                 (zettel (id "00001007030100")
```

      "id": "00001012050400",
      "meta": {
        "back": "00001010040700 00001012000000",
* The result is a list, starting with the symbol ''meta-list''.
* Then, some key/value pairs are following, also nested.
* Keys ''query'' and ''human'' will be explained [[later in this manual|00001012051400]].
        "backward": "00001010040700 00001012000000 00001012920000 00001012921000",
        "box-number": "1",
        "created": "00010101000000",
        "forward": "00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921000",
        "modified": "20220107215751",
        "published": "20220107215751",
        "role": "manual",
        "syntax": "zmk",
        "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
* ''list'' starts a list of zettel.
        "title": "API: Renew an access token"
      },
      "rights": 62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001012050200",
      "meta": {
        "back": "00001012000000 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053500 00001012053600 00001012
080200",
        "backward": "00001010040700 00001012000000 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053500 0000
1012053600 00001012080200 00001012920000 00001012921000",
        "box-number": "1",
        "created": "00010101000000",
        "forward": "00001004010000 00001010040100 00001010040200 00001010040700 00001012920000 00001012921000",
        "modified": "20220107215844",
        "published": "20220107215844",
        "role": "manual",
        "syntax": "zmk",
        "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
* ''zettel'' itself start, well, a zettel.
        "title": "API: Authenticate a client"
      },
      "rights": 62
    }
  ]
}
```

* ''id'' denotes the zettel identifier, encoded as a string.
The JSON object contains a key ''"list"'' where its value is a list of zettel JSON objects.
These zettel JSON objects themselves contains the keys ''"id"'' (value is a string containing the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]]), ''"meta"'' (value as a JSON object), and ''"rights"'' (encodes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel).
The value of key ''"meta"'' effectively contains all metadata of the identified zettel, where metadata keys are encoded as JSON object keys and metadata values encoded as JSON strings.

* Nested in ''meta'' are the metadata, each as a key/value pair.
The JSON objects keys ''"query"'' and ''"human"'' will be explained later in this manual.
* ''rights'' specifies the [[access rights|00001012921200]] the user has for this zettel.

=== Note
This request (and similar others) will always return a list of metadata, provided the request was syntactically correct.
There will never be a HTTP status code 403 (Forbidden), even if [[authentication was enabled|00001010040100]] and you did not provide a valid access token.
In this case, the resulting list might be quite short (some zettel will have [[public visibility|00001010070200]]) or the list might be empty.

With this call, you cannot differentiate between an empty result list (e.g because your search did not found a zettel with the specified term) and an empty list because of missing authorization (e.g. an invalid access token).

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an [[appropriate JSON object|00001012921000]].
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate data value.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the access bearer token was not valid.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012051400.zettel.

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id: 00001012051400
title: API: Query the list of all zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220912111111
modified: 20230320151117
modified: 20240711161320
precursor: 00001012051200

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z'' also allows you to filter the list of all zettel[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header] and optionally to provide some actions.

A [[query|00001007700000]] is an optional [[search expression|00001007700000#search-expression]], together with an optional [[list of actions|00001007700000#action-list]] (described below).
An empty search expression will select all zettel.
An empty list of action, or no valid action, returns the list of all selected zettel metadata.

Search expression and action list are separated by a vertical bar character (""''|''"", U+007C), and must be given with the query parameter ''q''.

The query parameter ""''q''"" allows you to specify [[query expressions|00001007700000]] for a full-text search of all zettel content and/or restricting the search according to specific metadata.

It is allowed to specify this query parameter more than once.

This parameter loosely resembles the search form of the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] or those of [[Zettelmarkup's Query Transclusion|00001007031140]].

For example, if you want to retrieve all zettel that contain the string ""API"" in its title, your request will be:
```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=title%3AAPI'
00001012921000 API: JSON structure of an access token
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=title%3AAPI+ORDER+REVERSE+id+OFFSET+1'
00001012921000 API: Structure of an access token
00001012920500 Formats available by the API
00001012920000 Endpoints used by the API
...
```

If you want to retrieve a JSON document:
If you want to retrieve a data document, as a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]]:

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=title%3AAPI&enc=json'
{"query":"title:API","human":"title HAS API","list":[{"id":"00001012921200","meta":{"back":"00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053800 00001012053900 00001012054000","backward":"00001012051200 00001012051400 00001012053300 00001012053400 00001012053800 00001012053900 00001012054000","box-number":"1","created":"00010101000000","forward":"00001003000000 00001006020400 00001010000000 00001010040100 00001010040200 00001010070200 00001010070300","modified":"20220201171959","published":"20220201171959","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #reference #zettelstore","title":"API: Encoding of Zettel Access Rights"},"rights":62},{"id":"00001012921000","meta":{"back":"00001012050600 00001012051200","backward":"00001012050200 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200","box-number":"1","created":"00010101000000","forward":"00001012050200 00001012050400","published":"00010101000000","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #reference #zettelstore","title":"API: JSON structure of an access token"},"rights":62}, ...]
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=title%3AAPI+ORDER+REVERSE+id+OFFSET+1&enc=data'
(meta-list (query "title:API ORDER REVERSE id OFFSET 1") (human "title HAS API ORDER REVERSE id OFFSET 1") (list (zettel (id 1012921000) (meta (title "API: Structure of an access token") (role "manual") (tags "#api #manual #reference #zettelstore") (syntax "zmk") (back "00001012050600 00001012051200") (backward "00001012050200 00001012050400 00001012050600 00001012051200") (box-number "1") (created "20210126175322") (forward "00001012050200 00001012050400 00001012930000") (modified "20230412155303") (published "20230412155303")) (rights 62)) (zettel (id 1012920500) (meta (title "Encodings available via the API") (role "manual") (tags "#api #manual #reference #zettelstore") (syntax "zmk") (back "00001006000000 00001008010000 00001008010500 00001012053500 00001012053600") (backward "00001006000000 00001008010000 00001008010500 00001012053500 00001012053600") (box-number "1") (created "20210126175322") (forward "00001012000000 00001012920510 00001012920513 00001012920516 00001012920519 00001012920522 00001012920525") (modified "20230403123653") (published "20230403123653")) (rights 62)) (zettel (id 1012920000) (meta (title "Endpoints used by the API") ...
```

The JSON object contains a key ''"list"'' where its value is a list of zettel JSON objects.
These zettel JSON objects themselves contains the keys ''"id"'' (value is a string containing the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]]), ''"meta"'' (value as a JSON object), and ''"rights"'' (encodes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel).
The value of key ''"meta"'' effectively contains all metadata of the identified zettel, where metadata keys are encoded as JSON object keys and metadata values encoded as JSON strings.

Additionally, the JSON object contains the keys ''"query"'' and ''"human"'' with a string value.
The data object contains a key ''"meta-list"'' to signal that it contains a list of metadata values (and some more).
It contains the keys ''"query"'' and ''"human"'' with a string value.
Both will contain a textual description of the underlying query if you select only some zettel with a [[query expression|00001007700000]].
Without a selection, the values are the empty string.
''"query"'' returns the normalized query expression itself, while ''"human"'' is the normalized query expression to be read by humans.

The symbol ''list'' starts the list of zettel data.
Data of a zettel is indicated by the symbol ''zettel'', followed by ''(id ID)'' that describes the zettel identifier as a numeric value.
Leading zeroes are removed.
Metadata starts with the symbol ''meta'', and each metadatum itself is a list of metadata key / metadata value.
Metadata keys are encoded as a symbol, metadata values as a string.
''"rights"'' encodes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel.

=== Aggregates

An implicit precondition is that the zettel must contain the given metadata key.
For a metadata key like [[''title''|00001006020000#title]], which have a default value, this precondition should always be true.
But the situation is different for a key like [[''url''|00001006020000#url]].
Both ``curl 'http://localhost:23123/z?q=url%3A'`` and ``curl 'http://localhost:23123/z?q=url%3A!'`` may result in an empty list.


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```

The result is a text file.
The first word, separated by a horizontal tab (U+0009) contains the role name.
The rest of the line consists of zettel identifier, where the corresponding zettel have this role.
Zettel identifier are separated by a space character (U+0020).

Please note that the list is **not** sorted by the role name, so the same request might result in a different order.
If you want a sorted list, you could sort it on the command line (``curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=|role' | sort``) or within the software that made the call to the Zettelstore.

Of course, this list can be returned as a JSON object:
Of course, this list can also be returned as a data object:

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=|role?enc=json'
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=|role&enc=data'
{"map":{"configuration":["00000000090002","00000000090000", ... ,"00000000000001"],"manual":["00001014000000", ... ,"00001000000000"],"zettel":["00010000000000", ... ,"00001012070500","00000000090001"]}}
(aggregate "role" (query "| role") (human "| role") (list ("zettel" 10000000000 90001) ("configuration" 6 100 1000000100 20001 90 25001 92 4 40001 1 90000 5 90002) ("manual" 1008050000 1007031110 1008000000 1012920513 1005000000 1012931800 1010040700 1012931000 1012053600 1006050000 1012050200 1012000000 1012070500 1012920522 1006032500 1006020100 1007906000 1007030300 1012051400 1007040350 1007040324 1007706000 1012931900 1006030500 1004050200 1012054400 1007700000 1004050000 1006020000 1007030400 1012080100 1012920510 1007790000 1010070400 1005090000 1004011400 1006033000 1012930500 1001000000 1007010000 1006020400 1007040300 1010070300 1008010000 1003305000 1006030000 1006034000 1012054200 1012080200 1004010000 1003300000 1006032000 1003310000 1004059700 1007031000 1003600000 1004000000 1007030700 1007000000 1006055000 1007050200 1006036000 1012050600 1006000000 1012053900 1012920500 1004050400 1007031100 1007040340 1007020000 1017000000 1012053200 1007030600 1007040320 1003315000 1012054000 1014000000 1007030800 1010000000 1007903000 1010070200 1004051200 1007040330 1004051100 1004051000 1007050100 1012080500 1012053400 1006035500 1012054600 1004100000 1010040200 1012920000 1012920525 1004051400 1006031500 1012921200 1008010500 1012921000 1018000000 1012051200 1010040100 1012931200 1012920516 1007040310 1007780000 1007030200 1004101000 1012920800 1007030100 1007040200 1012053500 1007040000 1007040322 1007031300 1007031140 1012931600 1012931400 1004059900 1003000000 1006036500 1004020200 1010040400 1006033500 1000000000 1012053300 1007990000 1010090100 1007900000 1007030500 1004011600 1012930000 1007030900 1004020000 1007030000 1010070600 1007040100 1007800000 1012050400 1006010000 1007705000 1007702000 1007050000 1002000000 1007031200 1006035000 1006031000 1006034500 1004011200 1007031400 1012920519)))
```

The JSON object only contains the key ''"map"'' with the value of another object.
This second object contains all role names as keys and the list of identifier of those zettel with this specific role as a value.
The data object starts with the symbol ''aggregate'' to signal a different format compared to ''meta-list'' above.
Then a string follows, which specifies the key on which the aggregate was performed.
''query'' and ''human'' have the same meaning as above.
The ''symbol'' list starts the result list of aggregates.
Each aggregate starts with a string of the aggregate value, in this case the role value, followed by a list of zettel identifier, denoting zettel which have the given role value.

Similar, to list all tags used in the Zettelstore, send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint ''/z?q=|tags''.
If successful, the output is a JSON object:
If successful, the output is a data object:

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=|tags&enc=json'
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?q=|tags&enc=data'
{"map":{"#api":[:["00001012921000","00001012920800","00001012920522",...],"#authorization":["00001010040700","00001010040400",...],...,"#zettelstore":["00010000000000","00001014000000",...,"00001001000000"]}}
(aggregate "tags" (query "| tags") (human "| tags") (list ("#zettel" 1006034500 1006034000 1006031000 1006020400 1006033500 1006036500 1006032500 1006020100 1006031500 1006030500 1006035500 1006033000 1006020000 1006036000 1006030000 1006032000 1006035000) ("#reference" 1006034500 1006034000 1007800000 1012920500 1006031000 1012931000 1006020400 1012930000 1006033500 1012920513 1007050100 1012920800 1007780000 1012921000 1012920510 1007990000 1006036500 1006032500 1006020100 1012931400 1012931800 1012920516 1012931600 1012920525 1012931200 1006031500 1012931900 1012920000 1005090000 1012920522 1006030500 1007050200 1012921200 1006035500 1012920519 1006033000 1006020000 1006036000 1006030000 1006032000 1012930500 1006035000) ("#graphic" 1008050000) ("#search" 1007700000 1007705000 1007790000 1007780000 1007702000 1007706000 1007031140) ("#installation" 1003315000 1003310000 1003000000 1003305000 1003300000 1003600000) ("#zettelmarkup" 1007900000 1007030700 1007031300 1007030600 1007800000 1007000000 1007031400 1007040100 1007030300 1007031200 1007040350 1007030400 1007030900 1007050100 1007040000 1007030500 1007903000 1007040200 1007040330 1007990000 1007040320 1007050000 1007040310 1007031100 1007040340 1007020000 1007031110 1007031140 1007040324 1007030800 1007031000 1007030000 1007010000 1007906000 1007050200 1007030100 1007030200 1007040300 1007040322) ("#design" 1005000000 1006000000 1002000000 1006050000 1006055000) ("#markdown" 1008010000 1008010500) ("#goal" 1002000000) ("#syntax" 1006010000) ...
```

The JSON object only contains the key ''"map"'' with the value of another object.
This second object contains all tags as keys and the list of identifier of those zettel with this tag as a value.

If you want only those tags that occur at least 100 times, use the endpoint ''/z?q=|MIN100+tags''.
You see from this that actions are separated by space characters.

=== Actions

There are two types of actions: parameters and aggregates.
The following actions are supported:
; ''MINn'' (parameter)
: Emit only those values with at least __n__ aggregated values.
  __n__ must be a positive integer, ''MIN'' must be given in upper-case letters.
; ''MAXn'' (parameter)
: Emit only those values with at most __n__ aggregated values.
  __n__ must be a positive integer, ''MAX'' must be given in upper-case letters.
; ''KEYS'' (aggregate)
: Emit a list of all metadata keys, together with the number of zettel having the key.
; ''REDIRECT'' (aggregate)
: Performs a HTTP redirect to the first selected zettel, using HTTP status code 302.
  The zettel identifier is in the body.
; ''REINDEX'' (aggregate)
: Updates the internal search index for the selected zettel, roughly similar to the [[refresh|00001012080500]] API call.
  It is not really an aggregate, since it is used only for its side effect.
  It is allowed to specify another aggregate.
; Any [[metadata key|00001006020000]] of type [[Word|00001006035500]], [[WordSet|00001006036000]], or [[TagSet|00001006034000]] (aggregates)
; Any [[metadata key|00001006020000]] of type [[Word|00001006035500]] or [[TagSet|00001006034000]] (aggregates)
: Emit an aggregate of the given metadata key.
  The key can be given in any letter case.

First, ''REINDEX'' actions are executed, then ''REDIRECT''.
Only the first aggregate action will be executed.
If no ''REDIRECT'' was found the first other aggregate action will be executed.

To allow some kind of backward compatibility, an action written in uppercase letters that leads to an empty result list, will be ignored.
In this case the list of selected zettel is returned.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Query was successful.
; ''204''
: Query was successful, but results in no content.
  Most likely, you specified no appropriate aggregator.
; ''302''
: Query was successful, redirect to first zettel in list.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the access bearer token was not valid, or you forgot to specify a valid query.

Added docs/manual/00001012051600.zettel.



















































































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id: 00001012051600
title: API: Determine a tag zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20230928183339
modified: 20230929114937

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z'' also allows you to determine a ""tag zettel"", i.e. a zettel that documents a given tag.

The query parameter ""''tag''"" allows you to specify a value that is interpreted as the name of a tag.
Zettelstore tries to determine the corresponding tag zettel.

A tag zettel is a zettel with the [[''role''|00001006020100]] value ""tag"" and a title that names the tag.
If there is more than one zettel that qualifies, the zettel with the highest zettel identifier is used.

For example, if you want to determine the tag zettel for the tag ""#api"", your request will be:
```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?tag=%23api'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/00001019990010
Content-Length: 14

00001019990010
```

Alternatively, you can omit the ''#'' character at the beginning of the tag:
```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?tag=api'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/00001019990010
Content-Length: 14

00001019990010
```

If there is a corresponding tag zettel, the response will use the HTTP status code 302 (""Found""), the HTTP response header ''Location'' will contain the URL of the tag zettel.
Its zettel identifier will be returned in the HTTP response body.

If you specified some more query parameter, these will be part of the URL in the response header ''Location'':

```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?tag=%23api&part=zettel'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/00001019990010?part=zettel
Content-Length: 14

00001019990010
```

Otherwise, if no tag zettel was found, the response will use the HTTP status code 404 (""Not found"").

```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?tag=notag'
HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Content-Length: 29

Tag zettel not found: #notag
```

To fulfill this service, Zettelstore will evaluate internally the query ''role:tag title=TAG'', there ''TAG'' is the actual tag.

Of course, if you are interested in the URL of the tag zettel, you can make use of the HTTP ''HEAD'' method:

```sh
# curl -I 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?tag=%23api'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/00001019990010
Content-Length: 14
```

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''302''
: Tag zettel was found.
  The HTTP header ''Location'' contains its URL, the body of the response contains its zettel identifier.
; ''404''
: No zettel for the given tag was found.

Added docs/manual/00001012051800.zettel.








































































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id: 00001012051800
title: API: Determine a role zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20231128183917
modified: 20231128184701

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/z'' also allows you to determine a ""role zettel"", i.e. a zettel that documents a given role.

The query parameter ""''role''"" allows you to specify a value that is interpreted as the name of a role.
Zettelstore tries to determine the corresponding role zettel.

A role zettel is a zettel with the [[''role''|00001006020100]] value ""role"" and a title that names the role.
If there is more than one zettel that qualifies, the zettel with the highest zettel identifier is used.

For example, if you want to determine the role zettel for the role ""manual"", your request will be:
```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?role=manual'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/20231128184200
Content-Length: 14

20231128184200
```

If there is a corresponding role zettel, the response will use the HTTP status code 302 (""Found""), the HTTP response header ''Location'' will contain the URL of the role zettel.
Its zettel identifier will be returned in the HTTP response body.

If you specified some more query parameter, these will be part of the URL in the response header ''Location'':

```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?role=manual&part=zettel'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/20231128184200?part=zettel
Content-Length: 14

20231128184200
```

Otherwise, if no role zettel was found, the response will use the HTTP status code 404 (""Not found"").

```sh
# curl -i 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?role=norole'
HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Content-Length: 30

Role zettel not found: norole
```

To fulfill this service, Zettelstore will evaluate internally the query ''role:role title=ROLE'', there ''ROLE'' is the actual role.

Of course, if you are only interested in the URL of the role zettel, you can make use of the HTTP ''HEAD'' method:

```sh
# curl -I 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?role=manual'
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Location: /z/20231128184200
Content-Length: 14
```

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''302''
: Role zettel was found.
  The HTTP header ''Location'' contains its URL, the body of the response contains its zettel identifier.
; ''404''
: No zettel for the given role was found.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012053200.zettel.

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id: 00001012053200
title: API: Create a new zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210713150005
modified: 20221219162225
modified: 20230807170416

A zettel is created by adding it to the [[list of zettel|00001012000000]].
Therefore, the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to create a new zettel is also ''/z'', but you must send the data of the new zettel via a HTTP POST request.


The zettel must be encoded in a [[plain|00001006000000]] format: first comes the [[metadata|00001006010000]] and the following content is separated by an empty line.
This is the same format as used by storing zettel within a [[directory box|00001006010000]].

```
# curl -X POST --data $'title: Note\n\nImportant content.' http://127.0.0.1:23123/z
20210903211500
```

The zettel identifier of the created zettel is returned.
In addition, the HTTP response header contains a key ''Location'' with a relative URL for the new zettel.
A client must prepend the HTTP protocol scheme, the host name, and (optional, but often needed) the post number to make it an absolute URL.


=== Data input
Alternatively, the body of the POST request may contain a JSON object that specifies metadata and content of the zettel to be created.
To do this, you must add the query parameter ''enc=json''.
Alternatively, you may encode the zettel as a parseable object / a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]] by providing the query parameter ''enc=data''.
The following keys of the JSON object are used:
; ''"meta"''
: References an embedded JSON object with only string values.
  The name/value pairs of this objects are interpreted as the metadata of the new zettel.
  Please consider the [[list of supported metadata keys|00001006020000]] (and their value types).
; ''"encoding"''
: States how the content is encoded.
  Currently, only two values are allowed: the empty string (''""'') that specifies an empty encoding, and the string ''"base64"'' that specifies the [[standard Base64 encoding|https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4648.txt]].
  Other values will result in a HTTP response status code ''400''.
; ''"content"''
: Is a string value that contains the content of the zettel to be created.
  Typically, text content is not encoded, and binary content is encoded via Base64.

The encoding is the same as the data output encoding when you [[retrieve a zettel|00001012053300#data-output]].
Other keys will be ignored.
Even these three keys are just optional.
The body of the HTTP POST request must not be empty and it must contain a JSON object.

Therefore, a body containing just ''{}'' is perfectly valid.
The new zettel will have no content, and only an identifier as [[metadata|00001006020000]]:

The encoding for [[access rights|00001012921200]] must be given, but is ignored.
```
# curl -X POST --data '{}' 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?enc=json'
{"id":"20210713161000"}
```
If creating the zettel was successful, the HTTP response will contain a JSON object with one key:
; ''"id"''
: Contains the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] of the created zettel for further usage.

You may encode computed or property [[metadata keys|00001006020000]], but these are also ignored.
As an example, a zettel with title ""Note"" and content ""Important content."" can be created by issuing:
```
# curl -X POST --data '{"meta":{"title":"Note"},"content":"Important content."}' 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z?enc=json'
{"id":"20210713163100"}
```

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''201''
: Zettel creation was successful, the body contains its [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] (JSON object or plain text).
: Zettel creation was successful, the body contains its [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] (data value or plain text).
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Most likely, the JSON was not formed according to above rules.
  Most likely, the symbolic expression was not formed according to above rules.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to create a new zettel.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012053300.zettel.

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id: 00001012053300
title: API: Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211004093206
modified: 20221219160613
modified: 20230807170259

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

For example, to retrieve some data about this zettel you are currently viewing, just send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint ''/z/00001012053300''[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header].

````sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053300'
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The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

For example, to retrieve some data about this zettel you are currently viewing, just send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint
...
````

=== JSON output
=== Data output

Alternatively, you may retrieve the zettel as a JSON object by providinv the query parameter ''enc=json'':
Alternatively, you may retrieve the zettel as a parseable object / a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]] by providing the query parameter ''enc=data'':

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053300?enc=json&part=zettel'
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053300?enc=data&part=zettel'
{"id":"00001012053300","meta":{"back":"00001012000000 00001012054400","backward":"00001012000000 00001012054400 00001012920000","box-number":"1","created":"20211004093206","forward":"00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012053400 00001012920000 00001012920800 00001012921200","modified":"20221219160211","published":"20221219160211","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel"},"encoding":"","content":"The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].\n\nFor example, ...
(zettel (meta (back "00001006000000 00001012000000 00001012053200 00001012054400") (backward "00001006000000 00001012000000 00001012053200 00001012054400 00001012920000") (box-number "1") (created "20211004093206") (forward "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012053400 00001012920000 00001012920800 00001012921200 00001012930500") (modified "20230703174152") (published "20230703174152") (role "manual") (syntax "zmk") (tags "#api #manual #zettelstore") (title "API: Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel")) (rights 62) (encoding "") (content "The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].\n\nFor example, ...
```

Pretty-printed, this results in:
If you print the result a little bit nicer, you will see its structure:
```
{
  "id": "00001012053300",
  "meta": {
    "back": "00001012000000 00001012054400",
    "backward": "00001012000000 00001012054400 00001012920000",
    "box-number": "1",
    "created": "20211004093206",
    "forward": "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012053400 00001012920000 00001012920800 00001012921200",
    "modified": "20221219160211",
    "published": "20221219160211",
    "role": "manual",
    "syntax": "zmk",
    "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
    "title": "API: Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel"
(zettel (meta (back "00001006000000 00001012000000 00001012053200 00001012054400")
              (backward "00001006000000 00001012000000 00001012053200 00001012054400 00001012920000")
              (box-number "1")
              (created "20211004093206")
              (forward "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012053400 00001012920000 00001012920800 00001012921200 00001012930500")
              (modified "20230703174152")
              (published "20230703174152")
              (role "manual")
              (syntax "zmk")
              (tags "#api #manual #zettelstore")
              (title "API: Retrieve metadata and content of an existing zettel"))
  },
  "encoding": "",
  "content": "The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' (...)
        (rights 62)
        (encoding "")
        (content "The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].\n\nFor example, ...
  "rights": 62
}
```

The following keys of the JSON object are used:
; ''"id"''
: The zettel identifier of the zettel you requested.
* The result is a list, starting with the symbol ''zettel''.
; ''"meta"''
: References an embedded JSON object with only string values.
  The name/value pairs of this objects are interpreted as the metadata of the new zettel.
  Please consider the [[list of supported metadata keys|00001006020000]] (and their value types).
* Then, some key/value pairs are following, also nested.
* Nested in ''meta'' are the metadata, each as a key/value pair.
; ''"encoding"''
: States how the content is encoded.
* ''rights'' specifies the [[access rights|00001012921200]] the user has for this zettel.
* ''"encoding"'' states how the content is encoded.
  Currently, only two values are allowed: the empty string (''""'') that specifies an empty encoding, and the string ''"base64"'' that specifies the [[standard Base64 encoding|https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4648.txt]].
  Other values will result in a HTTP response status code ''400''.
; ''"content"''
* The zettel contents is stored as a value of the key ''content''.
: Is a string value that contains the content of the zettel to be created.
  Typically, text content is not encoded, and binary content is encoded via Base64.
; ''"rights"''
: An integer number that describes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the zettel.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object / plain zettel data.
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate data value.
; ''204''
: Request was valid, but there is no data to be returned.
  Most likely, you specified the query parameter ''part=content'', but the zettel does not contain any content.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] did not consists of exactly 14 digits.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012053400.zettel.

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id: 00001012053400
title: API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210726174524
modified: 20221219161030
modified: 20230807170155

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with metadata of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]][^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header].

To retrieve the plain metadata of a zettel, use the query parameter ''part=meta''

````sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053400?part=meta'
title: API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
````

=== Data output
To return a JSON object, use also the query parameter ''enc=json''.

Alternatively, you may retrieve the zettel as a parseable object / a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]] by providing the query parameter ''enc=data'':

```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053400?part=meta&enc=json'
{"meta":{"back":"00001012000000 00001012053300","backward":"00001012000000 00001012053300 00001012920000","box-number":"1","created":"20210726174524","forward":"00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921200","modified":"20220917175233","published":"20220917175233","role":"manual","syntax":"zmk","tags":"#api #manual #zettelstore","title":"API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel"},"rights":62}
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053400?part=meta&enc=data'
(list (meta (title "API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel") (role "manual") (tags "#api #manual #zettelstore") (syntax "zmk") (back "00001012000000 00001012053300") (backward "00001012000000 00001012053300") (box-number "1") (created "20210726174524") (forward "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921200") (modified "20230703174515") (published "20230703174515")) (rights 62))
```

Pretty-printed, this results in:
```
{
  "meta": {
    "back": "00001012000000 00001012053300",
    "backward": "00001012000000 00001012053300 00001012920000",
    "box-number": "1",
    "created": "20210726174524",
    "forward": "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921200",
    "modified": "20220917175233",
    "published": "20220917175233",
(list (meta (title "API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel")
            (role "manual")
            (tags "#api #manual #zettelstore")
            (syntax "zmk")
            (back "00001012000000 00001012053300")
            (backward "00001012000000 00001012053300")
            (box-number "1")
            (created "20210726174524")
            (forward "00001006020000 00001006050000 00001010040100 00001012050200 00001012920000 00001012921200")
            (modified "20230703174515")
            (published "20230703174515"))
    "role": "manual",
    "syntax": "zmk",
    "tags": "#api #manual #zettelstore",
    "title": "API: Retrieve metadata of an existing zettel"
  },
  "rights": 62
      (rights 62))
}
```
The following keys of the JSON object are used:
; ''"meta"''
: References an embedded JSON object with only string values.
  The name/value pairs of this objects are interpreted as the metadata of the new zettel.
  Please consider the [[list of supported metadata keys|00001006020000]] (and their value types).
; ''"rights"''
: An integer number that describes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the zettel.

* The result is a list, starting with the symbol ''list''.
* Then, some key/value pairs are following, also nested.
* Nested in ''meta'' are the metadata, each as a key/value pair.
* ''rights'' specifies the [[access rights|00001012921200]] the user has for this zettel.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate data value.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the zettel identifier did not consist of exactly 14 digits.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''

Changes to docs/manual/00001012053500.zettel.

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id: 00001012053500
title: API: Retrieve evaluated metadata and content of an existing zettel in various encodings
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210726174524
modified: 20230109105303
modified: 20240620171057

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with evaluated metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

For example, to retrieve some evaluated data about this zettel you are currently viewing in [[Sexpr encoding|00001012920516]], just send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint ''/z/00001012053500''[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header] with the query parameter ''enc=sexpr''.
If successful, the output is a JSON object:
For example, to retrieve some evaluated data about this zettel you are currently viewing in [[Sz encoding|00001012920516]], just send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint ''/z/00001012053500''[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header] with the query parameter ''enc=sz''.
If successful, the output is a symbolic expression value:
```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053500?enc=sexpr'
((PARA (TEXT "The") (SPACE) (LINK-ZETTEL () "00001012920000" (TEXT "endpoint")) (SPACE) (TEXT "to") (SPACE) (TEXT "work") (SPACE) (TEXT "with") (SPACE) (TEXT "evaluated") (SPACE) (TEXT "metadata") (SPACE) (TEXT "and") (SPACE) (TEXT "content") (SPACE) (TEXT "of") (SPACE) (TEXT "a") (SPACE) (TEXT "specific") (SPACE) (TEXT "zettel") (SPACE) (TEXT "is") (SPACE) (LITERAL-INPUT () "/z/{ID}") (TEXT ",") (SPACE) (TEXT "where") (SPACE) (LITERAL-INPUT () "{ID}") ...
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053500?enc=sz'
(BLOCK (PARA (TEXT "The ") (LINK-ZETTEL () "00001012920000" (TEXT "endpoint")) (TEXT " to work with parsed metadata and content of a specific zettel is ") (LITERAL-INPUT () "/z/{ID}") (TEXT ", where ") (LITERAL-INPUT () "{ID}") (TEXT " is a placeholder for the ") ...
```

To select another encoding, you must provide the query parameter ''enc=ENCODING''.
Others are ""[[html|00001012920510]]"", ""[[text|00001012920519]]"", and some [[more|00001012920500]].
In addition, you may provide a query parameter ''part=PART'' to select the relevant [[part|00001012920800]] of a zettel.
```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053500?enc=html&part=zettel'
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<h1>API: Retrieve evaluated metadata and content of an existing zettel in various encodings</h1>
<p>The <a href="00001012920000">endpoint</a> to work with evaluated metadata and content of a specific zettel is <kbd>/z/{ID}</kbd>,
...
```

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate data value.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the zettel identifier did not consist of exactly 14 digits or ''enc'' / ''part'' contained illegal values.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012053600.zettel.

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id: 00001012053600
title: API: Retrieve parsed metadata and content of an existing zettel in various encodings
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20230109105034
modified: 20240620170909

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to work with parsed metadata and content of a specific zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].

A __parsed__ zettel is basically an [[unevaluated|00001012053500]] zettel: the zettel is read and analyzed, but its content is not __evaluated__.
By using this endpoint, you are able to retrieve the structure of a zettel before it is evaluated.

For example, to retrieve some data about this zettel you are currently viewing, just send a HTTP GET request to the endpoint ''/z/00001012053600''[^If [[authentication is enabled|00001010040100]], you must include the a valid [[access token|00001012050200]] in the ''Authorization'' header] with the query parameter ''parseonly'' (and other appropriate query parameter).
For example:
```sh
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053600?enc=sexpr&parseonly'
((PARA (TEXT "The") (SPACE) (LINK-ZETTEL () "00001012920000" (TEXT "endpoint")) (SPACE) (TEXT "to") (SPACE) (TEXT "work") (SPACE) (TEXT "with") (SPACE) ...
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012053600?enc=sz&parseonly'
(BLOCK (PARA (TEXT "The ") (LINK-ZETTEL () "00001012920000" (TEXT "endpoint")) (TEXT " to work with parsed metadata and content of a specific zettel is ") (LITERAL-INPUT () "/z/{ID}") (TEXT ", where ") ...
```

Similar to [[retrieving an encoded zettel|00001012053500]], you can specify an [[encoding|00001012920500]] and state which [[part|00001012920800]] of a zettel you are interested in.
The same default values applies to this endpoint.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate data value.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid. 
  There are several reasons for this.
  Maybe the zettel identifier did not consist of exactly 14 digits or ''enc'' / ''part'' contained illegal values.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''

Deleted docs/manual/00001012053800.zettel.

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id: 00001012053800
title: API: Retrieve context of an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210222151131
modified: 20221208165112

The context of an origin zettel consists of those zettel that are somehow connected to the origin zettel.
Direct connections of an origin zettel to other zettel are visible via [[metadata values|00001006020000]], such as ''backward'', ''forward'' or other values with type [[identifier|00001006032000]] or [[set of identifier|00001006032500]].

The context is defined by a __direction__, a __cost__, and a __limit__:
* Direction: connections are directed.
  For example, the metadata value of ''backward'' lists all zettel that link to the current zettel, while ''forward'' list all zettel to which the current zettel links to.
  When you are only interested in one direction, set the parameter ''dir'' either to the value ""backward"" or ""forward"".
  All other values, including a missing value, is interpreted as ""both"".
* Cost: a normal direct connection has cost 5, an indirect connection is the length of the shortest path between two zettel.
  The cost of a folgezettel or a precursor zettel is just 1, the cost of successor zettel and predecessor zettel are 2.
  You should limit the cost by using the parameter ''cost''.
  Its default value is ""17"".
  A value of ""0"" does disable any cost check.
* Limit: to set an upper bound for the returned context, you should use the parameter ''limit''.
  Its default value is ""200"".
  A value of ""0"" disables does not limit the number of elements returned.

The search for the context of a zettel stops at the [[home zettel|00001004020000#home-zettel]].
This zettel is connected to all other zettel.
If it is included, the context would become too big and therefore unusable.

To retrieve the context of an existing zettel, use the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/x/{ID}''[^Mnemonic: conte**X**t].

````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/x/00001012053800?limit=3&dir=forward&cost=5'
{"id": "00001012053800","meta": {...},"rights":62,"list":[{"id": "00001012921000","meta": {...},"rights":62},{"id": "00001012920800","meta": {...},"rights":62},{"id": "00010000000000","meta": {...},"rights":62}]}
````
Formatted, this translates into:[^Metadata (key ''meta'') are hidden to make the overall structure easier to read.]
````json
{
  "id": "00001012053800",
  "meta": {...},
  "rights": 62,
  "list": [
    {
      "id": "00001012921000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights":62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001012920800",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights":62
    },
    {
      "id": "00010000000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights":62
    }
  ]
}
````
=== Keys
The following top-level JSON keys are returned:
; ''id''
: The [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] for which the context was requested.
; ''meta'':
: The metadata of the zettel, encoded as a JSON object.
; ''rights''
: An integer number that describes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel.
; ''list''
: A list of JSON objects with keys ''id'', ''meta'', and ''rights'' that contains the zettel of the context.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

Deleted docs/manual/00001012053900.zettel.

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id: 00001012053900
title: API: Retrieve unlinked references to an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20211119133357
modified: 20220913152019

The value of a personal Zettelstore is determined in part by explicit connections between related zettel.
If the number of zettel grow, some of these connections are missing.
There are various reasons for this.
Maybe, you forgot that a zettel exists.
Or you add a zettel later, but forgot that previous zettel already mention its title.

__Unlinked references__ are phrases in a zettel that mention the title of another, currently unlinked zettel.

To retrieve unlinked references to an existing zettel, use the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/u/{ID}''.

````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/u/00001007000000'
{"id": "00001007000000","meta": {...},"rights":62,"list": [{"id": "00001012070500","meta": {...},"rights":62},...{"id": "00001006020000","meta": {...},"rights":62}]}
````
Formatted, this translates into:[^Metadata (key ''meta'') are hidden to make the overall structure easier to read.]
````json
{
  "id": "00001007000000",
  "meta": {...},
  "rights": 62,
  "list": [
    {
      "id": "00001012070500",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    },
    ...
    {
      "id": "00001006020000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    }
  ]
}
````

This call searches within all zettel whether the title of the specified zettel occurs there.
The other zettel must not link to the specified zettel.
The title must not occur within a link (e.g. to another zettel), in a [[heading|00001007030300]], in a [[citation|00001007040340]], and must have a uniform formatting.
The match must be exact, but is case-insensitive.

If the title of the specified zettel contains some extra character that probably reduce the number of found unlinked references,
you can specify the title phase to be searched for as a query parameter ''phrase'':

````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/u/00001007000000?phrase=markdown'
{"id": "00001007000000","meta": {...},"list": [{"id": "00001008010000","meta": {...},"rights":62},{"id": "00001004020000","meta": {...},"rights":62}]}
````

%%TODO: In addition, you are allowed to limit the search by a [[query expression|00001012051840]], which may search for zettel content.

=== Keys
The following top-level JSON keys are returned:
; ''id''
: The [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] for which the unlinked references were requested.
; ''meta'':
: The metadata of the zettel, encoded as a JSON object.
; ''rights''
: An integer number that describes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel.
; ''list''
: A list of JSON objects with keys ''id'', ''meta'', and ''rights'' that describe zettel with unlinked references.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

Deleted docs/manual/00001012054000.zettel.

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id: 00001012054000
title: API: Retrieve zettel order within an existing zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
modified: 20220202112451

Some zettel act as a ""table of contents"" for other zettel.
The [[initial zettel|00001000000000]] of this manual is one example, the [[general API description|00001012000000]] is another.
Every zettel with a certain internal structure can act as the ""table of contents"" for others.

What is a ""table of contents""?
Basically, it is just a list of references to other zettel.

To retrieve the ""table of contents"", the software looks at first level [[list items|00001007030200]].
If an item contains a valid reference to a zettel, this reference will be interpreted as an item in the table of contents.

This applies only to first level list items (ordered or unordered list), but not to deeper levels.
Only the first reference to a valid zettel is collected for the table of contents.
Following references to zettel within such an list item are ignored.

To retrieve the zettel order of an existing zettel, use the [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/o/{ID}''.

````
# curl http://127.0.0.1:23123/o/00001000000000
{"id":"00001000000000","meta":{...},"rights":62,"list":[{"id":"00001001000000","meta":{...},"rights":62},{"id":"00001002000000","meta":{...},"rights":62},{"id":"00001003000000","meta":{...},"rights":62},{"id":"00001004000000","meta":{...},"rights":62},...,{"id":"00001014000000","meta":{...},"rights":62}]}
````
Formatted, this translates into:[^Metadata (key ''meta'') are hidden to make the overall structure easier to read.]
````json
{
  "id": "00001000000000",
  "meta": {...},
  "rights": 62,
  "list": [
    {
      "id": "00001001000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001002000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001003000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    },
    {
      "id": "00001004000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    },
    ...
    {
      "id": "00001014000000",
      "meta": {...},
      "rights": 62
    }
  ]
}
````

The following top-level JSON keys are returned:
; ''id''
: The [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] for which the references were requested.
; ''meta'':
: The metadata of the zettel, encoded as a JSON object.
; ''rights''
: An integer number that describes the [[access rights|00001012921200]] for the given zettel.
; ''list''
: A list of JSON objects with keys ''id'', ''meta'', and ''rights'' that describe other zettel in the defined order.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to retrieve data of the given zettel.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012054200.zettel.

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id: 00001012054200
title: API: Update a zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210713150005
modified: 20221219155029
modified: 20231116110417

Updating metadata and content of a zettel is technically quite similar to [[creating a new zettel|00001012053200]].
In both cases you must provide the data for the new or updated zettel in the body of the HTTP request.

One difference is the endpoint.
The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to update a zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].
You must send a HTTP PUT request to that endpoint.

The zettel must be encoded in a [[plain|00001006000000]] format: first comes the [[metadata|00001006010000]] and the following content is separated by an empty line.
This is the same format as used by storing zettel within a [[directory box|00001006010000]].

```
# curl -X POST --data 'title: Updated Note\n\nUpdated content.' http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012054200
# curl -X PUT --data $'title: Updated Note\n\nUpdated content.' http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012054200
```

=== Data input
Alternatively, you can use the JSON encoding by using the query parameter ''enc=json''.
Alternatively, you may encode the zettel as a parseable object / a [[symbolic expression|00001012930500]] by providing the query parameter ''enc=data''.
The encoding is the same as the data output encoding when you [[retrieve a zettel|00001012053300#data-output]].

```
# curl -X PUT --data '{}' 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001012054200?enc=json'
The encoding for [[access rights|00001012921200]] must be given, but is ignored.
```
This will put some empty content and metadata to the zettel you are currently reading.
As usual, some metadata will be calculated if it is empty.

You may encode computed or property [[metadata keys|00001006020000]], but these are also ignored.
The body of the HTTP response is empty, if the request was successful.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''204''
: Update was successful, there is no body in the response.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid.
  For example, the request body was not valid.

Deleted docs/manual/00001012054400.zettel.

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id: 00001012054400
title: API: Rename a zettel
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210713150005
modified: 20221219154659

Renaming a zettel is effectively just specifying a new identifier for the zettel.
Since more than one [[box|00001004011200]] might contain a zettel with the old identifier, the rename operation must success in every relevant box to be overall successful.
If the rename operation fails in one box, Zettelstore tries to rollback previous successful operations.

As a consequence, you cannot rename a zettel when its identifier is used in a read-only box.
This applies to all [[predefined zettel|00001005090000]], for example.

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] to rename a zettel is ''/z/{ID}'', where ''{ID}'' is a placeholder for the [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].
You must send a HTTP MOVE request to this endpoint, and you must specify the new zettel identifier as an URL, placed under the HTTP request header key ''Destination''.
```
# curl -X MOVE -H "Destination: 10000000000001" http://127.0.0.1:23123/z/00001000000000
```

Only the last 14 characters of the value of ''Destination'' are taken into account and those must form an unused [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]].
If the value contains less than 14 characters that do not form an unused zettel identifier, the response will contain a HTTP status code ''400''.
All other characters, besides those 14 digits, are effectively ignored.
However, the value should form a valid URL that could be used later to [[read the content|00001012053300]] of the freshly renamed zettel.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''204''
: Rename was successful, there is no body in the response.
; ''400''
: Request was not valid.
  For example, the HTTP header did not contain a valid ''Destination'' key, or the new identifier is already in use.
; ''403''
: You are not allowed to delete the given zettel.
  In most cases you have either not enough [[access rights|00001010070600]] or at least one box containing the given identifier operates in read-only mode.
; ''404''
: Zettel not found.
  You probably used a zettel identifier that is not used in the Zettelstore.

=== Rationale for the MOVE method
HTTP [[standardizes|https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7231.txt]] eight methods.
None of them is conceptually close to a rename operation.

Everyone is free to ""invent"" some new method to be used in HTTP.
To avoid a divergency, there is a [[methods registry|https://www.iana.org/assignments/http-methods/]] that tracks those extensions.
The [[HTTP Extensions for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)|https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4918.txt]] defines the method MOVE that is quite close to the desired rename operation.
In fact, some command line tools use a ""move"" method for renaming files.

Therefore, Zettelstore adopts somehow WebDAV's MOVE method and its use of the ''Destination'' HTTP header key.

Changes to docs/manual/00001012070500.zettel.

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id: 00001012070500
title: Retrieve administrative data
title: API: Retrieve administrative data
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220304164242
modified: 20220805174216
modified: 20230928190516

The [[endpoint|00001012920000]] ''/x'' allows you to retrieve some (administrative) data.

Currently, you can only request Zettelstore version data.

````
# curl 'http://127.0.0.1:23123/x'
{"major":0,"minor":4,"patch":0,"info":"dev","hash":"cb121cc980-dirty"}
(0 13 0 "dev" "f781dc384b-dirty")
````

Zettelstore conforms somehow to the Standard [[Semantic Versioning|https://semver.org/]].
* Zettelstore conforms somehow to the Standard [[Semantic Versioning|https://semver.org/]].

The names ""major"", ""minor"", and ""patch"" are described in this standard.

The name ""info"" contains sometimes some additional information, e.g. ""dev"" for a development version, or ""preview"" for a preview version.
  The first three digits contain the major, minor, and patch version as described in this standard.
* The first string contains additional information, e.g. ""dev"" for a development version, or ""preview"" for a preview version.
* The second string contains data to identify the version from a developers perspective.

The name ""hash"" contains some data to identify the version from a developers perspective.
If any of the three digits has the value -1, its semantic value is unknown.
Similar, the two string might be empty.

=== HTTP Status codes
; ''200''
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate JSON object.
: Retrieval was successful, the body contains an appropriate object.

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id: 00001012920000
title: Endpoints used by the API
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #reference #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20221219162335
modified: 20240711183819

All API endpoints conform to the pattern ''[PREFIX]LETTER[/ZETTEL-ID]'', where:
; ''PREFIX''
: is the URL prefix (default: ""/""), configured via the ''url-prefix'' [[startup configuration|00001004010000]],
; ''LETTER''
: is a single letter that specifies the resource type,
; ''ZETTEL-ID''
: is an optional 14 digits string that uniquely [[identify a zettel|00001006050000]].

The following letters are currently in use:

|= Letter:| Without zettel identifier | With [[zettel identifier|00001006050000]] | Mnemonic
| ''a'' | POST: [[client authentication|00001012050200]] | | **A**uthenticate
|       | PUT: [[renew access token|00001012050400]] |
| ''o'' |  | GET: [[list zettel order|00001012054000]] | **O**rder
| ''u'' |  | GET [[unlinked references|00001012053900]] | **U**nlinked
| ''x'' | GET: [[retrieve administrative data|00001012070500]] | GET: [[list zettel context|00001012053800]] | Conte**x**t
| ''x'' | GET: [[retrieve administrative data|00001012070500]] | | E**x**ecute
|       | POST: [[execute command|00001012080100]]
| ''z'' | GET: [[list zettel|00001012051200]] | GET: [[retrieve zettel|00001012053300]] | **Z**ettel
|       | POST: [[create new zettel|00001012053200]] | PUT: [[update a zettel|00001012054200]]
| ''z'' | GET: [[list zettel|00001012051200]]/[[query zettel|00001012051400]] | GET: [[retrieve zettel|00001012053300]] | **Z**ettel
|       | POST: [[create new zettel|00001012053200]] | PUT: [[update zettel|00001012054200]]
|       |  | DELETE: [[delete zettel|00001012054600]]
|       |  | MOVE: [[rename zettel|00001012054400]]

The full URL will contain either the ""http"" oder ""https"" scheme, a host name, and an optional port number.

The API examples will assume the ""http"" schema, the local host ""127.0.0.1"", the default port ""23123"", and the default empty ''PREFIX'' ""/"".
Therefore, all URLs in the API documentation will begin with ""http://127.0.0.1:23123/"".

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id: 00001012920500
title: Encodings available via the [[API|00001012000000]]
title: Encodings available via the API
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #reference #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20230316180859
modified: 20230403123653

A zettel representation can be encoded in various formats for further processing.
These will be retrieved via the [[API|00001012000000]].

* [[html|00001012920510]]
* [[md|00001012920513]]
* [[sexpr|00001012920516]]
* [[shtml|00001012920525]]
* [[sz|00001012920516]]
* [[text|00001012920519]]
* [[zmk|00001012920522]]

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id: 00001012920510
title: HTML Encoding
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #reference #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20210126175322
modified: 20210726193034

A zettel representation in HTML.
This representation is different form the [[web user interface|00001014000000]] as it contains the zettel representation only and no additional data such as the menu bar.

It is intended to be used by external clients.

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id: 00001012920516
title: Sexpr Encoding
title: Sz Encoding
role: manual
tags: #api #manual #reference #zettelstore
syntax: zmk
created: 20220422181104
modified: 20230316182622
modified: 2023040